The HABRI Central Team continues to monitor emerging research and information about the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our collection of resources, https://habricentral.org/features/covid-19
A Solution for the Shortage of Detection Dogs: A Detector Dog Center of Excellence and a Cooperative Breeding Program
| Contributor(s):: Eldin A. Leighton, Elizabeth Hare, Scott Thomas, L. Paul Waggoner, Cynthia M Otto
Currently, demand for US-bred and born detector dogs exceeds available supply, while reliance on foreign-bred sources introduces many unnecessary and unwanted risks. With proper management of a domestic supply line, U.S. breeders can improve both health and behavior by applying scientific...
Identifying suitable detection dogs
| Contributor(s):: Jamieson, La Toya J., Baxter, Greg S., Murray, Peter J.
Domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) are versatile resources for humans due to a number of their physical and behavioural characteristics. Because of dogs’ olfactory acuity they have been used to detect cryptic or concealed items such as narcotics, explosives and wildlife. However, there is a...
An approach to identify bias in scent detection dog testing
| Contributor(s):: Johnen, Dorothea, Heuwieser, Wolfgang, Fischer-Tenhagen, Carola
Numerous scientific studies show the increasing importance of trained scent detection dogs in a wide field of application. Methods used for testing scent detection dogs are heterogeneous and therefore susceptible for potential bias. Nevertheless, no accepted quality standards or adequate...
Nature's disease detectives: animals | James Logan | TEDxLondon
| Contributor(s):: James Logan
Could the solution to one of the world’s biggest killers already exist in nature? Professor James Logan answers this question, by demonstrating a surprising new way we can help diagnose and stop the spread of malaria, with help from animals. Animals are nature’s disease detectives....
Identifying and Resolving End of Session Cues in Substance Detection Canine Training
out of 5 stars
| Contributor(s):: Jan Topoleski, Craig A. Schlutz, Wynn G. Warren
When training and working a substance detection canine, a trained final response should be performed immediately upon recognition of odor (Generally, a 1–3 s window is preferred within our detection practices). Typical canine training places much emphasis on planning and setting up...
Enhanced Selection of Assistance and Explosive Detection Dogs Using Cognitive Measures
| Contributor(s):: MacLean, E. L., Hare, B.
Working dogs play a variety of important roles, ranging from assisting individuals with disabilities, to explosive and medical detection work. Despite widespread demand, only a subset of dogs bred and trained for these roles ultimately succeed, creating a need for objective measures that can...
Investigation of the Behavioral Characteristics of Dogs Purpose-Bred and Prepared to Perform Vapor Wake® Detection of Person-Borne Explosives
| Contributor(s):: Lucia Lazarowski, Pamela Sue Haney, Jeanne Brock, Terry Fischer, Bart Rogers, Craig Angle, Jeffrey S. Katz, L. Paul Waggoner
Specialized detector dogs are increasingly being utilized for the detection of modern threats. The Vapor Wake®(VW) dog was developed to create a dog phenotype ideally suited for detecting hand-carried and body-worn explosives. VW dogs (VWDs) are trained to sample and alert to target...
A Proof of Concept: Are Detection Dogs a Useful Tool to Verify Potential Biomarkers for Lung Cancer?
| Contributor(s):: Carola Fischer-Tenhagen, Dorothea Johnen, Irene Nehls, Roland Becker
Early and reliable diagnostic test is essential for effective therapy of lung cancer. Volatile organic compounds that are characteristic for cancer could serve as valuable biomarkers in cancer diagnosis. Both trace analytical and detection dog approaches give some evidence for the existence of...
Canine Detection of the Volatilome: A Review of Implications for Pathogen and Disease Detection
| Contributor(s):: Craig Angle, Lowell Paul Waggoner, Arny Ferrando, Pamela Haney, Thomas Passler
The volatilome is the entire set of volatile organic compounds (VOC) produced by an organism. The accumulation of VOC inside and outside of the body reflects the unique metabolic state of an organism. Scientists are developing technologies to non-invasively detect VOC for the purposes of medical...
