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  1. How can we tackle interruptions to human-wildlife feeding management? Adding media campaigns to the wildlife manager's toolbox

    Contributor(s):: Griffin, L. L., Nolan, G., Haigh, A., Condon, H., O'Hagan, E., McDonnell, P., Kane, A., Ciuti, S.

  2. "Dying alone and being eaten": dog scavenging on the remains of an elderly animal hoarder-a case report

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kmetiuk, L. B., Maiorka, P. C., Beck, A. M., Biondo, A. W.

    Animal hoarding and human consumption by dogs have been important but often understudied aspects of the human-animal bond that can be addressed within a One Health framework. No scientific report has focused on dog scavenging on animal hoarders to date, despite isolated reports of dog...

  3. The effects of equine-assisted activities on execution function in children aged 7-8 years: A randomized controlled trial

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cheng, X., Zhen, K., Fan, Y., Tang, Q., Wu, H.

    BACKGROUND: This study examines the effects of equine-assisted activity (EAA) training on executive functioning (EF) (inhibitory control, working memory, and cognitive flexibility) in children aged 7-8 years. METHODS: Twenty-Four healthy children aged 7-8 years with a 1:1 ratio of boys to girls...

  4. Mirror, mirror on the wall… How tank material and the presence of “enrichments” affect competition and agonism in zebrafish (Danio rerio)

    | Contributor(s):: Lavery, J. Michelle, Mason, Georgia J.

  5. Dog-assisted interventions for adults diagnosed with schizophrenia and related disorders: a systematic review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Tyssedal, M. K., Johnsen, E., Brønstad, A., Skrede, S.

    BACKGROUND: Many individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia and related disorders experience insufficient symptom relief from currently available treatment options. Researching additional venues should be prioritized. This systematic review, designed in accordance with PRISMA, examined the effect...

  6. Examining human-animal interactions and their effect on multidimensional frailty in later life: a scoping review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Taeckens, A., Corcoran, M., Wang, K., Morris, K. N.

    This scoping review sought to compile outcomes associated with any human-animal interaction study regarding adults aged 50 and older in any living context and concerning a multidimensional (i.e., physical, psychological, cognitive, and social) perspective of frailty. Despite our best attempts...

  7. Why don't politicians talk about meat? The political psychology of human-animal relations in elections

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Saha, S.

    Building on literature from political science and psychology, I argue that political attention on animals and animal-friendly political candidates cause voter backlash. I test this using two different kinds of experiments with large, representative samples. I ask respondents to consider...

  8. Pet's influence on humans' daily physical activity and mental health: a meta-analysis

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Martins, C. F., Soares, J. P., Cortinhas, A., Silva, L., Cardoso, L., Pires, M. A., Mota, M. P.

    ABSTRACT: The benefits of the human-animal bond on owners' health and quality of life have been the focus of research in recent decades. However, the results are still inconsistent. Thus, this study aims to investigate whether the presence of a pet, compared to a control group, influences...

  9. Service dogs for autistic children and family system functioning: a constant comparative analysis

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Leighton, S. C., Rodriguez, K. E., Nieforth, L. O., O'Haire, M. E.

    INTRODUCTION: Service dog placements for autistic children are growing in popularity, yet findings to date are mixed. Moreover, no study to date has examined these placements through the lens of a recognized theoretical model. The purpose of this study is twofold: to explore experiences...

  10. Children's bond with companion animals and associations with psychosocial health: A systematic review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Groenewoud, D., Enders-Slegers, M. J., Leontjevas, R., van Dijke, A., de Winkel, T., Hediger, K.

    BACKGROUND: Companion animals can fulfill children's attachment needs. A secure attachment to humans is positively associated with psychosocial health, therefore, the extent to which this applies to a strong child-companion animal bond is worth examining. AIMS: We aimed to gain insight into...

  11. Network meta-analysis of comparative efficacy of animal-assisted therapy vs. pet-robot therapy in the management of dementia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Du, H., Bo, L., Lai, X., Zhu, H., Huo, X.

