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  1. Understanding Cows' Emotions on Farm: Are Eye White and Ear Posture Reliable Indicators?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Monica Battini, Anna Agostini, Silvana Mattiello

    Understanding the emotions of dairy cows is primarily important in enhancing the level of welfare and provide a better life on farm. This study explored whether eye white and ear posture can reliably contribute to interpret valence and arousal of emotions in dairy cows. The research was...

  2. Impact of paper bedding on lying behaviour and welfare in lactating dairy cows

    | Contributor(s):: Sobte, Helena F. M., Buijs, Stephanie

    Lying is a highly motivated behaviour in dairy cows. The level of comfort provided by the lying surface not only affects lying time, but can also affect several other aspects of welfare. We used a crossover design to compare shredded paper and sawdust bedding in relation to lying behaviour,...

  3. Effects of short-term exposure to drinking water contaminated with manure on water and feed intake, production and lying behaviour in dairy cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Schütz, Karin E., Huddart, Frances J., Cox, Neil R.

    This study aimed to assess the effects of water quality (contamination with manure) on water and feed intake and subsuquent milk production, and lying behaviour in dairy cattle. Fifteen lactating Holstein-Friesian cows were provided one of three water treatments in a cross-over design; clean...

  4. Daytime ingestive behaviour of grazing heifers under tropical silvopastoral systems: Responses to shade and grazing management

    | Contributor(s):: Oliveira, Caroline Carvalho de, Almeida, Roberto Giolo de, Karvatte Junior, Nivaldo, Villela, Severino Delmar Junqueira, Bungenstab, Davi José, Alves, Fabiana Villa

    One of the challenges for cattle management under extensive grazing systems is understanding how time spent in different individual activities is affected by factors like microclimate and forage quality and availability. The goal of this study is to understand how different tree densities and...

  5. Recording cattle maternal behaviour using proximity loggers and tri-axial accelerometers

    | Contributor(s):: Kour, Harpreet, Patison, Kym P., Corbet, Nicholas J., Swain, Dave L.

    The close proximities between cow–calf pairs and suckling behaviour of calves are very important for calf survival; as the cow provides nutrients (milk) and protection to the calf from predators and teaches various important life survival skills. In extensive production systems, with the...

  6. Close Companions? A Zooarchaeological Study of the Human-Cattle Relationship in Medieval England

    | Contributor(s):: Holmes, M., Hamerow, H., Thomas, R.

  7. Behavioural and physiological responses of male and female beef cattle to weaning at 30, 75 or 180 days of age

    | Contributor(s):: de Souza Teixeira, Odilene, Kuczynski da Rocha, Marcela, Mendes Paizano Alforma, Antónia, Silva Fernandes, Vanessa, de Oliveira Feijó, Josiane, Nunes Corrêa, Marcio, Andrighetto Canozzi, Maria Eugênia, McManus, Concepta, Jardim Barcellos, Júlio Otávio

    Weaning calves at a young age can generate great stress, but it is widely practiced in the industry despite that. So, to what extend weaning in early ages is more stressful than at later ones, in terms of the amount of stress, is currently unknown. Thus, we studied the behavioural and...

  8. Salivary oxytocin in pigs, cattle, and goats during positive human-animal interactions

    | Contributor(s):: Lürzel, S., Bückendorf, L., Waiblinger, S., Rault, J. L.

  9. Methodology for experimental and observational animal studies in cow-calf contact systems

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Oliveira, D. de, Barth, K., Haskell, M. J., Hillmann, E., Jensen, M. B., Johnsen, J. F., Mejdell, C., Waiblinger, S., Ferneborg, S.

    In this Research Reflection we describe a common standpoint on suitable methodology for controlled and observational studies in cow-calf contact systems in dairy production. Different methods to assess behaviour, health and production in cow-calf contact systems are outlined. Knowledge and...

  10. The human-animal relationship in dairy animals

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Napolitano, F., Bragaglio, A., Sabia, E., Serrapica, F., Braghieri, A., Rosa, G. de

    The present study aims to identify margins for the improvement of dairy animal welfare and production based on the quality of the human-animal relationship (HAR). The main tool proposed to improve the quality of HAR in dairy animals is training of stock-people by targeting their attitude and...

