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  1. Talking to Dogs: Companion Animal-Directed Speech in a Stress Test

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Raffaela Lesch, Kurt Kotrschal, Iris Schöberl, Andrea Beetz, Judith Solomon, W. Tecumseh Fitch

    Companion animal-directed speech (CADS) has previously been investigated in comparison to infant-directed speech and adult-directed speech. To investigate the influence of owner caregiving, attachment pattern, and personality on CADS, we used the Ainsworth strange situation procedure. It...

  2. Human Classification of Context-Related Vocalizations Emitted by Familiar And Unfamiliar Domestic Cats: An Exploratory Study

    | Contributor(s):: Ellis, Sarah L. H., Swindell, Victoria, Burman, Oliver H. P.

    Previous research has shown that human classification of contextspecific domestic cat “meow” vocalizations is relatively poor, although improves with experience and/or general affinity to cats. To investigate whether such classification further improves when recipients (humans) of the...

  3. Emotions in dogs being petted by a familiar or unfamiliar person: Validating behavioural indicators of emotional states using heart rate variability

    | Contributor(s):: Kuhne, Franziska, Hößler, Johanna C., Struwe, Rainer

    Although physical human–dog interactions have an important influence on the human–dog relationship, few studies have proposed the key factors of physical human–dog contact affecting the well-being of dogs. Therefore, our aim was to investigate the effect of physical human–dog contact on the...

  4. Behavioural and physiological responses of domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) to agonistic growls from conspecifics

    | Contributor(s):: Wood, Penney A., de Bie, Josine, Clarke, Jennifer A.

    Motivation–structural rule theory predicts that a sender producing harsh, low frequency sounds directed at a conspecific modifies the receiver's behaviour, in part, by communicating its willingness to escalate to an attack. Motivation–structural (MS) rules generally assume that receivers respond...

  5. Social dimension of emotions and its implication for animal welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Špinka, Marek

    Animal emotions are central to the concept of animal welfare. So far, emotions have been investigated in animal welfare science as within-individual phenomena, i.e. coordinating mechanisms that guide the animal to take appropriate action. However, emotions include an important social dimension....

  6. Effects of human–dog familiarity on dogs’ behavioural responses to petting

    | Contributor(s):: Kuhne, Franziska, Hößler, Johanna C., Struwe, Rainer

    The complex, subtle body postures and facial expressions used by dogs for communication is sometimes contrary to the human–dog communication mainly focused on verbal and tactile signals. Human–dog interactions might lead to misunderstandings because humans perform gestures that the pet interprets...

  7. Differential responses of captive southern hairy-nosed wombats (Lasiorhinus latifrons) to the presence of faeces from different species and male and female conspecifics

    | Contributor(s):: Descovich, Kristin A., Lisle, Allan T., Johnston, Stephen, Nicolson, Vere, Phillips, Clive J. C.

    The southern hairy-nosed wombat (Lasiorhinus latifrons) appears to use scent marking, including defaecation, for social communication in the wild. This premise assumes that the receiver wombat is able to distinguish between faeces from different sources. To examine this theory, four types of...

  8. Quality of life and adolescents' communication with their significant others (mother, father, and best friend) : the mediating effect of attachment to pets

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ferran Marsa-Sambola, Joanne Williams, Janine Muldoon, Alistair Lawrence, Melanie Connor, Candace Currie

    The relationship between adolescents? communication with their significant others (mother, father, and best friend) and quality of life (KIDSCREEN) was investigated in 2262 Scottish adolescent pet owners. The variable attachment to pets was also tested and assessed as a mediator of this...

  9. Ready to pounce

    | Contributor(s):: Grimm, D.

    2019Science3646440522-5250036-807510.1126/science.364.6440.522engCorvallis, Oregon.text

  10. Improving social participation of children with autism spectrum disorder: Pilot testing of an early animal-assisted intervention in Spain

    | Contributor(s):: Avila-Alvarez, A., Alonso-Bidegain, M., De-Rosende-Celeiro, I., Vizcaino-Cela, M., Larraneta-Alcalde, L., Torres-Tobio, G.

  11. Broadcasting human voice to piglets (sus scrofa domestica) modifies their behavioural reaction to human presence in the home pen and in arena tests

    | Contributor(s):: Bensoussan, Sandy, Tigeot, Raphaëlle, Meunier-Salaün, Marie-Christine, Tallet, Céline

  12. Enhancing Success of Veterinary Visits for Clients With Disabilities and an Assistance Dog or Companion Animal: A Review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Grigg, E. K., Hart, L. A.

  13. The communicative role of companion pets in patient-centered critical care

    | Contributor(s):: Yamasaki, J.

  14. Animal-Assisted Therapy for Post-traumatic Stress Disorder: Lessons from "Case Reports" in Media Stories

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Altschuler, E. L.

    Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can follow war trauma, sexual abuse, other traumas, and even be experienced by commanders for the PTSD of their subordinates. Medications and counseling are sometimes not effective, so new treatments are needed. Some years ago, I suggested that...

  15. Potential use of domestic cat (Felis catus) urinary extracts for manipulating the behavior of free-roaming cats and wild small felids

    | Contributor(s):: Miyazaki, Masao, Nishimura, Takashi, Hojo, Wataru, Miyazaki, Tamako, Laine, Roger A., Yamashita, Tetsuro

    Increasing numbers of free-roaming cats are causing various social and ecological problems worldwide. To address these problems while also considering animal welfare issues, we investigated the usefulness of cat urinary extracts for manipulating the behavior of free-roaming cats. We first...

  16. Less water renewal reduces effects on social aggression of the cichlid Pterophyllum scalare

    | Contributor(s):: Gauy, Ana Carolina dos Santos, Boscolo, Camila Nomura Pereira, Gonçalves-de-Freitas, Eliane

    Changes in aquatic environments can affect fish behavior. Water renewal, for example, can dilute chemical signals, which are a social communication tool used by some fish species, and this dilution increases aggressive interactions in the group. Fierce and prolonged fights can affect fish welfare...

  17. What I Learned About Respect from Horses | Connie Crawford | TEDxBrownU

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Connie Crawford

    Connie Crawford is a lifelong horsewoman​. She practices Tom Dorrance’s approach to working with horses. Connie teaches and directs theatre at Brown University. She studied acting with Uta Hagen, Bobby Lewis and has performed in theaters across America. Connie connects across species. She...

  18. The role of trust in binding the perspectives of guide dogs and their visually impaired handlers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Riin Magnus

    Building on anthropological discussions of perspectivism and (zoo)semiotic accounts of sign use by humans and other animals, the article explores the cooperation of a guide dog and its visually impaired handler as contingent on the mutual adjustment of two individual perspectives. A perspective...

  19. Speak Softly or Carry a Big Stick?: Comparing the Approaches of The Humane Society of the United States and People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rachel Ruben

    My thesis explores the varying methods that animal protection groups use to achieve their goal of increased protection for animals. In particular, I compare, contrast, and critique the approaches of The Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) and People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals...

  20. Tools for Managing Feline Problem Behaviours: Owner understanding and involvement

    | Contributor(s):: Halls, V.