    OBJECTIVE: This network meta-analysis aimed to compare and rank the efficacy of animal-assisted therapy (AAT) and pet-robotic therapy (PRT) in the management of dementia. METHODS: Relevant studies were identified by searching PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, SCOPUS, and Web of Science...

  12. Exploring health behaviors and the role of pet dogs in households with autistic children: the DANE study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Adkins, J. R., Mulé, C. M., Linder, D. E., Must, A., Cash, S. B., Folta, S. C.

    INTRODUCTION: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often presents a unique set of risk factors that impact healthy eating and physical activity. Animal-assisted interventions (AAI) are a promising approach for autistic children. There is growing evidence for the positive impact of AAIs on...

  13. Age modifies the association between pet ownership and cardiovascular disease

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Watson, K. M., Kahe, K., Shier, T. A., Li, M.

    INTRODUCTION: Studies examining associations between pet ownership and cardiovascular disease have yielded inconsistent results. These discrepancies may be partially explained by variations in age and sex across study populations. Our study included 6,632 American Gut Project participants who...

  14. Bystanders' reactions to animal abuse in relation to psychopathy, empathy with people and empathy with nature

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Martín, A. M., Vera, A., Marrero, R. J., Hernández, B.

    Social and academic interest in animal abuse has recently increased thanks to greater awareness of the importance of biodiversity in promoting sustainability. The redefinition of human-animal relationships, in the context of the fight against speciesism and the defense of veganism, has also...

  15. Welfare implications on management strategies for rearing dairy calves: A systematic review. Part 2 - Social management

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carulla, P., Villagrá, A., Estellés, F., Blanco-Penedo, I.

    INTRODUCTION: Raising a healthy calf up to puberty is essential for optimal farm performance. It is therefore, it is necessary to promote animal welfare from the three spheres during this short period. Social management has been postulated as essential in lowering stress and consequently...

  16. Conflict Behavior in Show Jumping Horses: A Field Study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ewa Jastrzębska, Anna Wolska, Michela Minero, Magdalena Ogłuszka, Bernadette Earley, Janusz Wejer, Aleksandra Górecka-Bruzda

    The study objective was to determine if there was a relationship between behavioral and physiological stress measures in sport horses and their performance. Nineteen horses competed in show jumping events (6 housed at the center and 13 transported), while 5 horses at home training served as...

  17. Advancing Methods in Animal-Assisted Intervention: Demonstration of Starting Points in Clinical Practice for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Clay, C. J., Schmitz, B. A., Hogg, A. D., Keicher, E. S., Clohisy, A. M., Kahng, S.

    Therapy animals have been frequently included in interventions for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD); however, direct and systematic procedures such as assessing preference for and reinforcing efficacy of the animals are rarely conducted. Assessing preference for stimuli is valuable...

  18. Mixed-reality-based human-animal interaction can relieve mental stress

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Na, H., Dong, S. Y.

    INTRODUCTION: Interacting with animals has been demonstrated to possess the healing benefits to humans. However, there are limitations in physical interaction due to COVID-19 and safety issues. Therefore, as an alternative, we created mixed-reality (MR)-based human-animal interaction (HAI)...

  19. Pooches on a platform: Text mining twitter for sector perceptions of dogs during a global pandemic

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: McMillan, K. M., Anderson, K. L., Christley, R. M.

    INTRODUCTION: Businesses commonly text mine Twitter data to identify patterns and extract valuable information. However, this method is rarely applied to the animal welfare sector. Here, we describe Twitter conversations regarding dogs during a global pandemic, assess the evolution of...

  20. Attitudes of wildlife park visitors towards returning wildlife species: An analysis of patterns and correlates

    | Contributor(s):: Ostermann-Miyashita, Emu-Felicitas, Pernat, Nadja, Koenig, Hannes J., Hemminger, Karoline, Gandl, Nina, Bellingrath-Kimura, Sonoko Dorothea, Hibler, Sophia, Kiffner, Christian