Relationships between personality of human-dog dyads and performances in working tasks
Contributor(s):: Hoummady, S., Peron, F., Grandjean, D., Clero, D., Bernard, B., Titeux, E., Desquilbet, L., Gilbert, C.
Improving operational performances of working dog-human dyads is receiving more and more attention. Despite this interest, the associations between human personality, dog personality, dog-human personality matching and dyad performances have rarely been addressed. This study explores the links...
The fearful, anxious, & worried pet
Contributor(s):: Deporter, T.
What or where? The meaning of referential human pointing for dogs ( Canis familiaris)
Contributor(s):: Tauzin, T., Csik, A., Kis, A., Topal, J.
Dogs have a unique capacity to follow human pointing, and thus it is often assumed that they can comprehend the referential meaning of such signals. However, it is still unclear whether dogs perceive human directional gestures as signals referring to a target object (indicating what to...
New research relevant to companion animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Broom, D. M.
The many studies published recently on cognition, welfare assessment and practical management of companion animals inform us about what we can and should do to improve welfare. Hence better advice can be offered on aspects of training, living conditions, problem situations and genetic selection....
When dogs look back: inhibition of independent problem-solving behaviour in domestic dogs ( Canis lupus familiaris) compared with wolves ( Canis lupus)
Contributor(s):: Udell, M. A. R.
Domestic dogs have been recognized for their social sensitivity and aptitude in human-guided tasks. For example, prior studies have demonstrated that dogs look to humans when confronted with an unsolvable task; an action often interpreted as soliciting necessary help. Conversely, wolves persist...
Owners' direct gazes increase dogs' attention-getting behaviors
Contributor(s):: Ohkita, M., Nagasawa, M., Kazutaka, M., Kikusui, T.
This study examined whether dogs gain information about human's attention via their gazes and whether they change their attention-getting behaviors (i.e., whining and whimpering, looking at their owners' faces, pawing, and approaching their owners) in response to their owners' direct gazes. The...
Does affective information influence domestic dogs' ( Canis lupus familiaris) point-following behavior?
Contributor(s):: Flom, R., Gartman, P.
Several studies have examined dogs' ( Canis lupus familiaris) comprehension and use of human communicative cues. Relatively few studies have, however, examined the effects of human affective behavior (i.e., facial and vocal expressions) on dogs' exploratory and point-following behavior. In two...
Detection of Verticillium dahliae in olive groves using canine detection units
Contributor(s):: Pons Anglad a, L., Calvo Torras, M. dels A.
Verticillium wilt is one of the most significant agricultural diseases in the world, in view of the fact that not only does it affect olive groves but also a wide variety of fruit, vegetable and ornamental plants. Currently, the most efficient and economical method of control involves the use of...
Lost and hound: the more-than-human networks of rural policing
Contributor(s):: Yarwood, R.
The rhetoric of community is widely deployed in rural policing but can be problematic for three main reasons. The idea of community can exclude as well as include; be used as a way of shifting responsibility for policing away from the state and sometimes produces insular, bounded views of places....
Study on blood physiology characteristics in working dogs
Contributor(s):: Yang, JiaQiang, Cao, JingFeng, Du, XiaoPeng, Kong, XiaoYan, Yan, DaWei
Adult working dog has to do a lot of intense physical training every day. The blood physiology and hemorheological indexes were measured in three adult working dogs (Kunming, German shepherd, Belgian malinois) and one indigenous breed in Kunming. The results showed that the number of red blood...
Guide dogs as a model for investigating the effect of life experience and training on gazing behaviour
Contributor(s):: Scandurra, A., Prato-Previde, E., Valsecchi, P., Aria, M., D'Aniello, B.
The present study aimed at evaluating possible behavioural differences between guide dogs living in a kennel and interacting with a trainer and those living in a house and interacting with a blind person and their family, when they are faced with an unsolvable task. Fifty-two Labrador retrievers...
