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  1. Factors affecting penetrating captive bolt gun performance

    Contributor(s):: Gibson, T. J., Mason, C. W., Spence, J. Y., Barker, H., Gregory, N. G.

    Captive bolt stunning is used for rendering livestock insensible at slaughter. The mechanical factors relating to performance of 6 penetrating captive bolt gun (CBG) models were examined. The Matador Super Securit 3000 and the .25 Cash Euro Stunner had the highest kinetic energy values (443 J and...

  2. Pastoral power and the limits of Victorian nonhuman animal protection

    Contributor(s):: Feuerstein, A.

    This paper argues that the Christian discourse disseminated by the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (rspca) in the early Victorian period represents nonhuman animals as complicit in their own subjection. Using Foucault's notion of pastoral power - a power of care - we can...

  3. An ethological approach to determining housing requirements of gamebirds in raised laying units

    Contributor(s):: Matheson, S. M., Donbavand, J., Sandilands, V., Pennycott, T., Turner, S. P.

    Each year, the UK rears around 20-30 million pheasants and 3-6 million red-legged partridges for shooting purposes. However, welfare organisations and some members of the gamebird industry itself have raised concerns about the use of raised laying units for breeding gamebirds. Although the...

  4. Calf mortality in semi-domestic reindeer ( Rangifer tarandus) in a Scottish herd: the impact of maternal age and individual differences between cow

    Contributor(s):: Jorgensen, M. W., Jarvis, S., Brewer, M. J., Goddard, P. J.

    High calf mortality rate is a significant problem facing semi-domestic reindeer ( Rangifer tarandus) production around the world. Mortality rates, commonly due to predation, can range from 5 to 70%, which constitutes a great welfare concern. This study examined the influence of quantifiable...

  5. The history of the camel bone dating project

    Contributor(s):: Grigson, C.

    The results obtained by the AMS laboratory in Oxford for the 'Camel Bone Dating Project' are summarized and discussed.

  6. Potential welfare impacts of kill-trapping European moles ( Talpa europaea) using scissor traps and duffus traps: a post mortem examination study

    Contributor(s):: Baker, S. E., Shaw, R. F., Atkinson, R. P. D., West, P., Macdonald, D. W.

    Moles are widely trapped as pests on farms and amenity land in Britain. Spring traps for killing mammals generally require welfare approval in the UK, but mole traps are exempt. Previous research demonstrated wide variation in the mechanical performance of mole traps. In this context, we aimed to...

  7. The day-to-day management of UK leisure horses and the prevalence of owner-reported stable-related and handling behaviour problems

    Contributor(s):: Hockenhull, J., Creighton, E.

    While concerns regarding the day-to-day management of domestic horses have been raised in relation to behaviour problems and welfare, most published studies have focused on the management of performance horses and less is known about the routine management of leisure horses and the prevalence of...

  8. The risk factors affecting the development of vent pecking and cannibalism in free-range and organic laying hens

    Contributor(s):: Lambton, S. L., Knowles, T. G., Yorke, C., Nicol, C. J.

    Injurious pecking remains one of the biggest animal welfare and economic challenges for free-range egg producers. This prospective epidemiological study investigated the development of vent pecking (VP) and cannibalism on 62 free-range and organic UK farms (119 flocks). Flocks were visited at 25...

  9. Reasons for relinquishment and return of domestic cats ( Felis silvestris catus ) to rescue shelters in the UK

    Contributor(s):: Casey, R. A., Vandenbussche, S., Bradshaw, J. W. S., Roberts, M. A.

    Significant numbers of cats enter rescue and re-homing facilities each year, over half of which are relinquished directly by owners. Identifying the reasons why owners decide to give up their pet is an important step in the development of education strategies to encourage retention of cats by...

  10. Intentions and values in animal welfare legislation and standards

    Contributor(s):: Lundmark, F., Berg, C., Schmid, O., Behdadi, D., Rocklinsberg, H.

    The focus on animal welfare in society has increased during the last 50 years. Animal welfare legislation and private standards have developed, and today many farmers within animal production have both governmental legislation and private standards to comply with. In this paper intentions and...

