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Tags: Cognition

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  1. Using judgement bias to measure positive affective state in dogs

    Contributor(s):: Burman, Oliver, McGowan, Ragen, Mendl, Michael, Norling, Yezica, Paul, Elizabeth, Rehn, Therese, Keeling, Linda

    Interest in the induction and measurement of positive affective states in non-human animals is increasing. Here, we used a test of cognitive (judgement) bias, based on the finding that individuals experiencing different affective states judge ambiguous stimuli differently, to measure whether a...

  2. Use of video system and its effects on abnormal behaviour in captive Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata)

    Contributor(s):: Ogura, Tadatoshi

    Although nonhuman primates have highly developed visual cognitive abilities, they have few opportunities to exert such abilities in captivity. Video presentation can reproduce multiple features of the complex, real, visual world. Therefore, video presentation can be expected to act as...

  3. The effect of domestication and ontogeny in swine cognition (Sus scrofa scrofa and S. s. domestica)

    Contributor(s):: Albiach-Serrano, Anna, Bräuer, Juliane, Cacchione, Trix, Zickert, Nele, Amici, Federica

    Domesticated animals show physical, behavioural and cognitive differences from their closest wild relatives. This may have resulted from the former's long and continued selection by humans throughout history, but in some cases it could just reflect developmental differences between wild and...

  4. Cognitive testing in horses using a computer based apparatus

    Contributor(s):: Gabor, Vivian, Gerken, Martina

    For the study of higher order cognition, the matching to sample procedure presents an established method to test relational concept learning in several species. In the present study we designed a method of testing ponies via a computer based model. We used the advantages of an automatic stimulus...

  5. An Exploration of Equine-Assisted Therapy to Improve Balance, Functional Capacity, and Cognition in Older Adults With Alzheimer Disease

    Contributor(s):: Borges de Araujo, T., Martins, W. R., Freitas, M. P., Camargos, E., Mota, J., Safons, M. P.

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Alzheimer disease (AD) is a chronic, progressive dementia syndrome that features cognitive and behavioral symptoms, as well as physical and functional limitations that develop over the course of the disease. As an activity that involves physical and cognitive aspects,...

  6. Animal-assisted therapy for dementia

    Contributor(s):: Lai, N. M., Chang, S. M. W., Ng, S. S., Tan, S. L., Chaiyakunapruk, N., Stanaway, F.

    BACKGROUND: Dementia is a chronic condition which progressively affects memory and other cognitive functions, social behaviour, and ability to carry out daily activities. To date, no treatment is clearly effective in preventing progression of the disease, and most treatments are symptomatic,...

  7. Current approaches to modeling the virtual reality in rodents for the assessment of brain plasticity and behavior

    Contributor(s):: Lopatina, O. L., Morgun, A. V., Gorina, Y. V., Salmin, V. V., Salmina, A. B.

  8. Farm Animal Cognition-Linking Behavior, Welfare and Ethics

    Contributor(s):: Nawroth, C., Langbein, J., Coulon, M., Gabor, V., Oesterwind, S., Benz-Schwarzburg, J., von Borell, E.

  9. The effects of cognitive testing on the welfare of zoo-housed Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata)

    Contributor(s):: Jacobson, Sarah L., Kwiatt, Anne C., Ross, Stephen R., Cronin, Katherine A.

    Cognitive testing programs are being implemented more frequently in zoo settings due to the benefits these programs can provide for the animals, researchers and zoo visitors. However, the impact that cognitive studies have on the welfare of captive animals, particularly for primates in a social...

  10. The effect of age, sex and gonadectomy on dogs’ use of spatial navigation strategies

    Contributor(s):: Scandurra, Anna, Marinelli, Lieta, Lõoke, Miina, D’Aniello, Biagio, Mongillo, Paolo

    In this study we assessed the effect of sex and gonadectomy on the type of spatial strategy (allocentric or egocentric) preferentially used by dogs in the acquisition of a navigation task and their ability to resort to the non-preferred strategy. Fifty-six dogs were involved in the study, divided...