Human-related factors regulate the presence of domestic dogs in protected areas
Contributor(s):: Soto, C. A., Palomares, F.
The presence of domestic species such as dogs Canis familiaris in protected areas can cause problems for native species as a result of competition, predation and disease transmission. To improve our ability to design effective control policies we investigated the factors affecting detection of...
Population demographic survey and ownership of pet dogs and cats from a small city of southern Brazil
Contributor(s):: Trapp, S. M., Maeda, M. S. C. de F., Kemper, B., Barca Junior, F. A., Freire, R. L., Pretto-Giordano, L. G., Headley, S. A.
This study evaluated the population dynamics and ownerships of dogs and cats from the city of Jaguapita, southern Brazil. The human to dog and cat ratios were 4.6 and 21.5, respectively. Comparatively more dogs ( n=2,460) than cats ( n=571) were within the households and there were significantly...
Animal-assisted therapy: New disinfectant list of DVG for "Established veterinary practice and animal shelters "Tiergestutzte Therapien: Neue Desinfektionsmittelliste der DVG fur die Bereiche "Niedergelassene Veterinarpraxis und Tierheime"
Contributor(s):: Rheinbaben, F. von, Werner, S.
This article presents a list of some of the veterinary disinfectants/drugs recommended by the German Veterinary Society for private animal hospitals and animal shelters highlighting the indications, efficacy, metabolism, dosage effects, and pharmokinetics of each product.
Guard of animals in charge: population of visionGuarda responsavel de animais: visao da populacao
Contributor(s):: Porto, W. J. N., Andrade, M. R., Mota, R. A.
A study was conducted to determine the knowledge level of responsible animal ownership in Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil [date not given]. It was shown that only 24% of respondents knew what constituted responsible pet ownership and care. Some of those who gave examples of proper pet care such as...
Energy intake and expenditure of improvised explosive device detection dogs
Contributor(s):: Phillips, S. P., Kutzner-Mulligan, J., Davis, M.
Improvised explosive device detection (IDD) dogs explore up to 40 km of land daily and therefore have energetic demands that may be above the National Research Council's requirement for working dogs. This study was designed to quantify metabolic energy intake (MEI) and total energy expenditure...
Maintenance energy requirements of odor detection, explosive detection and human detection working dogs
Contributor(s):: Mullis, R. A., Witzel, A. L., Price, J.
Despite their important role in security, little is known about the energy requirements of working dogs such as odor, explosive and human detection dogs. Previous researchers have evaluated the energy requirements of individual canine breeds as well as dogs in exercise roles such as sprint...
Effect of a stimulating environment during the socialization period on the performance of adult police working dogs
Contributor(s):: Lopes, B., Alves, J., Santos, A., Pereira, G. da G.
The aim of this study was to determine if using a stimulating enrichment park environment during the socialization period of police working dogs improved social skills. Our intent was to learn whether such exposure could maximize working dog performance in future situations as adults. Six...
Olfactory discrimination and generalization of ammonium nitrate and structurally related odorants in Labrador retrievers
Contributor(s):: Lazarowski, L., Foster, M. L., Gruen, M. E., Sherman, B. L., Fish, R. E., Milgram, N. W., Dorman, D. C.
A critical aspect of canine explosive detection involves the animal's ability respond to novel, untrained odors based on prior experience with training odors. In the current study, adult Labrador retrievers ( N=15) were initially trained to discriminate between a rewarded odor (vanillin) and an...
Distribution, complications, and outcome of footpad injuries in pet and military working dogs
Contributor(s):: Hansen, L. A., Hazenfield, K. M., Olea-Popelka, F., Smeak, D. D.
This study reports the findings of 120 traumatic pad injuries in pet and military dogs. Most dogs (68%) presented with a laceration to a thoracic limb footpad, and one-third of dogs were middle-aged castrated males. Metacarpal pads were most commonly injured. Short-term complications were noted...