Application of the welfare quality protocol in pig slaughterhouses of five countries
Contributor(s):: Dalmau, A., Nande, A., Vieira-Pinto, M., Zamprogna, S., Martino, G. di, Ribas, J. C. R., Costa, M. P. da, Halinen-Elemo, K., Velarde, A.
The objective of the present study is to assess the variability of the measures used in the welfare quality (WQ) protocol for pigs among slaughterhouses in five different countries and to propose alarm and critical thresholds for the calculation of scores for future development of an animal...
The associations between animal-based welfare measures and the presence of indicators of food safety in finishing pigs
Contributor(s):: Alpigiani, I., Bacci, C., Keeling, L. J., Salman, M. D., Brindani, F., Pongolini, S., Hitchens, P. L., Bonardi, S.
Stressful housing and management practices affect animals, potentially increasing their receptiveness to pathogens. Since some pathogens do not lead to clinical signs of sickness, subclinical pigs could enter the food-chain, contaminating carcases and offal at slaughter, representing a threat to...
Bullet fragmentation and lead deposition in white-tailed deer and domestic sheep
Contributor(s):: Grund, M. D., Cornicelli, L., Carlson, L. T., Butler, E. A.
Estimating annual vertebrate mortality on roads at Saguaro National Park, Arizona
Contributor(s):: Gerow, K., Kline, N. C., Swann, D. E., Pokorny, M.
Refinement of biomarker pentosidine methodology for use on aging birds
Contributor(s):: Cooey, C. K., Fallo, J. A., Avery, M. L., Anderson, J. T., Falkenstei, E. A., Klandorf, H.
Transport of horses for slaughter in Iceland
Contributor(s):: Roy, R. C., Cockram, M. S., Dohoo, I. R., Ragnarsson, S.
There is interest in the transportation of horses ( Equus caballus) to slaughter and a need to assess the welfare implications of this practice. Forty-six loads of 7-35 horses transported for 0.33 to 3.10 h to a slaughter plant in Iceland were studied. Adults and foals were transported together...
Group composition for fattening entire male pigs under enriched housing conditions - influences on behaviour, injuries and boar taint compounds
Contributor(s):: Holinger, M., Fruh, B., Hillmann, E.
In organic farming, the production of pork from entire male pigs seems to be the most promising alternative to castration, as organic animal husbandry aims at high standards of animal welfare and elimination of mutilations. However, previous research on behaviour of entire male pigs was mostly...
Docking the value of pigmeat? Prevalence and financial implications of welfare lesions in Irish slaughter pigs
Contributor(s):: Harley, S., Boyle, L. A., O'Connell, N. E., More, S. J., Teixeira, D. L., Hanlon, A.
Expansion of the meat inspection process to incorporate animal-based welfare measurements could contribute towards significant improvements in pig ( Sus scrofa domesticus) welfare and farm profitability. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of different welfare-related lesions on the...
Bruises in culled cows: when, where and how are they inflicted?
Contributor(s):: Strappini, A. C., Metz, J. H. M., Gallo, C., Frankena, K., Vargas, R., Freslon, I. de, Kemp, B.
The Canadian harp seal hunt: observations on the effectiveness of procedures to avoid poor animal welfare outcomes
Contributor(s):: Daoust, P. Y., Caraguel, C.
Guidelines for police officers when responding to emergency animal incidents
Contributor(s):: Hanyok, P. M.
Effects of early maternal separation of lambs and rearing with minimal and maximal human contact on meat quality
Contributor(s):: Napolitano, F., Caroprese, M., Girolami, A., Marino, R., Muscio, A., Sevi, A.
The present study aims to assess the effect of gentling on behaviour and meat quality of lambs. Thirty-two Comisana lambs were divided into four groups of eight animals: ER (ewe reared), AR (artificially reared) and the corresponding gentled groups ERG and ARG. The provision of human contacts...
Individual behavioural characteristics in pigs and their impact on production
Contributor(s):: Kooij, E. van E. van der, Kuijpers, A. H., Schrama, J. W., Ekkel, E. D., Tielen, M. J. M.
In the first of 2 experiments, 823 piglets were tested with the backtest (piglet put on its back and held by the experimenter, and escape behaviour measured) at 10 and 17 days of age. Production parameters, such as average daily weight gain and lean meat percentage, were recorded. In the second,...
Preference testing in intensively kept meat production rabbits for straw on wire grid floor
Contributor(s):: Morisse, J. P., Boilletot, E., Martrenchar, A.
384 hybrid commercial breed rabbits were assigned to 16 pens of 1.6 msuperscript 2 (15 rabbits/msuperscript 2). Eight pens used as controls had an all-wire floor, while in 8 other pens, rabbits could choose between a wire floor or a deep litter topped up once a week and completely replaced once...
A review of environmental enrichment for pigs housed in intensive housing systems
Contributor(s):: de Weerd, H. A. van, Day, J. E. L.
This paper critically reviews the literature concerning environmental enrichment for weaner, grower and finisher pigs housed in intensive (indoor) production systems. The thesis of our review is that successful enrichment should meet four criteria of success: (1) it should increase...
The effect of road-type and distance transported on behaviour, physiology and carcass quality of farmed red deer ( Cervus elaphus )
Contributor(s):: Jago, J. G., Harcourt, R. G., Matthews, L. R.
Nine groups of 6 hinds were transported 80, 230 or 380 km. Behaviour during transport was recorded continuously using a camera mounted centrally in the ceiling of the pen. Blood samples were collected pre-transport and post-slaughter. The carcasses were assessed for bruising and ultimate pH was...
A comparison of carcass characteristics and overall lean meat production efficiency between bovine immunocastrates, steers and intact males
Contributor(s):: Teague, G. L., Boyd, G. W., Smith, G. C., Finnerty, M., Rollin, B. E., Field, T. G., Grandin, T., Kniffen, D. M., Taylor, R. E., Enright, W. J.
Effect of different litter material on performance and behavior of broiler chickens
Contributor(s):: Toghyani, M., Gheisari, A., Modaresi, M., Tabeidian, S. A.
Two experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of alternative litter materials on growth performance and behaviors of broiler chicks. Chicks were raised from 1 to 42 days of age, during the summer with an average temperature of 31 degrees C. In experiment 1, three hundred broilers...
Effects of pre-haul management and transport duration on beef calf performance and welfare
Contributor(s):: Schwartzkopf-Genswein, K. S., Booth-McLean, M. E., Shah, M. A., Entz, T., Bach, S. J., Mears, G. J., Schaefer, A. L., Cook, N., Church, J., McAllister, T. A.
Behavioural and physiological indicators of stress as well as growth performance, and morbidity rates were assessed in 174 steer calves (220+or-37 kg) for 30 days after transport from ranch-to-feedlot. The calves were conditioned (C) or not (NC), and subjected to short- (2.7 h, S) or long-hauling...
The handling of cattle pre-slaughter and its effects on carcass and meat quality
Contributor(s):: Warriss, P. D.
Almost all cattle are eventually slaughtered for meat. Because the slaughtering industry is becoming centralised into fewer, larger plants, marketing times have increased, particularly for animals sold through live auctions or those reared under extensive systems. During marketing, cattle are...