The effect of age on visuo-spatial short-term memory in family dogs
| Contributor(s):: Patrizia Piotti, Dóra Szabó, Lisa Wallis, Zsófia Bognár, Bianka Stiegmann, Anna Egerer, Pauline Marty, Enikő Kubinyi
Decline in the visuo-spatial memory domain may be an early marker for cognitive decline and has a relevant impact on animal welfare. Current research on visuo-spatial memory in family dogs is often limited by factors such as the need of extensive pre-training, limited attention to co-occurring...
Falling, Dying Sheep, and the Divine: Notes on Thick Therapeutics in Peri-Urban Senegal
| Contributor(s):: Lovell, Anne M., Papa, Mamadou Diagne
Working Smarter Not Harder: Oxytocin Increases Domestic Dogs' (Canis familiaris) Accuracy, but Not Attempts, on an Object Choice Task
| Contributor(s):: Oliva, J. L., Mengoli, M., Mendonca, T., Cozzi, A., Pageat, P., Chabaud, C., Teruel, E., Lafont-Lecuelle, C., Bienboire-Frosini, C.
Effects of Pet Insects on Cognitive Function among the Elderly: An fMRI Study
| Contributor(s):: Park, J. Y., Ko, H. J., Kim, A. S., Moon, H. N., Choi, H. I., Kim, J. H., Chang, Y., Kim, S. H.
Effectiveness of a Combined Intervention on Psychological and Physical Capacities of Frail Older Adults: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial
| Contributor(s):: Apostolo, J., Dixe, M. D. A., Bobrowicz-Campos, E., Areosa, T., Santos-Rocha, R., Brauna, M., Ribeiro, J., Marques, I., Freitas, J., Almeida, M. L., Couto, F.
Do dogs exhibit jealous behaviors when their owner attends to their companion dog?
| Contributor(s):: Prato-Previde, E., Nicotra, V., Fusar Poli, S., Pelosi, A., Valsecchi, P.
Cross-species referential signalling events in domestic dogs (Canis familiaris)
| Contributor(s):: Worsley, H. K., O'Hara, S. J.
Behavioral synchronization and affiliation: Dogs exhibit human-like skills
| Contributor(s):: Duranton, C., Gaunet, F.
Judgement bias in goats (Capra hircus): investigating the effects of human grooming
out of 5 stars
| Contributor(s):: Luigi Baciadonna, Christian Nawroth, Alan G. McElligott
Animal emotional states can be investigated by evaluating their impact on cognitive processes. In this study, we used a judgement bias paradigm to determine if short-term positive human-animal interaction (grooming) induced a positive affective state in goats. We tested two groups of...
Social Learning in Horses—Fact or Fiction?
| Contributor(s):: Maria V. Rørvang, Janne W. Christensen, Jan Ladewig, Andrew McLean
Prima facie, the acquisition of novel behaviors in animals through observation of conspecifics seems straightforward. There are, however, various mechanisms through which the behavior of animals can be altered from observing others. These mechanisms range from simple hard-wired contagious...
Enhanced Selection of Assistance and Explosive Detection Dogs Using Cognitive Measures
| Contributor(s):: MacLean, E. L., Hare, B.
Working dogs play a variety of important roles, ranging from assisting individuals with disabilities, to explosive and medical detection work. Despite widespread demand, only a subset of dogs bred and trained for these roles ultimately succeed, creating a need for objective measures that can...
Infants' Daily Experience With Pets and Their Scanning of Animal Faces
| Contributor(s):: Karinna Hurley, Lisa M Oakes
Very little is known about the effect of pet experience on cognitive development in infancy. In Experiment 1, we document in a large sample (N = 1270) that 63% of families with infants under 12 months have at least one household pet. The potential effect on development is significant as...
Human Demonstration Does Not Facilitate the Performance of Horses (Equus caballus) in a Spatial Problem-Solving Task
| Contributor(s):: Joan-Bryce Burla, Janina Siegwart, Christian Nawroth
Horses were confronted with a spatial problem-solving task in which they had to detour an obstacle. Individuals that observed a human demonstrating how to solve the task did not solve the task more often or faster compared with a control group without demonstration. However, horses of both the...
Adolescent Coping Styles and Outdoor Education: Searching for the Mechanisms of Change
| Contributor(s):: James T. Neill, Bernd Heubeck
Disparities in activity levels and learning ability between Djungarian hamster (Phodopus sungorus) and Roborovskii hamster (Phodopus roborovskii)
| Contributor(s):: Hiromi Ikeda, Mao Nagasawa, Takeshi Yamaguchi, Kimie Minaminaka, Ryosei Goda, Vishwajit S. Chowdhury, Shinobu Yasuo, Mitsuhiro Furuse
The Djungarian hamster and the Roborovskii hamster belong to the same genus of Phodopus. However, the Djungarian hamster is tame and shows sedative behavior, while Roborovskii hamster is not tame and shows high levels of locomotor activity. Hyperactivity occurs in animals with tameless behavior....
Does experience with animals improve toddlers' understanding of others' sound perception?
| Contributor(s):: Rachelle Stover
Introduction: Much research has examined what children understand about others’ visual perception. For instance, 2-year-olds can determine when an object is hidden from another’s viewpoint (Flavell, 1992). Less is known about children’s understanding of other’s auditory...
Animal-Assisted Therapy (AAT) as an Adjunctive Treatment for Eating Disorders: Exploration of AAT through the lens of Attachment and Affect Regulation
| Contributor(s):: Patricia Flaherty Fischette
This research investigated the connection between attachment, affect regulation, eating disorders and Animal-Assisted Therapy (AAT), a connection that has not previously been examined. The conceptual lenses for this research identified eating disorders as one of many possible examples of...
Cognition and the Development of Social Cognition in the Domestic Dog (Canis Lupus Familiaris)
| Contributor(s):: Camille Ward
We examined cognition and the development of social cognition in domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) with three studies. Study one focused on numerical competence in dogs and studies two and three addressed the development of social relationships among littermates. In the first study, we...
Assessing the dog: a theoretical analysis of the companion animal's actions in human-animal interactions
| Contributor(s):: Vitztum, C., Urbanik, J.
Companion animals are proposed as valuable assets in human-animal interaction (HAI) for human-health interventions. The benefit of a HAI is presumably based on the interaction between the two species. Although the actions and reactions of the human are routinely evaluated, nominal consideration...
Cognition and learning in horses (Equus caballus): what we know and why we should ask more
| Contributor(s):: Brubaker, L., Udell, M. A. R.
Horses (Equus caballus) have a rich history in their relationship with humans. Across different cultures and eras they have been utilized for work, show, cultural rituals, consumption, therapy, and companionship and continue to serve in many of these roles today. As one of the most commonly...