Feed depredation by European starlings in a Kansas feedlot
Contributor(s):: Depenbusch, B. E., Drouillard, J. S., Lee, C. D.
Rock pigeon use of livestock facilities in northern Colorado: implications for improving farm bio-security
Contributor(s):: Carlson, J. C., Clark, L., Antolin, M. F., Salman, M. D.
A Cow's Eye View? Cattle Empathy and Ethics in Screen Representations of Temple Grandin
Contributor(s):: Claire Henry
Temple Grandin has been a captivating figure for both animal and disability studies, and for filmmakers. Known for designing more humane livestock handling processes in the US cattle industry, and for her books and public speaking on autism, Grandin’s celebrity then became popularly...
Unusual animal behavior preceding the 2011 earthquake off the Pacific Coast of Tohoku, Japan: a way to predict the approach of large earthquakes
Contributor(s):: Yamauchi, H., Uchiyama, H., Ohtani, N., Ohta, M.
Unusual animal behaviors (UABs) have been observed before large earthquakes (EQs), however, their mechanisms are unclear. While information on UABs has been gathered after many EQs, few studies have focused on the ratio of emerged UABs or specific behaviors prior to EQs. On 11 March 2011, an EQ...
Social networks and welfare in future animal management
Contributor(s):: Koene, P., Ipema, B.
It may become advantageous to keep human-managed animals in the social network groups to which they have adapted. Data concerning the social networks of farm animal species and their ancestors are scarce but essential to establishing the importance of a natural social network for farmed animal...
Validation of a pressure sensor-based system for measuring eating, rumination and drinking behaviour of dairy cattle
Contributor(s):: Ruuska, S., Kajava, S., Mughal, M., Zehner, N., Mononen, J.
The main objective of our study was to validate, for dairy cows, a new pressure-based system (RumiWatch noseband sensor, Itin + Hoch GmbH, Liestal, Switzerland; RWS) that measures eating, rumination and drinking time. In experiment 1, eating, rumination and drinking time (RWS, min/h) measurements...
Behavioural response of pure Ankole and crossbred (Ankole * Holstein) cows to seasonal pasture variations in south-western Uganda
Contributor(s):: Idibu, J., Kabi, F., Mpairwe, D.
This study evaluated the effects of season and pasture species on variations in sward composition, pasture quantity (plant-height and biomass) and quality [crude protein (CP), neutral detergent fibre (NDF) and in vitro organic matter digestibility (IVOMD)]. Behavioural responses of a group of 10...
The social network structure of a dynamic group of dairy cows: from individual to group level patterns
Contributor(s):: Boyland, N. K., Mlynski, D. T., James, R., Brent, L. J. N., Croft, D. P.
Social relationships have been shown to significantly impact individual and group success in wild animal populations, but are largely ignored in farm animal management. There are substantial gaps in our knowledge of how farm animals respond to their social environment, which varies greatly...
Attitudes of veterinary students in Croatia toward farm animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Ostovic, M., Mesic, Z., Mikus, T., Matkovic, K., Pavicic, Z.
This survey was undertaken to assess the attitudes of Croatian veterinary students regarding farm animal welfare issues. The study included students of all undergraduate years at the only Faculty of Veterinary Medicine in Croatia. First-year students were surveyed twice, ie before and after...
Availability and use of designated hospital pens in Danish dairy herds
Contributor(s):: Houe, H., Thomsen, P. T., Amdi, C., Herskin, M. S., Forkman, B., Jensen, M. B.
The objective of this study was to describe the availability and use of designated hospital pens in Danish dairy herds and to analyse the association between availability and use of hospital pens and the herd-level incidence of reported disease treatments. Hospital pens were divided into either...
Mar 11 2016
Wisconsin Dairy & Beef Well-Being Conference
Animal exploitation during the Old Kingdom in Egypt: contribution from Ayn Asil (Dakhla Oasis)Exploitation animale a l'Ancien Empire en Egypte: les apports d'Ayn Asil (oasis de Dakhla)
Contributor(s):: Lesur, J.
At the end of the Old Kingdom in Egypt, food production relies on a dense agriculture in the Delta and the Nile valley as well as on livestock herding and fishing. The situation is however different in the Western Desert which undergoes a strong aridification. Archaeozoological remains coming...
Making the case for developing alternative lameness scoring systems for dairy goats
Contributor(s):: Vieira, A., Oliveira, M. D., Nunes, T., Stilwell, G.
Lameness is a behavioural indicator of pain that negatively affects dairy ruminants' health and welfare. Lameness is generally assessed by subjective methods, based on the observation of the animal's behaviour, using numerical rating scales (NRSs) - the most common scoring system - and visual...
The avoidance of farmyards by European badgers Meles meles in a medium density population
Contributor(s):: Mullen, E. M., MacWhite, T., Maher, P. K., Kelly, D. J., Marples, N. M., Good, M.
Mycobacterium bovis (TB) in cattle is a disease with far-reaching economic effects throughout Europe but especially in Great Britain and Ireland. Wildlife reservoirs, in particular the European badger Meles meles, continue to play an important role in the transmission of the disease, although the...
Welfare outcomes for 3- and 6-month-old beef calves in a tropical environment castrated surgically or by applying rubber rings
Contributor(s):: Petherick, J. C., Small, A. H., Reid, D. J., Colditz, I. G., Ferguson, D. M.
Castration of cattle using rubber rings is becoming increasingly popular due to the perceived ease of the procedure and greater operator safety when compared with surgical castration. Few comparative studies have investigated the effects of different castration methods and calf age on welfare...
The influence of gentle interactions on avoidance distance towards humans, weight gain and physiological parameters in group-housed dairy calves
Contributor(s):: Lurzel, S., Munsch, C., Windschnurer, I., Futschik, A., Palme, R., Waiblinger, S.
The quality of the relationship between cattle and their caretakers is important for animal welfare and productivity. Nevertheless, the influence of gentle interactions on group-housed dairy calves has not been thoroughly studied so far. We examined the effects of 42 min of gentle interactions...
How to train a dog to detect cows in heat-training and success
Contributor(s):: Johnen, D., Heuwieser, W., Fischer-Tenhagen, C.
Efficient and accurate estrus detection is a key management factor determining acceptable reproductive performance in dairy herds. Previous studies have shown that dogs can differentiate between vaginal mucus samples of cows in estrus and vaginal mucus samples of cows in diestrus with an accuracy...
Short-term ante-calving handling of dairy heifers in relation to heifers' behaviour and udder health after parturition
Contributor(s):: Ivemeyer, S., Pisani, M., Knierim, U.
The novelty of being handled during milking contributes to peripartum stress in dairy heifers with possibly adverse effects on their well-being and health. The present study investigated (1) heifers' behavioural responses to handling over the course of four standardized handling sessions and (2)...
Pain evaluation in dairy cattle
Contributor(s):: Gleerup, K. B., Andersen, P. H., Munksgaard, L., Forkman, B.
Pain compromises the welfare of animals. A prerequisite for being able to alleviate pain is that we are able to recognize it. Potential behavioural signs of pain were investigated for dairy cattle with the aim of constructing a pain scale for use under production conditions. Forty-three cows were...
#SaveBenjy: sexuality, queer animals, and Ireland
Contributor(s):: McLoughlin, E.
This paper explores the #SaveBenjy Crowdfunder campaign to save a Charolais bull in the Republic of Ireland who expressed sexual interest only in weanling bulls and not the heifers he was expected to impregnate. The prominence and popularity of #SaveBenjy is anything but coincidental. In May...