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  1. Locomotor activity of dairy cows in relation to season and lactation

    Contributor(s):: Brzozowska, Anna, Łukaszewicz, Marek, Sender, Grażyna, Kolasińska, Dorota, Oprządek, Jolanta

    All systems recording activity of cattle measure it independently of environmental and animal factors. Such recordings may hide differences in activity caused by extraneous interferences or may be inaccurately interpreted. The information produced by sensors could be more accurate, if behaviour...

  2. Instantaneous intake rate of free-grazing cattle as affected by herbage characteristics in heterogeneous tropical agro-pastoral landscapes

    Contributor(s):: Chirat, Guillaume, Groot, Jeroen C. J., Messad, Samir, Bocquier, François, Ickowicz, Alexandre

    Numerous territories of Sub-Saharan Africa are composed of a mosaic of very different landscape units: cropland, forest, and savannah. This spatial, but also temporal heterogeneity leads to complexity in the analysis of cattle intake behaviour. The instantaneous intake rate (IIR) is generally...

  3. Influence of gentle touching applied few weeks before slaughter on avoidance distance and slaughter stress in finishing cattle

    Contributor(s):: Probst, Johanna K., Hillmann, Edna, Leiber, Florian, Kreuzer, Michael, Spengler Neff, Anet

    The present study investigated the effect of gentle touching applied during the last 5 weeks before slaughter in finishing cattle on behaviour towards humans, stress indicators and beef quality. Three experiments were carried out. Experiments 1, 2 and 3 employed eight Limousin crossbred bulls,...

  4. Foraging Eurasian badgers Meles meles and the presence of cattle in pastures. Do badgers avoid cattle?

    Contributor(s):: Mullen, Enda M., MacWhite, Teresa, Maher, Peter K., Kelly, David J., Marples, Nicola M., Good, Margaret

    The proximity of badgers (Meles meles) to cattle, and their propensity to utilise pastures containing cattle, is of fundamental importance in understanding transmission possibilities for Mycobacterium bovis between a wildlife reservoir and cattle on farms. A study of free-ranging badgers carrying...

  5. Fear responses to novelty in testing environments are related to day-to-day activity in the home environment in dairy cattle

    Contributor(s):: MacKay, Jill R. D., Haskell, Marie J., Deag, John M., van Reenen, Kees

    Behavioural tests for cattle take time to perform and can be stressful for the animals but are currently the only way of assessing behavioural reactions to fear-causing stimuli in a standardised manner. It may be possible to use behavioural data collected remotely in the home pen environment...

  6. Effects of different systems of feeding supplements on time budgets of cows grazing restricted pasture allowances

    Contributor(s):: Hetti Arachchige, Anoma D., Fisher, Andrew D., Auldist, Martin J., Wales, William J., Jongman, Ellen C.

    Farm systems that use a feed-pad for delivering mixed-rations to dairy cows are becoming more common in countries with primarily pasture-based dairy systems, such as Australia. However, feeding a ration on a feed-pad may alter cows’ key daily behaviours such as grazing, ruminating and resting,...

  7. Effective and accurate discrimination of individual dairy cattle through acoustic sensing

    Contributor(s):: Yajuvendra, Singh, Lathwal, Surender S., Rajput, Nitendra, Raja, Thiruvothur V., Gupta, Ashok K., Mohanty, Tushar K., Ruhil, Anand P., Chakravarty, Atish K., Sharma, Prakash C., Sharma, Vijay, Chandra, Gulab

    Acoustic sensing seems to be one of the best methods for monitoring of dairy animals at an organized farm for their better care and management. The main aim of present investigation was to establish the existence of significant differences for various acoustic features of vocal signals uttered...

  8. Effect of pre-partum habituation to milking routine on behaviour and lactation performance of buffalo heifers

    Contributor(s):: Polikarpus, Annemari, Napolitano, Fabio, Grasso, Fernando, Di Palo, Rossella, Zicarelli, Fabio, Arney, David, De Rosa, Giuseppe

    The aim of this study was to investigate the effect pre-partum habituation in the milking parlour on behaviour and lactation performance of buffalo heifers. Sixteen buffalo heifers in late gestation were used for this study. The animals, with an age ranging from 30 to 44 months at the start of...

  9. The effect of a view to the surroundings and microclimate variables on use of a loafing area in housed dairy cattle

    Contributor(s):: Haskell, Marie J., Masłowska, Katarzyna, Bell, David J., Roberts, David J., Langford, Fritha M.

    There is concern that cows that are continuously housed year-round may lack the opportunity to express a full range of natural behaviour. Providing these cows with a loafing or exercise area may allow them the space to express a greater behavioural repertoire. Little is known about the factors...

  10. Does housing nulliparous dairy cows with multiparous animals prior to calving influence welfare- and production-related parameters after calving?

    Contributor(s):: Boyle, Alastair R., Ferris, Conrad P., O’Connell, Niamh E.

    The aim of this experiment was to determine the effects of housing nulliparous cows with non-lactating multiparous cows during the pre-calving period, on welfare and production-related parameters during the post calving period. Twenty nulliparous Holstein Friesian dairy cattle were assigned to...

