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"It's a conspiracy theory and climate change": Of beastly encounters and cervine disappearances in Himalayan India
Contributor(s):: Nayanika Mathur
This paper traces the introduction of the category of climate change into the Indian Himalaya. Climate change emerged as an explanation for recurring incidences of human-animal conflict and the disappearance of a protected species through the labours of the local state bureaucracy. Even as the...
A note on sheltering behaviour by ewes before and after lambing
Contributor(s):: Pollard, J. C., Shaw, K. J., Littlejohn, R. P.
The effects of lambing and lamb rearing on sheltering behaviour was investigated in multiparous Romney x Perendale crossbred ewes with either 9 (5 ewes) or 3 months (5) of wool growth during daylight hours for 6 weeks over the lambing period, in a pasture with little vegetative shelter but with a...
A review of some factors affecting the expression of libido in beef cattle, and individual bull and herd fertility
Contributor(s):: Petherick, J. C.
This paper examines some of the factors that affect the expression of libido in beef cattle, focusing on the male and the free-ranging situation. The ways in which bull libido is assessed and the relationship between libido test results and fertility are discussed. Genetics play a role in...
A review of welfare in cattle, sheep and pig lairages, with emphasis on stocking rates, ventilation and noise
Contributor(s):: Weeks, C. A.
Appropriate space allowances for animals are yet to be specifically determined for lairage. Space allowances that may be suitable for animals in lairage are suggested, based on reviewed studies of animals in transport, lairage and on farm. The longer animals are in lairage the more space they...
A survey of canine heartworm awareness in Grenada, West Indies
Contributor(s):: Lohmann, S., Sage, S., Stone, D., Gibson, K.
Heartworm is a common parasite of dogs in Grenada, West Indies, due to the tropical climate and large number of mosquitoes. Because Grenada is a developing country and a small island, resources and education on heartworm are limited. In an effort to raise awareness of canine heartworm and the...
Adaptive ideals and aspirational goals: the utopian ideals and realist constraints of climate change adaptation
Contributor(s):: Baard, P.
There is a growing need to implement anticipatory climate change adaptation measures, particularly in vulnerable sectors, such as in agriculture. However, setting goals to adapt is wrought with several challenges. This paper discusses two sets of challenges to goals of anticipatory adaptation, of...
An ecosystem-based approach to slowing the synergistic effects of invasive species and climate change
Contributor(s):: David A. Strifling
Spring is springing earlier these days, an average of ten days earlier than it did just twenty years ago. This scientific phenomenon, called "spring creep," is often ascribed to climate change. Perhaps unsurprisingly, spring creep affects individual species differently. It is a boon to some and a...
Behaviour of the ewe and lamb at lambing and its relationship to lamb mortality
Contributor(s):: Arnold, G. W., Morgan, P. D.
A number of behavioural traits associated with the maternal instinct of sheep were studied under paddock conditions over a range ofbreeds, age, climate, nutrition and locations in five lambings in Western Australia. There was very considerable variation between ewes in any group in the occurrence...
Breeding for better welfare: genetic goals for broiler chickens and their parents
Contributor(s):: Dawkins, M. S., Layton, R.
Calf mortality in semi-domestic reindeer ( Rangifer tarandus) in a Scottish herd: the impact of maternal age and individual differences between cow
Contributor(s):: Jorgensen, M. W., Jarvis, S., Brewer, M. J., Goddard, P. J.
High calf mortality rate is a significant problem facing semi-domestic reindeer ( Rangifer tarandus) production around the world. Mortality rates, commonly due to predation, can range from 5 to 70%, which constitutes a great welfare concern. This study examined the influence of quantifiable...
Climate Change and Sustainable Development: Ethical Perspectives on Land Use and Food Production. Selected Papers from the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics (EURSAFE) Congress, Tuebingen, Germany, 30 May-2 June 2012
Contributor(s):: Potthast, T., Meisch, S., Meijboom, F.
This issue presents eight selected papers from the EurSafe 2012 conference, focusing on ethical issues of agriculture and food in the light of climate change and shifting land-use patterns. Governance, ethics and human justice with regard to sustainable development are addressed, as well as...
Climate implications of biomass appropriation: Integrating bioenergy and animal feeding systems
Contributor(s):: Kyle W. Meisterling
Through land use and biomass utilization, humans are dominant forces in the planetary biosphere and carbon and nitrogen cycles. Economic subsidies and policy mandates for producing biomasssourced fuels and electricity could increase further the human appropriation of planetary...
Cod Forgive Us: The 6th Great Extinction in Stories and Tattoos | Andrée Zaleska | TEDxJamaicaPlain
Contributor(s):: Andrée Zaleska
Andrée brings to life the stories of the animals we are losing in the 6th Great Extinction in the Earth's history, currently underway. She highlights the overriding link to climate change and ends with suggestions of how to approach and resist this horrific event.
Dichotomy in the emotional approaches of caretakers of free-roaming cats in urban feeding groups: findings from in-depth interviews
Contributor(s):: Finkler, H., Terkel, J.
Although the occurrence of cat-caretaking of free-roaming cats is widespread, particularly so in countries with a climate suitable for cats to reproduce year-round, our knowledge of this relationship is still incomplete. People who engage in daily activities of feeding and caring for groups of...
Draft Animal Power for Soil and Water Conservation in the Bolivian Valleys
Contributor(s):: B. Sims
The inter-Andean valley region of Bolivia presents climatic characteristics which can be described as high, dry and cool. The prolonged dry season (up to eight months) can lead to severe forage shortages which affect working animals. The traditional draft animals are pairs of oxen which may have...
Effect of climatic conditions on the behaviour of adult ostriches ( Struthio camelus ) in Britain
Contributor(s):: Deeming, D. C.
This study recorded the frequency of behaviours of adult ostriches kept on a farm in Oxfordshire, UK, during the spring of 1996. Adult ostriches came from farmed flocks (originally from Namibia, Zimbabwe and Israel), were older than 3 years of age, in breeding condition and producing eggs. Nine...
Effect of winter climatic conditions on the behaviour of adult ostriches ( Struthio camelus ) on a British farm
The effects of 4 different climatic conditions (raining, dull but overcast, bright but overcast and sunny) on the behaviour of ostriches was examined during the winter on a farm in Oxfordshire, UK. Birds were grouped in pairs of one male and one female or in trios of one male and 2 females. Data...
Elephants in ancient Egypt and Nubia
Contributor(s):: Lobban, R. A., Jr., Liedekerke, V. de
This article examines the presence of elephants in civilizations of the ancient Nile valley, where they were hunted and distributed to Egypt and to the Classical Greco-Roman world for ivory, amusement, and military purposes. The full study of elephants requires diverse multi-disciplinary research...
Environmental ethics for social work: Social work's responsibility to the non-human world
Contributor(s):: Gray, Mel, Coates, John
Ethical issues concerning potential global climate change on food production
Contributor(s):: Pimentel, D.
Burning fossil fuel in the North American continent contributes more to the CO2 global warming problem than in any other continent. The resulting climate changes are expected to alter global food production. The overall changes in temperature, moisture, carbon dioxide, insect pests, plant...