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  1. Validity aspects of behavioural measures to assess cows’ responsiveness towards humans

    Contributor(s):: Schmitz, Laura, Ebinghaus, Asja, Ivemeyer, Silvia, Domas, Leonie, Knierim, Ute

    Different measures reflecting the cows’ behavioural responses towards humans are used for the assessment of the human–animal relationship (HAR). Besides the established avoidance distance (AD), different handling tests, such as the tolerance to tactile interaction (TTI), release behaviour after...

  2. Herd dynamics and distribution of zebu cows and calves (Bos indicus) are affected by state before, during and after calving

    Contributor(s):: Pérez-Torres, Libia, Averós, Xavier, Estevez, Inma, Rubio, Ivette, Corro, Manuel, Clemente, Neftalí, Orihuela, Agustín

    To investigate whether zebu (Bos indicus) cows organize in different social groups according to their physiological state, cow–cow and cow–calf distances were measured. A single herd of 31 multiparous cows around parturition was observed for 6 weeks. Through the evaluation period, animals were...

  3. Do familiar group mates facilitate integration into the milking group after calving in dairy cows?

    Contributor(s):: Gutmann, Anke Kristina, Špinka, Marek, Winckler, Christoph

    As dairy cows’ needs and demands change over the different phases of their reproductive cycle, regrouping is common practice in dairy farming to facilitate management and handling. However, social instability associated with regrouping is known to have negative effects on the cows, including...

  4. Animal welfare in the U.S. slaughter industry-a focus on fed cattle

    Contributor(s):: Edwards-Callaway, L. N., Calvo-Lorenzo, M. S.

  5. Branding Practices on Four Dairies in Kantale, Sri Lanka

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sarah J. J. Adcock, Cassandra B. Tucker, Gayani Weerasinghe, Eranda Rajapaksha

    Hot-iron branding is illegal in Sri Lanka, but is still commonly used to identify dairy herds in extensive farming systems, which are primarily located in the country’s Dry Zone. Despite the negative welfare implications of this practice, there is no written documentation of branding in...

  6. Lameness in Sheltered Cows and Its Association with Cow and Shelter Attributes

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Arvind Sharma, Clive J. C. Phillips

    The sheltering of old, unproductive and abandoned cows in traditional cow shelters, known as gaushalas, has been practiced in India since ancient times. Cows are kept in these shelters until they die of natural causes. The welfare of the cows in these shelters was assessed through a...

  7. Aplicabilidad del protocolo Welfare Quality® para medir bienestar animal en crianzas de sistemas de producción de bovinos de leche nacionales

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Claudia Andrea Bottaro Morosetti

    En este trabajo se estudia la aplicabilidad en Chile, del protocolo diseñado por el proyecto Welfare Quality ® para evaluar el bienestar animal en crianzas de bovinos de leche. Para esto, se aplicaron en 13 lecherías del país, cuatro pruebas directas (Distancia de Fuga...

  8. Effect of switch trimming on udder and teat hygiene of dairy cows

    | Contributor(s):: Ingle, Heather D., Rice, Christa A., Black, Randi A., Childers, Sarah Z., Eberhart, Nicole L., Prado, Maria E., Krawczel, Peter D.

    The study objective was to determine the effects of trimming the switch of dairy cows on teat-end bacterial counts and udder hygiene scores. Cows (n = 102) were blocked by days in milk, milk production, and parity and then assigned to (a) treatment (trimming of their tail switch using a...

  9. Designing Better Water Troughs: Does Trough Color Influence Dairy Cows’ Preference?

    | Contributor(s):: Teixeira, Dayane Lemos, Hötzel, Maria José, Filho, Luiz Carlos Pinheiro Machado, Cazale, José Daniel, Enríquez-Hidalgo, Daniel

    Eighteen lactating dairy cows were used to elucidate their preference for green, grey, or red troughs. The herd was managed under a rotational grazing system with ad-libitum access to water until 11:30 h. For 9 days, all cows were tested individually following the afternoon milking. Cows drank...

  10. Behavior and Performance of Dairy Cows After Transfer from Tied to Cubicle Housing

    | Contributor(s):: Pavlenko, Anne, Lidfors, Lena, Arney, David R., Kaart, Tanel, Aland, Andres

    Behavior and performance changes when tied dairy cows were moved to a loose housing system in a cubicle system were investigated. Behavioral observations were made for 3 consecutive days in 3 periods after transition. The cows (n = 105) were observed on 18 sampling occasions for 1 month....

