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  1. Reproductive and Behavioral Evaluation of a New Immunocastration Dog Vaccine

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Daniela Siel, María José Ubilla, Sonia Vidal, Alexandra Loaiza, John Quiroga, Federico Cifuentes, Timothy Hardman, Lisette Lapierre, Rodolfo Paredes, Leonardo Sáenz

    Canine immunocastration development has been of interest for many years as a complementary strategy to surgical castration. The purpose of this paper was to verify the effect of a recombinant vaccine for dog immunocastration. Two tests were done, one under controlled conditions and a second...

  2. Nociception-Induced Changes in Electroencephalographic Activity and FOS Protein Expression in Piglets Undergoing Castration under Isoflurane Anaesthesia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Reiser, Judith, Kreuzer, Matthias, Werner, Julia, Saller, Anna M., Fischer, Johannes, Senf, Steffanie, Deffner, Pauline, Abendschön, Nora, Groll, Tanja, Grott, Andrea, Miller, Regina, Bergmann, Shana, Erhard, Michael H., Ritzmann, Mathias, Zöls, Susanne, Schneider, Gerhard, Steiger, Katja, Baumgartner, Christine

    The objective of this study was to investigate the electroencephalographic reaction pattern and FOS protein expression in male piglets undergoing surgical castration under light isoflurane anaesthesia with or without local anaesthesia. The experiment was conducted under isoflurane anaesthesia...

  3. Castration of Dogs Using Local Anesthesia After Sedating With Xylazine and Subanesthetic Doses of Ketamine

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Erika Silva, John Schumacher, Thomas Passler

    Orchiectomy is performed in some species using only sedation and local anesthesia to decrease the expense of performing the procedure using general anesthesia. The objective of this study was to determine if dogs can be castrated safely and painlessly by using only sedation and local...

  4. Prostatic Neoplasia in the Intact and Castrated Dog: How Dangerous is Castration?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Magdalena Schrank, Stefano Romagnoli

    Elective gonadectomy in the dog is a topic of interest for clinicians, pet-owners, and society. Although canine prostatic neoplasia (CPN) has a low incidence (0.35%), reports of an increased risk for castrated dogs attract attention and cause concern in pet-owners. Our aim is to provide...

  5. Studies on existing health care management practices adopted by farmers in Surajpur district of Chhattisgarh

    | Contributor(s):: Vandana, Bhagat, Shraddha, Nety, Upasana, Verma, Kiran, Kashyap, Seema, Kriplani, Swarnalata, Bara

    The present study was undertaken purposively to ascertain the health care and scientific dairy husbandry practices adopted by the dairy owners in Surajpur district of Chhattisgarh. A total of 150 respondents were randomly selected from 10 villages of block and district Surajpur and interviewed...

  6. Effect of adult male sterilization on the behavior and social associations of a feral polygynous ungulate: the horse

    | Contributor(s):: King, Sarah R. B., Schoenecker, Kathryn A., Cole, Mary J.

    Castration is commonly used to control the behavior of companion animals and livestock, yet there have been few longitudinal studies of its effects. Despite the ubiquity of this surgery in ridden horses, the effects of castration (termed gelding in horses) have rarely been examined in a...

  7. Post-natal development of EEG responses to noxious stimulation in pigs (Sus scrofa) aged 1-15 days

    | Contributor(s):: Kells, N. J., Beausoleil, N. J., Satherland, M. A., Johnson, C. B.

  8. Long-term hyperalgesia and traumatic neuroma formation in tail-docked lambs

    | Contributor(s):: Larrondo, C., Bustamante, H., Paredes, E., Gallo, C.

  9. Use of meloxicam, buprenorphine, and Maxilene (R) to assess a multimodal approach for piglet pain management, part I: surgical castration

    | Contributor(s):: Viscardi, A. V., Turner, P. V.

  10. Measuring piglet castration pain using linear and non-linear measures of heart rate variability

    | Contributor(s):: Byrd, C. J., Radcliffe, J. S., Craig, B. A., Eicher, S. D., Lay, D. C.