Real-Time Detection of a Virus Using Detection Dogs
| Contributor(s):: T. Craig Angle, Thomas Passler, Paul L. Waggoner, Terrence D. Fischer, Bart Rogers, Patricia K. Galik, Herris S. Maxwell
Viral infections are ubiquitous in humans, animals, and plants. Real-time methods to identify viral infections are limited and do not exist for use in harsh or resource-constrained environments. Previous research identified that tissues produce unique volatile organic compounds (VOC) and...
Evaluation of Three Hydration Strategies in Detection Dogs Working in a Hot Environment
| Contributor(s):: Cynthia M. Otto, Elizabeth Hare, Jess L. Nord, Shannon M. Palermo, Kathleen M. Kelsey, Tracy A. Darling, Kasey Schmidt, Destiny Coleman
Physical activity in hot environments can increase the risk of heat stress or heat stroke in dogs. Heat tolerance is influenced by acclimatization to the environment, physical fitness, and hydration state. Three common strategies to promote hydration in working dogs are free access to water (W),...
Using Scent Detection Dogs in Conservation Settings: A Review of Scientific Literature Regarding Their Selection
| Contributor(s):: Sarah C. Beebe, Tiffani J. Howell, Pauleen C. Bennett
Dogs are widely used for scent detection work, assisting in searches for, among other things, missing persons, explosives, and even cancers. They are also increasingly used in conservation settings, being deployed for a range of diverse purposes. Although scent detecting dogs have been used in...
Environmental and Physiological Factors Associated With Stamina in Dogs Exercising in High Ambient Temperatures
| Contributor(s):: Patrick J. Robbins, Meghan T. Ramos, Brian M. Zanghi, Cynthia M. Otto
This IACUC approved study was performed to evaluate the environmental, physiological, and hematological components that contribute to stamina following successive bouts of exercise that included searching (5-min), agility (5-min), and ball retrieve (<10-min). Regularly exercised dogs (N= 12)...
The Theoretical Application and Comparison of the Olfactory Sensory Organs in Swine vs Canines for Accelerant and Explosives Detection
| Contributor(s):: Naomi M. Sigler
Swine may be able to work alongside scent detection canines, or replace them completely, in the scent detection field. Miniature pigs are the focus of this study since their larger counterparts can cause damage to potential evidence and to the scene itself. Ignitable Liquid Residues (ILRs) are...
Sniffing Out Cancer: Pina De Rosa & Adriana LaCorte at TEDxWilmington
| Contributor(s):: Pina De Rosa, Adriana LaCorte
Pina De Rosa and Adriana LaCorte describe, with great passion and intensity, their ongoing project -- making a documentary about the ability of dogs to identify, through scent, cancer BEFORE even the most modern technology. Their talk describes the beginning of the process, and features clips...
Laterality in dogs in response to odour of human stress
| Contributor(s):: Maren Helene Burdahl Teien
Can dogs smell that humans are stressed? Lateralization of behaviour and neural functions is found among humans and non-human animals like mammals, amphibians, birds, fishes and reptiles. The structures in the right hemisphere tend to be more active in response to to novel stimuli, and intense...
Hope comes covered in fur: Donna Waugh at TEDxUniversityOfCentralArkansas
| Contributor(s):: Donna Waugh
The 2013 "Hero Dog of the Year" John D. and his human, Donna, team up to advance the use of canines in human cancer detection, offering hope that comes covered in fur.Donna Waugh is President of the American Scent Dog Association. The K9 handler and scent dog trainer 2006 began using...
Elle & Coach : diabetes, the fight for my daughter's life, and the dog who changed everything
| Contributor(s):: Shaheen, Stefany, Dagostino, Mark
Common scents: using dogs to track, well, everything
| Contributor(s):: Derr, Mark
Human ovarian carcinomas detected by specific odor
| Contributor(s):: Horvath, G., Jarverud, G. A., Jarverud, S., Horvath, I.