Cognitive characteristics of 8- to 10-week-old assistance dog puppies
Contributor(s):: Bray, E. E., Gruen, M. E., Gnanadesikan, G. E., Horschler, D. J., Levy, K. M., Kennedy, B. S., Hare, B. A., MacLean, E. L.
Dogs (Canis familiaris) recognise our faces in photographs: implications for existing and future research
Contributor(s):: Eatherington, C. J., Mongillo, P., Looke, M., Marinelli, L.
Dognition : the effect of pet ownership on cognition in older adults
| Contributor(s):: Molly McSweeney
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of pet ownership on cognition in older adults. Previous research has indicated that interactions with pets are associated with improved mental and physical health in humans. We predicted that these benefits of human-pet interactions...
Dogs & Society: Anglo-American Sociological Perspectives (1865-1934)
| Contributor(s):: Michael R. Hill, Mary Jo Deegan
HUMANS AND DOGS have a long, wonderful and sometimes problematic association. At a personal level, dogs have been integral to our lives, and our parents’ lives, for as long as the two of us can remember. As sociologists, we also recognize that dogs are important at the macro level. Here,...
Biopsychosocial Factors and Cognitive Function in Cat Ownership and Attachment in Community-dwelling Older Adults
| Contributor(s):: Branson, Sandra M., Boss, Lisa, Padhye, Nikhil S., Gee, Nancy R., Trötscher, Thea T.
Few studies consider the health benefits of pet ownership from a biopsychosocial perspective, and a paucity of studies investigate cat ownership. The current study was designed to determine if psychosocial factors (stress, loneliness, and depression), biological levels of stress and...
Does Physical Contact with a Dog or Person Affect Performance of a Working Memory Task?
| Contributor(s):: Gee, Nancy R., Friedmann, Erika, Coglitore, Victoria, Fisk, Amy, Stendahl, Marcus
Working memory (WM) plays a critical role in the execution of a wide variety of cognitive tasks and predicts academic success. This study was designed to compare the impact of the presence of a dog or a person, and physical contact with them, on the performance of a WM task. It also exam- ined...
Performance of sheep in a spatial maze is impeded by negative stimuli
| Contributor(s):: Doyle, Rebecca E., Freire, Rafael, Cowling, Ann, Knott, Stephanie A., Lee, Caroline
Exposure to negative stimuli or stress can manifest in general changes in cognitive processing. This study aimed to investigate if a spatial maze task could be used to identify stress-induced differences in the cognitive performance of sheep. Two negative stimuli were used to test the hypothesis....
Environmental enrichment and cognitive complexity in reptiles and amphibians: Concepts, review, and implications for captive populations
| Contributor(s):: Burghardt, Gordon M.
Reptiles and amphibians have been neglected in research on cognition, emotions, sociality, need for enriched and stimulating environments, and other topics that have been greatly emphasized in work on mammals and birds. This is also evident in the historic lack of enriching captive environments...
Behavioral differences among breeds of domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris): Current status of the science
| Contributor(s):: Mehrkam, Lindsay R., Wynne, Clive D. L.
In both popular media and scientific literature, it is commonly stated that breeds of dogs differ behaviorally in substantial, consistent and predictable ways. Since the mid-twentieth century, scientists have asked whether meaningful behavioral differences exist between breeds of dogs. Today,...
Using judgement bias to measure positive affective state in dogs
| Contributor(s):: Burman, Oliver, McGowan, Ragen, Mendl, Michael, Norling, Yezica, Paul, Elizabeth, Rehn, Therese, Keeling, Linda
Interest in the induction and measurement of positive affective states in non-human animals is increasing. Here, we used a test of cognitive (judgement) bias, based on the finding that individuals experiencing different affective states judge ambiguous stimuli differently, to measure whether a...
Use of video system and its effects on abnormal behaviour in captive Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata)
| Contributor(s):: Ogura, Tadatoshi
Although nonhuman primates have highly developed visual cognitive abilities, they have few opportunities to exert such abilities in captivity. Video presentation can reproduce multiple features of the complex, real, visual world. Therefore, video presentation can be expected to act as...
The effect of domestication and ontogeny in swine cognition (Sus scrofa scrofa and S. s. domestica)
| Contributor(s):: Albiach-Serrano, Anna, Bräuer, Juliane, Cacchione, Trix, Zickert, Nele, Amici, Federica
Domesticated animals show physical, behavioural and cognitive differences from their closest wild relatives. This may have resulted from the former's long and continued selection by humans throughout history, but in some cases it could just reflect developmental differences between wild and...
Cognitive testing in horses using a computer based apparatus
| Contributor(s):: Gabor, Vivian, Gerken, Martina
For the study of higher order cognition, the matching to sample procedure presents an established method to test relational concept learning in several species. In the present study we designed a method of testing ponies via a computer based model. We used the advantages of an automatic stimulus...
An Exploration of Equine-Assisted Therapy to Improve Balance, Functional Capacity, and Cognition in Older Adults With Alzheimer Disease
| Contributor(s):: Borges de Araujo, T., Martins, W. R., Freitas, M. P., Camargos, E., Mota, J., Safons, M. P.
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Alzheimer disease (AD) is a chronic, progressive dementia syndrome that features cognitive and behavioral symptoms, as well as physical and functional limitations that develop over the course of the disease. As an activity that involves physical and cognitive aspects,...
Animal-assisted therapy for dementia
| Contributor(s):: Lai, N. M., Chang, S. M. W., Ng, S. S., Tan, S. L., Chaiyakunapruk, N., Stanaway, F.
BACKGROUND: Dementia is a chronic condition which progressively affects memory and other cognitive functions, social behaviour, and ability to carry out daily activities. To date, no treatment is clearly effective in preventing progression of the disease, and most treatments are symptomatic,...
Current approaches to modeling the virtual reality in rodents for the assessment of brain plasticity and behavior
| Contributor(s):: Lopatina, O. L., Morgun, A. V., Gorina, Y. V., Salmin, V. V., Salmina, A. B.
Farm Animal Cognition-Linking Behavior, Welfare and Ethics
| Contributor(s):: Nawroth, C., Langbein, J., Coulon, M., Gabor, V., Oesterwind, S., Benz-Schwarzburg, J., von Borell, E.
The effects of cognitive testing on the welfare of zoo-housed Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata)
| Contributor(s):: Jacobson, Sarah L., Kwiatt, Anne C., Ross, Stephen R., Cronin, Katherine A.
Cognitive testing programs are being implemented more frequently in zoo settings due to the benefits these programs can provide for the animals, researchers and zoo visitors. However, the impact that cognitive studies have on the welfare of captive animals, particularly for primates in a social...
The effect of age, sex and gonadectomy on dogs’ use of spatial navigation strategies
| Contributor(s):: Scandurra, Anna, Marinelli, Lieta, Lõoke, Miina, D’Aniello, Biagio, Mongillo, Paolo
In this study we assessed the effect of sex and gonadectomy on the type of spatial strategy (allocentric or egocentric) preferentially used by dogs in the acquisition of a navigation task and their ability to resort to the non-preferred strategy. Fifty-six dogs were involved in the study, divided...
Female and male pigs’ performance in a spatial holeboard and judgment bias task
| Contributor(s):: Roelofs, Sanne, Nordquist, Rebecca E., van der Staay, Franz Josef
Studies of the cognitive abilities of pigs are increasing in number, due to their relevance for the fields of animal welfare and biomedical research. While both female and male pigs have been used in cognitive tasks, possible sex differences in performance have not yet received extensive...