Breeding, Calving, and Trafficking in Conventional Beef Production
Contributor(s):: Ellis, Colter
Cortisol in Manure from Cattle Enclosed with Nofence Virtual Fencing
Contributor(s):: Sonne, Christian, Alstrup, Aage Kristian Olsen, Pertoldi, Cino, Frikke, John, Linder, Anne Cathrine, Styrishave, Bjarne
To increase the efficiency and geographic expansion of nature conservation, large grazers have recently been used, either in the form of wild hoof-bearing animals or as domesticated ruminants including cattle. Using physical fencing limits migrating wildlife, while virtual fences encourage the...
Applying a New Proposed Welfare Assessment Protocol to Suckler Herds from Three Different Autochthonous Breeds
Contributor(s):: Valente, Diana, Stilwell, George
The welfare of farm animals has become an increasingly important issue for society, especially for consumers of animal products. Currently, there is no standardized and validated protocol in Portugal for assessing the welfare of suckler cow herds in extensive systems. This work aims to study and...
A “Good Life” for Dairy Cattle: Developing and Piloting a Framework for Assessing Positive Welfare Opportunities Based on Scientific Evidence and Farmer Expertise
Contributor(s):: Stokes, Jessica E., Rowe, Elizabeth, Mullan, Siobhan, Pritchard, Joy C., Horler, Rachel, Haskell, Marie J., Dwyer, Cathy M., Main, David C. J.
On-farm welfare assessment tends to focus on minimising negative welfare, but providing positive welfare is important in order to give animals a good life. This study developed a positive welfare framework for dairy cows based on the existing scientific literature which has focused on developing...
The Management of Cow Shelters (Gaushalas) in India, Including the Attitudes of Shelter Managers to Cow Welfare
| Contributor(s):: Arvind Sharma, Catherine Schuetze, Clive J.C. Phillips
Gaushala management is a specialized profession requiring particular skills relating to the management of cow shelters or gaushalas, which are traditional and ancient Indian institutions that shelter old, unproductive and abandoned cows, The 1800 registered cow shelters in India have managers...
Increasing mud levels in a feedlot influences beef cattle behaviours but not preference for feedlot or pasture environments
| Contributor(s):: Dickson, Emily J., Campbell, Dana L. M., Monk, Jessica E., Lea, Jim M., Colditz, Ian G., Lee, Caroline
Exploring the use of complementary and alternative approaches to health care on UK dairy farms
| Contributor(s):: Crouch, K., Cabral, C., Cramer, H., Rees, G., Sharp, D., Barrett, D. C.
Afyonkarahisar İli Süt Sığırcılığı İşletmelerinde Hayvan Refahının Barınak Ve Yetiştirme Şartları Yönünden Değerlendirilmesi
| Contributor(s):: Ersen Şahanoglu
Bu çalışma, sığırcılık işletmelerinde barınak ölçüleri, ekipman, sıcaklık, nem, gazlar ve bazı yetiştirme işlemlerinin hayvan refahı yönünden incelenmesi amacıyla yapılmıştır. Araştırma 2013 yılında Afyonkarahisar ilinde bulunan 101 adet sığırcılık işletmesinde...
This Is Not About Cows: Historic and Contemporary Challenges to South-Central Madagascar's Cattle Systems
| Contributor(s):: Dan Myers
Madagascar’s most cattle-dependent regions have, in recent years, been surrounded by narratives of a sudden and violent decline in both the sheer number of and benefits conferred by the nation’s distinctive zebu cattle, narratives which largely attribute this decline to theft and...
Impact of disease characteristics and knowledge on public risk perception of zoonoses
| Contributor(s):: Spence, C. E., Jenkins, S. C., Osman, M.
Zoonoses represent a global public health threat. Understanding lay perceptions of risk associated with these diseases can better inform proportionate policy interventions that mitigate their current and future impacts. While individual zoonoses (e.g. bovine spongiform encephalopathy) have...
Management Practices and Production Constraints of Indigenous Somali Cattle Breed in Shabelle Zone, Somali Regional State, Ethiopia
| Contributor(s):: Abdihakim Ma’alin, Kawnin Abdimahad, Guled Hassen, Abdulahi Mahamed, Mahamed Hassen
This study was conducted in Shabelle zone of Somali Regional State to assess management practices and production constraints of indigenous Somali Cattle. A total of 200 household heads were selected from four cattle potential districts; Dhanan, Ber’ano, Godey & Adadle. The relevant...
