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  1. A review of current indicators of welfare in captive elephants (Loxodonta africana and Elephas maximus)

    Contributor(s):: Williams, E., Chadwick, C. L., Yon, L., Asher, L.

  2. Emotional States of African Elephants (Loxodonta africana) Kept for Animal-Visitor Interactions, as Perceived by People Differing in Age and Knowledge of the Species

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Pollastri, I., Normando, S., Contiero, B., Vogt, G., Gelli, D., Sergi, V., Stagni, E., Hensman, S., Mercugliano, E., de Mori, B.

    This study aimed to investigate how three groups of people of differing ages, and with differing knowledge of the species, perceived the emotional state of African elephants (Loxodonta africana) managed in captive and semi-captive environments. Fifteen video-clips of 18 elephants, observed...

  3. An Observational Study of the Behaviour of Captive Rehabilitant Sun Bears (Helarctos malayanus)

    | Contributor(s):: Forbes, Giverny, Crudge, Brian, Lewis, Kate, Officer, Kirsty, Descovich, Kris

  4. Personality traits modulate stress responses after enclosure change of captive capuchin monkeys (Sapajus libidinosus)

    | Contributor(s):: Ferreira, Vitor Hugo Bessa, Fonseca, Elanne De Paiva, Chagas, Ana Cecilia Correia Santos Das, Pinheiro, Luiz Guilherme Mesquita, Sousa, Maria Bernardete Cordeiro de, Silva, Hélderes Peregrino Alves da, Galvão-Coelho, Nicole Leite, Ferreira, Renata Gonçalves

    Husbandry procedures may cause behavioral and physiological changes to animals living in captivity. However, an individual’s reaction is not uniform and may be related to different coping strategies. In this study, we analyzed whether and how 12 adult captive capuchin monkeys (Sapajus...

  5. The Ethics and Welfare Implications of Keeping Western European Hedgehogs (erinaceus Europaeus) in Captivity

    | Contributor(s):: Jones, S. A., Chapman, Stella

    Patient outcomes for hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus) casualties are not limited to release versus euthanasia; some hedgehogs have conditions that do not preclude their ability to survive in captivity with human intervention. This research explored the welfare implications and ethical issues of...

  6. The Need for a Convergence of Agricultural/Laboratory and Zoo-based Approaches to Animal Welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Ward, Samantha J., Hosey, Geoff

    Advances in animal welfare science have led to a high number of studies published for farm, laboratory and zoo animals, with a huge breadth of innovative topic areas and methodologies. This paper investigates the different approaches used to undertake welfare research in farm, laboratory and zoo...

  7. Social Media Contexts Moderate Perceptions of Animals

    | Contributor(s):: Riddle, E., MacKay, J. R. D.

    The rapid rise of social media in the past decade represents a new space where animals are represented in human society, and this may influence human perceptions, for example driving desire for exotic pet keeping. In this study, 211 participants (49% female) between the ages of 18 to 44 were...

  8. Where Are Zoos Going—or Are They Gone?

    | Contributor(s):: Safina, Carl

    To some, zoos are prisons exploiting animals. In reality zoos range from bad to better. I make this distinction: A bad zoo makes animals work for it; a good zoo works for animals. Good zoos do effective conservation work and continually strive to improve exhibits, relevance to conservation, and...

  9. Using radio frequency identification for behavioral monitoring in little blue penguins

    | Contributor(s):: Kalafut, Kathryn L., Kinley, Rickey

    A common goal of captive animal institutions is to create environments that allow for the most naturalistic behavior from their animals. Behavioral data is often used as a measure of how an animal is thriving in its current environment. Obtaining this data can be very difficult and...

  10. Preliminary investigation of social interactions and feeding behavior in captive group-housed Tasmanian devils (Sarcophilus Harrisii)

    | Contributor(s):: Skelton, Candice J. A., Stannard, Hayley J.

    As the number of Tasmanian devils (Sarcophilus harrisii) in captivity increases, an understanding of captive social dynamics and behavior is becoming increasingly important. In the wild, devils are solitary, although sometimes, they congregate to feed on a large carcass. However, it is common to...

  11. A Postzoo Future: Why Welfare Fails Animals in Zoos

    | Contributor(s):: Pierce, Jessica, Bekoff, Marc

    Discussions on the welfare of nonhuman animals in zoos tend to focus on incremental improvements without addressing the underlying problem of captivity. But alterations to the conditions of zoo captivity are irrelevant for animals. Real zoo reform will involve working to completely change the...

