Two assays of working memory in companion dogs: The holeboard and disappearing object tasks
Contributor(s):: Smith, Melissa, Murrell, Joanna C., Mendl, Michael
Dances with dogs: interspecies play and a case for sympoietic enactivism
Contributor(s):: Merritt, M.
Dog cognitive development: a longitudinal study across the first 2 years of life
Contributor(s):: Bray, E. E., Gruen, M. E., Gnanadesikan, G. E., Horschler, D. J., Levy, K. M., Kennedy, B. S., Hare, B. A., MacLean, E. L.
Effects of access to hay on cognition of pre-weaned dairy calves and behavior upon social grouping after weaning
Contributor(s):: Horvath, Kelsey C., Gingerich, Katie N., Hixson, Catherine L., Miller-Cushon, Emily K.
Individually housed dairy calves typically have restrictive environments which could lead to detrimental effects on cognition. We hypothesized that providing calves with hay prior to weaning, in addition to a standard starter diet and milk, would improve cognitive ability and influence adaptation...
The Role of Pets in Supporting Cognitive-Behavioral Chronic Pain Self-Management: Perspectives of Older Adults
Contributor(s):: Janevic, Mary R., Shute, Varick, Connell, Cathleen M., Piette, John D., Goesling, Jenna, Fynke, Julie
Auditory–Visual Matching of Conspecifics and Non-Conspecifics by Dogs and Human Infants
| Contributor(s):: Anna Gergely, Eszter Petró, Katalin Oláh, József Topál
We tested whether dogs and 14–16-month-old infants are able to integrate intersensory information when presented with conspecific and heterospecific faces and vocalisations. The looking behaviour of dogs and infants was recorded with a non-invasive eye-tracking technique while they were...
Range use is related to free-range broiler chickens’ behavioral responses during food and social conditioned place preference tests
| Contributor(s):: Ferreira, Vitor Hugo Bessa, Germain, Karine, Calandreau, Ludovic, Guesdon, Vanessa
Free-range broiler chickens usually show an uneven spatial utilization of an outdoor range. Due to behavioral and cognitive between-individual differences, some animals may be driven to associate food and conspecifics more strongly to the barn, causing them to be less prone to explore the range....
Emotion in dogs: Translational and transformative aspects
| Contributor(s):: Silvan R Urfer
Kujala (2017) provides an excellent overview of most aspects of emotion in dogs; however, she does not cover a few fields of research that I think are also relevant to the topic. In this commentary, I discuss the current state of our knowledge regarding cognitive decline and behavioral...
Cognitive characteristics of 8- to 10-week-old assistance dog puppies
| Contributor(s):: Bray, E. E., Gruen, M. E., Gnanadesikan, G. E., Horschler, D. J., Levy, K. M., Kennedy, B. S., Hare, B. A., MacLean, E. L.
Dogs (Canis familiaris) recognise our faces in photographs: implications for existing and future research
| Contributor(s):: Eatherington, C. J., Mongillo, P., Looke, M., Marinelli, L.
Dognition : the effect of pet ownership on cognition in older adults
| Contributor(s):: Molly McSweeney
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of pet ownership on cognition in older adults. Previous research has indicated that interactions with pets are associated with improved mental and physical health in humans. We predicted that these benefits of human-pet interactions...
Dogs & Society: Anglo-American Sociological Perspectives (1865-1934)
| Contributor(s):: Michael R. Hill, Mary Jo Deegan
HUMANS AND DOGS have a long, wonderful and sometimes problematic association. At a personal level, dogs have been integral to our lives, and our parents’ lives, for as long as the two of us can remember. As sociologists, we also recognize that dogs are important at the macro level. Here,...
Biopsychosocial Factors and Cognitive Function in Cat Ownership and Attachment in Community-dwelling Older Adults
| Contributor(s):: Branson, Sandra M., Boss, Lisa, Padhye, Nikhil S., Gee, Nancy R., Trötscher, Thea T.
Few studies consider the health benefits of pet ownership from a biopsychosocial perspective, and a paucity of studies investigate cat ownership. The current study was designed to determine if psychosocial factors (stress, loneliness, and depression), biological levels of stress and...
Does Physical Contact with a Dog or Person Affect Performance of a Working Memory Task?
| Contributor(s):: Gee, Nancy R., Friedmann, Erika, Coglitore, Victoria, Fisk, Amy, Stendahl, Marcus
Working memory (WM) plays a critical role in the execution of a wide variety of cognitive tasks and predicts academic success. This study was designed to compare the impact of the presence of a dog or a person, and physical contact with them, on the performance of a WM task. It also exam- ined...
Performance of sheep in a spatial maze is impeded by negative stimuli
| Contributor(s):: Doyle, Rebecca E., Freire, Rafael, Cowling, Ann, Knott, Stephanie A., Lee, Caroline
Exposure to negative stimuli or stress can manifest in general changes in cognitive processing. This study aimed to investigate if a spatial maze task could be used to identify stress-induced differences in the cognitive performance of sheep. Two negative stimuli were used to test the hypothesis....
Environmental enrichment and cognitive complexity in reptiles and amphibians: Concepts, review, and implications for captive populations
| Contributor(s):: Burghardt, Gordon M.
Reptiles and amphibians have been neglected in research on cognition, emotions, sociality, need for enriched and stimulating environments, and other topics that have been greatly emphasized in work on mammals and birds. This is also evident in the historic lack of enriching captive environments...
Behavioral differences among breeds of domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris): Current status of the science
| Contributor(s):: Mehrkam, Lindsay R., Wynne, Clive D. L.
In both popular media and scientific literature, it is commonly stated that breeds of dogs differ behaviorally in substantial, consistent and predictable ways. Since the mid-twentieth century, scientists have asked whether meaningful behavioral differences exist between breeds of dogs. Today,...
Using judgement bias to measure positive affective state in dogs
| Contributor(s):: Burman, Oliver, McGowan, Ragen, Mendl, Michael, Norling, Yezica, Paul, Elizabeth, Rehn, Therese, Keeling, Linda
Interest in the induction and measurement of positive affective states in non-human animals is increasing. Here, we used a test of cognitive (judgement) bias, based on the finding that individuals experiencing different affective states judge ambiguous stimuli differently, to measure whether a...
Use of video system and its effects on abnormal behaviour in captive Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata)
| Contributor(s):: Ogura, Tadatoshi
Although nonhuman primates have highly developed visual cognitive abilities, they have few opportunities to exert such abilities in captivity. Video presentation can reproduce multiple features of the complex, real, visual world. Therefore, video presentation can be expected to act as...
The effect of domestication and ontogeny in swine cognition (Sus scrofa scrofa and S. s. domestica)
| Contributor(s):: Albiach-Serrano, Anna, Bräuer, Juliane, Cacchione, Trix, Zickert, Nele, Amici, Federica
Domesticated animals show physical, behavioural and cognitive differences from their closest wild relatives. This may have resulted from the former's long and continued selection by humans throughout history, but in some cases it could just reflect developmental differences between wild and...