The husbandry, welfare and health of captive African civets ( Vivera civetica ) in western Ethiopa
Contributor(s):: Tolosa, T., Regassa, F.
A study was carried out during the period from September 2001 to August 2002 in Jimma zone, western Ethiopia to evaluate the husbandry and health of captive African civets (Vivera civetica). Wild civets were found in the wild in all 13 of the districts in the zone, although traditional...
Reliability of categorical versus continuous scoring of welfare indicators: lameness in cows as a case study
Contributor(s):: Tuyttens, F. A. M., Sprenger, M., Nuffel, A. van, Maertens, W., Dongen, S. van
Many animal welfare traits vary on a continuous scale but are commonly scored using an ordinal scale with few categories. The rationale behind this practice is rarely stated but appears largely based on the debatable conviction that it increases data reliability. Using 54 observers of varying...
COWEL: a decision support system to assess welfare of husbandry systems for dairy cattle
Contributor(s):: Ursinus, W. W., Schepers, F., Mol, R. M. de, Bracke, M. B. M., Metz, J. H. M., Koerkamp, P. W. G. G.
Animals have various behavioural and physiological needs that are important for welfare. Fulfilment of these needs depends on the quality of housing, management and animal characteristics. The objective of this study was to develop a model to assign welfare scores to husbandry systems for dairy...
Evaluating a concept for an animal welfare assessment system providing decision support using qualitative interviews
Contributor(s):: Vaarst, M.
Qualitative interviews of farmers were carried out as part of a project focusing on developing animal welfare assessment systems (AWASs) in dairy, pig and mink production systems (26 farms in total). The aims of the interviews were to investigate farmers' perceptions and experience of how an AWAS...
Characterization of milk cortisol concentrations as a measure of short-term stress responses in lactating dairy cows
Contributor(s):: Verkerk, G. A., Phipps, A. M., Carragher, J. F., Matthews, L. R., Stelwagen, K.
In experiment 1, 3 groups of lactating cows (groups B-D; 5 cows per group) were injected with adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) at 4, 2 and 1 h before milking, respectively, so that each experienced a similar period of elevated adrenocortical activity, but presented at milking with varying...
Assessing the animals' relationship to humans in tied dairy cows: between-experimenter repeatability of measuring avoidance reactions
Contributor(s):: Waiblinger, S., Mulleder, C., Schmied, C., Dembele, I.
Tests for assessing the animal-human relationship in tied dairy cows have been used in experimental research, but the reliability and feasibility of the measures in the on-farm context has not been studied yet. Therefore we investigated the between-experimenter repeatability of avoidance...
The assessment of emotional expression in dogs using a Free Choice Profiling methodology
Contributor(s):: Walker, J., Dale, A., Waran, N., Clarke, N., Farnworth, M., Wemelsfelder, F.
This study explores the use of Free Choice Profiling (FCP) methodology for the qualitative behaviour assessment of emotional expression in the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). Qualitative behaviour assessment is based upon the integration of many pieces of information that in conventional...
Welfare assessment: indices from clinical observation
Contributor(s):: Webster, A. J. F., Main, D. C. J., Whay, H. R.
It is not enough to study animal welfare; our responsibility is to promote it. To this end, we need to step out of our laboratories and develop robust protocols for assessing welfare in groups of animals on farms or in the laboratory. While these protocols must incorporate principles derived from...
Assessment of welfare from physiological and behavioural responses of New Zealand dairy cows exposed to cold and wet conditions
Contributor(s):: Webster, J. R., Stewart, M., Rogers, A. R., Verkerk, G. A.
There is a need to assess the welfare of dairy cows that live outdoors under cold and wet conditions. This study combined a number of techniques to measure stress and make an assessment of welfare in this situation. Two groups often non-pregnant, non-lactating Holstein Friesian cows were exposed...
A review of welfare in cattle, sheep and pig lairages, with emphasis on stocking rates, ventilation and noise
Contributor(s):: Weeks, C. A.
Appropriate space allowances for animals are yet to be specifically determined for lairage. Space allowances that may be suitable for animals in lairage are suggested, based on reviewed studies of animals in transport, lairage and on farm. The longer animals are in lairage the more space they...
Animal-based measures for the assessment of welfare state of dairy cattle, pigs and laying hens: consensus of expert opinion
Contributor(s):: Whay, H. R., Main, D. C. J., Green, L. E., Webster, A. J. F.
A Delphi technique was used to gather the opinions of animal welfare experts on the most appropriate measures for welfare assessment of farm animals. The experts were asked to consider measures that were directed towards the animal (animal-based), rather than measurement of their environment....
An examination of some physiological variables for assessing the welfare of beef cattle in feedlots
Contributor(s):: Wilson, S. C., Fell, L. R., Colditz, I. G., Collins, D. P.
Some physiological variables which could aid in assessing the welfare of beef cattle in feedlots were screened in this exploratory study. In two experiments, each of 42 days duration, the physiological responses of Bos taurus steers to three treatments were investigated: pasture (rotation between...
Can stroking during milking decrease avoidance distances of cows towards humans?
Contributor(s):: Windschnurer, I., Barth, K., Waiblinger, S.
This study investigated whether short-time stroking of loose-housed dairy cows in the daily farm routine could improve the cow-human relationship and consequently decrease avoidance distances, and whether this effect was persistent. Thirty-one cows (from two different breeds: Holstein Friesian...
Magnetic resonance imaging in the study of spavin in recent and subfossil cattle
Contributor(s):: Bartosiewicz, László, Demeure, Roger, Mottet, Isabelle, Neer, Wim Van, Lentacker, An
Zebus and Indian wild cattle
Contributor(s):: Bökönyi, Sándor
Relations homme-animal dans les élevages laitiers intensifs de Bretagne (France) : proposition d'une typoligie des éleveurs d'après le "tempérament" de leurs animaux = Man-animal relationsh
Contributor(s):: Faye, Bernard
A Mesolithic aurochs kill site (La Montagnes, Senas, bouches-du-Rhone)
Contributor(s):: Helmer, Daniel, Monchot, Herve
Aurochs and potential cross-breeding with domestic cattle in Central Europe in the Eneolithic period; A metric analysis of bones from the archaeological site of Kutna Hora-Denemark (Czech Republic) (vol 43, pg 7, 2008)
Contributor(s):: Kysely, R.
Occupational Histories, Settlements, and Subsistence in Western India: What Bones and Genes can tell us about the Origins and Spread of Pastoralism
Contributor(s):: Patel, Ajita K.
Studies on human-animal interaction: how do humans and animals perceive each other?
Contributor(s):: Koba, Y.