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  1. Fecal Cortisol Metabolites in Dairy Cows: A Cross-Sectional Exploration of Associations with Animal, Stockperson, and Farm Characteristics

    Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, A., Knierim, U., Simantke, C., Palme, R., Ivemeyer, S.

  2. Relation between stockperson behavior toward cows in a holding area and milk yields

    Contributor(s):: Saito, H., Seo, T.

  3. Effects of horn status on behaviour in fattening cattle in the field and during reactivity tests

    Contributor(s):: Reiche, Anna-Maria, Dohme-Meier, Frigga, Claudia Terlouw, E. M.

    Disbudding is in the short-term invasive and needs pharmacological pain treatment but it facilitates animal management. The present study investigates the longer-term consequences on behaviour to evaluate possible effects on animal welfare. Experiment 1 (E1) used 81 bulls up to the age of 12 and...

  4. Early social experiences do not affect first lactation production traits, longevity or locomotion reaction to group change in female dairy cattle

    Contributor(s):: Valníčková, Barbora, Šárová, Radka, Špinka, Marek

    Under natural conditions cows and their calves live together. In dairy practice, calves are separated from their mothers within hours after birth and then housed individually. This study investigated the effects of the presence of the dam during the colostrum feeding period and subsequent group...

  5. Cow in Motion: A review of the impact of housing systems on movement opportunity of dairy cows and implications on locomotor activity

    Contributor(s):: Shepley, Elise, Lensink, Joop, Vasseur, Elsa

    As humans, we recognize the importance of exercise. We go to the gym, walk our dogs, and ride our horses. Even our hamsters get a wheel to run on. Considering this, it is surprising that, when it comes to the production animals that make up the bulk of domestic animals, the concept of ‘exercise’...

  6. Validity aspects of behavioural measures to assess cows’ responsiveness towards humans

    Contributor(s):: Schmitz, Laura, Ebinghaus, Asja, Ivemeyer, Silvia, Domas, Leonie, Knierim, Ute

    Different measures reflecting the cows’ behavioural responses towards humans are used for the assessment of the human–animal relationship (HAR). Besides the established avoidance distance (AD), different handling tests, such as the tolerance to tactile interaction (TTI), release behaviour after...

  7. Herd dynamics and distribution of zebu cows and calves (Bos indicus) are affected by state before, during and after calving

    Contributor(s):: Pérez-Torres, Libia, Averós, Xavier, Estevez, Inma, Rubio, Ivette, Corro, Manuel, Clemente, Neftalí, Orihuela, Agustín

    To investigate whether zebu (Bos indicus) cows organize in different social groups according to their physiological state, cow–cow and cow–calf distances were measured. A single herd of 31 multiparous cows around parturition was observed for 6 weeks. Through the evaluation period, animals were...

  8. Do familiar group mates facilitate integration into the milking group after calving in dairy cows?

    Contributor(s):: Gutmann, Anke Kristina, Špinka, Marek, Winckler, Christoph

    As dairy cows’ needs and demands change over the different phases of their reproductive cycle, regrouping is common practice in dairy farming to facilitate management and handling. However, social instability associated with regrouping is known to have negative effects on the cows, including...

  9. Animal welfare in the U.S. slaughter industry-a focus on fed cattle

    Contributor(s):: Edwards-Callaway, L. N., Calvo-Lorenzo, M. S.

  10. Branding Practices on Four Dairies in Kantale, Sri Lanka

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sarah J. J. Adcock, Cassandra B. Tucker, Gayani Weerasinghe, Eranda Rajapaksha

    Hot-iron branding is illegal in Sri Lanka, but is still commonly used to identify dairy herds in extensive farming systems, which are primarily located in the country’s Dry Zone. Despite the negative welfare implications of this practice, there is no written documentation of branding in...

  11. Lameness in Sheltered Cows and Its Association with Cow and Shelter Attributes

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Arvind Sharma, Clive J. C. Phillips

    The sheltering of old, unproductive and abandoned cows in traditional cow shelters, known as gaushalas, has been practiced in India since ancient times. Cows are kept in these shelters until they die of natural causes. The welfare of the cows in these shelters was assessed through a...

