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  1. Market-driven dairying and the politics of value, labor and affect in Gujarat, India

    Contributor(s):: Daftary, Dolly

  2. Effect of feed allowance at pasture on the lying behaviour of dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: O’Driscoll, Keelin, Lewis, Eva, Kennedy, Emer

    In temperate climates where cows are primarily managed at pasture shortages of grass could result in nutritional deficits for the cow and may have a variety of behavioural consequences. Lying behaviour is one of the most researched aspects of dairy cow behaviour, and can provide insights into cow...

  3. Use of social network analysis to improve the understanding of social behaviour in dairy cattle and its impact on disease transmission

    Contributor(s):: de Freslon, Inès, Martínez-López, Beatriz, Belkhiria, Jaber, Strappini, Ana, Monti, Gustavo

    A better comprehension of cattle contact structure can enhance the prevention of the transmission of infectious agents within livestock farms. Social network analysis has proven to provide a more accurate picture of social structures than traditional methods. In this study, we focused on...

  4. Subjective methods to quantify temperament in beef cattle are insensitive to the number and biases of observers

    Contributor(s):: Parham, Jamie T., Tanner, Amy E., Wahlberg, Mark L., Grandin, Temple, Lewis, Ronald M.

    Associations between excitable temperament and many economically relevant traits have been established, resulting in an increased focus on docility in breeding programs in cattle. Several methods have been proposed to quantify temperament during normal handling procedures, which appear to differ...

  5. Temperamental cattle acclimate more substantially to repeated handling

    Contributor(s):: Parham, Jamie T., Tanner, Amy E., Barkley, Katharine, Pullen, Lyla, Wahlberg, Mark L., Swecker, William S., Lewis, Ronald M.

    Temperament of cattle impacts efficiency of production systems, including animal well-being. In being heritable, temperament can be augmented through selection. Current methods to evaluate temperament in a production setting include chute score (CS), exit score (ES), and exit velocity (EV), which...

  6. Classification of ingestive-related cow behaviours using RumiWatch halter and neck-mounted accelerometers

    Contributor(s):: Benaissa, Said, Tuyttens, Frank A. M., Plets, David, Cattrysse, Hannes, Martens, Luc, Vandaele, Leen, Joseph, Wout, Sonck, Bart

    A new simple decision-tree (DT) algorithm was developed using the data from a neck-mounted accelerometer for real-time classification of feeding and ruminating behaviours of dairy cows. The performance of the DT was compared to that of a support vector machine (SVM) algorithm and a RumiWatch...

  7. Effects of surface type in an uncovered stand-off pad system on comfort and welfare of non-lactating dairy cows during winter

    Contributor(s):: Al-Marashdeh, Omar, Cameron, Keith C., Bryant, Racheal H., Chen, Ao, McGowan, Briar, Gillé-Perrier, Corentine, Carey, Peter, Chrystal, Jane, Hodge, Simon, Edwards, Grant R.

    The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of stand-off surface type on cow lying behaviour, cleanliness and lameness. One hundred and sixty Friesian × Jersey crossbreed, pregnant non-lactating dairy cows were blocked into five groups of 32 cows and randomly assigned to one of five...

  8. Comprehensive analysis of affiliative and agonistic social networks in lactating dairy cattle groups

    Contributor(s):: Foris, Borbala, Zebunke, Manuela, Langbein, Jan, Melzer, Nina

    The social environment of dairy cattle is important for their welfare under modern housing and management conditions. Social tension can negatively affect individuals even in a well-designed and healthy environment whereas affiliative behaviour may improve their well-being. The complex social...

  9. Relationships between feeding behaviour, activity, dominance and feed efficiency in finishing beef steers

    Contributor(s):: Haskell, Marie J., Rooke, John A., Roehe, Rainer, Turner, Simon P., Hyslop, James J., Waterhouse, Anthony, Duthie, Carol-Anne

    To increase the profitability and sustainability of beef production systems, the use of animals with high feed efficiency is preferred. Efficient animals eat less than their peers for the same or better growth. This efficiency can be measured using feed conversion ratios (FCR) and residual feed...

  10. Motivation of naïve feedlot cattle to obtain grain and individual responses to novelty

    Contributor(s):: Van Os, Jennifer M. C., Mintline, Erin M., DeVries, Trevor J., Tucker, Cassandra B.

    Beef cattle may be fattened before slaughter using a high-energy, grain-based diet. Although previous research suggests cattle prefer grain, their motivation to obtain this feed has not been quantified. The objective of this study was to evaluate the motivation of naïve feedlot cattle to consume...