  12. Hypoxia by Altitude and Welfare of Captive Beaded Lizards (Heloderma Horridum) in Mexico: Hematological Approaches

    | Contributor(s):: Guadarrama, Sonia S., Domínguez-Vega, Hublester, Díaz-Albiter, Hector M., Quijano, Alejandro, Bastiaans, Elizabeth, Carrillo-Castilla, Porfirio, Manjarrez, Javier, Gómez-Ortíz, Yuriana, Fajardo, Victor

    Heloderma horridum is one of the few known venomous lizards in the world. Their populations are in decline due to habitat destruction and capture for the pet trade. In México, many zoos have decided to take care of this species, most of them at altitudes greater than the natural altitudinal...

  13. Epidemiology of tattoo skin disease in captive common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus): Are males more vulnerable than females?

    | Contributor(s):: Bressem, Marie-Françoise Van, Waerebeek, Koen Van, Duignan, Pádraig J.

    Clinical and epidemiological features of tattoo skin disease (TSD) are reported for 257 common bottlenose dolphins held in 31 facilities in the Northern Hemisphere. Photographs and biological data of 146 females and 111 males were analyzed. Dolphins were classified into three age classes: 0–3...

  14. Environmental Enrichments for a Group of Captive Macaws: Low Interaction Does Not Mean Low Behavioral Changes

    | Contributor(s):: Reimer, Jéssica, Maia, Caroline Marques, Santos, Eliana Ferraz

    Environmental enrichment has been widely used to improve conditions for nonhuman animals in captivity. However, there is no consensus about the best way to evaluate the success of enrichments. This study evaluated whether the proportion of time spent interacting with enrichments indicated the...

  15. Milkmaid Bears and Savage Mates: The Cultural Exploitation of Real and Fictive White Bears from the Elizabethan Period to the Present

    | Contributor(s):: Woolf, Judith

    The paper considers the cultural exploitation of bears, especially white ones, from the late sixteenth century to the present, both in drama and literary fiction and in the bear pits, theatres, circuses, zoos, and natural habitats in which real biological bears have found themselves mythologized...

  16. Motivations for the Ownership of Captive Lemurs in Madagascar

    | Contributor(s):: Reuter, Kim E., Schaefer, Melissa S.

    The live capture of primates is occurring throughout the tropics and can be a threat to their conservation. Primates are owned as pets for a variety of reasons. Studies of the motivations for primate ownership have been conducted in several countries where they are endemic, but no study has...

  17. Scottish wildcat (Felis silvestris grampia) personality and subjective well-being: Implications for captive management

    | Contributor(s):: Gartner, Marieke Cassia, Weiss, Alexander

    Research in animal personality has been increasing over the last decade, as scientists realize its importance to health outcomes. In particular, personality has sometimes been used, in conjunction with other tools, for aspects of captive management, including decreasing stress, increasing...

  18. Influence of enclosure size on the distances covered and paced by captive tigers (Panthera tigris)

    | Contributor(s):: Breton, Grégory, Barrot, Salomé

    In the wild, tigers live in large individual territories ranging from 7 to 1000km2 depending on the region and prey abundance. However, in captivity, the animal's environment is strongly reduced, and the size of the enclosure provided varies between zoos. It has been shown that animals occupying...

  19. Differential preference for ultraviolet light among captive birds from three ecological habitats

    | Contributor(s):: Ross, Megan R., Gillespie, Katie L., Hopper, Lydia M., Bloomsmith, Mollie A., Maple, Terry L.

    With receptors for red, blue, green, and ultraviolet-A light, birds have tetrachromatic vision. For birds, ultraviolet (UV) light is important for a number of their behaviors, including mate selection, foraging, and nesting. Many captive birds, however, are housed indoors without access to...

  20. Auditory and visual threat recognition in captive-reared Great Lakes piping plovers (Charadrius melodus)

    | Contributor(s):: Saunders, Sarah P., Ong, Theresa Wei Ying, Cuthbert, Francesca J.

    Captive rearing of endangered species for later release is a method used to augment critically small populations, although studies have shown lower survival and fitness for individuals raised in captivity. Since 1992, recovery efforts for the endangered Great Lakes piping plover population have...