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  1. Animal Welfare and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Linda Keeling, Håkan Tunón, Gabriela Olmos Antillón, Charlotte Berg, Mike Jones, Leopoldo Stuardo, Janice Swanson, Anna Wallenbeck, Christoph Winckler, Harry Blokhuis

    This paper systematically evaluates the extent to which achieving the UN sustainable development goals (SDGs) is compatible with improving animal welfare. The analyses were based on discussion and independent scoring in a group of 12 participants with academic backgrounds within agricultural or...

  2. Strepsirrhine Primate Training Programs in North American Institutions: Status and Implications for Future Welfare Assessment

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Fernández-Lázaro, G., Dye, M. H., Eddie, C., Ferrie, G. M.

    Many articles have shown the benefits of operant conditioning training techniques in the care and welfare of several species of nonhuman primates; however, the information regarding their use in strepsirrhine species is scarce. We assessed the development and current status of training programs...

  3. Penal sanctioning of zoophilia in light of the legal status of animals - a comparative analysis of fifteen European countries

    | Contributor(s):: Vetter, S., Boros, A., Ozsvari, L.

  4. Coyote (Canis latrans) diet in an urban environment: variation relative to pet conflicts, housing density, and season

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: S. A. Poessel, E. C. Mock, S. W. Breck

    Coyotes (Canis latrans Say, 1823) are highly successful in urbanized environments, but as they populate cities, conflict can occur and often manifests in the form of incidents with pets. To better understand whether coyotes view pets as prey or, alternatively, as competitors or a threat,...

  5. Choice of conflict resolution strategy is linked to sociability in dog puppies

    | Contributor(s):: