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Resources (21-40 of 319)

  1. A Companion Dog Increases Prosocial Behavior in Work Groups

    Contributor(s):: Colarelli, Stephen M., McDonald, Amanda M., Christensen, Matthew S., Honts, Christopher

    Although organizations use a variety of interventions to improve group functioning, getting people to work effectively with each other remains challenging. Because the presence of a dog has been shown to have positive effects on mood and dyadic interaction, we expected that the presence of a...

  2. Children with Avoidant or Disorganized Attachment Relate Differently to a Dog and to Humans During a Socially Stressful Situation

    Contributor(s):: Wedl, Manuela, Kotrschal, Kurt, Julius, Henri, Beetz, Andrea

    Human attachment representations are shaped in interaction with the primary caregiver and are generally transferred to further bonding/ social partners later in life. According to previous evidence, primary attachment representations acquired with humans do not seem to be transferred to companion...

  3. The Canine Cuteness Effect: Owner-Perceived Cuteness as a Predictor of Human–Dog Relationship Quality

    Contributor(s):: Thorn, Pinar, Howell, Tiffani J., Brown, Cynthia, Bennett, Pauleen C.

    The modern domestic dog's primary function is as a human companion. A strong human–dog relationship may be beneficial to both parties but not all relationships are successful. There is currently no consensus on why some dog–owner relationships flourish and others fail, but relationship quality...

  4. The Children's Treatment of Animals Questionnaire: A Rasch Analysis

    Contributor(s):: McDonald, Shelby Elaine, Vidacovich, Courtney, Ascione, Frank R., Williams, James Herbert, Green, Kathy E.

    The study of human–animal interactions is limited by a paucity of empirically validated measures of humane treatment of companion animals. The current study reports findings from a psychometric analysis of the Children's treatment of animals Questionnaire (CTAQ; thompson and Gullone 2003), an...

  5. Social Provisions of the Human—Animal Relationship amongst 30 People Living with HIV in Australia

    Contributor(s):: Hutton, Vicki E.

    Research on the relationship between humans and animals has identified some links between companion animals and physiological, psychological, and social benefits for the human. Adopting Robert Weiss's (1974) Theory of Social Provisions as a framework, this qualitative study explores the role of...

  6. The Roles of Pet Dogs and Cats in Human Courtship and Dating

    Contributor(s):: Gray, Peter B., Volsche, Shelly L., Garcia, Justin R., Fisher, Helen E.

    What role do companion animals play in the dating lives of single adults? As dogs and cats are increasingly viewed as family members, a person's pets may wield significant influence in partner choice. Here, we provide descriptive quantitative data on the role pets play in mate appraisal and mate...

  7. The Potential Influence of a Companion-Animal's Presence on Aspects of the Therapeutic Alliance

    Contributor(s):: Goldmann, Kara M., Hatfield, Derek R., Terepka, Angelica

    Seventy-one college students participated in an experiment exploring the impact of a companion-animal's presence (viz., a dog) on several aspects of the participants' experience during an interview. Specifically, the study examined how the presence of a companion animal impacts participants'...

  8. Companion Animals and Loneliness: A Systematic Review of Quantitative Studies

    Contributor(s):: Gilbey, Andrew, Tani, Kawtar

    The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate quantitative studies of companion animals and human loneliness. Five electronic databases (PubMed, Medline, Web of Science, Academic Search Premier, Psychlnfo) were searched for articles on companion animals (including animal-assisted therapies...

  9. Companion-Animals’ Effectiveness in Managing Chronic Pain in Adult Community Members

    Contributor(s):: Bradley, Lahna, Bennett, Pauleen C.

    Therapy animals have been found to alleviate pain in healthcare settings, but companion-animal owners report greater discomfort and use more analgesics than people who do not own one or more companion animals. To investigate this anomaly, 173 adults completed an online survey that included...

