You are here: Home / Tags / British Isles / All Categories

Tags: British Isles

All Categories (81-100 of 298)

  1. A social contract for biotechnology: shared visions for risky technologies? (Special issue: Food safety, food quality and food ethics. Selected papers from the 3rd Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)

    Contributor(s):: Bruce, D. M.

    Future technological developments concerning food, agriculture, and the environment face the conflict of social legitimation from a skeptical public and media, in the wake of the crises of bovine spongiform encephalopathy, genetic modified (GM) food, and foot and mouth disease in the UK. Key...

  2. Are scientists right and non-scientists wrong? Reflections on discussions of GM

    Contributor(s):: Deckers, J.

    This paper furthers the understanding of the view that genetic modification (GM) is unnatural, and of the critical response to this view. While many people have been reported to hold the view that GM is unnatural, many policy-makers and their advisors have suggested that the view must be ignored...

  3. Contamination, crop trials, and compatibility. (Special issue: Ethics as a dimension of agrifood policy: selected papers from the 4th Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)

    Contributor(s):: Bruce, D.

    This paper examines the ethical and social questions that underlie the present UK discussion whether genetically modified (GM) crops and organic agriculture can coexist within a given region or are mutually exclusive. A European Commission report predicted practical difficulties in achieving...

  4. Developing the ethical Delphi. (Special Issue: Ethical tools.)

    Contributor(s):: Millar, K., Thorstensen, E., Tomkins, S., Mepham, B., Kaiser, M.

    A number of EU institutions and government committees across Europe have expressed interest in developing methods and decision-support tools to facilitate consideration of the ethical dimensions of biotechnology assessment. As part of the work conducted in the EC supported project on ethical...

  5. Ethical issues associated with sheep fly strike research, prevention, and control

    Contributor(s):: Morris, M. C.

    This paper deals with ethical issues associated with fly strike research, prevention and control. It is argued that in their attempt to find control solutions and to understand the disorder, Australasian researchers increase sheep suffering by conducting experiments that artificially induce fly...

  6. Food supply chain governance and public health externalities: upstream policy interventions and the UK State. (Special issue: Food and the public's health)

    Contributor(s):: Barling, D.

    Contemporary food supply chains are generating externalities with high economic and social costs, notably in public health terms through the rise in diet-related non-communicable disease. The UK State is developing policy strategies to tackle these public health problems alongside...

  7. Foot and Mouth Disease and British agriculture: ethics in a crisis

    Contributor(s):: Mepham, B.

    The 2001 foot and mouth disease outbreak in the UK has had widespread adverse effects on the farming community, the tourist industry, millions of farm animals, the environment, and citizens' quality of life. This report summarizes the course of the epidemic and then questions the ethical validity...

  8. Impact of animal welfare on costs and viability of pig production in the UK

    Contributor(s):: Bornett, H. L. I., Guy, J. H., Cain, P. J.

    The European Union welfare standards for intensively kept pigs have steadily increased over the past few years and are proposed to continue in the future. It is important that the cost implications of these changes in welfare standards are assessed. The aim of this study was to determine the...

  9. Regulating functional foods in the European Union: informed choice versus consumer protection? (Special issue: Ethics as a dimension of agrifood policy: selected papers from the 4th Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)

    Contributor(s):: Klompenhouwer, T., Belt, H. van den

    This paper reviews the experiences of the Netherlands and the UK with their attempts at self-regulation in order to judge the merits and weaknesses of the newly proposed European regulation for functional foods. It is indicated that a new EU regulation covering health claims and other claims on...

  10. The role of livestock production ethics in consumer values towards meat

    Contributor(s):: McEachern, M. G., Schroder, M. J. A.

    This study examines the specific values held by consumers towards organic and conventionally produced meat, with particular reference to moral issues surrounding food animal production. A quota sample of 30 females from both a rural and an urban area of Scotland (UK), were interviewed. Overall,...

  11. What price cheap food?

    Contributor(s):: Appleby, M. C., Cutler, N., Gazzard, J., Goddard, P., Milne, J. A., Morgan, C., Redfern, A.

