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  1. Does temperament affect learning in calves?

    Contributor(s):: Webb, L. E., Reenen, C. G. van, Jensen, M. B., Schmitt, O., Bokkers, E. A. M.

    The aim of the study was to investigate how temperament affects learning ability in calves. Nine two-month-old Holstein-Friesian bull calves were subjected to four challenge tests: novel object (NOT), novel environment (NET), social isolation (SIT), and social isolation with a novel environmental...

  2. The effect of physical contact between dairy cows and calves during separation on their post-separation behavioural response

    Contributor(s):: Johnsen, J. F., Ellingsen, K., Grondahl, A. M., Boe, K. E., Lidfors, L., Mejdell, C. M.

    Premature breaking of the maternal bond between a cow and her calf triggers a strong behavioural response which renders separation and weaning major welfare challenges in suckling systems. Fence-line separation and weaning allowing physical contact has been evaluated for beef cattle and is...

  3. Effects of the stockperson on dairy cow behaviour and milk yield

    Contributor(s):: Hanna, D., Sneddon, I. A., Beattie, V. E., Breuer, K.

  4. Acoustic analysis of cattle ( Bos taurus) mother-offspring contact calls from a source-filter theory perspective

    Contributor(s):: Torre, M. P. de la, Briefer, E. F., Reader, T., McElligott, A. G.

    Cattle vocalisations have been proposed as potential indicators of animal welfare. However, very few studies have investigated the acoustic structure and information encoded in these vocalisations using advanced analysis techniques. Vocalisations play key roles in a wide range of communication...

  5. Animal welfare concerns and values of stakeholders within the dairy industry

    Contributor(s):: Ventura, B. A., Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von, Weary, D. M.

    This paper describes the perspectives of stakeholders within the North American dairy industry on key issues affecting the welfare of dairy cattle. Five heterogeneous focus groups were held during a dairy cattle welfare meeting in Guelph, Canada in October 2012. Each group contained between 7 and...

  6. Effects of mother versus artificial rearing during the first 12 weeks of life on challenge responses of dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Wagner, K., Seitner, D., Barth, K., Palme, R., Futschik, A., Waiblinger, S.

    We investigated the effects of mother versus artificial rearing on the responses to a social and a non-social challenge in adulthood. Rearing of treatment groups only differed during the first 12 weeks of life. Artificially reared animals were separated from their mothers within 24 h after birth...

  7. The effect of nursing on the cow-calf bond

    Contributor(s):: Johnsen, J. F., Passille, A. M. de, Mejdell, C. M., Boe, K. E., Grondahl, A. M., Beaver, A., Rushen, J., Weary, D. M.

    Dairy calves are often separated from the cow soon after birth and prevented from nursing, but little is known about the effects of nursing on the development of the cow-calf bond. This study evaluated the effect of nursing on affiliative behaviours between the dam and her calf including...

  8. The ethics of a co-regulatory model for farm animal welfare research

    Contributor(s):: Phillips, C. J. C., Petherick, J. C.

    Standards for farm animal welfare are variously managed at a national level by government-led regulatory control, by consumer-led welfare economics and co-regulated control in a partnership between industry and government. In the latter case the control of research to support animal welfare...

  9. Artificial weaning of calves: benefits and costs

    Contributor(s):: Reinhardt, V.

    Evidence indicates that allowing beef calves to stay in the maternal herd beyond the age of natural weaning promotes animal welfare and may enhance the cows' natural reproductive potential.

  10. Handling, electric goad, and head restraint: effects on calves' behavior

    Contributor(s):: Goonewardene, L. A., Price, M. A., Stookey, J. M., Day, P. A., Minchau, G.

    96 weaned calves (48 bulls and 48 heifers) were allocated in a 2 x 2 x 2 arrangement to 3 treatments each with 2 levels: calves handled every 10 days or 20 days; an electric goad used or not used; and head gate restrained or not restrained. Behaviour responses were measured by 5 incremental...

  11. Dairy calves' adaptation to group housing with automated feeders

    Contributor(s):: Fujiwara, M., Rushen, J., Passille, A. M. de

    Group housing of dairy calves with automated milk feeders has likely welfare and labour saving advantages but delays in the calves adapting to the feeding system may reduce these advantages. We examined factors that influence calves' adaptation to the feeders. In Exp. 1, 77 Holstein calves were...

  12. Acceptability of Electrical Stunning and Post-Cut Stunning Among Muslim Communities: A Possible Dialogue

    Contributor(s):: Salamano, G., Cuccurese, A., Poeta, A., Santella, E., Sechi, P., Cambiotti, V., Cenci-Goga, B. T.

    Current technical-scientific advances allow a reappraisal of some practices used during religious slaughter without compromising its deep and essential meaning, through to the identification of techniques that limit the nonhuman animal vigilance without causing any lesion that may impair its...

  13. The relationship between responsiveness of first-lactation heifers to humans and the behavioral response to milking and milk production measures

    Contributor(s):: Sutherland, M. A., Dowling, S. K.

    The human-animal relationship can influence how an animal responds to situations involving humans and affect animal well-being and production. The objectives of this research were to (1) determine if there is a relationship between the behavioral reactivity of New Zealand dairy heifers toward...

  14. Whisper Hill Clydesdales Special Needs Foundation

    Whisper Hill Clydesdales (WHC) is a non-profit foundation dedicated to offering equine experiences to people with special needs. Whether those needs are physical, developmental, or emotional, WHC is here to put a smile on anyone's face. The organization offeres wagon rides pulled by Cldesdale...

  15. Assessment of stun quality at commercial slaughter in cattle shot with captive bolt

    | Contributor(s):: Atkinson, S., Velarde, A., Algers, B.

  16. Effect of previous handling experiences on responses of dairy calves to routine husbandry procedures

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Stewart, M., Shepherd, H. M., Webster, J. R., Waas, J. R., McLeay, L. M., Schutz, K. E.

  17. Evaluation of on-farm veal calves' responses to unfamiliar humans and potential influencing factors

    | Contributor(s):: Leruste, H., Bokkers, E. A. M., Heutinck, L. F. M., Wolthuis-Fillerup, M., Werf, J. T. N. van der, Brscic, M., Cozzi, G., Engel, B., Reenen, C. G. van, Lensink, B. J.

  18. Views on contentious practices in dairy farming: the case of early cow-calf separation

    | Contributor(s):: Ventura, B. A., Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von, Schuppli, C. A., Weary, D. M.

  19. What is the relationship between level of infection and 'sickness behaviour' in cattle?

    | Contributor(s):: Szyszka, O., Kyriazakis, I.

  20. Cruelty and legislation

    | Contributor(s):: Harrison, R.