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  1. The health, haematology and blood biochemistry of free-ranging farm cats in relation to social status

    Contributor(s):: Macdonald, D. W., Yamaguchi, N., Passanisi, W. C.

    A profile of the general health, haematology and blood biochemistry of a colony of free-living feral farm cats is presented. Samples and biochemical data were collected between late November and early December 1989 from 50-80 feral cats living on a farm in Oxfordshire, UK. A higher proportion of...

  2. The humaneness of rodent pest control

    Contributor(s):: Mason, G., Littin, K. E.

  3. The impact of genetic selection for increased milk yield on the welfare of dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Oltenacu, P. A., Broom, D. M.

    Milk yield per cow has more than doubled in the previous 40 years and many cows now produce more than 20,000 kg of milk per lactation. The increase in production should be viewed with concern because: (i) the increase in milk yield has been accompanied by declining fertility, increasing leg and...

  4. The impact of the ethical review process for research using animals in the UK: attitudes to training and monitoring by those working under the Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986

    Contributor(s):: Purchase, I. F. H., Nedeva, M.

    A questionnaire-based survey of attitudes to the introduction of the Ethical Review Process (ERP) was carried out in late 1999, some 6-9 months after the introduction of the ERP to all establishments involved in animal experimentation in the UK. Five categories of people working under the Act...

  5. The influence of auditory stimulation on the behaviour of dogs housed in a rescue shelter

    Contributor(s):: Wells, D. L., Graham, L., Hepper, P. G.

    This study explored the influence of five types of auditory stimulation (human conversation, classical music, heavy metal music, pop music and a control) on the behaviour of 50 dogs housed in a rescue shelter in the UK [date not given]. The dogs were exposed to each type of auditory stimulation...

  6. The Three Rs in the pharmaceutical industry: perspectives of scientists and regulators

    Contributor(s):: Fenwick, N. P., Fraser, D.

    Six drug regulatory reviewers and 11 pharmaceutical industry scientists were interviewed to explore their perspectives on the obstacles and opportunities for greater implementation of the Three Rs (replacement, reduction, refinement) in drug research and development. Participants generally...

  7. The welfare of farmed foxes Vulpes vulpes and Alopex lagopus in relation to housing and management: a review

    Contributor(s):: Nimon, A. J., Broom, D. M.

  8. Towards a baseline assessment of organic pig welfare

    Contributor(s):: Day, J. E. L., Kelly, H., Martins, A., Edwards, S. A.

    Organic farming is based on the premise that animal welfare is safeguarded primarily through good management; only when this fails are veterinary medicines used to intervene. As this premise is frequently quoted in marketing strategies, there is a need to assess the efficacy of this approach to...

  9. Training laboratory-housed non-human primates, part 1: a UK survey

    Contributor(s):: Prescott, M. J., Buchanan-Smith, H. M.

    Training using positive reinforcement is increasingly recognised as a valuable tool for the humane and effective management and use of laboratory-housed non-human primates. We utilised a mixed-mode questionnaire to survey use of training and other learning processes (socialisation, habituation...

  10. Use of conjoint analysis to weight welfare assessment measures for broiler chickens in UK husbandry systems

    Contributor(s):: Haslam, S. M., Kestin, S. C.

    For the purposes of farm animal welfare assessment, Farm Assurance Schemes and enforcement of animal welfare legislation, a requirement arises for a unitary welfare score which may be the amalgamation of several animal welfare measures. In amalgamating measures, weighting to reflect the...

  11. Welfare aspects of chick handling in broiler and laying hen hatcheries

    Contributor(s):: Knowles, T. G., Brown, S. N., Warriss, P. D., Butterworth, A., Hewitt, L.

    Six commercial hatcheries were visited in the United Kingdom, three of which processed laying hen chicks and three of which processed broiler chicks. The accelerations experienced by the chicks passing through the handling systems were evaluated using miniature data logging accelerometers, which...

  12. Welfare assessment: indices from clinical observation

    Contributor(s):: Webster, A. J. F., Main, D. C. J., Whay, H. R.

    It is not enough to study animal welfare; our responsibility is to promote it. To this end, we need to step out of our laboratories and develop robust protocols for assessing welfare in groups of animals on farms or in the laboratory. While these protocols must incorporate principles derived from...

  13. Welfare concerns associated with pedigree dog breeding in the UK

    Contributor(s):: Rooney, N. J., Sargan, D. R.

    In the UK, numerous pedigree dogs of many breeds experience compromised welfare due to the direct and indirect effects of selective breeding. Many breeds are selected to have physical conformations which, although perceived by some to be desirable, have direct negative effects upon their welfare....

  14. Welfare implications of culling red deer ( Cervus elaphus )

    Contributor(s):: Bradshaw, E. L., Bateson, P.

    Welfare costs of culling of red deer by rifle ('stalking') or by hunting with hounds ('hunting') were compared in southwestern England. Observations of hunts revealed that likely stressors such as close proximity to humans and hounds, active pursuit, noise, obstruction and physical restraint...

  15. Welfare implications of the gas stunning of pigs. 2. Stress of induction of anaesthesia

    Contributor(s):: Raj, A. B. M., Gregory, N. G.

    The severity of respiratory distress occurring before loss of posture during exposure to 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80 or 90% CO2 in air; 2 or 5% residual oxygen in argon; 30% CO2 in argon with either 2 or 5% residual oxygen; or 40% CO2 in argon with either 2 or 5% residual oxygen, was subjectively...

  16. Wounding rates in shooting foxes ( Vulpes vulpes )

    Contributor(s):: Fox, N. C., Blay, N., Greenwood, A. G., Wise, D., Potapov, E.

    One-hundred-and-ninety-nine shooters in England, Wales and Scotland shot at fox-shaped targets in 35 shotgun regimes including .410 and 12 bore using No 6, BB or AAA shot sizes at 25, 40 or 60 yards, with open and full choke barrels, and skilled, semi-skilled or unskilled shooters. A further 16...

  17. An international comparison of female and male students' attitudes to the use of animals. (Special issue: Minding animals: Emerging issues concerning our relationships with other animals.)

    Contributor(s):: Phillips, C., Izmirli, S., Aldavood, J., Alonso, M., Choe, Bi, Hanlon, A., Handziska, A., Illmann, G., Keeling, L., Kennedy, M., Lee, Gwi, Lund, V., Mejdell, C., Pelagic, V., Rehn, T.

    Previous research has demonstrated that in households where the male partner is more dominant, there is convergence in male and female attitudes towards animals, whereas if the female partner is empowered they exhibit greater empathy towards animals than the male partner. We tested this theory of...

  18. Assessing the benefits of farm animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: McInerney, J. P.

    Concerns over declining farm animal welfare in the UK are associated to a large extent with the development of modern intensive systems introduced in the continuing pursuit of lower cost production. It seems to follow, therefore, that any restriction of these methods to benefit animals would mean...

  19. The human factor - the benefits of humane and skilled stockmanship

    Contributor(s):: Seabrook, M.

    This paper concludes that the behaviour of the stockperson can be a potential stressor with consequences for productivity and welfare. By adopting the correct empathic behaviour the stockperson can have a crucial role in creating an environment for improved animal welfare. Training programmes can...