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  1. Effects of Oral Meloxicam and Topical Lidocaine on Pain associated Behaviors of Piglets Undergoing Surgical Castration

    Contributor(s):: Burkemper, M. C., Pairis-Garcia, M. D., Moraes, L. E., Park, R. M., Moeller, S. J.

    The objective of this study was to find a practical means of reducing pain associated with surgical castration by evaluating the effects of oral meloxicam and topical lidocaine, separately and in combination, on behavioral indicators of pain in piglets. Two hundred thirty-five piglets were...

  2. Immunocastration with Improvac™ reduces aggressive and sexual behaviours in male pigs

    Contributor(s):: Brewster, Veronica, Nevel, Amanda

    Surgical castration of male pigs is a common practice to reduce the risk of boar taint, an accumulation of pheromones in the muscles of pigs giving an undesirable odour to the pork of entire boars. Castration is not widely practiced in the UK for welfare reasons and indeed, assurance schemes will...

  3. Effects of neonatal castration on social behaviour, human–animal relationship and feeding activity in finishing pigs reared in a conventional or an enriched housing

    Contributor(s):: Tallet, Céline, Brilloüet, Armelle, Meunier-Salaün, Marie-Christine, Paulmier, Valérie, Guérin, Carole, Prunier, Armelle

    Raising entire males is already common in a few European countries. It has the advantage of avoiding the pain of castration. Entire males have also a better food conversion. However, they would be more aggressive than castrates which causes welfare troubles. The consequences for human–animal...

  4. Do rubber rings coated with lignocaine reduce the pain associated with ring castration of lambs?

    Contributor(s):: Stewart, Mairi, Beausoleil, Ngaio J., Johnson, Craig B., Webster, James R., Schütz, Karin E., Cox, Neil, Stafford, Kevin J.

    To facilitate the wider use of pain relief on-farm, practical ‘farmer friendly’ methods for administering pain relief are necessary. This proof of concept study evaluated the efficacy of rubber rings coated with local anaesthetic (LA, lignocaine) for providing pain relief in lambs castrated 4...

  5. A comparison of welfare outcomes for weaner and mature Bos indicus bulls surgically or tension band castrated with or without analgesia: 2. Responses related to stress, health and productivity

    Contributor(s):: Petherick, J. Carol, Small, Alison H., Mayer, David G., Colditz, Ian G., Ferguson, Drewe M., Stafford, Kevin J.

    Tension banding castration of cattle is gaining favour because it is relatively simple to perform and is promoted by retailers of the banders as a humane castration method. Two experiments were conducted, under tropical conditions using Bos indicus bulls comparing tension banding (Band) and...

  6. A comparison of welfare outcomes for weaner and mature Bos indicus bulls surgically or tension band castrated with or without analgesia: 1. Behavioural responses

    Contributor(s):: Petherick, J. Carol, Small, Alison H., Mayer, David G., Colditz, Ian G., Ferguson, Drewe M., Stafford, Kevin J.

    Tension-band castration of cattle is gaining favour because it is relatively simple to perform and is promoted by retailers of the devices as a humane castration method. Furthermore, retailers encourage delaying castration to exploit the superior growth rates of bulls compared with steers. Two...

  7. Social transmission of physiological and behavioural responses to castration in suckling Merino lambs

    Contributor(s):: Colditz, Ian G., Paull, David R., Lee, Caroline

    In social species like sheep, social context can modify both physiological and behavioural responses to stressors and normal behavioural patterns. Presence of conspecifics can ameliorate responses to noxious stimuli, an effect termed social buffering, whereas the presence of a distressed...

  8. A review of pain assessment techniques and pharmacological approaches to pain relief after bovine castration: Practical implications for cattle production within the United States

    Contributor(s):: Coetzee, Johann F.

    Castration of male calves destined for beef production is a common livestock management practice in the United States amounting to approximately 7 million procedures per year. Recently there has been renewed interest in identifying methods to reduce pain associated with dehorning and castration....

  9. Impact of single-sex and mixed-sex group housing of boars vaccinated against GnRF or physically castrated on body lesions, feeding behaviour and weight gain

    Contributor(s):: Schmidt, Tatjana, Calabrese, Justin M., Grodzycki, Mario, Paulick, Marleen, Pearce, Michael C., Rau, Franziska, von Borell, Eberhard

    Physical castration of male piglets is common practice in many countries for the control of boar taint. A vaccine against GnRF (Improvac®) is licensed in Europe as an alternative to this painful procedure. Vaccinated pigs are known to behave like entire males up to the second vaccination,...

  10. Castration induced pain in pigs and other livestock

    Contributor(s):: Rault, Jean-Loup, Lay, Donald C., Marchant-Forde, Jeremy N.

    Castration of male livestock being reared for meat has long been practiced, to prevent unwanted breeding, make management and handling easier, and to improve meat quality. However, castration is a painful procedure for the animal and has increasingly come under scrutiny from animal welfare...

