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  1. Investigation of the behavioral characteristics of dogs purpose-bred and prepared to perform Vapor Wake detection of person-borne explosives

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lazarowski, L., Haney, P. S., Brock, J., Fischer, T., Rogers, B., Angle, C., Katz, J. S., Waggoner, L. P.

    Specialized detector dogs are increasingly being utilized for the detection of modern threats. The Vapor Wake® (VW) dog was developed to create a dog phenotype ideally suited for detecting hand-carried and body-worn explosives. VW dogs (VWDs) are trained to sample and alert to...

  2. A Randomized Cross-Over Trial Comparing the Effect of Intramuscular Versus Intranasal Naloxone Reversal of Intravenous Fentanyl on Odor Detection in Working Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jennifer L. Essler, Paige G. Smith, Danielle Berger, Elizabeth Gregorio, M. Ross Pennington, Amanda McGuire, Kenneth G. Furton, Cynthia M. Otto

    Fentanyl is a potent opioid used clinically as a pain medication and anesthetic but has recently seen a sharp rise as an illicit street drug. The potency of fentanyl means mucous membrane exposure to a small amount of the drug can expose first responders, including working canines, to...

  3. Dogs can detect the individual odors in a mixture of explosives

    | Contributor(s):: Gazit, Irit, Goldblatt, Allen, Grinstein, Dan, Terkel, Joseph

    2021Applied Animal Behaviour Science2351052120168-159110.1016/j.applanim.2020.105212text

  4. Canine detection of volatile organic compounds unique to human epileptic seizure

    | Contributor(s):: Maa, E., Arnold, J., Ninedorf, K., Olsen, H.

  5. Sniffer Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kayla Holland

    Sniffer dogs have worked alongside law enforcement officers, military units, border patrols and search and rescue teamss since the 1980s. There are two training locations for canines. One is located in Front Royal, Virginia. The headquarters of the Customs and Border Protection Canine Training...

  6. Working Dogs for Conservation

    Full-text: Available

    We train the world's best conservation detection dogs & put them to work protecting wildlife and wild places. Working Dogs for Conservation is the world’s leading conservation detection dog organization. Whether it's law enforcement, biosecurity, or ecological monitoring,...

  7. Who's a Good Handler? Important Skills and Personality Profiles of Wildlife Detection Dog Handlers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: La Toya J. Jamieson, Greg S. Baxter, Peter J. Murray

    Wildlife detection dog teams are employed internationally for environmental surveys, and their success often depends on the dog handler. Minimal research is available on the skills that dog handlers believe are important, and no research has been published on the personality profiles of...

  8. Scent dog identification of samples from COVID-19 patients – a pilot study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Paula Jendrny, Claudia Schulz, Friederike Twele, Sebastian Meller, Maren von Köckritz-Blickwede, Albertus Dominicus Marcellinus Erasmus Osterhaus, Janek Ebbers, Veronika Pilchová, Isabell Pink, Tobias Welte, Michael Peter Manns, Anahita Fathi, Christiane Ernst, Marylyn Martina Addo, Esther Schalke, Holger Andreas Volk

    Background: As the COVID-19 pandemic continues to spread, early, ideally real-time, identification of SARS-CoV-2 infected individuals is pivotal in interrupting infection chains. Volatile organic compounds produced during respiratory infections can cause specific scent imprints, which can be...

  9. Using detection dogs and RSPF models to assess habitat suitability for bears in Greater Yellowstone

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jon P. Beckmann, Lisette P. Waits, Aimee Hurt, Alice Whitelaw, Scott Bergen

    In the northern U.S. Rockies, including the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem (GYE), connectivity is a concern because large carnivores have difficulties dispersing successfully between protected areas. One area of high conservation value because of its importance for connecting the GYE to...

  10. Training dogs on a scent platform for oestrus detection in cows

    | Contributor(s):: Fischer-Tenhagen, Carola, Wetterholm, Lennart, Tenhagen, Bernd-Alois, Heuwieser, Wolfgang

    Dogs can be trained for various odour detection tasks, and have been used to search for explosives, drugs or cancer biomarkers. However, there are only a few studies that have attempted to train dogs for oestrus detection using vaginal fluid, milk or urine of cows. In this study, seven dogs were...