  10. An Experience Sampling Approach to Investigating Associations between Pet Presence and Indicators of Psychological Wellbeing and Mood in Older Australians

    Contributor(s):: Bennett, Pauleen C., Trigg, Joshua L., Godber, Tim, Brown, Cynthia

    In this study we examined associations between pet ownership and presence and indicators of psychological wellbeing in older Australians, using an innovative, experience sampling methodology and a community-living sample of 68 adults, including 41 pet owners, all aged over 65 years. In response...

  11. Breeding dogs for beauty and behaviour: Why scientists need to do more to develop valid and reliable behaviour assessments for dogs kept as companions

    Contributor(s):: King, Tammie, Marston, Linda C., Bennett, Pauleen C.

    In the past, dogs were bred to perform specific utilitarian roles. Nowadays, the dog's most common role is that of human companion. Our world has changed dramatically since the first dog breeds were developed, yet many of these existing breeds remain popular as companions. While dogs kept as...

  12. Patient Opinion of Visiting Therapy Dogs in a Hospital Emergency Department

    Contributor(s):: Reddekopp, J., Dell, C. A., Rohr, B., Fornssler, B., Gibson, M., Carey, B., Stempien, J.

    To date there have been no studies examining whether patients want emergency department (ED) therapy dog programs. This patient-oriented study examined the opinions of patients about whether they would want to be visited by a therapy dog in the Royal University Hospital ED. Cross-sectional survey...

  13. Exploring human–companion animal interaction in families of children with autism

    Contributor(s):: Carlisle, Gretchen K., Johnson, Rebecca A., Wang, Ze, Brosi, Timothy C., Rife, Emily M., Hutchison, Alisa

    AbstractThe study goal was to explore companion animal (CA) ownership in families of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), including parents’ beliefs about benefits and burdens of CAs, as well as parent stress. Participants (N = 764) completed online survey instruments anonymously....

  14. A Critical Needs Assessment for Research in Companion Animals and Livestock Following the Pandemic of COVID-19 in Humans

    Contributor(s):: McNamara, T., Richt, J. A., Glickman, L.

    Problem: The emergence of novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) in Wuhan, China, in November 2019 and a growing body of information compel inquiry regarding the transmissibility of infection between humans and certain animal species. Although there are a number of issues to be considered, the following...

  15. Companion Dog Foster Caregiver Program for Older Veterans at the VA Maryland Health Care System: A Feasibility Study

    Contributor(s):: Ortmeyer, H. K., Robey, L. C.

    Veterans experience mental health conditions at a disproportionate rate compared to their civilian counterparts, and approximately 60% of older veterans who receive their care through the United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) do not meet physical activity (PA) recommendations. We...

  16. Adult separation anxiety disorder: The human-animal bond

    Contributor(s):: Dowsett, E., Delfabbro, P., Chur-Hansen, A.

    BACKGROUND: The introduction of an adult onset Separation Anxiety Disorder in the DSM-V recognises that separation anxiety can occur at any stage across the lifespan. In this paper, we examine whether adult separation anxiety, which is known to occur when people are apart from other people close...

  17. Human-Animal Interaction Research: Progress and Possibilities

    Contributor(s):: Griffin, J. A., Hurley, K., McCune, S.

    2019Front Psychol1028031664-1078 (Print)1664-107810.3389/fpsyg.2019.02803engThe National Institutes of Health, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD, United States.Mars Incorporated, Global Scientific Affairs, McLean, VA,...

  18. Companion dog acquisition and mental well-being: a community-based three-arm controlled study

    Contributor(s):: Powell, L., Edwards, K. M., McGreevy, P., Bauman, A., Podberscek, A., Neilly, B., Sherrington, C., Stamatakis, E.

  19. The communicative role of companion pets in patient-centered critical care

    Contributor(s):: Yamasaki, J.

  20. Fearful Fido: Investigating dog experience in the veterinary context in an effort to reduce distress

    Contributor(s):: Edwards, Petra T., Smith, Bradley P., McArthur, Michelle L., Hazel, Susan J.

    For many dogs, receiving veterinary care can be a stressful, fearful or traumatic experience. However, understanding and improving the veterinary experience for dogs is challenging due to the dynamic nature of the veterinary visit, the number of stakeholders involved (veterinarian, guardian and...