The HABRI Central Team continues to monitor emerging research and information about the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our collection of resources, https://habricentral.org/features/covid-19
"An extension of me": handlers describe their experiences of working with bird dogs
Contributor(s):: Corkran, C. M.
Studies describe the human-canine relationship as a long and complex one in which both parties have developed complementary physical skills and communication techniques. Current extensive exploration of the human-canine bond commonly examines the objective value of dogs to people, whether as...
"Bark parks" - a study on interdog aggression in a limited-control environment
Contributor(s):: Shyan, M. R., Fortune, K. A., King, C.
As limited-control dog parks become more popular, concerns arise about whether these parks encourage interdog aggression. Systematic observations made at 1 park in Indianapolis, USA over 72 h (between 1600 and 1830 h, 3-5 times a week) across 8 months (between March and November 2001) found that...
"Do not choose as I do!" - Dogs avoid the food that is indicated by another dog's gaze in a two-object choice task
Contributor(s):: Balint, A., Farago, T., Meike, Z., Lenkei, R., Miklosi, A., Pongracz, P.
Family dogs successfully follow human-given cues in a two-object choice test. However, whether this ability has any roots in dog-dog visual communication, has been seldom investigated. We designed a test where a video-projected, life-sized dog 'demonstrator' provided directional cues for the...
"Nudging them back to reality": toward a growing public acceptance of the role dogs fulfill in ameliorating contemporary veterans' PTSD symptoms
Contributor(s):: Taylor, M. F., Edwards, M. E., Pooley, J. A.
"Who's been a good dog?" - Owner perceptions and motivations for treat giving
Contributor(s):: White, G. A., Ward, L., Pink, C., Craigon, J., Millar, K. M.
Complex relationships commonly exist between owners and their companion animals, particularly around feeding behaviour with an owner's affection or love for their animal most pronounced through the provision of food. It is notable that the pet food market is experiencing strong year-on-year...
'Beware, I am big and non-dangerous!' - playfully growling dogs are perceived larger than their actual size by their canine audience
Contributor(s):: Balint, A., Farago, T., Doka, A., Miklosi, A., Pongracz, P.
'Bling with bite' - the rise of status and weapon dogs
Contributor(s):: Harding, S.
A case for a naturalistic perspective: response to Lawrence and Bekoff
Contributor(s):: Paxton, D. W.
The author responds to commentaries on his original paper noting that "The paper is about questions, not answers. The orthodoxanswer in urban animal management — responsible pet ownership — is really the target of the naturalistic perspective. The paper requests urban authorities to always ask...
A companion animal in a work simulation: the roles of task difficulty and prior companion-animal guardianship in state anxiety
Contributor(s):: Stewart, A., Strickland, O.
A comparison of Bahamian cat and dog caregivers on New Providence
Contributor(s):: Fielding, W. J.
This article offers the first comparison of actions and attitudes of Afro-Caribbean caregivers who keep only cats or only dogs. A total of 330 Bahamian caregivers found that women primarily keep cats; men primarily keep dogs. Cat keepers were more attached to their companion animals but no more...
A comparison of pet and purpose-bred research dog ( Canis familiaris) performance on human-guided object-choice tasks
Contributor(s):: Lazarowski, L., Dorman, D. C.
Several studies have shown that domestic dogs respond to human social cues such as pointing. Some experiments have shown that pet dogs outperformed wolves in following a momentary distal point. These findings have lent support to the hypothesis that domestication is responsible for domestic dogs'...
A comparison of tethering and pen confinement of dogs
Contributor(s):: Yeon, S. C., Golden, G., Sung, W., Erb, H. N., Reynolds, A. J., Houpt, K. A.
This study compared the general activity and specific behaviours of 30 adult Alaskan sled dogs (19 males and 11 females) on 3.5-m tethers and in 5.9-m2 pens. The investigators used activity level and stereotypical behaviour as indicators of welfare. The dogs spent most of their time inactive,...
A comparison of uniaxial and triaxial accelerometers for the assessment of physical activity in dogs
Contributor(s):: Cheung, K. W., Starling, M. J., McGreevy, P. D.
The present study compares the outputs of uniaxial accelerometer (UA) and triaxial accelerometer (TA) to determine whether UAs can be used instead of TAs in estimating physical activity (PA) in domestic dogs (N=79). The PA of the dogs was measured simultaneously by a UA and a TA attached to...
A cross-sectional study of frequency and factors associated with dog walking in 9-10 year old children in Liverpool, UK
| Contributor(s):: Westgarth, C., Boddy, L. M., Stratton, G., German, A. J., Gaskell, R. M., Coyne, K. P., Bundred, P., McCune, S., Dawson, S.
Background Owning a pet dog could potentially improve child health through encouraging participation in physical activity, through dog walking. However, evidence to support this is limited and conflicting. In particular, little is known about children’s participation in dog walking and...
A dermatologist's viewpoint on the significance of the human-animal bond in practice
| Contributor(s):: Liska, D. A.
A descriptive study of 215 dogs diagnosed with separation anxiety
| Contributor(s):: Storengen, L. M., Boge, S. C. K., Strom, S. J., Loberg, G., Lingaas, F.
Clinical records of dogs visiting a behavioral clinic were used to study the behavior and background of dogs with separation anxiety (SA). 215 dogs (with SA) were included in the study, representing 22.6% of the patients seen during the 40 months the study covered ( n=952). Male dogs comprised...
A developmental approach to dog's sociality
| Contributor(s):: Mogi, K., Nagasawa, M., Kikusui, T.
A special relationship between human and dog is considered to be established by dog's characteristic social skill and cognitive ability, based on adequate emotional and affiliative behavior. It has been emphasized that puppy's experience in its developing period is prerequisite for dog's...
A fresh look at the wolf-pack theory of companion-animal dog social behavior
| Contributor(s):: Kerkhove, W. van
A popular perspective on the social behavior of dogs in multiple-dog households sees the dogs' behavior as reflecting the sociobiological laws of the rigidly structured dominance hierarchy that has been described for wolf packs. This view suggests that aggression problems among dogs are natural...
A pilot study of sexual dimorphism in the head morphology of domestic dogs
| Contributor(s):: Carrasco, J. J., Georgevsky, D., Valenzuela, M., McGreevy, P. D.
The dog ( Canis lupus familiaris) displays more morphological diversity than any other species. It is a direct descendant of the gray wolf ( Canis lupus), but shows remarkable behavioral and morphological differences. It has been suggested that differences in skull shape that relate to brain...
A project to clone companion animals
| Contributor(s):: Hawthorne, L.
A 'special feature' article by the Project Coordinator of MIssyplicity, a Genetic Savings & Clone (GSC) project seeking to clone a specific mixed breed dog, named Missy, owned by an anonymous yet wealthy individual.