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  1. Choice of conflict resolution strategy is linked to sociability in dog puppies

    Contributor(s):: Riemer, Stefanie, Müller, Corsin, Virányi, Zsófia, Huber, Ludwig, Range, Friederike

    Measures that are likely to increase sociability in dog puppies, such as appropriate socialisation, are considered important in preventing future fear or aggression related problems. However, the interplay between sociability and conflict behaviour has rarely been investigated. Moreover, while...

  2. Social strategies associated with identity profiles in dairy goats

    Contributor(s):: Miranda-de la Lama, Genaro C., Sepúlveda, Wilmer S., Montaldo, Hugo H., María, Gustavo A., Galindo, Francisco

    The aim of this study was to identify and analyse the social strategies associated with dominance, conflict resolution, individual behaviour and morphological traits in goats. Social interactions of 30 high-yielding dairy goats were recorded over a period of 16 days for 96h. The variables...

  3. Sex ratio, conflict dynamics, and wounding in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta)

    Contributor(s):: Beisner, B. A., Jackson, M. E., Cameron, A., McCowan, B.

    Rhesus macaques, like many other primates, live in stable, multi-male multi-female groups in which adult females typically outnumber adult males. The number of males in multi-male/multi-female groups is most commonly discussed in terms of mate competition, where the sex ratio is a function of an...

  4. High rates of aggression do not predict rates of trauma in captive groups of macaques

    Contributor(s):: Beisner, Brianne A., Wooddell, Lauren J., Hannibal, Darcy L., Nathman, Amy, McCowan, Brenda

    Socially inflicted traumas are a major concern for the management of captive groups of rhesus macaques. Rhesus macaques are the most commonly used nonhuman primate in biomedical research, and social housing is optimal for promoting psychological well-being. However, trauma is frequent due to a...

  5. The application of learning theory in horse training

    Contributor(s):: McLean, Andrew N., Christensen, Janne Winther

    The millennia-old practices of horse training markedly predate and thus were isolated from the mid-twentieth century revelation of animal learning processes. From this standpoint, the progress made in the application and understanding of learning theory in horse training is reviewed including a...

  6. An analysis of human-coyote relationship in metropolitan Atlanta, Ga

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jeremy W. Hooper

    Human-coyote interactions are an increasing challenge for North American wildlife managers. My objectives were to: 1) provide data on the types and general spatial distribution of human-coyote interactions in metropolitan Atlanta; 2) identify landscapes associated with human-coyote...

  7. More-than-toad: Conflicts and Ruminations in Cane Toad Management

    | Contributor(s):: Nyquist, Jon Rasmus

  8. Prisoners in War: Zoos and Zoo Animals During Human Conflict 1870-1947

    | Contributor(s):: Clelly Johnson

        Animals are sentient beings capable of many of the same feelings experienced by humans. They mourn a loss, they feel love and loyalty, and they experience fear. During wars and conflicts, fear is a prevailing emotion among humans, who worry for their wellbeing. Animals,...

  9. Taking it out on the dog: psychological and behavioral correlates of animal abuse proclivity

    | Contributor(s):: Parfitt, C., Alleyne, E.

    There is a lack of research examining the criminogenic factors related to animal abuse perpetrated by adults, despite the high prevalence of this type of offending. A correlational study examining the factors related to two types of animal abuse proclivity was used. We found that childhood animal...

  10. Conflicting perspectives on nonhuman animal rescues in natural disasters

    | Contributor(s):: Every, D., Due, C., Thompson, K., Ryan, J.

    Nonhuman animal guardians are more at risk during natural disasters because they are likely to delay or refuse evacuation and return to evacuated disaster sites to rescue animals. Research on the human-animal bond (HAB) views animal guardians' actions as a reflection of a strong attachment....

  11. Pets in the context of disaster: challenges of (de)protectionAnimais de estimacao em contexto de desastres: desafios de (des)protecao

    | Contributor(s):: Antonio, L. S., Valencio, N. F. L. da S.

    Immeasurable social-environmental damage and losses occur in catastrophic disasters related to hydro meteorological events. Some of them have prominence to the authorities who work in the emergency context and others do not. In Brazil, in general, animals seriously affected in these disasters...

  12. Influences on the avoidance and approach behaviour of dairy goats towards an unfamiliar human - an on-farm study

    | Contributor(s):: Mersmann, D., Schmied-Wagner, C., Nordmann, E., Graml, C., Waiblinger, S.

    The human-animal relationship (HAR) is an important factor for successful animal husbandry and animal welfare. Thus, the HAR is included in on-farm assessments to evaluate overall welfare. For dairy goats, validated tests to assess the HAR are lacking. The aim of the present study was to evaluate...

  13. Interaction with shelter dogs reduces negative affect of adolescents in substance use disorder treatment

    | Contributor(s):: Ellsworth, L. M., Tragesser, S., Newberry, R. C.

    We investigated the effectiveness of a human-animal interaction program, involving dogs from an animal shelter, in improving affect of adolescent males in inpatient treatment for substance use disorder (SUD). We hypothesized that adolescents would experience improvements in affect and attitudes...

  14. Gender role conflict theory, research, and practice: Implications for understanding the human-animal bond

    | Contributor(s):: O'Neil, James M., Denke, Robyn, Blazina, Chris, Blazina, Christopher, Kogan, Lori R.

  15. A new understanding of man's best friend: A proposed contextual model for the exploration of human-animal interaction among insecurely attached males

    | Contributor(s):: Blazina, Chris, O'Neil, James M., Denke, Robyn, Blazina, Christopher, Kogan, Lori R.

  16. Exploring how the human-animal bond affects men in a relational way: Attachment, loss, and gender role conflict in middle-aged and young-men

    | Contributor(s):: Bartone, Anne, Blazina, Chris, Blazina, Christopher, Kogan, Lori R.

  17. Examining emotional support animals and role conflicts in professional psychology

    | Contributor(s):: Younggren, Jeffrey N., Boisvert, Jennifer A., Boness, Cassandra L.

  18. Conflict and connection: A theoretical and evaluative study of an equine-assisted psychotherapy program for at-risk and delinquent girls

    | Contributor(s):: Foley, Allison Jan

  19. An investigation of the Rusbult Investment Model of commitment in relationships with pets

    | Contributor(s):: Baker, Z. G., Petit, W. E., Brown, C. M.

    The present research examines relationships between people and their pets through the lens of the Rusbult Investment Model. The Rusbult Investment Model identifies important antecedents to commitment in a relationship: satisfaction with the relationship, quality of alternatives to the...

  20. Coexistence : the human/grizzly bear interface in a rural community of British Columbia

    | Contributor(s):: Gillian L. Sanders

    Environmental Education is becoming increasingly important as human populations expand into wildlife habitat, often resulting in human/wildlife conflicts. Meadow Creek British Columbia has experienced a long history of conflicts with grizzly bears resulting in significant bear mortalities. This...