  11. Female and male pigs’ performance in a spatial holeboard and judgment bias task

    Contributor(s):: Roelofs, Sanne, Nordquist, Rebecca E., van der Staay, Franz Josef

    Studies of the cognitive abilities of pigs are increasing in number, due to their relevance for the fields of animal welfare and biomedical research. While both female and male pigs have been used in cognitive tasks, possible sex differences in performance have not yet received extensive...

  12. The effect of feeding enrichment in the milk-feeding stage on the cognition of dairy calves in a T-maze

    Contributor(s):: Horvath, Kelsey, Fernandez, Mariana, Miller-Cushon, Emily K.

    In many species, environmental complexity is known to affect cognitive development, yet it is common to house dairy calves individually in restrictive environments. The hypothesis of this study was that providing calves with simple nutritional enrichments would improve their success in a...

  13. Horses can learn to use symbols to communicate their preferences

    Contributor(s):: Mejdell, Cecilie M., Buvik, Turid, Jørgensen, Grete H. M., Bøe, Knut E.

    This paper describes a method in which horses learn to communicate by touching different neutral visual symbols, in order to tell the handler whether they want to have a blanket on or not. Horses were trained for 10–15min per day, following a training program comprising ten steps in a strategic...

  14. Evaluation of cognitive function in adult rhesus monkeys using the finger maze test

    Contributor(s):: Kim, Keonwoo, Jeon, Hyeon-Ae, Seo, Jincheol, Park, Junghyung, Won, Jinyoung, Yeo, Hyeon-Gu, Jeon, Chang-Yeop, Huh, Jae-Won, Kim, Young-Hyun, Hong, Yonggeun, Choi, Ji-Woong, Lee, Youngjeon

    In research on cognitive function, the use of experimental animals is essential for the study of human cognitive processes and mechanisms. Furthermore, non-human primates are necessary for understanding higher cognitive functions in humans. However, there are few cognitive function tests...

  15. Inhibitory control – Important trait for explosive detection performance in police dogs?

    Contributor(s):: Tiira, Katriina, Tikkanen, Antti, Vainio, Outi

    Working dogs are used for a range of important operational tasks. Identifying potentially successful working dogs as early as possible is important as rejection rates are high and training is costly. Earlier research has mainly concentrated on personality traits such as boldness, and there is...

  16. A cafeteria diet alters the decision making strategy and metabolic markers in Sprague-Dawley male rats

    Contributor(s):: Virtuoso, Alessandro, Forkman, Björn, Sarruf, David A., Tveden-Nyborg, Pernille, Sørensen, Dorte Bratbo

    Consumption of diets rich in refined sugar and saturated fat has been linked with development of mild cognitive impairment and dementia in humans. Most cognitive paradigms used in biomedical research to investigate the relationship between obesity and cognition rely on food motivation and speed...

  17. Negative effects of epilepsy and antiepileptic drugs on the trainability of dogs with naturally occurring idiopathic epilepsy

    Contributor(s):: Packer, Rowena M. A., McGreevy, Paul D., Pergande, Amy, Volk, Holger A.

    Epilepsy and anti-epileptic drug (AED) treatment have been found to induce or exacerbate underlying cognitive impairments in people, affecting learning ability, attention and memory. Idiopathic epilepsy (IE) is the most common chronic neurological condition in dogs. Whether IE impairs cognition,...

  18. Assessing equine emotional state

    Contributor(s):: Hall, Carol, Randle, Hayley, Pearson, Gemma, Preshaw, Liane, Waran, Natalie

    The scientific study of animal emotion has recently become an important focus for animal behaviour and welfare researchers. For horses used by humans for work, recreation or sport, the question of the significance of their life experiences in terms of their emotional response, is an important one...

  19. The effect of age on visuo-spatial short-term memory in family dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Patrizia Piotti, Dóra Szabó, Lisa Wallis, Zsófia Bognár, Bianka Stiegmann, Anna Egerer, Pauline Marty, Enikő Kubinyi

    Decline in the visuo-spatial memory domain may be an early marker for cognitive decline and has a relevant impact on animal welfare. Current research on visuo-spatial memory in family dogs is often limited by factors such as the need of extensive pre-training, limited attention to co-occurring...

  20. Falling, Dying Sheep, and the Divine: Notes on Thick Therapeutics in Peri-Urban Senegal

    | Contributor(s):: Lovell, Anne M., Papa, Mamadou Diagne