  11. Methodology for studying human attitudes and behaviour to cow-calf contact systems

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ferneborg, S., Napolitano, F., Vaarst, M., Mejdell, C. M., Waiblinger, S., Oliveira, D. de

    This position paper describes a common stand on methodology of human attitudes and behaviour that is suitable to use in studies regarding cow-calf contact (CCC) in dairy production, in order to create a common knowledge base and foundation for future recommendations of CCC systems. We describe...

  12. Researching Human-Cattle Interaction on Rangelands: Challenges and Potential Solutions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Creamer, M., Horback, K.

    Human-animal interaction (HAI) research spans across many scientific fields and animal taxa. For livestock species, HAI research tends to focus on animals that are managed in close proximity with humans such as poultry, dairy cattle, and swine. Given the nature of rangeland cattle production,...

  13. Einfluss der Mensch-Tier-Beziehung auf die Eutergesundheit von Milchkühen

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Silvia Ivemeyer

    In der vorliegenden Arbeit wurde der Einfluss der Mensch-Tier-Beziehung sowie verschiedener Managementmaßnahmen auf die Eutergesundheit der Milchviehherden von 46 Schweizer Betrieben, die am Bestandsbetreuungsprogramm mit Schwerpunkt Eutergesundheit „pro-Q“ teilnahmen,...

  14. A Survey of Italian Dairy Farmers' Propensity for Precision Livestock Farming Tools

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Fabio Abeni, Francesca Petrera, Andrea Galli

    A targeted survey was designed with the aim of describing the diffusion of precision livestock farming (PLF) tools in one of the most intensive dairy farming provinces in Italy. Technicians at the Provincial Breeder Association of Cremona interviewed 490 dairy farmers and obtained data...

  15. A novel accelerometry approach combining information on classified behaviors and quantified physical activity for assessing health status of cattle: a preliminary study

    | Contributor(s):: Uenishi, Shogo, Oishi, Kazato, Kojima, Tomoki, Kitajima, Kaho, Yasunaka, Yudai, Sakai, Koki, Sonoda, Yuta, Kumagai, Hajime, Hirooka, Hiroyuki

    Evaluation of animal behavior provides information on health and well-being in animals. In this preliminary study, we investigated the effectiveness of an accelerometry approach to evaluate changes in health status of cattle by combining physical activity quantified by dynamic body acceleration...

  16. Human-Animal Relationship in Dairy Farming: Evaluation of measures for on-farm application and investigation of influences on cows´ behaviour towards humans

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Asja Ebinghaus

    The objective of the present thesis was (1) to evaluate measures of the human-animal relationship (HAR) in dairy cows regarding their reliability, validity and practical applicability in animal welfare science and breeding. (2) Moreover, important human and farm influences on the cows´...

  17. Hair Cortisol in Sheltered Cows and Its Association with Other Welfare Indicators

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Arvind Sharma, Govindhaswamy Umapathy, Vinod Kumar, Clive J. C. Phillips

    India, the country with the largest population of dairy cows in the world, has a policy of retiring abandoned and non-lactating cows in shelters, but the level of provision for their welfare in these shelters is unclear. Cows in 54 shelters across India were assessed for historic evidence of...

  18. Milking it for all it’s worth: Unpalatable practices, dairy cows and veterinary work?

    | Contributor(s):: Clarke, Caroline, Knights, David

  19. Behavioral and Haemato-Biochemical Responses of Nguni and Boran Steers Post Relocation and Herd Regrouping in a Novel Environment

    | Contributor(s):: Slayi, Mhlangabezi, Muchenje, Voster, Njisane, Yonela Zifikile

  20. Associations between On-farm Welfare, Milk Production, and Reproductive Performance in Dairy Herds in Northwestern Spain

    | Contributor(s):: Bugueiro, Ana, Fouz, Ramiro, Diéguez, Francisco J.