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  1. Impact of disease characteristics and knowledge on public risk perception of zoonoses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Spence, C. E., Jenkins, S. C., Osman, M.

    Zoonoses represent a global public health threat. Understanding lay perceptions of risk associated with these diseases can better inform proportionate policy interventions that mitigate their current and future impacts. While individual zoonoses (e.g. bovine spongiform encephalopathy) have...

  2. Management Practices and Production Constraints of Indigenous Somali Cattle Breed in Shabelle Zone, Somali Regional State, Ethiopia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Abdihakim Ma’alin, Kawnin Abdimahad, Guled Hassen, Abdulahi Mahamed, Mahamed Hassen

    This study was conducted in Shabelle zone of Somali Regional State to assess management practices and production constraints of indigenous Somali Cattle. A total of 200 household heads were selected from four cattle potential districts; Dhanan, Ber’ano, Godey & Adadle. The relevant...

  3. Objective determination and quantification of pain and inflammation associated with digital dermatitis in feedlot cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Thomas, Anice D., Orsel, Karin, Cortés, Julián A., Pajor, Edmond A.

  4. Development of a welfare assessment protocol for practical application in Argentine feedlots

    | Contributor(s):: Racciatti, Débora Silvia, Bottegal, Diego Nicolas, Aguilar, Natalia María, Menichelli, Marcela Liliana, Soteras, Trinidad, Zimerman, María, Cancino, Andrea Karina, Marcoppido, Gisela Ariana, Blanco-Penedo, Isabel, Lloveras, Joaquim Pallisera, Langman, Leandro Ezequiel

  5. Behavioral-biological surveillance of emerging infectious diseases among a dynamic cohort in Thailand

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Yadana, S., Cheun-Arom, T., Li, H., Hagan, E., Mendelsohn, E., Latinne, A., Martinez, S., Putcharoen, O., Homvijitkul, J., Sathaporntheera, O., Rattanapreeda, N., Chartpituck, P., Yamsakul, S., Sutham, K., Komolsiri, S., Pornphatthananikhom, S., Petcharat, S., Ampoot, W., Francisco, L., Hemachudha, T., Daszak, P., Olival, K. J., Wacharapluesadee, S.

    BACKGROUND: Interactions between humans and animals are the key elements of zoonotic spillover leading to zoonotic disease emergence. Research to understand the high-risk behaviors associated with disease transmission at the human-animal interface is limited, and few consider regional and local...

  6. Were there royal herds? Understanding herd management and mobility using isotopic characterizations of cattle tooth enamel from Early Dynastic Ur

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Greenfield, T. L., McMahon, A. M., O'Connell, T. C., Reade, H., Holmden, C., Fletcher, A. C., Zettler, R. L., Petrie, C. A.

    During the third millennium BC, Mesopotamia (the land between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, in modern Iraq-Syria), was dominated by the world's earliest cities and states, which were ruled by powerful elites. Ur, in present-day southern Iraq, was one of the largest and most important of...

  7. Timely Euthanasia in the United States Dairy Industry–Challenges and a Path Forward

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jennifer B. Walker, I. Noa Roman-Muniz, Lily N Edwards-Callaway

    Euthanasia is a valuable management tool utilized on dairies to end the suffering of sick or debilitated cows. Euthanasia should be implemented if an animal’s pain cannot be adequately alleviated and if there is a limited chance of recovery. To be humane, euthanasia should be quick,...

  8. Studies on existing health care management practices adopted by farmers in Surajpur district of Chhattisgarh

    | Contributor(s):: Vandana, Bhagat, Shraddha, Nety, Upasana, Verma, Kiran, Kashyap, Seema, Kriplani, Swarnalata, Bara

    The present study was undertaken purposively to ascertain the health care and scientific dairy husbandry practices adopted by the dairy owners in Surajpur district of Chhattisgarh. A total of 150 respondents were randomly selected from 10 villages of block and district Surajpur and interviewed...