  11. Qualitative Behavioural Assessment of Bos indicus cattle after surgical castration

    Contributor(s):: Vindevoghel, Thinza V., Fleming, Patricia A., Hyndman, Timothy H., Musk, Gabrielle C., Laurence, Michael, Collins, Teresa

    There are various methods to perform castration of cattle, but surgical castration is the most common. Although it is well documented that surgical procedures inflict pain, analgesic use is usually omitted for surgical castration of production animals in Australia. This study compares the...

  12. No evidence for detrimental effect of chemical castration on working ability in Swiss military dogs

    Contributor(s):: Gfrerer, Nastassja, Taborsky, Michael, Würbel, Hanno

    Hormones influence the social behaviour of dogs. Castration of male dogs induces a reduction of testosterone and has been shown to affect social behaviours associated with aggression and reproduction. Changes in social behaviour could be critical in working dogs, which should be well trainable...

  13. Assessment of pain responses associated with castration of 10-week-old lambs using the Callicrate ‘WEE Bander’ compared with a standard elastrator

    Contributor(s):: Jongman, Ellen C., Borg, Samantha, Hemsworth, Paul H.

    Castration of ram lambs is a standard procedure to facilitate animal management, however all methods of castration used in the lamb industry are considered to be painful based on behavioural and physiological responses. This experiment compares an alternative method of ring castration (Callicrate...

  14. Effect of analgesic strategies on pain behaviour associated with combined ring castration and hot iron tail docking in Merino lambs

    Contributor(s):: Kells, Nikki J., Beausoleil, Ngaio J., R Godfrey, A. Jonathan, E Littlewood, Katherine, Ward, R. Neil, Johnson, Craig B.

    Most countries don’t require analgesia to be provided to lambs

  15. Assessment of ractopamine supplementation and immunization against GnRH effects on behavioral traits and human-pig interaction in heavy weight market gilts

    Contributor(s):: Alves Rodrigues, Lucas, de Almeida, Fernanda Radicchi Campos Lobato, Alves Ferreira, Felipe Norberto, Allison, Jim, Salgado Prezotti, Guilherme Picinin, Guimarães Reis, Luciana, de Souza Junior, Dione Martins, de Oliveira Fontes, Dalton

    Immunocastration (IM) has recently emerged as an alternative for rearing gilts up to heavier slaughter weights, considering its effects on performance improvement and sexual behavior suppression. The interaction between IM and ractopamine (RAC) supplementation is reported to be beneficial for...

  16. Evaluating environmental enrichment as a method to alleviate pain after castration and tail docking in pigs

    Contributor(s):: Backus, Brittany L., McGlone, John J.

    Castration and tail docking are common management practices performed on commercial swine farms in the US and around the world to reduce adverse behaviors and the occurrence of boar taint. However, these practices themselves are a welfare concern for the piglet because they cause acute pain. The...

  17. Objective Measures for the Assessment of Post-Operative Pain in Bos indicus Bull Calves Following Castration

    Contributor(s):: Gabrielle C. Musk, Stine Jacobsen, Timothy H. Hyndman, Heidi S. Lehmann, S. Jonathon Tuke, Teresa Collins, Karina B. Gleerup, Craig B. Johnson, Michael Laurence

    Surgical castration of cattle is a common husbandry procedure, and although this procedure is known to cause pain in cattle and other species, in some countries it is often performed without anaesthesia or analgesia. Society is increasingly aware of this animal welfare issue and it is creating...

  18. Penile Injuries in Immunocastrated and Entire Male Pigs of One Fattening Farm

    Contributor(s):: Simon Reiter, Susanne Zols, Mathias Ritzmann, Volker Stefanski, Ulrike Weiler

    Penile injuries in boars have been discussed as a relevant welfare problem in pork production with entire males (EM). The incidence of penile injuries with immunocastrated boars has not been described so far. Thus, it was the aim of this study to systematically compare frequency and severity of...

  19. Optimum Drug Combinations for the Sedation of Growing Boars Prior to Castration

    Contributor(s):: Heidi S. Lehmann, Dominique Blache, Eleanor Drynan, Pema Tshewang, David J.C. Blignaut, Gabrielle C. Musk

    Juvenile male pigs were sedated for castration. Eight five-month old boars were sedated twice (two weeks apart) with a combination of detomidine (0.1 mg/kg), midazolam (0.2 mg/kg) and either butorphanol (0.2 mg/kg) (Group MDB, n = 8) or morphine (0.2 mg/kg) (Group MDM, n = 8) intramuscularly. The...

  20. Company human-animal interaction in the municipality of Paragominas, southeast of ParaInteracao homem-animal de companhia no municipio de Paragominas, sudeste do Para

    Contributor(s):: Santos, R. C. B., Moura, K. B., Sousa e Sousa, E., Oliveira, R. A. de, Soares, B. C., Melo, W. de O.

    Objective of this study was to characterize the creation of companion animals raised in the southeastern region of Para. The study was conducted in the municipality of Paragominas-PA, from June to July 2015. The method used in data collection was the survey with questionnaires containing open and...