Enhancing the Selection and Performance of Working Dogs
Contributor(s):: Bray, E. E., Otto, C. M., Udell, M. A. R., Hall, N. J., Johnston, A. M., MacLean, E. L.
Incidence and impact of dog attacks on guide dogs in the UK: an update
| Contributor(s):: Moxon, R., Whiteside, H., England, G. C. W.
Data on dog attacks on Guide Dogs' stock were reviewed to investigate the characteristics of the attacks. An average of 11.2 attacks occurred each month. Nearly all of the attacks occurred in public areas, 68.4 per cent of victim dogs were qualified guide dogs and 55.5 per cent of victim...
A new metric for quantifying the relative impact of risk factors on loss of working life illustrated in a population of working dogs
| Contributor(s):: Caron-Lormier, G., Harvey, N. D., England, G. C. W., Asher, L.
In a resource-limited world, organisations attempting to reduce the impact of health or behaviour issues need to choose carefully how to allocate resources for the highest overall impact. However, such choices may not always be obvious. Which has the biggest impact? A large change to a small...
Test-retest reliability and predictive validity of a juvenile guide dog behavior test
| Contributor(s):: Harvey, N. D., Craigon, P. J., Sommerville, R., McMillan, C., Green, M., England, G. C. W., Asher, L.
The ability to measure stable and consistent behavioral traits in dogs would facilitate selection and assessment of working dogs, such as guide dogs. Ideally, these measures should predict suitability for the working role from a young age. This study assessed test-retest reliability of a juvenile...
Aspects of juvenile and adolescent environment predict aggression and fear in 12-month-old guide dogs
| Contributor(s):: Serpell, J. A., Duffy, D. L.
Maturational changes in behavior, and the possible influence of the puppy-raising environment on behavioral development, were investigated in a total sample of 978 prospective guide dogs belonging to four different breeds/crosses. All dogs belonged to the same guide dog organization, and had...
Investigation of the behavioral characteristics of dogs purpose-bred and prepared to perform Vapor Wake detection of person-borne explosives
| Contributor(s):: Lazarowski, L., Haney, P. S., Brock, J., Fischer, T., Rogers, B., Angle, C., Katz, J. S., Waggoner, L. P.
Specialized detector dogs are increasingly being utilized for the detection of modern threats. The Vapor Wake® (VW) dog was developed to create a dog phenotype ideally suited for detecting hand-carried and body-worn explosives. VW dogs (VWDs) are trained to sample and alert to...
Dogs Supporting Human Health and Well-Being: A Biopsychosocial Approach
| Contributor(s):: Gee, N. R., Rodriguez, K. E., Fine, A. H., Trammell, J. P.
Humans have long realized that dogs can be helpful, in a number of ways, to achieving important goals. This is evident from our earliest interactions involving the shared goal of avoiding predators and acquiring food, to our more recent inclusion of dogs in a variety of contexts including...
Protein expression and genetic variability of canine Can f 1 in golden and Labrador retriever service dogs
| Contributor(s):: Breitenbuecher, C., Belanger, J. M., Levy, K., Mundell, P., Fates, V., Gershony, L., Famula, T. R., Oberbauer, A. M.
Background: Valued for trainability in diverse tasks, dogs are the primary service animal used to assist individuals with disabilities. Despite their utility, many people in need of service dogs are sensitive to the primary dog allergen, Can f 1, encoded by the Lipocalin 1 gene (LCN1). Several...
Dogs can detect the individual odors in a mixture of explosives
| Contributor(s):: Gazit, Irit, Goldblatt, Allen, Grinstein, Dan, Terkel, Joseph
2021Applied Animal Behaviour Science2351052120168-159110.1016/j.applanim.2020.105212text
Is cognition the secret to working dog success?
| Contributor(s):: Hare, B., Ferrans, M.
Platelet abnormalities and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratios in canine immunosuppressant-responsive and non-responsive enteropathy: a retrospective study in 41 dogs
| Contributor(s):: Pierini, A., Esposito, G., Gori, E., Benvenuti, E., Ruggiero, P., Lubas, G., Marchetti, V.
Association between Dog Owner Demographics and Decision to Seek Veterinary Care
| Contributor(s):: Park, R. M., Gruen, M. E., Royal, K.
Village Dogs in Coastal Mexico The Street as a Place to Belong
| Contributor(s):: Ruiz-Izaguirre, E., Hebinck, P., Eilers, K.
Village dogs are important for households in coastal Mexico, yet they are seen as out of place by etic stakeholders (public health and wildlife experts, and animal welfarists). Caregivers of village dogs are considered irresponsible, a view that is reinforced by Mexican policy. We describe two...
| Contributor(s):: Kayla Holland
Sniffer dogs have worked alongside law enforcement officers, military units, border patrols and search and rescue teamss since the 1980s. There are two training locations for canines. One is located in Front Royal, Virginia. The headquarters of the Customs and Border Protection Canine Training...
Slower, shorter, sadder: a qualitative study exploring how dog walks change when the canine participant develops osteoarthritis
| Contributor(s):: Belshaw, Z., Dean, R., Asher, L.
Owner perception of problem behaviours in dogs aged 6 and 9-months
| Contributor(s):: Lord, Michelle S., Casey, Rachel A., Kinsman, Rachel H., Tasker, Séverine, Knowles, Toby G., Da Costa, Rosa E. P., Woodward, Joshua L., Murray, Jane K.
Problem behaviours may lead to compromised welfare, risk of relinquishment and euthanasia for dogs, as well as distress and safety issues for owners. This study used data provided by 1111 UK and Republic of Ireland participants in the ‘Generation Pup’ longitudinal study of canine health and...
Cognitive characteristics of 8- to 10-week-old assistance dog puppies
| Contributor(s):: Bray, E. E., Gruen, M. E., Gnanadesikan, G. E., Horschler, D. J., Levy, K. M., Kennedy, B. S., Hare, B. A., MacLean, E. L.
"You can be blind because of loving them so much": the impact on owners in the United Kingdom of living with a dog with osteoarthritis
Significant Neuroanatomical Variation Among Domestic Dog Breeds
| Contributor(s):: Hecht, E. E., Smaers, J. B., Dunn, W. D., Kent, M., Preuss, T. M., Gutman, D. A.
Population survey and management strategies of free-roaming dogs (Canis familiaris) on Saipan, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
| Contributor(s):: Nimer, Adrianna, Meneses, Nashelly, Watson, Zachary D., Shuster, Stephen M., Benford, Russell
The island of Saipan, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, is populated by free-roaming dogs who were introduced during World War II. The local nonhuman animal control agency manages this population; however, the demographic information and public perception of this population remain...