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  1. Post-natal development of EEG responses to noxious stimulation in pigs (Sus scrofa) aged 1-15 days

    Contributor(s):: Kells, N. J., Beausoleil, N. J., Satherland, M. A., Johnson, C. B.

  2. Long-term hyperalgesia and traumatic neuroma formation in tail-docked lambs

    Contributor(s):: Larrondo, C., Bustamante, H., Paredes, E., Gallo, C.

  3. Use of meloxicam, buprenorphine, and Maxilene (R) to assess a multimodal approach for piglet pain management, part I: surgical castration

    Contributor(s):: Viscardi, A. V., Turner, P. V.

  4. Measuring piglet castration pain using linear and non-linear measures of heart rate variability

    Contributor(s):: Byrd, C. J., Radcliffe, J. S., Craig, B. A., Eicher, S. D., Lay, D. C.

  5. A comparison of behavioural methodologies utilised to quantify deviations in piglet behaviour associated with castration

    Contributor(s):: Park, R. M., Cramer, M. C., Wagner, B. K., Turner, P., Moraes, L. E., Viscardi, A. V., Coetzee, J. F., Pairis-Garcia, M. D.

  6. Lambs show changes in ear posture when experiencing pain

    Contributor(s):: Guesgen, M. J., Beausoleil, N. J., Minot, E. O., Stewart, M., Stafford, K. J., Morel, P. C. H.

  7. The burden of domestication: a representative study of welfare in privately owned cats in Denmark

    Contributor(s):: Sandoe, P., Norspang, A. P., Forkman, B., Bjornvad, C. R., Kondrup, S. V., Lund, T. B.

  8. Habituation of common eland (Taurotragus oryx) to intensive routine handling, and the effect of immunocastration thereon

    Contributor(s):: Musa, Abubakar S., Needham, Tersia, Kotrba, Radim, Neradilova, Silvie, Ganswindt, Andre, Ceacero, Francisco

  9. Social proximities of developing gorilla males (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) in European zoos: The consequences of castration and social composition

    Contributor(s):: Létang, Benoit, Mulot, Baptiste, Alerte, Vanessa, Bionda, Thomas, Britton, Lisa, ter Meulen, Tjerk, Szánthó, János, Guéry, Jean-Pascal, Sueur, Cédric

  10. Qualitative behavioural assessment of pain in castrated lambs

    Contributor(s):: Masłowska, Katarzyna, Mizzoni, Fabiana, Dwyer, Cathy M., Wemelsfelder, Francoise

    This study investigates for the first time the application of Qualitative Behavioural Assessment (QBA) to the analysis of acute pain expression in castrated lambs. Eighty 2-day-old male lambs were allocated to one of 4 groups (n = 20 per treatment): handled only (control, C), rubber ring...

  11. Effects of Oral Meloxicam and Topical Lidocaine on Pain associated Behaviors of Piglets Undergoing Surgical Castration

    Contributor(s):: Burkemper, M. C., Pairis-Garcia, M. D., Moraes, L. E., Park, R. M., Moeller, S. J.

    The objective of this study was to find a practical means of reducing pain associated with surgical castration by evaluating the effects of oral meloxicam and topical lidocaine, separately and in combination, on behavioral indicators of pain in piglets. Two hundred thirty-five piglets were...

  12. Immunocastration with Improvac™ reduces aggressive and sexual behaviours in male pigs

    Contributor(s):: Brewster, Veronica, Nevel, Amanda

    Surgical castration of male pigs is a common practice to reduce the risk of boar taint, an accumulation of pheromones in the muscles of pigs giving an undesirable odour to the pork of entire boars. Castration is not widely practiced in the UK for welfare reasons and indeed, assurance schemes will...