  11. Canine Olfactory Thresholds to Amyl Acetate in a Biomedical Detection Scenario

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Astrid R. Concha, Claire M. Guest, Rob Harris, Thomas W. Pike, Alexandre Feugier, Helen Zulch, Daniel S. Mills

    Dogs’ abilities to respond to concentrations of odorant molecules are generally deemed superior to electronic sensors. This sensitivity has been used traditionally in many areas; but is a more recent innovation within the medical field. As a bio-detection sensor for human diseases such as...

  12. A Solution for the Shortage of Detection Dogs: A Detector Dog Center of Excellence and a Cooperative Breeding Program

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Eldin A. Leighton, Elizabeth Hare, Scott Thomas, L. Paul Waggoner, Cynthia M Otto

    Currently, demand for US-bred and born detector dogs exceeds available supply, while reliance on foreign-bred sources introduces many unnecessary and unwanted risks. With proper management of a domestic supply line, U.S. breeders can improve both health and behavior by applying scientific...

  13. Identifying suitable detection dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Jamieson, La Toya J., Baxter, Greg S., Murray, Peter J.

    Domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) are versatile resources for humans due to a number of their physical and behavioural characteristics. Because of dogs’ olfactory acuity they have been used to detect cryptic or concealed items such as narcotics, explosives and wildlife. However, there is a...

  14. An approach to identify bias in scent detection dog testing

    | Contributor(s):: Johnen, Dorothea, Heuwieser, Wolfgang, Fischer-Tenhagen, Carola

    Numerous scientific studies show the increasing importance of trained scent detection dogs in a wide field of application. Methods used for testing scent detection dogs are heterogeneous and therefore susceptible for potential bias. Nevertheless, no accepted quality standards or adequate...

  15. Nature's disease detectives: animals | James Logan | TEDxLondon

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: James Logan

    Could the solution to one of the world’s biggest killers already exist in nature? Professor James Logan answers this question, by demonstrating a surprising new way we can help diagnose and stop the spread of malaria, with help from animals. Animals are nature’s disease detectives....

  16. Identifying and Resolving End of Session Cues in Substance Detection Canine Training

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jan Topoleski, Craig A. Schlutz, Wynn G. Warren

    When training and working a substance detection canine, a trained final response should be performed immediately upon recognition of odor (Generally, a 1–3 s window is preferred within our detection practices). Typical canine training places much emphasis on planning and setting up...

  17. Enhanced Selection of Assistance and Explosive Detection Dogs Using Cognitive Measures

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: MacLean, E. L., Hare, B.

    Working dogs play a variety of important roles, ranging from assisting individuals with disabilities, to explosive and medical detection work. Despite widespread demand, only a subset of dogs bred and trained for these roles ultimately succeed, creating a need for objective measures that can...

  18. A Proof of Concept: Are Detection Dogs a Useful Tool to Verify Potential Biomarkers for Lung Cancer?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carola Fischer-Tenhagen, Dorothea Johnen, Irene Nehls, Roland Becker

    Early and reliable diagnostic test is essential for effective therapy of lung cancer. Volatile organic compounds that are characteristic for cancer could serve as valuable biomarkers in cancer diagnosis. Both trace analytical and detection dog approaches give some evidence for the existence of...

  19. Canine Detection of the Volatilome: A Review of Implications for Pathogen and Disease Detection

    | Contributor(s):: Craig Angle, Lowell Paul Waggoner, Arny Ferrando, Pamela Haney, Thomas Passler

    The volatilome is the entire set of volatile organic compounds (VOC) produced by an organism. The accumulation of VOC inside and outside of the body reflects the unique metabolic state of an organism. Scientists are developing technologies to non-invasively detect VOC for the purposes of medical...

  20. Real-Time Detection of a Virus Using Detection Dogs

    | Contributor(s):: T. Craig Angle, Thomas Passler, Paul L. Waggoner, Terrence D. Fischer, Bart Rogers, Patricia K. Galik, Herris S. Maxwell

    Viral infections are ubiquitous in humans, animals, and plants. Real-time methods to identify viral infections are limited and do not exist for use in harsh or resource-constrained environments. Previous research identified that tissues produce unique volatile organic compounds (VOC) and...