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  1. Evaluation of visible eye white and maximum eye temperature as non-invasive indicators of stress in dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Gómez, Y., Bieler, R., Hankele, A. K., Zähner, M., Savary, P., Hillmann, E.

    The aim of this study was to investigate if visible eye white and eye temperature measurements are feasible non-invasive physiological indicators of acute stress in cows when they are exposed to cattle crush treatment for claw trimming. In the experimental setting, 30 cows of two breeds (Red...

  2. Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.

    The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...

  3. The effect of overgrown claws on behaviour and claw abnormalities of sows in farrowing crates

    | Contributor(s):: Diaz, J. A. C., Stienezen, I. M. J., Leonard, F. C., Boyle, L. A.

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of overgrowth of the weight bearing claws on the behaviour of sows in farrowing crates. The study used 24 multiparous lactating sows, 13 with overgrown (OG) rear claws and 11 controls. Sows were video recorded continuously from approximately...

  4. Development and testing of an on-farm welfare assessment protocol for dairy goats

    | Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Stubsjoen, S. M., Valle, P. S.

  5. Uptake and effectiveness of interventions to reduce claw lesions in 40 dairy herds in the UK

    | Contributor(s):: Barker, Z. E., Wright, J. L., Blowey, R. W., Amory, J. R., Green, L. E.

  6. Captive bears in human-animal welfare conflict: a case study of bile extraction on Asia's bear farms

    | Contributor(s):: Kikuchi, R.

  7. Alternative housing systems for fattening bulls under Austrian conditions with special respect to rubberised slatted floors

    | Contributor(s):: Rouha-Muelleder, C., Absmanner, E., Kahrer, E., Zeiner, H., Scharl, T., Leisch, F., Stanek, C., Troxler, J.

  8. Claw removal and feeding ability in the edible crab, Cancer pagurus : implications for fishery practice

    | Contributor(s):: Patterson, L., Dick, J. T. A., Elwood, R. W.

    Feeding ability and motivation were assessed in the edible crab, Cancer pagurus, to investigate how the fishery practice of de-clawing may affect live crabs returned to the sea. Crabs were either induced to autotomise one claw, or were only handled, before they were offered food. Initially,...

  9. Cow behaviour on a new grooved floor in comparison with a slatted floor, taking claw health and floor properties into account

    | Contributor(s):: Stefanowska, J., Swierstra, D., Braam, C. R., Hendriks, M. M. W. B.

    The objective of this study was to compare the behaviour of cows on a grooved floor with that of cows kept on a slatted floor. The trial was carried out with 2 groups of 12 Holstein-Friesian cows kept in a cowshed with 2 symmetrical halves, identical except for the floor. One floor was grooved...

  10. Behavioural signs of postoperative pain in cats following onychectomy or tenectomy surgery

    | Contributor(s):: Cloutier, S., Newberry, R. C., Cambridge, A. J., Tobias, K. M.

    We hypothesised that the relative degree of acute pain in cats undergoing onychectomy (declaw), digital flexor tenectomy, or a sham procedure could be detected using behavioural indicators. We predicted that onychectomy would produce more behavioural signs of post-surgical pain than tenectomy....

  11. Behaviour and claw health in tied dairy cows with varying access to exercise in an outdoor paddock

    | Contributor(s):: Loberg, J., Telezhenko, E., Bergsten, C., Lidfors, L.

    The aim of this study was to compare the effect of different access to an exercise area on behaviour, time to lie down, claw conformation, claw lesions and milk production. The study was carried out on an organic dairy farm with 52 tied cows. The cows were randomly assigned to one of four...

  12. The effect of rubber versus concrete passageways in cubicle housing on claw health and reproduction of pluriparous dairy cows

    | Contributor(s):: Boyle, L. A., Mee, J. F., Kiernan, P. J.

    The effect of covering the passageways and feed face of a cubicle house with rubber flooring was compared to concrete in terms of claw health, behaviour and reproductive performance of dairy cows from a grass-based milk production system. Sixty-two, autumn calving, pluriparous Holstein-Friesian...

  13. Early detection of lameness in heifers with hairy heel warts using a pressure plate

    | Contributor(s):: Almeida, P. E., Mullineaux, D. R., Raphael, W., Wickens, C., Zanella, A. J.

    Lameness is an indicator of pain and suffering, which has substantial animal welfare and economic impact on the dairy industry. Subjective locomotion scoring is unreliable for detecting mild cases of lameness in dairy herds. Undetected lameness can progress to a more serious and painful state...

  14. Does rubber flooring improve welfare and production in growing bulls in fully slatted floor pens?

    | Contributor(s):: Graunke, K. L., Telezhenko, E., Hessle, A., Bergsten, C., Loberg, J. M.

    This study compared the effects of concrete slats (CS), synthetic rubber slats on aluminium profiles (RS) and slotted rubber mats on concrete slats (RM) in fully slatted floor pens on behaviour, claw and leg disorders, claw horn growth, cleanliness and production parameters of growing dairy bulls...

  15. Associations between lesion-specific lameness and the milk yield of 1,635 dairy cows from seven herds in the Xth region of Chile and implications for management of lame dairy cows worldwide

    | Contributor(s):: Green, L. E., Borkert, J., Monti, G., Tadich, N.

    Lameness is one of the greatest infringements of welfare in dairy cows. The objective of this study was to investigate associations between milk yield and foot lesions causing lameness in Chilean dairy cattle with the hypothesis that if we can demonstrate that lameness reduces yield, and so...

  16. Genomic dairy cattle breeding: risks and opportunities for cow welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Mark, T., Sandoe, P.

    The aim of this paper is to discuss the potential consequences of modern dairy cattle breeding for the welfare of dairy cows. The paper focuses on so-called genomic selection, which deploys thousands of genetic markers to estimate breeding values. The discussion should help to structure the...