  11. Development of test for determining olfactory investigation of complex odours in cattle

    Contributor(s):: Rørvang, Maria Vilain, Jensen, Margit Bak, Nielsen, Birte Lindstrøm

    The sense of smell is likely to influence the behaviour of domestic and captive animals in a wide range of management and housing situations. In domestic cattle, there may be unexploited potential for using odours and olfaction in the management; however, published studies on bovine olfactory...

  12. How to measure dairy cows’ responsiveness towards humans in breeding and welfare assessment? A comparison of selected behavioural measures and existing breeding traits

    Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, Asja, Ivemeyer, Silvia, Lauks, Vanessa, Santos, Laura, Brügemann, Kerstin, König, Sven, Knierim, Ute

    For dairy cattle breeding as well as animal welfare science reliability and validity issues regarding measures of cows’ responsiveness towards humans are relevant. The objective of this study was to investigate reliability and validity aspects of four selected behavioural measures at the feeding...

  13. Inter- and intra-observer reliability of different methods for recording temperament in beef and dairy calves

    Contributor(s):: Vogt, Anina, Aditia, Edit Lesa, Schlechter, Imke, Schütze, Susanne, Geburt, Katrin, Gauly, Matthias, König von Borstel, Uta

    Breeding of cattle with docile temperament can simplify routine practices and enhance welfare of cattle in common production systems. The aim of the study was to compare and validate some aspects of assessment methods for temperament traits in cattle for their potential use in breeding...

  14. Re-direction of maternal behaviour in dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Mandel, Roi, Nicol, Christine J.

    In the milk producing industry, most aspects of maternal behaviour are discouraged, but milk production is actively maintained in the absence of the calf. The process of milk let down, is mediated, at least partly, by oxytocin, which has been shown to play a central role in facilitating maternal...

  15. The behaviour of housed dairy cattle with and without pasture access: A review

    Contributor(s):: Charlton, Gemma L., Rutter, S. Mark

    With more dairy cows being housed indoors, for at least part of the year, it is important to understand how housing impacts on ‘normal behaviour’ and the implications for cow welfare. For cows on pasture, nutritional requirements and climatic conditions are the major concerns, whilst indoor...

  16. Automatically measured variables related to tenderness of hoof placement and weight distribution are valuable indicators for lameness in dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Van De Gucht, Tim, Saeys, Wouter, Van Weyenberg, Stephanie, Lauwers, Ludwig, Mertens, Koen, Vandaele, Leen, Vangeyte, Jürgen, Van Nuffel, Annelies

    As lameness detection in dairy cattle using visual locomotion scoring is cumbersome and subjective, research efforts are dedicated to develop automatic lameness detection systems. ‘Tender hoof placement’ and the distribution of the body weight over the four legs are possible lameness indicators,...

  17. Spatial and temporal activity of cattle grazing in Mediterranean oak woodland

    Contributor(s):: Schoenbaum, Iris, Kigel, Jaime, Ungar, Eugene D., Dolev, Amit, Henkin, Zalmen

    We examined the temporal and spatial variation patterns of the grazing activity of free-ranging cattle in Mediterranean oak woodland in the Western Galilee, Israel, as affected by seasonal and management factors. The vegetation is dominated by scrub-oak woodland (Quercus calliprinos Webb.),...

  18. The effects of global navigation satellite system (GNSS) collars on cattle (Bos taurus) behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Manning, Jaime K., Cronin, Greg M., González, Luciano A., Hall, Evelyn J. S., Merchant, Andrew, Ingram, Lachlan J.

    The use of Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) collars has become an increasingly important research tool to study the behaviour of domestic livestock species in grazing conditions. However, relatively little is known about the effects on livestock behaviour of livestock “wearing” such...

  19. Looking into the eyes of a cow: Can eye whites be used as a measure of emotional state?

    Contributor(s):: Lambert, Helen S., Carder, Gemma

    A number of studies have looked at whether the percentage of visible eye whites could be a reliable and dynamic tool for measuring emotional state in cattle. In this study we have built upon previous research to further test this measure with different stimuli and different types of emotional...

  20. Daytime summer access to pasture vs. free-stall barn in dairy cows with year-long outdoor experience: A case study

    Contributor(s):: Shepley, Elise, Bergeron, Reneé, Vasseur, Elsa

    With its documented health and behavioural benefits, one would expect dairy cows to have near unconditional preference for pasture. However, dairy cow preference is multifaceted with numerous factors contributing to the choices and or actions of the cow. Experience is one such factor that may...