The HABRI Central Team continues to monitor emerging research and information about the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our collection of resources, https://habricentral.org/features/covid-19
Short-term ante-calving handling of dairy heifers in relation to heifers' behaviour and udder health after parturition
Contributor(s):: Ivemeyer, S., Pisani, M., Knierim, U.
The novelty of being handled during milking contributes to peripartum stress in dairy heifers with possibly adverse effects on their well-being and health. The present study investigated (1) heifers' behavioural responses to handling over the course of four standardized handling sessions and (2)...
Pain evaluation in dairy cattle
Contributor(s):: Gleerup, K. B., Andersen, P. H., Munksgaard, L., Forkman, B.
Pain compromises the welfare of animals. A prerequisite for being able to alleviate pain is that we are able to recognize it. Potential behavioural signs of pain were investigated for dairy cattle with the aim of constructing a pain scale for use under production conditions. Forty-three cows were...
#SaveBenjy: sexuality, queer animals, and Ireland
Contributor(s):: McLoughlin, E.
This paper explores the #SaveBenjy Crowdfunder campaign to save a Charolais bull in the Republic of Ireland who expressed sexual interest only in weanling bulls and not the heifers he was expected to impregnate. The prominence and popularity of #SaveBenjy is anything but coincidental. In May...
Effects of under- and overstocking freestalls on dairy cattle behaviour
Contributor(s):: Winckler, C., Tucker, C. B., Weary, D. M.
Freestall availability affects cattle behaviour and most studies in this area have focused on overstocking. We studied the effects of three levels of stall availability, including both over- and understocking on the time budgets and agonistic interactions in 36 dairy cattle in four stable groups....
Cumulative experience, age-class, sex and season affect the behavioural responses of European badgers ( Meles meles) to handling and sedation
Contributor(s):: Sun, Q., Stevens, C., Newman, C., Buesching, C. D., Macdonald, D. W.
The restraint and sedation of wild animals has welfare implications, thus animal handling procedures should be well-informed and optimised to adhere to welfare standards. Furthermore, it is important that handling procedures should not cause future trap avoidance. This is of particular pertinence...
Stakeholder views on treating pain due to dehorning dairy calves
Contributor(s):: Robbins, J. A., Weary, D. M., Schuppli, C. A., Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von
A common and painful management practice undertaken on most dairy farms is dehorning young calves (also called 'disbudding' when done on calves less than about two months of age). Despite much evidence the practice is painful, and effective means available to mitigate this pain, it is frequently...
Effects of gentle interactions on the relationship with humans and on stress-related parameters in group-housed calves
Contributor(s):: Lurzel, S., Windschnurer, I., Futschik, A., Palme, R., Waiblinger, S.
Although the relationship between farm animals and humans has strong implications for animal welfare and productivity, there have been few experimental studies on the influence of gentle interactions in group-housed calves. In the present study, Austrian Simmental calves were housed in groups of...
An observational study of the effects of therapeutic hoof blocks on the locomotion, behavior, and production of healthy dairy cattle
Contributor(s):: Cutler, J. H., Shearer, J. K., Kelton, D. F., Cramer, G., Gorden, P. J., Millman, S. T.
Therapeutic hoof blocks have been recommended for treatment of sole ulcers in dairy cattle; however, they are underutilized in the industry. Twenty Holstein cows were randomly assigned to receive a wooden hoof block applied to the left hind leg ( n=5), to the right hind leg ( n=5), or no hoof...
Dairy calves' preference for rearing substrate
Contributor(s):: Worth, G. M., Schutz, K. E., Stewart, M., Cave, V. M., Foster, M., Sutherland, M. A.
Traditional substrate types for dairy calves, such as sawdust, are becoming difficult and/or expensive for farmers to obtain in New Zealand. Therefore, there is a need to evaluate alternative rearing substrates that provide an acceptable level of animal welfare. The preference of dairy calves for...
Ethical issues concerning the public viewing of media broadcasts of animal cruelty
Contributor(s):: Tiplady, C. M., Walsh, D. B., Phillips, C. J. C.
Undercover filming is a method commonly used by animal activist groups to expose animal cruelty and it is important to consider the effects of publically releasing video footage of cruel practices on the viewers' mental health. Previously, we reported that members of the Australian public were...
Farm animal welfare and children: a preliminary study building an attitude scale and evaluating an intervention
Contributor(s):: Lakestani, N., Aguirre, V., Orihuela, A.
Children are future consumers; they will impact future animal welfare standards. This pilot study evaluated a nonhuman animal welfare education program, building a farm animal attitude questionnaire for 8- to 10-year-old children. The educational material focused on the behaviors and needs of...
Important cows and possum pests: New Zealand's Biodiversity Strategy and (bio)political taxonomies of introduced species
Contributor(s):: Dutkiewicz, J.
This paper examines how New Zealand's conservation discourses and strategies have, since the launch of its Biodiversity Strategy at the turn of the millennium, created and sustained a local taxonomy of species rooted in the overlapping but often clashing logics of biodiversity protection,...
Long-term familiarity creates preferred social partners in dairy cows
Contributor(s):: Gutmann, A. K., Spinka, M., Winckler, C.
Group is an essential resource for gregarious animals. Dairy cows are however frequently (re-)grouped according to productivity and reproductive state leading to an unstable social environment for the animals. The present study aimed at investigating whether cows maintain social relationships in...
Of cows and women: gendered human-animal relationships in Finnish agriculture
Contributor(s):: Kaarlenkaski, T.
In the Nordic countries, the tending of cattle was regarded as women's work in agrarian culture. This was also the case in Finland, where the gendered division of labor on farms was fairly strict until the mid-20th century. The purpose of this article is to discuss the gendered representations of...
Pregnant cattle associations and links to maternal reciprocity
Contributor(s):: Swain, D. L., Patison, K. P., Heath, B. M., Bishop-Hurley, G. J., Finger, A.
Cattle are a highly gregarious species that form strong social connections. Social support following calving serves to increase offspring survival and conception rates for the following breeding season. It has been shown that cattle change their association preferences following calving, but the...
Sep 17 2015
48th Annual Conference of the American Association of Bovine Practitioners
Gandhi and the Cow: The Ethics of Human/Animal Relationships
Contributor(s):: Mark Juergensmeyer
The cow is a poem of pity... the mother to millions of Indian mankind...Cow protection to me is one of the most wonderful phenomena in human evolution. It is a source of puzzled embarrassment to many Gandhian admirers, who otherwise find in his thoughts a happy marriage of the more...
Contributor(s):: Probyn-Rapsey, F.
Bred for Perfection: Shorthorn Cattle, Collies, and Arabian Horses since 1800
Contributor(s):: Derry, Margaret E.
A continuous recording approach to qualitative behaviour assessment in dairy buffaloes ( Bubalus bubalis)
Contributor(s):: Napolitano, F., Rosa, G. de, Serrapica, M., Braghieri, A.
In order to develop a method suitable for a continuous qualitative evaluation of animal behaviour while it changes during the observation period, two recently described techniques, the Qualitative Behaviour Assessment (QBA) and the Temporal Dominant Behavioural Expression (TDBE), derived by the...