From Regulating Emotions to Less Lonely Screen Time: Parents' Qualitative Perspectives of the Benefits and Challenges of Adolescent Pet Companionship
| Contributor(s):: Charmaraman, L., Cobas, S., Weed, J., Gu, Q., Kiel, E., Chin, H., Gramajo, A., Mueller, M. K.
Adolescence is a prime developmental period to explore human-pet relationships, particularly given that teens are often relying less on their families, and more on other attachment figures such as peers and pets. However, most research on pet companionship is conducted with adults and young...
Randomized, placebo-controlled prospective clinical trial evaluating the efficacy of the Assisi anti-anxiety device (calmer canine) for the treatment of canine separation anxiety
| Contributor(s):: Pankratz, K., Korman, J., Emke, C., Johnson, B., Griffith, E. H., Gruen, M. E.
Introduction: Separation anxiety (SA) is among the most common canine behavior disorders and affects quality-of-life for dogs and their owners. Dogs with SA show signs of anxiety during absence or perceived absence of their owners. While psychoactive medications are often helpful for...
Child-Dog Attachment, Emotion Regulation and Psychopathology: The Mediating Role of Positive and Negative Behaviours
| Contributor(s):: Hawkins, R. D., Robinson, C., Brodie, Z. P.
Emerging evidence suggests that pet dogs can offer features of a secure attachment which has been associated with healthy psychological development across the lifespan. Limited research has investigated the underpinning mechanisms that may contribute to the benefits and risks of child–dog...
Fat Cats and Porky Pooches: “Pet Obesity,” Moral Panic, and Multi-Species Possibilities
| Contributor(s):: Bunyak, Garrett
The Difference is in the Details: Attachment and Cross-Species Parenting in the United States and India
| Contributor(s):: Volsche, Shelly, Mukherjee, Rijita, Rangaswamy, Madhavi
The purpose of the current research was to explore changes in Indian attitudes and practices with pet dogs and cats and compare them with responses from the United States. Pet parenting, defined as the investment of money, emotion, and time in companion animals, is a form of alloparental care...
Covid Cats and Pandemic Puppies: The Altered Realm of Veterinary Care for Companion Animals during a Global Pandemic
| Contributor(s):: Muzzatti, Stephen L., Grieve, Kirsten L.
The emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic in Canada and the US significantly impacted the myriad relationships that exist amongst human and non-human animals. This article highlights the tolls that the virus and lockdown measures took (and continue to take) on companion animals and the veterinary...
Pampered pets or poor bastards? The welfare of dogs kept as companion animals
| Contributor(s):: Meyer, Iben, Forkman, Björn, Fredholm, Merete, Glanville, Carmen, Guldbrandtsen, Bernt, Ruiz Izaguirre, Eliza, Palmer, Clare, Sandøe, Peter
Over the past two centuries, the typical life of dogs has changed dramatically, especially in the Global North. Dogs have moved into human homes, becoming human companions. In many respects, this change seems to have led to improvements in dog welfare. However, the shift into family homes from...
The effects of owner and domestic cat (Felis catus) demographics on cat personality traits
| Contributor(s):: Leech, Laura E., Preziosi, Richard, Stoycheva, Rosica, Pastorino, Giovanni Quintavalle
Personality has been researched in many companion animals and is described as differences in behavioural traits of individuals that often remain consistent over time. In domestic cats many factors have been discovered to influence personality, including breed, coat colour, gender, rearing...
Influences of Dog Attachment and Dog Walking on Reducing Loneliness during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Korea
| Contributor(s):: Lee, Hyung-Sook, Song, Jin-Gyeoung, Lee, Jeong-Yeon
The COVID-19 pandemic has changed people’s lives and increased their vulnerability to physical and mental health hazards. While Korea has avoided nationwide lockdown measures since the COVID-19 outbreak, the prolonged restrictions and social isolation measures have resulted in detrimental...
Chinese Companion Animal Caretakers’ Attachment Influences their Attribution of Emotions to their Animals
| Contributor(s):: Su, Bingtao, Martens, Pim
Institutional persistence despite cultural change: a historical case study of the re-categorization of dogs in Germany
| Contributor(s):: Pfau-Effinger, B., Sebastian, M.
Potential Owner-Related Risk Factors That May Contribute to Obesity in Companion Dogs in Aotearoa New Zealand
| Contributor(s):: Forrest, Rachel, Awawdeh, Leena, Esam, Fiona, Pearson, Maria, Waran, Natalie
Approximately a third of all Aotearoa New Zealand (NZ) households include a dog, with 28% of these dogs being overweight or obese, conditions that are associated with many serious health issues. Therefore, healthy weight interventions that focus on the owner’s role are of great importance...
Personalized dominance – a questionnaire-based analysis of the associations among personality traits and social rank of companion dogs
| Contributor(s):: Vékony, Kata, Prónik, Fruzsina, Pongrácz, Péter
2022Applied Animal Behaviour Science2471055440168-159110.1016/j.applanim.2022.105544text
Center for Human-Animal Interactions Research and Education
| Contributor(s):: Kelly George
Human-animal interactions (HAI) are an integral part of society and have become the topic of many discussions across a variety of contexts, including: media, scientific research, food production, one health, conservation, and welfare and behavior. Many argue that the resilience and...
Trauma etiology in dogs and cats: a retrospective study of 4626 cases
| Contributor(s):: Cojocaru, R., Schuszler, L., Bumb, D., Barnea, R., Igna, C.
Traumatic injuries are a major health hazard having an important impact in animals' welfare. The outcome following a traumatic event in the animal's life, depends on multiple factors, the most common ones being the cause of trauma, the location of the trauma and the amount of kinetic...
Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase-Producing and Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacterales in Companion and Animal-Assisted Interventions Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Roscetto, E., Varriale, C., Galdiero, U., Esposito, C., Catania, M. R.
Animal-assisted interventions (AAIs) are being implemented in many countries for the beneficial effects they have on humans. Patients involved in AAI are often individuals at greater risk of acquiring infections, and these activities involve close contact between humans and animals, as is the...
Relationships among Early Adversity, Positive Human and Animal Interactions, and Mental Health in Young Adults
| Contributor(s):: Rodriguez, K. E., McDonald, S. E., Brown, S. M.
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are associated with poor mental health. Emerging research demonstrates the protective role of positive childhood experiences, including a positive sense of self and relationships with both humans and animals, in mitigating the impacts of early life adversity...
The Process of Coming and Going in this World: Conversation About Interspecies Collaboration, Domestication, Sound
| Contributor(s):: Burke, Ruth K., Landau, Jessica
The Role of Animal Ownership for People with Severe Mental Illness during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Mixed-Method Study Investigating Links with Health and Loneliness
| Contributor(s):: Shoesmith, E., Spanakis, P., Peckham, E., Heron, P., Johnston, G., Walker, L., Crosland, S., Ratschen, E.
Research has reported the benefits of companion animals for people with severe mental illness (SMI). However, this evidence base is fragmented and unclear. The COVID-19 pandemic presents an opportunity to explore the role of companion animals in the context of social distancing and isolation...
Pet-Friendly for Whom? An Analysis of Pet Fees in Texas Rental Housing
| Contributor(s):: Applebaum, J. W., Horecka, K., Loney, L., Graham, T. M.
Previous studies have underscored the difficulty low-income pet owners often face when attempting to secure affordable rental housing. Further exacerbating this housing disparity are fees charged on top of normal monthly rent to pet owners in "pet-friendly" rental housing. In this...