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  1. Characteristics associated with behavior problems in Brazilian dogs

    Contributor(s):: Savalli, Carine, Albuquerque, Natalia, Vasconcellos, Angélica S., Ramos, Daniela, de Mello, Fernanda T., Serpell, James A.

  2. Predicting Dysfunctional Human–Dog Dyads

    Contributor(s):: Canejo-Teixeira, Rute, Almiro, Pedro Armelim, Baptista, Luís V., Niza, Maria Manuela Grave Rodeia Espada

    Human–dog dyads represent a mutually beneficial partner- ship with a 16,000-year-old history. However, when this relationship becomes dysfunctional the consequences for the human, dog, and society at large can be severe. Canine members of dysfunctional dyads often display problem behaviors, such...

  3. Management and personality in Labrador Retriever dogs

    Contributor(s):: Lofgren, Sarah E., Wiener, Pamela, Blott, Sarah C., Sanchez-Molano, Enrique, Woolliams, John A., Clements, Dylan N., Haskell, Marie J.

    Canine personality is of keen interest to dog owners and researchers alike. The regular human contact with them makes dogs an ideal species to use in the investigation of animal personality. This study specifically focused on Labrador Retrievers, consistently one of the most popular breeds both...

  4. Behaviour and experiences of dogs during the first year of life predict the outcome in a later temperament test

    Contributor(s):: Foyer, Pernilla, Bjällerhag, Nathalie, Wilsson, Erik, Jensen, Per

    Early life experiences are known to shape the behavioural development of animals, and therefore events occurring during preadolescence and adolescence may have long-term effects. In dogs, this period of time may be important for later behaviour and thereby also the suitability of dogs for...

  5. Predictive validity of a method for evaluating temperament in young guide and service dogs

    Contributor(s):: Duffy, Deborah L., Serpell, James A.

    As part of a collaborative project involving five guide and service dog organizations in the USA (Canine Companions for Independence, Guide Dogs for the Blind, Guiding Eyes for the Blind, Leader Dogs for the Blind and The Seeing Eye), volunteer puppy raisers provided information about the...

  6. Mental health of dogs formerly used as ‘breeding stock’ in commercial breeding establishments

    Contributor(s):: McMillan, Franklin D., Duffy, Deborah L., Serpell, James A.

    Canine commercial breeding establishments (CBEs) are kennel facilities where puppies are produced in large numbers for commercial sale. In the popular media, CBEs are commonly referred to as “puppy mills” or “puppy farms.” Conditions in CBEs vary widely in quality. Dogs in these facilities are...

  7. Predictive Models of Assistance Dog Training Outcomes Using the Canine Behavioral Assessment and Research Questionnaire and a Standardized Temperament Evaluation

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bray, E. E., Levy, K. M., Kennedy, B. S., Duffy, D. L., Serpell, J. A., MacLean, E. L.

    Assistance dogs can greatly improve the lives of people with disabilities. However, a large proportion of dogs bred and trained for this purpose are deemed unable to successfully fulfill the behavioral demands of this role. Often, this determination is not finalized until weeks or even months...

  8. A modified combined C-BARQ and QoL for both the companion dog and its owner. An embryo to a companion dog welfare assessment?

    | Contributor(s):: Doane, Marie, Sarenbo, Sirkku

    The results of this pilot study demonstrate that it is possible to construct a reliable questionnaire from prior validated surveys. This questionnaire displays possible suitability for further development into a tool for a comprehensive dog welfare assessment. The welfare model used is assuming...

  9. The interaction between behavioural traits and demographic and management factors in German Shepherd dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Friedrich, Juliane, Arvelius, Per, Strandberg, Erling, Polgar, Zita, Wiener, Pamela, Haskell, Marie J.

    As companion animals, a dog’s lifestyle is mainly determined by its owner. Discrepancies between the dog’s preferences and the owner’s lifestyle might lead to the occurrence of unwanted behaviours that affect both the owner-dog relationship and the dog’s welfare. The aim of this study was to...

  10. Lack of association between paw preference and behaviour problems in the domestic dog, Canis familiaris

    | Contributor(s):: Wells, Deborah L., Hepper, Peter G., Milligan, Adam D. S., Barnard, Shanis

    Evidence suggests that paw preferences are related to emotional functioning in the domestic dog. Whether motor bias in this species is related to the display of behaviour problems, which often have their basis in emotional reactivity, is still unknown. This study therefore explored the...

  11. Behavioural testing based breeding policy reduces the prevalence of fear and aggression related behaviour in Rottweilers

    | Contributor(s):: van der Borg, Joanne A. M., Graat, Elisabeth A. M., Beerda, Bonne

    Behavioural testing allows to exclude dogs that are fearful and aggressive from the breeding population, but relatively little is known about the effectiveness of such strategies in practice. From 2001 till 2009 parent purebred Dutch Rottweilers had to pass the Socially Acceptable Behaviour...

  12. Owner-reported behavioural characteristics of dingoes (Canis dingo) living as companion animals: A comparison to ‘modern’ and ‘ancient’ dog breeds

    | Contributor(s):: Smith, Bradley P., Browne, Matthew, Serpell, James A.

    During the domestication of canids, humans have selected for particular traits and selected against others. Wild canids and phylogenetically primitive breeds might then be expected to show less ‘desirable’ traits than more recently derived European breeds of dog. In order to examine this, we...

  13. Behavioural characteristics of dogs removed from hoarding situations

    | Contributor(s):: McMillan, Franklin D., Vanderstichel, Raphaël, Stryhn, Henrik, Yu, Jenny, Serpell, James A.

    Hoarding occurs when persons accumulate animals in numbers that exceed their capacity to provide for the needs of the animals. Typical animal hoarding environments are extremely unsanitary and unhealthy, with malnutrition, disease, and death all common elements. Anecdotal reports of dogs...

  14. Effect of training for dog fear identification on dog owner ratings of fear in familiar and unfamiliar dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Flint, Hannah E., Coe, Jason B., Pearl, David L., Serpell, James A., Niel, Lee

    Scientific studies often assess aspects of dog behaviour, such as fear, via owner reports. More information on how accurate these ratings are for dogs displaying different levels of fear would be valuable. The current study assessed which fear behaviours dog owners are able to reliably recognize...

  15. Compatibility between Humans and Their Dogs: Benefits for Both

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Gonzalez-Ramirez, M. T.

  16. Behavioral and psychological characteristics of canine victims of abuse

    | Contributor(s):: McMillan, F. D., Duffy, D. L., Zawistowski, S. L., Serpell, J. A.

    Abuse is an intentional act that causes harm to an individual. Dogs ( Canis familiaris) with a known or suspected history of abuse were solicited for the study. A panel of 5 experts in canine behavior and abuse selected the dogs judged as having a certain or near certain history of being abused...

  17. Adoptions, Adopters, and Adoptees: The Roles Each Plays in the Dog-Human Relationship in British Columbia, Canada

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Leila Kullar, James Serpell

    This study looks at the dog-human relationship by viewing adoptions, adopters and canine adoptees. Observations made on the adoption process are based on interviews conducted with dog breeders and shelter/rescue workers. Their perceptions of the dogs they place and humans as potential adopters...

  18. Do dog behavioral characteristics predict the quality of the relationship between dogs and their owners?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Christy L. Hoffman, Pan Chen, James A. Serpell, Kristen C. Jacobson

    This paper explores whether dog behavioral characteristics predict the quality of the relationship between dogs and their owners (i.e., owner attachment to dog), and whether relations between dog behavior and owner attachment are moderated by demographic characteristics. In this study, N = 92...