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  1. Applied cognition research to improve sheep welfare

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kristina Horback

    If a change is going to occur in the care and management of domestic sheep, there needs to be a collaborative effort across many disciplines. This review by Marino & Merskin of the literature on cognitive processing in domestic sheep is limited by the inherent bias of the authors, including...

  2. Using Artificial Intelligence to Analyze Non-Human Drawings: A First Step with Orangutan Productions

    | Contributor(s):: Beltzung, Benjamin, Pelé, Marie, Renoult, Julien P., Shimada, Masaki, Sueur, Cédric

    Drawings have been widely used as a window to the mind; as such, they can reveal some aspects of the cognitive and emotional worlds of other animals that can produce them. The study of non-human drawings, however, is limited by human perception, which can bias the methodology and interpretation...

  3. Habit Formation and the Effect of Repeated Stress Exposures on Cognitive Flexibility Learning in Horses

    | Contributor(s):: Henshall, Cathrynne, Randle, Hayley, Francis, Nidhish, Freire, Rafael

    Horse training exposes horses to an array of cognitive and ethological challenges. Horses are routinely required to perform behaviours that are not aligned to aspects of their ethology, which may delay learning. While horses readily form habits during training, not all of these responses are...

  4. Looking beyond the Shoal: Fish Welfare as an Individual Attribute

    | Contributor(s):: Torgerson-White, Lauri, Sánchez-Suárez, Walter

    Welfare is an individual attribute. In general, providing captive nonhuman animals with conditions conducive to good welfare is an idea more easily applied when dealing with few individuals. However, this becomes much harder—if not impossible—under farming conditions that may imply high numbers...

  5. Horses Failed to Learn from Humans by Observation

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Maria Vilain Rørvang, Tina Bach Nielsen, Janne Winther Christensen

    Animals can acquire new behavior through both individual and social learning. Several studies have investigated horses’ ability to utilize inter-species (human demonstrator) social learning with conflicting results. In this study, we repeat a previous study, which found that horses had...

  6. Effects of on-farm hatching on short term stress indicators, weight gain, and cognitive ability in layer chicks

    | Contributor(s):: Witjes, Vivian L., Bruckmaier, Rupert M., Gebhardt-Henrich, Sabine G., Toscano, Michael J.

  7. Can dog-assisted and relaxation interventions boost spatial ability in children with and without special educational needs? A longitudinal, randomized controlled trial

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Brelsford, V. L., Dimolareva, M., Rowan, E., Gee, N. R., Meints, K.

    Children's spatial cognition abilities are a vital part of their learning and cognitive development, and important for their problem-solving capabilities, the development of mathematical skills and progress in Science, Technology, Engineering and Maths (STEM) topics. As many children have...

  8. Assessing the Effects of a Cognition-Based Education Program on Attitudes of Villagers Toward Asian Elephants (Elephas maximus) in Conflict-Prone Areas

    | Contributor(s):: Makecha, Radhika N., Phalke, Sagarika, Nakai, Yoshie

  9. The Effects of Pet Dog-Assisted Activities on Self-Esteem, Depression and Cognitive Function among Elderly People

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Esther Shin, Sung-Kook Lee

    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of pet dog-assisted activities on self-esteem, depression and cognitive function of elderly people Method: The experimental group(pet dog-assisted group) consisted of 22 people over 65 years old out of about 90 elderly people...

  10. Assessing the Psychological Priorities for Optimising Captive Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus) Welfare

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jake Stuart Veasey

    The welfare status of elephants under human care has been a contentious issue for two decades or more in numerous western countries. Much effort has gone into assessing the welfare of captive elephants at individual and population levels with little consensus having been achieved in relation to...

  11. Hippotherapy in neurodevelopmental disorders: a narrative review focusing on cognitive and behavioral outcomes

    | Contributor(s):: Maresca, G., Portaro, S., Naro, A., Crisafulli, R., Raffa, A., Scarcella, I., Aliberti, B., Gemelli, G., Calabrò, R. S.

  12. Effects of physical enrichment and pair housing before weaning on growth, behaviour and cognitive ability of calves after weaning and regrouping

    | Contributor(s):: Zhang, Chenyu, Juniper, Darren T., Meagher, Rebecca K.

    Housing unweaned calves individually in barren environments negatively affects their growth, cognitive ability, and adaptability to environmental changes in later life. Social housing has been shown to improve those aspects, whereas physical environmental enrichment has rarely been studied in...

  13. Music for animal welfare: A critical review & conceptual framework

    | Contributor(s):: Kriengwatana, Buddhamas P., Mott, Richard, ten Cate, Carel

    Music can have powerful effects on human health and wellbeing. These findings have inspired an emerging field of research that focuses on the potential of music for animal welfare, with most studies investigating whether music can enhance overall wellbeing. However, this sole focus on discovering...

  14. Development of Desirable Behaviors in Dog-Assisted Interventions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Acebes, F., Pellitero, J. L., Muñiz-Diez, C., Loy, I.

    Dog-assisted interventions (DAI) are those that include specially trained dogs in human health services. Often, the training methods employed to train animals for DAI are transmitted between trainers, so the latest scientific research on dog learning and cognition is not always taken into...

  15. Pet ownership supports quality of life in home-dwelling people with Alzheimer's disease

    | Contributor(s):: Välimäki, T., Koivisto, A., Kärkkäinen, V., Selander, T., Hongisto, K., Rusanen, M.

  16. Pilot study of the influence of equine assisted therapy on physiological and behavioral parameters related to welfare of horses and patients

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Dolores Ayala, M., Carrillo, A., Iniesta, P., Ferrer, P.

    Different welfare indicators were studied in three patients with psychomotor alterations and in two horses throughout 9-10 equine assisted therapy sessions in each patient. In horses, heart and respiratory rates, blood pressure, temperature and behavioral signs were studied. In patients, heart...

  17. Equine-assisted activities and therapies in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: A systematic review

    | Contributor(s):: Pérez-Gómez, J., Amigo-Gamero, H., Collado-Mateo, D., Barrios-Fernandez, S., Muñoz-Bermejo, L., Garcia-Gordillo, MÁ, Carlos-Vivas, J., Adsuar, J. C.

  18. Wouldn't hurt a fly? A review of insect cognition and sentience in relation to their use as food and feed

    | Contributor(s):: Lambert, Helen, Elwin, Angie, D’Cruze, Neil

    Globally, there is increasing pressure to find solutions for feeding the growing human population. One of the proposed answers to this problem is to farm edible insects, both for human consumption and as feed for domesticated livestock. But what do we know about these miniature livestock? Are...

  19. Donkey behaviour and cognition: A literature review

    | Contributor(s):: De Santis, Marta, Seganfreddo, Samanta, Galardi, Morgana, Mutinelli, Franco, Normando, Simona, Contalbrigo, Laura

  20. Unanswered Questions and Hypotheses about Domestic Cat Behavior, Ecology, and the Cat-Human Relationship

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Turner, D. C.

    After recent publication of several reviews covering research results from the last 35 years of domestic cat studies, a number of important unanswered questions and hypotheses have arisen that could interest active researchers, especially those beginning their academic careers. Some sections of...