  11. Mapping farm animal welfare education at university level in Europe

    Contributor(s):: Illmann, G., Keeling, L., Melisova, M., Simeckova, M., Ilieski, V., Winckler, C., Kost'al, L., Meunier-Salaun, M. C., Mihina, S., Spoolder, H., Fthenakis, G., Sarova, R., Spinka, M.

    The aim of this study was to map farm animal welfare university education in an enlarged Europe with emphasis on identifying existing differences and gaps. Information on 210 courses dealing with farm animal welfare from 98 universities in 26 European countries were obtained. Statistical analysis...

  12. Ranging characteristics of the domestic cat ( Felis catus) in an urban environment

    Contributor(s):: Thomas, R. L., Baker, P. J., Fellowes, M. D. E.

    In many countries, high densities of domestic cats ( Felis catus) are found in urban habitats where they have the potential to exert considerable predation pressure on their prey. However, little is known of the ranging behaviour of cats in the UK. Twenty cats in suburban Reading, UK, were fitted...

  13. Animal disease and human trauma: the psychosocial implications of the 2001 UK foot and mouth disease disaster

    Contributor(s):: Mort, M., Baxter, J., Bailey, C., Convery, I.

    The 2001 UK foot and mouth disease (FMD) crisis is commonly understood to have been a nonhuman animal problem, an economic industrial crisis that was resolved after eradication. By using a different lens, a longitudinal ethnographic study of the health and social consequences of the epidemic, the...

  14. Application of welfare assessment to commercial livestock production

    Contributor(s):: Main, D. C. J.

    Farm assurance schemes are an inevitable and essential part of the UK livestock industries as they provide valuable assurances to the market over food safety, nonhuman animal welfare, and environmental concerns. However, there is potential for welfare assessment within such schemes to extend...

  15. Behavior of a solitary sociable female bottlenose dolphin ( Tursiops truncatus ) off the coast of Kent, southeast England

    Contributor(s):: Eisfeld, S. M., Simmonds, M. P., Stansfield, L. R.

    This article provides a report of the behavior of a solitary sociable dolphin studied on the southeast coast of England in 2007. This is the first study of its kind in which behavior of such a nonhuman animal was systematically studied. By the time of this study, this young female was highly...

  16. Characteristics of relinquished dogs and their owners at 14 rehoming centers in the United Kingdom

    Contributor(s):: Diesel, G., Brodbelt, D., Pfeiffer, D. U.

    In the United Kingdom, each year many companion animal (pet) caregivers (owners) hand over dogs to shelters for rehoming. Studies conducted in the United States and Australia have shown that accommodation issues and problematic behaviors are the most common reasons for dogs to be relinquished....

  17. Investigating some of the factors that influence "consumer" choice when adopting a shelter dog in the United Kingdom

    Contributor(s):: Siettou, C., Fraser, I. M., Fraser, R. W.

    This study examined which characteristics of dogs available at a large rehoming organization in the United Kingdom influenced prospective adopters' choices. The revealed preference data used to model "consumer" choice were from the Dogs Trust rehoming web pages. The analysis of the probability of...

  18. Is that dog a pit bull? A cross-country comparison of perceptions of shelter workers regarding breed identification

    Contributor(s):: Hoffman, C. L., Harrison, N., Wolff, L., Westgarth, C.

    Bull breeds are commonly kept as companion animals, but the pit bull terrier is restricted by breed-specific legislation (BSL) in parts of the United States and throughout the United Kingdom. Shelter workers must decide which breed(s) a dog is. This decision may influence the dog's fate,...

  19. Preliminary investigation of morphological differences between ten breeds of horses suggests selection for paedomorphosis. (Special Issue: Equitation science.)

    Contributor(s):: Goodwin, D., Levine, M., McGreevy, P. D.

    Paedomorphosis is the retention of juvenile morphology at maturity and is important in generating evolutionary change in domestic species and species in the wild. When comparing dogs with the wolf, this preliminary study saw paedomorphosis in their physical and behavioural traits (Goodwin,...

  20. Some preliminary evidence of the social facilitation of mounting behavior in a juvenile bull Asian elephant ( Elephas maximus )

    Contributor(s):: Rees, P. A.

    This study recorded sexual behaviour within a captive herd of 8 Asian elephants in England, UK, for approximately 230 h on 50 days over a period of 10 months (January-November 1999). A single adult and a single juvenile bull mounting cows more than 160 times were observed. When the juvenile bull...