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  1. Energy intake and expenditure of improvised explosive device detection dogs

    Contributor(s):: Phillips, S. P., Kutzner-Mulligan, J., Davis, M.

    Improvised explosive device detection (IDD) dogs explore up to 40 km of land daily and therefore have energetic demands that may be above the National Research Council's requirement for working dogs. This study was designed to quantify metabolic energy intake (MEI) and total energy expenditure...

  2. Dietary fatty acid composition significantly influenced the proactive-reactive behaviour of Senegalese sole ( Solea senegalensis) post-larvae

    Contributor(s):: Ibarra-Zatarain, Z., Morais, S., Bonacic, K., Campoverde, C., Duncan, N.

    Few studies have examined the influence of diet on larval proactive-reactive behavioural dimension of stress coping style responses. The present study evaluated the influence of using different vegetables oils (Linseed; Soybean; Olive) and fish oil (Cod liver) for Artemia metanauplii nutritional...

  3. Factors influencing stereotypic behaviours of animals rescued from Asian animal markets: a slow loris case study

    Contributor(s):: Moore, R. S., Cabana, F., Nekaris, K. A. I.

    Illegal wildlife trade has devastating effects on wild populations in Southeast Asia, made evident from the rising numbers of threatened species found in rescue centres. The prevalence of slow lorises ( Nycticebus spp.) in trade allows for the first time, a study of the response of wild-caught...

  4. Docking the value of pigmeat? Prevalence and financial implications of welfare lesions in Irish slaughter pigs

    Contributor(s):: Harley, S., Boyle, L. A., O'Connell, N. E., More, S. J., Teixeira, D. L., Hanlon, A.

    Expansion of the meat inspection process to incorporate animal-based welfare measurements could contribute towards significant improvements in pig ( Sus scrofa domesticus) welfare and farm profitability. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of different welfare-related lesions on the...

  5. What do current and potential Australian dog owners believe about shelter practices and shelter dogs?

    | Contributor(s):: Mornement, K., Coleman, G., Toukhsati, S., Bennett, P.

    Many displaced dogs are unable to find new homes in developed countries, including Australia, each year, even though demand for dogs in general remains high. Understanding community attitudes towards shelter dogs and beliefs about common shelter practices, particularly behavioral assessments...

  6. Both energy content and bulk of food affect stereotypic behaviour, heart rate and feeding motivation of female pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Robert, S., Rushen, J., Farmer, C.

    The effect of high-fibre diets on feeding motivation and feeding-related stereotypic behaviour was examined in gilts. Forty gilts were fed on a concentrate diet (CONC) or high-fibre diets balanced for energy (WHEAT, wheat bran and maize cobs or OAT, oat hulls and oat) or with a lower energy...

  7. Diurnal patterns of intake rate by sheep grazing monocultures of ryegrass or white clover

    | Contributor(s):: Orr, R. J., Penning, P. D., Harvey, A., Champion, R. A.

    The effects of time of day on the ingestive behaviour of groups of 5 sheep grazing monocultures of ryegrass (Lolium perenne cv. Parcour) or white clover (Trifolium repens cv. Kent Wild White), were measured over periods of 1 h starting at 07.30, 11.30, 15.30 and 19.30 h in August 1993. Grazing...

  8. The effect of breed and housing system on dairy cow feeding and lying behaviour

    | Contributor(s):: O'Driscoll, K., Boyle, L., Hanlon, A.

    In Ireland there is growing interest in managing dairy cows on out-wintering pads (OWPs) during the winter, as a low cost alternative to housing indoors. This study investigated feeding and lying behaviour of two breeds of dairy cow (Holstein-Friesian and Norwegian Red) at pasture (PAS) and in...

  9. Feed composition and hardness interact in preference and intake in chickens

    | Contributor(s):: Bouvarel, I., Chagneau, A. M., Lecuelle, S., Lescoat, P., Ferreira, G., Duvaux-Ponter, C., Leterrier, C.

    Chickens prefer high- to low-energy feed in the long-term when they have previously experienced both of them for several days. However, high-energy pellets can also be softer than those with low energy. The present study aimed to understand whether this preference for high-energy feed was...

  10. Variety of foods and flavors affects selection of foraging location by sheep

    | Contributor(s):: Scott, L. L., Provenza, F. D.

    The effect of variety of dietary flavours and ingredients on selection of foraging locations by sheep was studied. It was hypothesized that lambs would forage in locations that offered a variety of flavours and/or nutritional characteristics and on feeds that differed from their basal diet. This...

  11. Dimensions of horse personality based on owner and trainer supplied personality traits

    | Contributor(s):: McGrogan, C., Hutchison, M. D., King, J. E.

    Ratings on 36 personality descriptive adjectives were made on 100 companion horses by owners, trainers, and stable managers. The descriptors had been previously provided by a subset of 30 raters based on their own experience with horses. Principal components analysis revealed three statistically...

  12. An analysis of regurgitation and reingestion in captive chimpanzees

    | Contributor(s):: Baker, K. C., Easley, S. P.

    Regurgitation and reingestion (R/R) is a potentially self-injurious behaviour in nonhuman primates and is a common problem among captive primates. The temporal and contextual distribution of R/R and its relationship to diet were assessed in 13 indoor-housed chimpanzees living in pairs and trios....

  13. Does it bite? The role of stimuli characteristics on preschoolers' interactions with robots, insects and a dog

    | Contributor(s):: Howard, L., Vick, S. J.

    While there is increasing interest in the impact of animal interactions upon children's wellbeing and attitudes, there has been less attention paid to the specific characteristics of the animals that attract and engage children. We used a within-subjects design to explore how differences in...

  14. Benefits of training/playing therapy in a group of captive lowland gorillas ( Gorilla gorilla gorilla )

    | Contributor(s):: Carrasco, L., Colell, M., Calvo, M., Abello, M. T., Velasco, M., Posada, S.

    Animal well-being and enrichment continue to gain importance in the maintenance of primates living in captivity. Positive reinforcement training (PRT) and/or playing interaction have been shown to be effective in improving the well-being of several species of primates. This research study...