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  1. Companion-animals' effectiveness in managing chronic pain in adult community members

    Contributor(s):: Bradley, L., Bennett, P. C.

    Therapy animals have been found to alleviate pain in healthcare settings, but companion-animal owners report greater discomfort and use more analgesics than people who do not own one or more companion animals. To investigate this anomaly, 173 adults completed an online survey that included...

  2. Ce que les noms des chiens des sans-abris revelent de leurs maitres

    Contributor(s):: Blanchard, C.

    In recent years, a frustrating new trend has been observed by those working with homeless people in developed cities: the emergence of a growing group of wandering dog-owners whose lives are highly impacted by their bond to the animal. In this study, we take a close look at the dogs' names to...

  3. A survey of animal welfare experts and practicing veterinarians to identify and explore key factors thought to influence canine and feline welfare in relation to veterinary care

    Contributor(s):: Dawson, L. C., Dewey, C. E., Stone, E. A., Guerin, M. T., Niel, L.

    Veterinary care is important for maintaining companion animal health; however, it also has the potential to impact other aspects of patient welfare. To investigate factors related to veterinary care that are likely to influence canine and feline welfare, animal welfare researchers, veterinarians...

  4. Homeless people with dogs: what can be learned from the animals' names?Ce que les noms des chiens des sans-abris revelent de leurs maitres

    Contributor(s):: Blanchard, C.

    In recent years, a frustrating new trend has been observed by those working with homeless people in developed cities: the emergence of a growing group of wandering dog-owners whose lives are highly impacted by their bond to the animal. In this study, we take a close look at the dogs' names to...

  5. Fighting nature: an analysis and critique of breed-specific flourishing arguments for dog fights

    Contributor(s):: Werkheiser, I.

    Social science literature on dog fighting illustrates an important element in the discourse of dog fighters, namely patriarchy. However, it has not addressed another common element, namely flourishing. According to this element of that discourse, some dog breeds are born to fight, and therefore...

  6. The "pet effect": physiological calming in the presence of canines

    Contributor(s):: Wheeler, E. A., Faulkner, M. E.

    The "pet effect," whereby interaction with a companion animal reduces the physiological indices of stress, varies with respect to fear of animals, companion animal guardianship, type of companion animal, or types of stress. In this study, a non-clinical sample of 223 undergraduates underwent the...

  7. Companion animals in Thailand: human factors that predict sterilization of cats and dogs

    Contributor(s):: Toukhsati, S. R., Phillips, C. J. C., Podberscek, A. L., Coleman, G. J.

    The prevalence of companion animal caregiving was estimated, and demographic and psychosocial factors that predict sterilization behaviors in caregivers in Thailand were identified. Thai nationals ( n=494) were recruited by random for the Culture and Human-Animal Interactions (CHAI) telephone...

  8. Your dog is your teacher: contemporary dog training beyond radical behaviorism

    Contributor(s):: Pregowski, M. P.

    Contemporary dog training and the ongoing changes within this field, particularly ones related to perceptions of dogs and their roles, are interesting topics for academic inquiry. Present practices generally rely upon either the pack-and-dominance concept-leading to top-down, discipline-heavy...

  9. Voices from behind prison walls: the impact of training service dogs on women in prison

    Contributor(s):: Minton, C. A., Perez, P. R., Miller, K.

    This study investigated the effects that training service dogs had on women in a multi-level security prison in California. Through semi-structured interviews, the inmates discussed the challenges and benefits of involvement in this program. The findings suggested that participation in training...

  10. Noise sensitivity in 17 dog breeds: prevalence, breed risk and correlation with fear in other situations

    Contributor(s):: Storengen, L. M., Lingaas, F.

    A web-based survey was conducted to estimate prevalence of noise sensitivity in 17 dog breeds in Norway ( n=5257). Major focus was on noise from fireworks, loud noises (bang/gunshots), thunderstorms and heavy traffic. The study also investigated risk factors as well as correlation with some other...

  11. African elephants ( Loxodonta africana) can detect TNT using olfaction: implications for biosensor application

    Contributor(s):: Miller, A. K., Hensman, M. C., Hensman, S., Schultz, K., Reid, P., Shore, M., Brown, J., Furton, K. G., Lee, S.

