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  1. Evaluation of pharmacokinetics and efficacy of ivermectin following oral administration in dogs against experimental infection of Ctenocephalides felis felis and Rhipicephalus sanguineus

    Contributor(s):: Magalhaes, V. S., Cid, Y. P., Ferreira, T. P., Medeiros, D. M. V., Batista, L. C. de S. O., Correia, T. R., Albert, A. L. M., Scott, F. B.

    With the increasing number of pets in home the human-animal relationship is increasingly close and care about control disease growing. Ivermectin (IVM) is frequently used because its proven safety. IVM is recommended for the treatment of demodectic scabies and prevention of heartworm in dogs, but...

  2. Test-retest reliability of the Welfare Quality animal welfare assessment protocol for growing pigs

    Contributor(s):: Czycholl, I., Kniese, C., Buttner, K., Beilage, E. G., Schrader, L., Krieter, J.

    The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility and test-retest reliability of the Welfare Quality Animal Welfare Assessment Protocol for Growing Pigs. Twenty-three German pig farms were visited repeatedly by the same trained observers; each farm being visited six times during two fattening...

  3. Does group size have an impact on welfare indicators in fattening pigs?

    Contributor(s):: Meyer-Hamme, S. E. K., Lambertz, C., Gauly, M.

    Production systems for fattening pigs have been characterized over the last 2 decades by rising farm sizes coupled with increasing group sizes. These developments resulted in a serious public discussion regarding animal welfare and health in these intensive production systems. Even though large...

  4. Impact of Androstenone on Leash Pulling and Jumping Up in Dogs

    Contributor(s):: Glenna Pirner, John McGlone

    Dogs are relinquished to shelters due to behavioral problems, such as leash pulling and jumping up. Interomones are chemical cues produced by one species that elicit a response in a different species. We reported earlier that androstenone, a swine sex pheromone, acts as an interomone to reduce...

  5. On the role of pets in GermanyZur Rolle von Kleintieren in Deutschland

    Contributor(s):: Schwarz, S.

    This article discusses the number and presence of pets in the German household, especially dogs and cats; essentiality and importance of pets to the well-being of German owners; ability of pets to decrease the risk of heart disease; and function of dogs in rescue, animal assisted therapy and...

  6. Evaluation of 9,10 anthraquinone application to pre-seed set sunflowers for repelling blackbirds

    Contributor(s):: Niner, Megan D., Linz, George M., Clark, Mark E.

  7. Energy intake and expenditure of improvised explosive device detection dogs

    Contributor(s):: Phillips, S. P., Kutzner-Mulligan, J., Davis, M.

    Improvised explosive device detection (IDD) dogs explore up to 40 km of land daily and therefore have energetic demands that may be above the National Research Council's requirement for working dogs. This study was designed to quantify metabolic energy intake (MEI) and total energy expenditure...

  8. Olfactory discrimination and generalization of ammonium nitrate and structurally related odorants in Labrador retrievers

    Contributor(s):: Lazarowski, L., Foster, M. L., Gruen, M. E., Sherman, B. L., Fish, R. E., Milgram, N. W., Dorman, D. C.

    A critical aspect of canine explosive detection involves the animal's ability respond to novel, untrained odors based on prior experience with training odors. In the current study, adult Labrador retrievers ( N=15) were initially trained to discriminate between a rewarded odor (vanillin) and an...

  9. The Scent of Disease: Human Body Odor Contains an Early Chemosensory Cue of Sickness

    Contributor(s):: Mats J. Olsson, Johan N. Lundstrom, Bruce A. Kimball, Amy R. Gordon, Bianka Karshikoff, Nishteman Hosseini, Kimmo Sorjonen, Caroline Olgart Hoglund, Carmen Solares, Anne Soop, John Axelsson, Mats Lekander

    Observational studies have suggested that with time, some diseases result in a characteristic odor emanating from different sources on the body of a sick individual. Evolutionarily, however, it would be more advantageous if the innate immune response were detectable by healthy individuals as a...

  10. Dairy calves' preference for rearing substrate

    Contributor(s):: Worth, G. M., Schutz, K. E., Stewart, M., Cave, V. M., Foster, M., Sutherland, M. A.

    Traditional substrate types for dairy calves, such as sawdust, are becoming difficult and/or expensive for farmers to obtain in New Zealand. Therefore, there is a need to evaluate alternative rearing substrates that provide an acceptable level of animal welfare. The preference of dairy calves for...

  11. Indoor Environmental Exposures and Exacerbation of Asthma: An Update to the 2000 Review by the Institute of Medicine

    Contributor(s):: Kanchongkittiphon, Watcharoot, Mendell, Mark J., Gaffin, Jonathan M., Wang, Grace, Phipatanakul, Wanda

  12. Predicting time spent on different behavioural activities from physicochemical properties of fibrous diets in finishing pigs

    Contributor(s):: Bakare, A. G., Ndou, S. P., Madzimure, J., Chimonyo, M.

    The objective of the present study was to predict time spent on different behavioural activities by finishing pigs, using physicochemical measurements of fibrous feed. Eighty four Large White * Landrace barrows with 80.54.7 kg body weight (BW) at the beginning of the experiment were used. Feed...

  13. Genetic defects or generative prototypes? Competing models for livestock improvement in southern Bolivia

    Contributor(s):: Bolton, Maggie

  14. Material culture, behavior, and identity: the human body as experiential nexus

    Contributor(s):: Piprani, John

  15. Canine scent detection of human cancers: a review of methods and accuracy

    Contributor(s):: Moser, E., McCulloch, M.

  16. A multidisciplinary approach to assess the welfare of weaned pigs during transport at three space allowances

    Contributor(s):: Sutherland, M. A., Bryer, P. J., Davis, B. L., McGlone, J. J.

    Transport can be a stressful experience for pigs, especially in pigs simultaneously experiencing weaning stress. The objective of this study was to use a multidisciplinary approach to assess the welfare of weaned pigs during transport at 3 space allowances. A commercial semitrailer, fitted with...

  17. Stress and behavioural issues in pets

    Contributor(s):: Barklett-Judge, M.

  18. Field Manual of Wildlife Diseases: General Field Procedures and Diseases of Birds

    Contributor(s):: Milton Friend (editor), J. Christian Franson (editor)

    The “Field Manual of Wildlife Diseases: General Field Procedures and Diseases of Birds” presents practical, current information and insights about wild bird illnesses and the procedures to follow when ill birds are found or epidemics occur. Section 1 of the Manual provides information about...

  19. Calcium and other ions in blood and skeleton of Nicaraguan fresh-water shark

    Contributor(s):: Marshall R. Urist

    The bull shark, Carcharhinus lellcas, employing archaic but effective means of regulating the physical-chemical composition of its body fluids, thrives in tropical fresh-water rivers and lakes. The ionic strength of the serum and the concentrations of total solutes, calcium, urea, and other ions...

  20. The use of dosed and herbage n-alkanes as markers for the determination of digestive strategies of captive giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis)

    Contributor(s):: Hatt, Jean-Michel, Lechner-Doll, Matthias, Mayes, Bob