Humans can identify cats' affective states from subtle facial expressions
Contributor(s):: Dawson, L. C., Cheal, J., Niel, L., Mason, G.
Theory of medical scoring systems and a practical method to evaluate Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) foot health in European zoos
Contributor(s):: Ertl, N., Wendler, P., Sos, E., Flugger, M., Schneeweis, F., Schiffmann, C., Hatt, J. M., Clauss, M.
Mortality resulting from undesirable behaviours in dogs aged under three years attending primary-care veterinary practices in England
Contributor(s):: Boyd, C., Jarvis, S., McGreevy, P. D., Heath, S., Church, D. B., Brodbelt, D. C., O'Neill, D. G.
Human Classification of Context-Related Vocalizations Emitted by Familiar And Unfamiliar Domestic Cats: An Exploratory Study
Contributor(s):: Ellis, Sarah L. H., Swindell, Victoria, Burman, Oliver H. P.
Previous research has shown that human classification of contextspecific domestic cat “meow” vocalizations is relatively poor, although improves with experience and/or general affinity to cats. To investigate whether such classification further improves when recipients (humans) of the...
The backtest in pigs revisited—Inter-situational behaviour and animal classification
Contributor(s):: Zebunke, Manuela, Nürnberg, Gerd, Melzer, Nina, Puppe, Birger
Since the introduction of the backtest for the early detection of coping strategies in piglets by Hessing in the 1990s, this behavioural test has been intensively investigated with ambiguous results. One possible explanation for this lack of consistency might be the different classification...
Pigs (Sus scrofa domesticus) categorize pictures of human heads
Contributor(s):: Wondrak, Marianne, Conzelmann, Elin, Veit, Ariane, Huber, Ludwig
Scientists as well as farmers are increasingly interested in the mental capacities of pigs. Recent research has revealed surprising cognitive abilities, such as episodic memory, intentional deception and even theory of mind. Still, our knowledge about perceptuo-cognitive abilities, especially in...
The Contextual Cat: Human–Animal Relations and Social Meaning in Anglo-Saxon England
| Contributor(s):: Kristopher Poole
The growing popularity of relational approaches to agency amongst archaeologists has led to increased attention on the specific contexts of interaction between humans and their material worlds. Within such viewpoints, non-humans are perceived as agents in their own right and placed on an equal...
Understanding Adolescents' Categorisation of Animal Species
| Contributor(s):: Melanie Connor, Alistair B Lawrence
Categorisations are a means of investigating cognitive maps. The present study, for the first time, investigates adolescents’ spontaneous categorisation of 34 animal species. Furthermore, explicit evaluations of 16 selected animals in terms of their perceived utility and likeability were...
Behavioral ecology of captive species: using bibliographic information to assess pet suitability of mammal species
| Contributor(s):: Koene, P., Mol, R. M. de, Ipema, B.
Which mammal species are suitable to be kept as pet? For answering this question many factors have to be considered. Animals have many adaptations to their natural environment in which they have evolved that may cause adaptation problems and/or risks in captivity. Problems may be visible in...
Justice for all? Children's moral reasoning about the welfare and rights of endangered species
| Contributor(s):: Ruckert, J. H.
This study reports children's developing moral concerns for endangered animals. Three questions were addressed: (1) Do children conceive of not harming an endangered animal as a moral obligation? (2) Do children use biocentric (nature-centered) moral reasoning? and (3) Does a developmental shift...
A review and synthesis of dog cognition research : the world from a dog's point of view
| Contributor(s):: Miles Kuiling Bensky
Driven by both applied and theoretical goals, scientific interest in canine cognition has experienced a rapid surge in popularity, especially over the last 15 years (Morell, 2009). Here we provide the most comprehensive review to date of dog cognition research, capturing all the articles (285) we...
This study reports children’s developing moral concerns for endangered animals. Three questions were addressed: 1) Do children conceive of not harming an endangered animal as a moral obligation? 2) Do children use biocentric (nature-centered) moral reasoning? and 3) Does a developmental...
What do infants know about cats, dogs, and people? Development of a 'like-people' representation for nonhuman animals
| Contributor(s):: Quinn, Paul C., Freund, Lisa S., McCune, Sandra, Esposito, Layla, Gee, Nancy R., McCardle, Peggy
This study reports children's developing moral concerns for endangered animals. Three questions were addressed: (1) Do children conceive of not harming an endangered animal as a moral obligation? (2) Do children use biocentric (nature-centered) moral reasoning? and (3) Does a developmental...
The Animal-Assisted Therapy Program at Phoenix Children’s Hospital: A Journey Towards Evidence
| Contributor(s):: Zeblisky, Kathy A., Jennings, Mary Lou
A natural cure for the pet fish problem: feature emergence as classificatory composition
| Contributor(s):: Chris Thornton
Where do emergent features come from? This has long been an intriguing puzzle. The concept of pet fish illustrates the difficulty. Most people expect pet fish to live in bowls, even though this is not something either pets or fish normally do. The inference that pet fish have the feature of...
Don't Let Slip the Dogs of War: An Argument for Reclassifying Military Working Dogs as "Canine Members of the Armed Forces"
| Contributor(s):: Michael J. Kranzler
Dogs have been an integral part of military activities around the world dating back more than two thousand years. They have fended off invasions and helped bring down one of the world's most notorious terrorist leaders. Yet under current law, they are afforded nearly the same...
Important cows and possum pests: New Zealand's Biodiversity Strategy and (bio)political taxonomies of introduced species
| Contributor(s):: Dutkiewicz, J.
This paper examines how New Zealand's conservation discourses and strategies have, since the launch of its Biodiversity Strategy at the turn of the millennium, created and sustained a local taxonomy of species rooted in the overlapping but often clashing logics of biodiversity protection,...
Perseveration in a guessing task by laying hens selected for high or low levels of feather pecking does not support classification of feather pecking as a stereotypy
| Contributor(s):: Kjaer, J. B., Wurbel, H., Schrader, L.
Feather pecking is a behaviour by which birds damage or destroy the feathers of themselves (self-pecking) or other birds (allo feather pecking), in some cases even plucking out feathers and eating these. The self-pecking is rarely seen in domestic laying hens but is not uncommon in parrots....
The reliability of welfare assessment according to the WelFur-protocol in the nursing period of mink (Neovison vison) is challenged by increasing welfare problems prior to weaning
| Contributor(s):: Henriksen, B. I. F., Moller, S. H.
The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that the body condition of the mink dam, the frequency of dirty nests, frequency of injuries and diarrhoea change significantly with the day of assessment, post-partum, within the data collection period from parturition to weaning,...