  11. A comparison of behavioural methodologies utilised to quantify deviations in piglet behaviour associated with castration

    | Contributor(s):: Park, R. M., Cramer, M. C., Wagner, B. K., Turner, P., Moraes, L. E., Viscardi, A. V., Coetzee, J. F., Pairis-Garcia, M. D.

  12. Lambs show changes in ear posture when experiencing pain

    | Contributor(s):: Guesgen, M. J., Beausoleil, N. J., Minot, E. O., Stewart, M., Stafford, K. J., Morel, P. C. H.

  13. The burden of domestication: a representative study of welfare in privately owned cats in Denmark

    | Contributor(s):: Sandoe, P., Norspang, A. P., Forkman, B., Bjornvad, C. R., Kondrup, S. V., Lund, T. B.

  14. Habituation of common eland (Taurotragus oryx) to intensive routine handling, and the effect of immunocastration thereon

    | Contributor(s):: Musa, Abubakar S., Needham, Tersia, Kotrba, Radim, Neradilova, Silvie, Ganswindt, Andre, Ceacero, Francisco

  15. Social proximities of developing gorilla males (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) in European zoos: The consequences of castration and social composition

    | Contributor(s):: Létang, Benoit, Mulot, Baptiste, Alerte, Vanessa, Bionda, Thomas, Britton, Lisa, ter Meulen, Tjerk, Szánthó, János, Guéry, Jean-Pascal, Sueur, Cédric

  16. Qualitative behavioural assessment of pain in castrated lambs

    | Contributor(s):: Masłowska, Katarzyna, Mizzoni, Fabiana, Dwyer, Cathy M., Wemelsfelder, Francoise

    This study investigates for the first time the application of Qualitative Behavioural Assessment (QBA) to the analysis of acute pain expression in castrated lambs. Eighty 2-day-old male lambs were allocated to one of 4 groups (n = 20 per treatment): handled only (control, C), rubber ring...

  17. Effects of Oral Meloxicam and Topical Lidocaine on Pain associated Behaviors of Piglets Undergoing Surgical Castration

    | Contributor(s):: Burkemper, M. C., Pairis-Garcia, M. D., Moraes, L. E., Park, R. M., Moeller, S. J.

    The objective of this study was to find a practical means of reducing pain associated with surgical castration by evaluating the effects of oral meloxicam and topical lidocaine, separately and in combination, on behavioral indicators of pain in piglets. Two hundred thirty-five piglets were...

  18. Immunocastration with Improvac™ reduces aggressive and sexual behaviours in male pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Brewster, Veronica, Nevel, Amanda

    Surgical castration of male pigs is a common practice to reduce the risk of boar taint, an accumulation of pheromones in the muscles of pigs giving an undesirable odour to the pork of entire boars. Castration is not widely practiced in the UK for welfare reasons and indeed, assurance schemes...

  19. Effects of neonatal castration on social behaviour, human–animal relationship and feeding activity in finishing pigs reared in a conventional or an enriched housing

    | Contributor(s):: Tallet, Céline, Brilloüet, Armelle, Meunier-Salaün, Marie-Christine, Paulmier, Valérie, Guérin, Carole, Prunier, Armelle

    Raising entire males is already common in a few European countries. It has the advantage of avoiding the pain of castration. Entire males have also a better food conversion. However, they would be more aggressive than castrates which causes welfare troubles. The consequences for human–animal...

  20. Do rubber rings coated with lignocaine reduce the pain associated with ring castration of lambs?

    | Contributor(s):: Stewart, Mairi, Beausoleil, Ngaio J., Johnson, Craig B., Webster, James R., Schütz, Karin E., Cox, Neil, Stafford, Kevin J.

    To facilitate the wider use of pain relief on-farm, practical ‘farmer friendly’ methods for administering pain relief are necessary. This proof of concept study evaluated the efficacy of rubber rings coated with local anaesthetic (LA, lignocaine) for providing pain relief in lambs castrated 4...