  9. Resource, Collaborator, or Individual Cow? Applying Q Methodology to Investigate Austrian Farmers' Viewpoints on Motivational Aspects of Improving Animal Welfare

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lorenz Maurer, Josef Schenkenfelder, Christoph Winckler

    One keystone to successful welfare improvement endeavors is a respected cooperation between farmer and advisor (e.g., veterinarian), which requires a thorough understanding of what motivates farmer behavior. In this respect, Q methodology offers a promising approach in investigating individual...

  10. A Review of Welfare Indicators of Indoor-Housed Dairy Cow as a Basis for Integrated Automatic Welfare Assessment Systems

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lisette M.C. Leliveld, Giorgio Provolo

    For on-farm welfare assessment many automatic methods have been developed to detect indicators of reduced welfare. However, there is still a need to integrate data from single sources to obtain a complete picture of the welfare of an animal. This review offers a basis for developing integrated...

  11. Dairy Cattle Euthanasia-Focus Groups Exploring the Perspectives of Brazilians Working in the Dairy Cattle Industry

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Merenda, V. R., de Oliveira, E. B., Fowler, H. N., Pairis-Garcia, M. D.

    The objective of this study was to explore perspectives and attitudes about euthanasia specific to the Brazilian dairy cattle industry. Twenty-five Brazilian citizens (13 veterinarians, 4 animal scientists, 3 professors, 3 researchers, 1 dairy owner, and 1 caretaker) participated in one of...

  12. Associations between dairy herds' qualitative behavior and aspects of herd health, stockperson and farm factors-a cross-sectional exploration

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, A., Matull, K., Knierim, U., Ivemeyer, S.

    The affective state is an integrated aspect of farm animal welfare, which is understood as the animals' perception of their living environment and of their internal biological functioning. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to explore animal-internal and external factors potentially...

  13. Serum Oxytocin in Cows Is Positively Correlated with Caregiver Interactions in the Impossible Task Paradigm

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: D'Aniello, B., Mastellone, V., Pinelli, C., Scandurra, A., Musco, N., Tudisco, R., Pero, M. E., Infascelli, F., Di Lucrezia, A., Lombardi, P.

    This study explored a possible relationship between the circulating oxytocin, cortisol, and the willingness of dairy cows to engage in social behaviors with humans in an experimental context. The behaviors of twenty-nine cows were recorded during the impossible task paradigm, a procedure aimed...

  14. Feasibility and reliability of the AWIN welfare assessment protocol for dairy goats in semi-extensive farming conditions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Battini, M., Renna, M., Giammarino, M., Battaglini, L., Mattiello, S.

    The aim of this study was to test the feasibility and reliability of the Animal Welfare Indicators (AWIN) protocol for welfare assessment of dairy goats when applied to semi-extensive farming conditions. We recruited 13 farms located in the NW Italian Alps where three assessors individually and...

  15. Use of an ear-tag accelerometer and a radio-frequency identification (RFID) system for monitoring the licking behaviour in grazing cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Simanungkalit, Gamaliel, Barwick, Jamie, Cowley, Frances, Dawson, Bradley, Dobos, Robin, Hegarty, Roger

  16. What type of loafing areas do housed dairy cattle prefer?

    | Contributor(s):: Langford, Fritha M., Bell, David J., Nevison, Ian M., Tolkamp, Bert J., Roberts, David J., Haskell, Marie J.

  17. Effects of restraint on heifers during gentle human-animal interactions

    | Contributor(s):: Lange, Annika, Waiblinger, Susanne, van Hasselt, Regien, Mundry, Roger, Futschik, Andreas, Lürzel, Stephanie

  18. Parity and days in milk affect cubicle occupancy in dairy cows

    | Contributor(s):: Churakov, Mikhail, Silvera, Anna Maria, Gussmann, Maya, Nielsen, Per Peetz

  19. Integrative surveillance of cattle welfare at the abattoir level: Risk factors associated with liver condemnation, severe hoof disorders, carcase bruising and high muscle pH

    | Contributor(s):: Losada-Espinosa, N., Estévez-Moreno, L. X., Bautista-Fernández, M., Losada, H., María, G. A., Miranda-de la Lama, G. G.

  20. Alienation, Modernization, and Animal Welfare: Human-Animal Relationships at the Farm, State, and Country Levels

    | Contributor(s):: Briscoe, Michael D.