  11. The correlation of Qualitative Behavior Assessments with Welfare Quality® protocol outcomes in on-farm welfare assessment of dairy cattle

    Contributor(s):: Andreasen, S. N., Wemelsfelder, F., Sandøe, P., Forkman, B.

    The effort to develop methods for assessing animal welfare at farm level has grown dramatically since the end of the 1990s, culminating in the protocols developed by the European-wide project Welfare Quality® (WQ). However, these protocols are time consuming and lack transparency in how scores...

  12. A comparison of welfare outcomes for weaner and mature Bos indicus bulls surgically or tension band castrated with or without analgesia: 2. Responses related to stress, health and productivity

    Contributor(s):: Petherick, J. Carol, Small, Alison H., Mayer, David G., Colditz, Ian G., Ferguson, Drewe M., Stafford, Kevin J.

    Tension banding castration of cattle is gaining favour because it is relatively simple to perform and is promoted by retailers of the banders as a humane castration method. Two experiments were conducted, under tropical conditions using Bos indicus bulls comparing tension banding (Band) and...

  13. A comparison of welfare outcomes for weaner and mature Bos indicus bulls surgically or tension band castrated with or without analgesia: 1. Behavioural responses

    Contributor(s):: Petherick, J. Carol, Small, Alison H., Mayer, David G., Colditz, Ian G., Ferguson, Drewe M., Stafford, Kevin J.

    Tension-band castration of cattle is gaining favour because it is relatively simple to perform and is promoted by retailers of the devices as a humane castration method. Furthermore, retailers encourage delaying castration to exploit the superior growth rates of bulls compared with steers. Two...

  14. Comparison of the effects of weaning and castration when conducted separately or in combination on the behaviour of crossbred beef cattle

    Contributor(s):: Lambertz, Christian, Farke-Röver, Antje, Moors, Eva, Gauly, Matthias

    The objective of the present study was to evaluate the behavioural effects of Burdizzo castration of crossbred beef calves when weaned and castrated separately (castrated 8 weeks after weaning) or in combination. Over two consecutive years a total of 111 Limousin×Simmental male calves were...

  15. Cattle habitat selection and associated habitat characteristics under free-range grazing within heterogeneous Montane rangelands of Alberta

    Contributor(s):: Kaufmann, Jillian, Bork, Edward W., Blenis, Peter V., Alexander, Michael J.

    The integration of multiple uses on public rangeland requires reliable information on patterns of livestock use. We used GPS data and field plot utilization indices to examine cattle selection at the landscape and patch levels, respectively, within a heterogeneous Montane environment of SW...

  16. Cattle behaviours and stockperson actions related to impaired animal welfare at Swedish slaughter plants

    Contributor(s):: Hultgren, Jan, Wiberg, Sofia, Berg, Charlotte, Cvek, Katarina, Lunner Kolstrup, Christina

    At a slaughter plant, cattle are sometimes exposed to rough handling which may reduce animal welfare (AW). In an observational study at four Swedish commercial slaughter plants, AW-related behaviours of cattle and actions of abattoir stockpersons handling the same animals were recorded...

  17. Can stealing cows distort the results of feeding trials? An experiment for quantification and prevention of stealing feed by dairy cows from roughage intake control feeders

    Contributor(s):: Ruuska, Salla, Hämäläinen, Wilhelmiina, Sairanen, Auvo, Juutinen, Elina, Tuomisto, Leena, Järvinen, Mikko, Mononen, Jaakko

    Practical experience suggests that stealing behaviour of dairy cows may affect the results in feeding trials, when automated feed troughs are used for measuring and controlling the feed intake. The objectives of the present study were to analyse the stealing behaviour from the log data of the...

  18. Can ear postures reliably measure the positive emotional state of cows?

    Contributor(s):: Proctor, Helen S., Carder, Gemma

    Animal welfare science is increasingly concerned with the promotion of positive emotions in animals, yet little is known about how to measure them. We examined whether ear postures in dairy cows were reliable indicators of a low arousal, positive emotional state. We conducted a total of 381,...

  19. Behavioural mechanisms of intake rate by heifers grazing swards of contrasting structures

    Contributor(s):: Mezzalira, Jean Carlos, De Faccio Carvalho, Paulo César, Fonseca, Lidiane, Bremm, Carolina, Cangiano, Carlos, Gonda, Horacio Leandro, Laca, Emilio Andrés

    The relationship between herbage intake by herbivores and herbage available depends on the interaction between sward structure and animal behaviour. This relationship is a crucial component determining the stability, function and productivity of grazing systems. The present study aims at...

  20. Behavioural and physiological responses of heifer calves to acute stressors: Long-term consistency and relationship with adult reactivity to milking

    Contributor(s):: Van Reenen, Cornelis G., Van der Werf, Jozef T. N., O’Connell, Niamh E., Heutinck, Leonie F. M., Spoolder, Hans A. M., Jones, R. Bryan, Koolhaas, Jaap M., Blokhuis, Harry J.

    The present study investigated the long-term consistency of individual differences in dairy cattles’ responses in tests of behavioural and hypothalamo–pituitary–adrenocortical (HPA) axis reactivity, as well as the relationship between responsiveness in behavioural tests and the reaction to first...