  11. Designing Cattle: The Social Practice of Constructing Breeds

    | Contributor(s):: Eriksson, Camilla, Petitt, Andrea

    This paper explores how cattle breeds are constructed through social practice—which we conceptually develop as “designing” cattle. We show how breed varieties are designed, informed by the social, material and moral embeddedness of cattle breeding associations’ visions of the future and how they...

  12. Animal Welfare Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices of Stockpersons in Kenya

    | Contributor(s):: Wambui, Joseph, Lamuka, Peter, Karuri, Edward, Matofari, Joseph

    The stockpersons handling the transportation of animals between farms and slaughterhouses are rarely assessed for their animal welfare knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP). Thus, this investigation presents a unique opportunity to study these interactions. Herein, a cross-sectional survey...

  13. What is the relationship between level of infection and ‘sickness behaviour’ in cattle?

    | Contributor(s):: Szyszka, Ollie, Kyriazakis, Ilias

    We hypothesised that a range of parasite doses that cause subclinical disease would lead to similar behavioural changes in cattle. This was tested by infecting bull calves with one of four different doses of the gastrointestinal parasite Ostertagia ostertagi: 0 (control), 75,000 (L), 150,000 (M)...

  14. Preference of beef cattle for feedlot or pasture environments

    | Contributor(s):: Lee, Caroline, Fisher, Andrew D., Colditz, Ian G., Lea, Jim M., Ferguson, Drewe M.

    Intensive feedlot finishing is perceived to affect welfare because cattle cannot perform normal behaviours evident in pasture environments. The objective of this study was to determine cattle preference for spending time at pasture (5ha) or in a feedlot (25×10m) under pastures with differing feed...

  15. Play behavior as an indicator of animal welfare: Disbudding in dairy calves

    | Contributor(s):: Mintline, Erin M., Stewart, Mairi, Rogers, Andrea R., Cox, Neil R., Verkerk, Gwyneth A., Stookey, Joseph M., Webster, James R., Tucker, Cassandra B.

    Play behavior may be reduced during negative experiences (e.g. pain) and serve as an indicator of animal welfare. To test this, the effects of a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) and a local anesthetic (LA) on dairy calf play behavior and wound sensitivity of calves after hot-iron...

  16. Maternal behaviour in beef cows is individually consistent and sensitive to cow body condition, calf sex and weight

    | Contributor(s):: Stěhulová, Ilona, Špinka, Marek, Šárová, Radka, Máchová, Lydie, Kněz, Robert, Firla, Pavel

    Beef cows’ maternal care is essential for calf survival and fitness. In this study, we assessed the consistency of maternal care within and between lactations and investigated whether maternal care increases with mother's parity and body condition and whether mothers care more intensely for males...

  17. Locomotor activity of dairy cows in relation to season and lactation

    | Contributor(s):: Brzozowska, Anna, Łukaszewicz, Marek, Sender, Grażyna, Kolasińska, Dorota, Oprządek, Jolanta

    All systems recording activity of cattle measure it independently of environmental and animal factors. Such recordings may hide differences in activity caused by extraneous interferences or may be inaccurately interpreted. The information produced by sensors could be more accurate, if behaviour...

  18. Influence of gentle touching applied few weeks before slaughter on avoidance distance and slaughter stress in finishing cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Probst, Johanna K., Hillmann, Edna, Leiber, Florian, Kreuzer, Michael, Spengler Neff, Anet

    The present study investigated the effect of gentle touching applied during the last 5 weeks before slaughter in finishing cattle on behaviour towards humans, stress indicators and beef quality. Three experiments were carried out. Experiments 1, 2 and 3 employed eight Limousin crossbred bulls,...

  19. Foraging Eurasian badgers Meles meles and the presence of cattle in pastures. Do badgers avoid cattle?

    | Contributor(s):: Mullen, Enda M., MacWhite, Teresa, Maher, Peter K., Kelly, David J., Marples, Nicola M., Good, Margaret

    The proximity of badgers (Meles meles) to cattle, and their propensity to utilise pastures containing cattle, is of fundamental importance in understanding transmission possibilities for Mycobacterium bovis between a wildlife reservoir and cattle on farms. A study of free-ranging badgers carrying...

  20. Fear responses to novelty in testing environments are related to day-to-day activity in the home environment in dairy cattle

    | Contributor(s):: MacKay, Jill R. D., Haskell, Marie J., Deag, John M., van Reenen, Kees

    Behavioural tests for cattle take time to perform and can be stressful for the animals but are currently the only way of assessing behavioural reactions to fear-causing stimuli in a standardised manner. It may be possible to use behavioural data collected remotely in the home pen environment...