  12. Effect of switch trimming on udder and teat hygiene of dairy cows

    | Contributor(s):: Ingle, Heather D., Rice, Christa A., Black, Randi A., Childers, Sarah Z., Eberhart, Nicole L., Prado, Maria E., Krawczel, Peter D.

    The study objective was to determine the effects of trimming the switch of dairy cows on teat-end bacterial counts and udder hygiene scores. Cows (n = 102) were blocked by days in milk, milk production, and parity and then assigned to (a) treatment (trimming of their tail switch using a...

  13. Designing Better Water Troughs: Does Trough Color Influence Dairy Cows’ Preference?

    | Contributor(s):: Teixeira, Dayane Lemos, Hötzel, Maria José, Filho, Luiz Carlos Pinheiro Machado, Cazale, José Daniel, Enríquez-Hidalgo, Daniel

    Eighteen lactating dairy cows were used to elucidate their preference for green, grey, or red troughs. The herd was managed under a rotational grazing system with ad-libitum access to water until 11:30 h. For 9 days, all cows were tested individually following the afternoon milking. Cows drank...

  14. Behavior and Performance of Dairy Cows After Transfer from Tied to Cubicle Housing

    | Contributor(s):: Pavlenko, Anne, Lidfors, Lena, Arney, David R., Kaart, Tanel, Aland, Andres

    Behavior and performance changes when tied dairy cows were moved to a loose housing system in a cubicle system were investigated. Behavioral observations were made for 3 consecutive days in 3 periods after transition. The cows (n = 105) were observed on 18 sampling occasions for 1 month....

  15. Designing Cattle: The Social Practice of Constructing Breeds

    | Contributor(s):: Eriksson, Camilla, Petitt, Andrea

    This paper explores how cattle breeds are constructed through social practice—which we conceptually develop as “designing” cattle. We show how breed varieties are designed, informed by the social, material and moral embeddedness of cattle breeding associations’ visions of the future and how they...

  16. Animal Welfare Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices of Stockpersons in Kenya

    | Contributor(s):: Wambui, Joseph, Lamuka, Peter, Karuri, Edward, Matofari, Joseph

    The stockpersons handling the transportation of animals between farms and slaughterhouses are rarely assessed for their animal welfare knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP). Thus, this investigation presents a unique opportunity to study these interactions. Herein, a cross-sectional survey...

  17. What is the relationship between level of infection and ‘sickness behaviour’ in cattle?

    | Contributor(s):: Szyszka, Ollie, Kyriazakis, Ilias

    We hypothesised that a range of parasite doses that cause subclinical disease would lead to similar behavioural changes in cattle. This was tested by infecting bull calves with one of four different doses of the gastrointestinal parasite Ostertagia ostertagi: 0 (control), 75,000 (L), 150,000 (M)...

  18. Preference of beef cattle for feedlot or pasture environments

    | Contributor(s):: Lee, Caroline, Fisher, Andrew D., Colditz, Ian G., Lea, Jim M., Ferguson, Drewe M.

    Intensive feedlot finishing is perceived to affect welfare because cattle cannot perform normal behaviours evident in pasture environments. The objective of this study was to determine cattle preference for spending time at pasture (5ha) or in a feedlot (25×10m) under pastures with differing feed...

  19. Play behavior as an indicator of animal welfare: Disbudding in dairy calves

    | Contributor(s):: Mintline, Erin M., Stewart, Mairi, Rogers, Andrea R., Cox, Neil R., Verkerk, Gwyneth A., Stookey, Joseph M., Webster, James R., Tucker, Cassandra B.

    Play behavior may be reduced during negative experiences (e.g. pain) and serve as an indicator of animal welfare. To test this, the effects of a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) and a local anesthetic (LA) on dairy calf play behavior and wound sensitivity of calves after hot-iron...

  20. Maternal behaviour in beef cows is individually consistent and sensitive to cow body condition, calf sex and weight

    | Contributor(s):: Stěhulová, Ilona, Špinka, Marek, Šárová, Radka, Máchová, Lydie, Kněz, Robert, Firla, Pavel

    Beef cows’ maternal care is essential for calf survival and fitness. In this study, we assessed the consistency of maternal care within and between lactations and investigated whether maternal care increases with mother's parity and body condition and whether mothers care more intensely for males...