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Tags: Cognitive disorders

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  1. Effects of pre-conditioning on behavior and physiology of horses during a standardised learning task

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kate Fenner, Holly Webb, Melissa J. Starling, Rafael Freire, Petra Buckley, Paul D. McGreevy

    Rein tension is used to apply pressure to control both ridden and unridden horses. The pressure is delivered by equipment such as the bit, which may restrict voluntary movement and cause changes in behavior and physiology. Managing the effects of such pressure on arousal level and behavioral...

  2. Effects of a Nutritional Supplement on Cognitive Function in Aged Dogs and on Synaptic Function of Primary Cultured Neurons

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Maria Elena Pero, Laura Cortese, Vincenzo Mastellone, Raffaella Tudisco, Nadia Musco, Anna Scandurra, Biagio D’Aniello, Giuseppe Vassalotti, Francesca Bartolini, Pietro Lombardi

    The objective of this research was to investigate the efficacy of DìSeniorTM, a nutraceutical formulated to improve cognitive functions in elderly dogs. To this purpose, some clinical and metabolic investigations and a spatial navigation test were performed in treated and untreated dogs....

  3. Animal-Assisted Therapy Improves Communication and Mobility among Institutionalized People with Cognitive Impairment

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rodrigo-Claverol, M., Malla-Clua, B., Marquilles-Bonet, C., Sol, J., Jové-Naval, J., Sole-Pujol, M., Ortega-Bravo, M.

    Disorders of communication, social relationships, and psychomotricity are often characterized by cognitive impairment, which hinders daily activities and increases the risk of falls. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of an animal-assisted therapy (AAT) program in an institutionalized...

  4. Effects of dog-assisted therapy in adults with dementia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

    | Contributor(s):: Zafra-Tanaka, J. H., Pacheco-Barrios, K., Tellez, W. A., Taype-Rondan, A.

  5. Effects of animal-assisted therapy on concentration and attention span in patients with acquired brain injury: A randomized controlled trial

    | Contributor(s):: Gocheva, V., Hund-Georgiadis, M., Hediger, K.

  6. Companion animals and human health: benefits, challenges, and the road ahead for human-animal interaction

    | Contributor(s):: Friedman, E., Krause-Parello, C. A.

  7. Case–Control Study of Hazards in the Home and Risk of Falls and Hip Fractures

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lindy Clemson, Robert G. Cumming, Maryanne Roland

    The importance of environmental hazards in the home as risk factors for falls and fractures is uncertain. A case–control study was conducted, involving people aged 65 years and over referred to an occupational therapy department for home assessment. There were 52 subjects with a recent...

  8. Therapeutic effects of dog visits in nursing homes for the elderly

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Thodberg, Karen, Sørensen, Lisbeth Uhrskov, Christensen, Janne Winther, Poulsen, Pia Haun, Houbak, Birthe, Damgaard, Vibeke, Keseler, Ingrid, Edwards, David, Videbech, Poul B.

    BackgroundPrevious studies have suggested that visiting dogs can have positive effects on elderly people in nursing homes. We wanted to study the effects of biweekly dog visits on sleep patterns and the psychiatric well‐being of elderly people.MethodsA total of 100 residents (median age: 85.5...

  9. Effect of animal‐assisted interventions on depression, agitation and quality of life in nursing home residents suffering from cognitive impairment or dementia: A cluster randomized controlled trial

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Olsen, Christine, Pedersen, Ingeborg, Bergland, Astrid, Enders‐Slegers, Marie‐José, Patil, Grete, Ihlebæk, Camilla

    Objectives The prevalence of neuropsychiatric symptoms in cognitively impaired nursing home residents is known to be very high, with depression and agitation being the most common symptoms. The possible effects of a 12‐week intervention with animal‐assisted activities (AAA) in nursing homes...

  10. Identification and management of cognitive decline in companion animals and the comparisons with Alzheimer's disease: A review

    | Contributor(s):: Cory, Julie

  11. Animal-assisted therapy and agitation and depression in nursing home residents with dementia: A matched case–control trial

    | Contributor(s):: Majić, Tomislav, Gutzmann, Hans, Heinz, Andreas, Lang, Undine E., Rapp, Michael A.

  12. Hoarding of Animals: An Under-Recognized Public Health Problem in a Difficult-to-Study Population

    | Contributor(s):: Gary J. Patronek

    The objective of this study was to better characterize the problem of hoarding, or pathological collecting, of animals. Methods. The author summarized data from a convenience sample of 54 case reports from 0 animal control agencies and humane societies across the country.The majority (76%) of...

  13. The impact of different dog-related stimuli on engagement of persons with dementia

    | Contributor(s):: Marcia S. Marx, Jiska Cohen-Mansfield, Natalie G. Regier, Maha Dakheel-Ali, Ashok Srihari, Khin Thein

    Objective: To provide further empirical evaluation of the effectiveness of animal-assisted therapy in nursing home residents with dementia. Methods: Participants were 56 residents of 2 suburban Maryland nursing homes and had a diagnosis. Activities of daily living performance was assessed via the...