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  1. Penetrating captive bolt stunning and exsanguination of cattle in abattoirs

    Contributor(s):: Gregory, N., Shaw, F.

    Abattoirs commonly use penetrating captive bolt pistols to stun cattle. Humane slaughter requires that an animal immediately becomes unconscious and does not regain consciousness. In this review we consider the concepts of concussion, unconsciousness, and return to consciousness. We conclude that...

  2. Identification and management of cognitive decline in companion animals and the comparisons with Alzheimer's disease: A review

    Contributor(s):: Cory, Julie

  3. Sense of smell in dogs: physiological aspects and factors of variation

    Contributor(s):: Vadurel, A., Gogny, M.

  4. A review of the humaneness of puntilla as a slaughter method

    Contributor(s):: Limon, G., Guitian, J., Gregory, N. G.

  5. Assessment of unconsciousness during slaughter without stunning in lambs

    Contributor(s):: Rodriguez, P., Velarde, A., Dalmau, A., Llonch, P.

  6. Captive-bolt euthanasia of cattle: determination of optimal-shot placement and evaluation of the Cash Special Euthanizer KitReg. for euthanasia of cattle

    Contributor(s):: Gilliam, J. N., Shearer, J. K., Woods, J., Hill, J., Reynolds, J., Taylor, J. D., Bahr, R. J., Crochik, S., Snider, T. A.

  7. Coping in groups of domestic horses - review from a social and neurobiological perspective

    Contributor(s):: VanDierendonck, M. C., Spruijt, B. M.

  8. Does learning performance in horses relate to fearfulness, baseline stress hormone, and social rank?

    Contributor(s):: Christensen, J. W., Ahrendt, L. P., Lintrup, R., Gaillard, C., Palme, R., Malmkvist, J.

  9. Effects of presence of a familiar pet dog on regional cerebral activity in healthy volunteers: a positron emission tomography study

    Contributor(s):: Sugawara, A., Masud, M. M., Yokoyama, A., Mizutani, W., Watanuki, S., Yanai, K., Itoh, M., Tashiro, M.

  10. Pain perception at slaughter

    Contributor(s):: Johnson, C. B., Gibson, T. J., Stafford, K. J., Mellor, D. J.

  11. Sleep in dairy cows recorded with a non-invasive EEG technique

    Contributor(s):: Ternman, E., Hanninen, L., Pastell, M., Agenas, S., Nielsen, P. P.

  12. The influence of cerebral lateralisation on the behaviour of the racing greyhound

    Contributor(s):: Schneider, L. A., Delfabbro, P. H., Burns, N. R.

  13. A concept of welfare based on reward evaluating mechanisms in the brain: anticipatory behaviour as an indicator for the state of reward systems

    Contributor(s):: Spruijt, B. M., Bos, R. van den, Pijlman, F. T. A.

    In this review we attempt to link the efficiency by which animals behave (economy of animal behaviour) to a neuronal substrate and subjective states to arrive at a definition of animal welfare which broadens the scope of its study. Welfare is defined as the balance between positive (reward,...

  14. Do animals live in the present? current evidence and implications for welfare. (Special Issue: Farm animal welfare since the Brambell report.)

    Contributor(s):: Mendl, M., Paul, E. S.

    The importance of understanding the mental experiences of animals in order to assess their welfare was recognised by the 1965 UK Brambell Committee Report. The report further suggested that the extent to which animals live life in the present moment has a major impact on their capacity for...

  15. Feather damaging behaviour in parrots: a review with consideration of comparative aspects

    Contributor(s):: Zeeland, Y. R. A. van, Spruit, B. M., Rodenburg, T. B., Riedstra, B., Hierden, Y. M. van, Buitenhuis, B., Korte, S. M., Lumeij, J. T.

    Feather damaging behaviour (also referred to as feather picking or feather plucking) is a behavioural disorder that is frequently encountered in captive parrots. This disorder has many characteristics that are similar to trichotillomania, an impulse control disorder in humans. Unfortunately, to...

  16. Relevance of brain and behavioural lateralization to animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Rogers, L. J.

    The left and right sides of the brain are specialised to process information in different ways and to control different categories of behaviour. Research on a range of species has shown that the left hemisphere controls well-established patterns of behaviour performed in non-stressful situations,...

  17. The basic neuroscience of emotional experiences in mammals: the case of subcortical FEAR circuitry and implications for clinical anxiety

    Contributor(s):: Panksepp, J., Fuchs, T., Iacobucci, P.

    Evidence from behavioral neuroscience strongly suggests that the unconditional (innate) capacity to experience fear, along with fear-typical patterns of autonomic and behavioral arousal, arise from specific systems of the brain - the most prominent being a FEAR circuit which courses between the...

  18. Trace classical conditioning as an approach to the study of reward-related behaviour in laying hens: a methodological study

    Contributor(s):: Moe, R. O., Nordgreen, J., Janczak, A. M., Spruijt, B. M., Zanella, A. J., Bakken, M.

    Positive affective states may be as important for animal welfare as the absence of suffering. Thus, there is a need for knowledge of the mechanisms underlying positive affective states, including how they can be induced and assessed. Studies of behaviour during the anticipation of a signalled...

  19. A review of pain assessment techniques and pharmacological approaches to pain relief after bovine castration: practical implications for cattle production within the United States. (Special Issue: Pain in farm animals.)

    Contributor(s):: Coetzee, J. F.

    Castration of male calves destined for beef production is a common livestock management practice in the United States amounting to approximately 7 million procedures per year. Recently there has been renewed interest in identifying methods to reduce pain associated with dehorning and castration....

  20. Effect of a supplement rich in linolenic acid, added to the diet of gestating and lactating goats, on the sensitivity to stress and learning ability of their offspring

    Contributor(s):: Duvaux-Ponter, C., Rigalma, K., Roussel-Huchette, S., Schawlb, Y., Ponter, A. A.

    The requirements for polyunsaturated fatty acids during brain development are high and in certain situations supply may be inadequate. Numerous studies in rodents have shown that a diet rich in linolenic acid improves learning ability and modifies emotional reactivity of offspring. Thirty-two...