  13. Effects of neonatal castration on social behaviour, human–animal relationship and feeding activity in finishing pigs reared in a conventional or an enriched housing

    Contributor(s):: Tallet, Céline, Brilloüet, Armelle, Meunier-Salaün, Marie-Christine, Paulmier, Valérie, Guérin, Carole, Prunier, Armelle

    Raising entire males is already common in a few European countries. It has the advantage of avoiding the pain of castration. Entire males have also a better food conversion. However, they would be more aggressive than castrates which causes welfare troubles. The consequences for human–animal...

  14. Do rubber rings coated with lignocaine reduce the pain associated with ring castration of lambs?

    Contributor(s):: Stewart, Mairi, Beausoleil, Ngaio J., Johnson, Craig B., Webster, James R., Schütz, Karin E., Cox, Neil, Stafford, Kevin J.

    To facilitate the wider use of pain relief on-farm, practical ‘farmer friendly’ methods for administering pain relief are necessary. This proof of concept study evaluated the efficacy of rubber rings coated with local anaesthetic (LA, lignocaine) for providing pain relief in lambs castrated 4...

  15. A comparison of welfare outcomes for weaner and mature Bos indicus bulls surgically or tension band castrated with or without analgesia: 2. Responses related to stress, health and productivity

    Contributor(s):: Petherick, J. Carol, Small, Alison H., Mayer, David G., Colditz, Ian G., Ferguson, Drewe M., Stafford, Kevin J.

    Tension banding castration of cattle is gaining favour because it is relatively simple to perform and is promoted by retailers of the banders as a humane castration method. Two experiments were conducted, under tropical conditions using Bos indicus bulls comparing tension banding (Band) and...

  16. A comparison of welfare outcomes for weaner and mature Bos indicus bulls surgically or tension band castrated with or without analgesia: 1. Behavioural responses

    Contributor(s):: Petherick, J. Carol, Small, Alison H., Mayer, David G., Colditz, Ian G., Ferguson, Drewe M., Stafford, Kevin J.

    Tension-band castration of cattle is gaining favour because it is relatively simple to perform and is promoted by retailers of the devices as a humane castration method. Furthermore, retailers encourage delaying castration to exploit the superior growth rates of bulls compared with steers. Two...

  17. Comparison of the effects of weaning and castration when conducted separately or in combination on the behaviour of crossbred beef cattle

    Contributor(s):: Lambertz, Christian, Farke-Röver, Antje, Moors, Eva, Gauly, Matthias

    The objective of the present study was to evaluate the behavioural effects of Burdizzo castration of crossbred beef calves when weaned and castrated separately (castrated 8 weeks after weaning) or in combination. Over two consecutive years a total of 111 Limousin×Simmental male calves were...

  18. Social transmission of physiological and behavioural responses to castration in suckling Merino lambs

    Contributor(s):: Colditz, Ian G., Paull, David R., Lee, Caroline

    In social species like sheep, social context can modify both physiological and behavioural responses to stressors and normal behavioural patterns. Presence of conspecifics can ameliorate responses to noxious stimuli, an effect termed social buffering, whereas the presence of a distressed...

  19. A review of pain assessment techniques and pharmacological approaches to pain relief after bovine castration: Practical implications for cattle production within the United States

    Contributor(s):: Coetzee, Johann F.

    Castration of male calves destined for beef production is a common livestock management practice in the United States amounting to approximately 7 million procedures per year. Recently there has been renewed interest in identifying methods to reduce pain associated with dehorning and castration....

  20. Impact of single-sex and mixed-sex group housing of boars vaccinated against GnRF or physically castrated on body lesions, feeding behaviour and weight gain

    Contributor(s):: Schmidt, Tatjana, Calabrese, Justin M., Grodzycki, Mario, Paulick, Marleen, Pearce, Michael C., Rau, Franziska, von Borell, Eberhard

    Physical castration of male piglets is common practice in many countries for the control of boar taint. A vaccine against GnRF (Improvac®) is licensed in Europe as an alternative to this painful procedure. Vaccinated pigs are known to behave like entire males up to the second vaccination,...