    This paper is the report of a meeting that gathered many of the UK's most senior animal scientists with representatives of the farming industry, consumer groups, animal welfare groups, and environmentalists. There was strong consensus that the current economic structure of agriculture cannot...

  12. 'Letting them go' - agricultural retirement and human-livestock relations

    Contributor(s):: Riley, M.

    Through a focus on agricultural retirement, this paper extends on the recent work considering human-livestock relations. Drawing on research conducted in Hampshire and West Sussex (UK), the paper utilises farmers' narratives of farm work and retirement to explore the themes of [dis]connection...

  13. Reflection paper on MRSA in food-producing and companion animals: epidemiology and control options for human and animal health. (Special Issue: Epidemiology of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus with emphasis on veterinary and community sett

    Contributor(s):: Catry, B., Duijkeren, E. van, Pomba, M. C., Greko, C., Moreno, M. A., Pyorala, S., Ruzauskas, M., Sanders, P., Threlfall, E. J., Ungemach, F., Torneke, K., Munoz-Madero, C., Torren-Edo, J.

    The scope of this reflection paper was to review the latest research on the risk of MRSA infection and colonization in animals. Attention focused on occurrence, risk factors for colonization and infection, and human contact hazard for livestock, horses, and companion animals. Whereas the clonal...

  14. A case control study of on-farm risk factors for tail biting in pigs

    Contributor(s):: Moinard, C., Mendl, M., Nicol, C. J., Green, L. E.

  15. Co-operative interactions between blind persons and their dogs

    Contributor(s):: Naderi, S., Miklosi, A., Doka, A., Csanyi, V.

    Two studies were conducted to investigate the co-operative behaviour between dogs and their owners. We supposed that co-operativeness behaviour is an inherited trait in dogs, and is a major contributing factor in the development of successful guide dog performance. According to our view, leading...

  16. Deterrent or dinner bell? Alteration of badger activity and feeding at baited plots using ultrasonic and water jet devices

    Contributor(s):: Ward, A. I., Pietravalle, S., Cowan, D. P., Delahay, R. J.

    The increasing incidence of reports of damage caused by Eurasian badgers (Meles meles) in UK urban environments requires the development of effective, humane, non-lethal solutions. Ultrasonic deterrents are widely available to the public and are sold as a humane solution to the presence of...

  17. Diurnal patterns of intake rate by sheep grazing monocultures of ryegrass or white clover

    Contributor(s):: Orr, R. J., Penning, P. D., Harvey, A., Champion, R. A.

    The effects of time of day on the ingestive behaviour of groups of 5 sheep grazing monocultures of ryegrass (Lolium perenne cv. Parcour) or white clover (Trifolium repens cv. Kent Wild White), were measured over periods of 1 h starting at 07.30, 11.30, 15.30 and 19.30 h in August 1993. Grazing...

  18. Do animals live in the present? current evidence and implications for welfare. (Special Issue: Farm animal welfare since the Brambell report.)

    Contributor(s):: Mendl, M., Paul, E. S.

    The importance of understanding the mental experiences of animals in order to assess their welfare was recognised by the 1965 UK Brambell Committee Report. The report further suggested that the extent to which animals live life in the present moment has a major impact on their capacity for...

  19. Effects of gender and group size on the time-activity budgets of adult breeding ostriches ( Struthio camelus ) in a farming environment

    Contributor(s):: McKeegan, D. E. F., Deeming, D. C.

    Twenty-six adult ostriches in breeding condition, maintained outdoors, were studied to determine their diurnal time-activity budget in the UK during the months of July and August. Males and females from pairs (1 male, 1 female), trios (1 male, 2 females), a small group (group 1: 3 males 8...

  20. European approaches to ensure good animal welfare. (Special Issue: Farm animal welfare since the Brambell report.)

    Contributor(s):: Veissier, I., Butterworth, A., Bock, B., Roe, E.

    Conventions to protect domestic animals during transport, farming and slaughter were established by the Council of Europe and approved by many European states. Conventions are followed by recommendations that specify how the general principles of conventions apply for the different species. The...