Objective determination and quantification of pain and inflammation associated with digital dermatitis in feedlot cattle
| Contributor(s):: Thomas, Anice D., Orsel, Karin, Cortés, Julián A., Pajor, Edmond A.
Development of a welfare assessment protocol for practical application in Argentine feedlots
| Contributor(s):: Racciatti, Débora Silvia, Bottegal, Diego Nicolas, Aguilar, Natalia María, Menichelli, Marcela Liliana, Soteras, Trinidad, Zimerman, María, Cancino, Andrea Karina, Marcoppido, Gisela Ariana, Blanco-Penedo, Isabel, Lloveras, Joaquim Pallisera, Langman, Leandro Ezequiel
Behavioral-biological surveillance of emerging infectious diseases among a dynamic cohort in Thailand
| Contributor(s):: Yadana, S., Cheun-Arom, T., Li, H., Hagan, E., Mendelsohn, E., Latinne, A., Martinez, S., Putcharoen, O., Homvijitkul, J., Sathaporntheera, O., Rattanapreeda, N., Chartpituck, P., Yamsakul, S., Sutham, K., Komolsiri, S., Pornphatthananikhom, S., Petcharat, S., Ampoot, W., Francisco, L., Hemachudha, T., Daszak, P., Olival, K. J., Wacharapluesadee, S.
BACKGROUND: Interactions between humans and animals are the key elements of zoonotic spillover leading to zoonotic disease emergence. Research to understand the high-risk behaviors associated with disease transmission at the human-animal interface is limited, and few consider regional and local...
Were there royal herds? Understanding herd management and mobility using isotopic characterizations of cattle tooth enamel from Early Dynastic Ur
| Contributor(s):: Greenfield, T. L., McMahon, A. M., O'Connell, T. C., Reade, H., Holmden, C., Fletcher, A. C., Zettler, R. L., Petrie, C. A.
During the third millennium BC, Mesopotamia (the land between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, in modern Iraq-Syria), was dominated by the world's earliest cities and states, which were ruled by powerful elites. Ur, in present-day southern Iraq, was one of the largest and most important of...
Timely Euthanasia in the United States Dairy Industry–Challenges and a Path Forward
| Contributor(s):: Jennifer B. Walker, I. Noa Roman-Muniz, Lily N Edwards-Callaway
Euthanasia is a valuable management tool utilized on dairies to end the suffering of sick or debilitated cows. Euthanasia should be implemented if an animal’s pain cannot be adequately alleviated and if there is a limited chance of recovery. To be humane, euthanasia should be quick,...
Breeding Beyond Bodies: Making and “Doing” Cattle
| Contributor(s):: Petitt, Andrea, Eriksson, Camilla
Studies on existing health care management practices adopted by farmers in Surajpur district of Chhattisgarh
| Contributor(s):: Vandana, Bhagat, Shraddha, Nety, Upasana, Verma, Kiran, Kashyap, Seema, Kriplani, Swarnalata, Bara
The present study was undertaken purposively to ascertain the health care and scientific dairy husbandry practices adopted by the dairy owners in Surajpur district of Chhattisgarh. A total of 150 respondents were randomly selected from 10 villages of block and district Surajpur and interviewed...
Resource, Collaborator, or Individual Cow? Applying Q Methodology to Investigate Austrian Farmers' Viewpoints on Motivational Aspects of Improving Animal Welfare
| Contributor(s):: Lorenz Maurer, Josef Schenkenfelder, Christoph Winckler
One keystone to successful welfare improvement endeavors is a respected cooperation between farmer and advisor (e.g., veterinarian), which requires a thorough understanding of what motivates farmer behavior. In this respect, Q methodology offers a promising approach in investigating individual...
A Review of Welfare Indicators of Indoor-Housed Dairy Cow as a Basis for Integrated Automatic Welfare Assessment Systems
| Contributor(s):: Lisette M.C. Leliveld, Giorgio Provolo
For on-farm welfare assessment many automatic methods have been developed to detect indicators of reduced welfare. However, there is still a need to integrate data from single sources to obtain a complete picture of the welfare of an animal. This review offers a basis for developing integrated...