Population survey and management strategies of free-roaming dogs (Canis familiaris) on Saipan, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
Contributor(s):: Nimer, Adrianna, Meneses, Nashelly, Watson, Zachary D., Shuster, Stephen M., Benford, Russell
The island of Saipan, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, is populated by free-roaming dogs who were introduced during World War II. The local nonhuman animal control agency manages this population; however, the demographic information and public perception of this population remain...
Evaluating the Influence of the Presence of a Dog on Bias toward Individuals with Overweight and Obesity
Contributor(s):: Crossman, Molly K., Kazdin, Alan E., Galbraith, Katharine, Eros, Luca, Santos, Laurie R.
Individuals with overweight and obesity are subject to enormous bias and discrimination across domains. This bias constitutes a considerable public health problem beyond the effects of excess weight on health. Unfortunately, the few interventions that have been implemented to reduce this bias...
Management and personality in Labrador Retriever dogs
Contributor(s):: Lofgren, Sarah E., Wiener, Pamela, Blott, Sarah C., Sanchez-Molano, Enrique, Woolliams, John A., Clements, Dylan N., Haskell, Marie J.
Canine personality is of keen interest to dog owners and researchers alike. The regular human contact with them makes dogs an ideal species to use in the investigation of animal personality. This study specifically focused on Labrador Retrievers, consistently one of the most popular breeds both...
I like my dog, does my dog like me?
Contributor(s):: Rehn, Therese, Lindholm, Ulrika, Keeling, Linda, Forkman, Björn
In this study, the possibility of there being an association between how an owner perceives his/her relationship to their dog and the way the dog experiences the relationship to its owner was investigated using two well-established methods within the anthrozoology literature. Twenty dog–owner...
Human–animal interface: The effects of handler's stress on the performance of canines in an explosive detection task
Contributor(s):: Zubedat, Salman, Aga-Mizrachi, Shlomit, Cymerblit-Sabba, Adi, Shwartz, Jonathan, Leon, Joseph Fiko, Rozen, Shlomo, Varkovitzky, Itay, Eshed, Yuval, Grinstein, Dan, Avital, Avi
The handler–dog interaction is significantly important for the canine performance. The handler error may mislead the dog into false identification, and the probability to commit such an error is altered often by the handlers’ stressful state. In the current study we have focused on stress...
Canine scent detection—Fact or fiction?
Contributor(s):: Johnen, Dorothea, Heuwieser, Wolfgang, Fischer-Tenhagen, Carola
Dogs have been used in a variety of scent detection tasks for hundreds of years. However, methodological differences in the design of studies concerning canine scent detection make it difficult to directly compare and to evaluate their results. We set out to (1) evaluate the quality and...
Predictive validity of a method for evaluating temperament in young guide and service dogs
Contributor(s):: Duffy, Deborah L., Serpell, James A.
As part of a collaborative project involving five guide and service dog organizations in the USA (Canine Companions for Independence, Guide Dogs for the Blind, Guiding Eyes for the Blind, Leader Dogs for the Blind and The Seeing Eye), volunteer puppy raisers provided information about the...
Obedience training effects on search dog performance
Contributor(s):: Alexander, Michael Ben, Friend, Ted, Haug, Lore
Competent search dogs should be accurate, reliable, and work independently, yet be responsive to handler commands. The aim of this study was to identify training factors that contribute to producing competent search dogs. Demographics, obedience training methods, the age training was initiated,...
Predictive Models of Assistance Dog Training Outcomes Using the Canine Behavioral Assessment and Research Questionnaire and a Standardized Temperament Evaluation
| Contributor(s):: Bray, E. E., Levy, K. M., Kennedy, B. S., Duffy, D. L., Serpell, J. A., MacLean, E. L.
Assistance dogs can greatly improve the lives of people with disabilities. However, a large proportion of dogs bred and trained for this purpose are deemed unable to successfully fulfill the behavioral demands of this role. Often, this determination is not finalized until weeks or even months...
Identifying risk factors for canine dystocia and stillbirths
| Contributor(s):: Cornelius, A. J., Moxon, R., Russenberger, J., Havlena, B., Cheong, S. H.
Factors associated with canine resource guarding behaviour in the presence of dogs: A cross-sectional survey of dog owners
| Contributor(s):: Jacobs, J. A., Coe, J. B., Pearl, D. L., Widowski, T. M., Niel, L.
The cocktail party effect in the domestic dog (Canis familiaris)
| Contributor(s):: Mallikarjun, A., Shroads, E., Newman, R. S.
A modified combined C-BARQ and QoL for both the companion dog and its owner. An embryo to a companion dog welfare assessment?
| Contributor(s):: Doane, Marie, Sarenbo, Sirkku
The results of this pilot study demonstrate that it is possible to construct a reliable questionnaire from prior validated surveys. This questionnaire displays possible suitability for further development into a tool for a comprehensive dog welfare assessment. The welfare model used is assuming...
Emotional affect and the occurrence of owner reported health problems in the domestic dog
| Contributor(s):: Reaney, Sarah Jane, Zulch, Helen, Mills, Daniel, Gardner, Sarah, Collins, Lisa
Interactions between health, behaviour and individual differences such as; mood, affect or personality have been studied more in humans than they have in non-human animals. In humans, links can be made between personality and the expression of health problems, and between personality, affect,...
Homing age influences the prevalence of aggressive and avoidance-related behaviour in adult dogs
| Contributor(s):: Jokinen, Olli, Appleby, David, Sandbacka-Saxén, Sofi, Appleby, Tuulia, Valros, Anna
Homing puppies before 8 weeks has been associated with lower instance of avoidance and types of aggression in adult dogs. The current study aimed to further assess the impact of homing age on these behaviours in adult dogs. Finnish dogs provide an interesting population for this further study, as...
Do shelter dogs engage in social referencing with their caregiver in an approach paradigm? An exploratory study
| Contributor(s):: Duranton, Charlotte, Bedossa, Thierry, Gaunet, Florence
When confronted with an unfamiliar object or person, privately owned pet dogs engage in social referencing, synchronizing their reaction with that of their owners. The question of whether shelter dogs do so when confronted with a stranger has not yet been studied. We tested the reactions of 30...
The relationship between heart rate variability and canine aggression
| Contributor(s):: Craig, Lydia, Meyers-Manor, Julia E., Anders, Kate, Sütterlin, Stefan, Miller, Holly
Dog aggression affects many, with nearly 5 million dog bites reported yearly in the United States alone. Dog bites inflict considerable physical, emotional, and monetary costs annually (American Humane Association, 2014). One physiological measure that might serve as an index of aggression in...
Ability of owners to identify resource guarding behaviour in the domestic dog
| Contributor(s):: Jacobs, Jacquelyn A., Pearl, David L., Coe, Jason B., Widowski, Tina M., Niel, Lee
Canine resource guarding (RG) describes the behaviour used by a dog to achieve or maintain control over an item of perceived value. Three distinct behavioural patterns of RG have been proposed; rapid ingestion (i.e., rapid consumption of an edible item), avoidance (i.e., positioning of the head...
Validity and reliability of cardiac measures during behavioural tests in pet dogs at home
| Contributor(s):: Lensen, Rian C. M. M., Betremieux, Cécile, Bavegems, Valérie, Sys, Stanislas U., Moons, Christel P. H., Diederich, Claire
Behavioural tests are often used to describe dogs’ responses to a variety of stimuli. However, the expressed behaviours do not always give an accurate indication of the dogs’ mental state. Cardiac measures can be recorded in parallel to the behavioural test to provide additional information about...
Qualitative Behaviour Assessment of dogs in the shelter and home environment and relationship with quantitative behaviour assessment and physiological responses
| Contributor(s):: Walker, Jessica K., Dale, Arnja R., D’Eath, Richard B., Wemelsfelder, Françoise
Qualitative Behaviour Assessment (QBA) was utilised to examine the behavioural expression of dogs in different housing environments and the results were compared to measurements of quantitative behaviour and physiology. Firstly, quantitative behavioural and physiological differences were...