    The impact of war on local wildlife can be devastating, the effects of which are often felt well beyond the terminus of the initial threat. In areas where wildlife experiences unrestricted movement through previously affected zones, residual, unexploded landmines present a significant and...

  12. Assessment of severity and progression of canine cognitive dysfunction syndrome using the CAnine DEmentia Scale (CADES)

    Contributor(s):: Madari, A., Farbakova, J., Katina, S., Smolek, T., Novak, P., Weissova, T., Novak, M., Zilka, N.

    Cognitive dysfunction syndrome (CDS) represents a group of symptoms related to the aging of the canine brain. These changes ultimately lead to a decline of memory function and learning abilities, alteration of social interaction, impairment of normal housetraining, changes in sleep-wake cycle and...

  13. How to train a dog to detect cows in heat-training and success

    Contributor(s):: Johnen, D., Heuwieser, W., Fischer-Tenhagen, C.

    Efficient and accurate estrus detection is a key management factor determining acceptable reproductive performance in dairy herds. Previous studies have shown that dogs can differentiate between vaginal mucus samples of cows in estrus and vaginal mucus samples of cows in diestrus with an accuracy...

  14. Social learning in dog training: the effectiveness of the Do as I do method compared to shaping/clicker training

    Contributor(s):: Fugazza, C., Miklosi, A.

    Dog training methods traditionally rely on individual learning (mainly operant conditioning). Yet dogs are adept in acquiring information socially and are able to imitate humans. Dogs' predisposition to learn socially has been recently introduced in dog training with the Do as I do method. With...

  15. Animal assisted therapies and dog welfare implicationsLe terapie assistite con gli animali e le eventuali implicazioni di benessere per il cane

    Contributor(s):: Papotti, F., Cannas, S., Talamonti, Z., Palestrini, C.

    "Pet-therapy" is the therapeutic use of pets, the "healing potential" of the animal serving the human health. As reported in several studies, the contact with an animal, in addition to ensure the replacement of a missing affection, is particularly suited to promote inter-personal contacts giving...

  16. Turning point of transformation: consumer communities, identity projects and becoming a serious dog hobbyist

    Contributor(s):: Syrjala, H.

    The present paper aims to delineate the turning point of the transformation that takes place when a casual enthusiast becomes a serious hobbyist within the subculture of dog agility devotees. Thereby, this paper participates in prior discussions in consumer research that have deliberated on...

  17. Heritability of behavioural traits in domestic dogs: a meta-analysis

    Contributor(s):: Hradecka, L., Bartos, L., Svobodova, I., Sales, J.

    Reviews summarizing the literature on heritability of behavioural traits in dogs have been published repeatedly over the last four decades. The conclusions of these reviews vary to some extent. We applied meta-analysis and re-evaluated the literature available collecting 48 references dealing...

  18. "Do not choose as I do!" - Dogs avoid the food that is indicated by another dog's gaze in a two-object choice task

    Contributor(s):: Balint, A., Farago, T., Meike, Z., Lenkei, R., Miklosi, A., Pongracz, P.

    Family dogs successfully follow human-given cues in a two-object choice test. However, whether this ability has any roots in dog-dog visual communication, has been seldom investigated. We designed a test where a video-projected, life-sized dog 'demonstrator' provided directional cues for the...

  19. The psychological and physiological effects of using a therapy dog in mindfulness training

    Contributor(s):: Henry, C. L., Crowley, S. L.

    The present study was a randomized controlled trial examining the psychological and physiological effects of adding animal-assisted therapy (AAT) to a modified Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction program (MBSR) for clients experiencing psychological distress. It was hypothesized that AAT would...

  20. Does physical contact with a dog or person affect performance of a working memory task?

    Contributor(s):: Gee, N. R., Friedmann, E., Coglitore, V., Fisk, A., Stendahl, M.

    Working memory (WM) plays a critical role in the execution of a wide variety of cognitive tasks and predicts academic success. This study was designed to compare the impact of the presence of a dog or a person, and physical contact with them, on the performance of a WM task. It also examined...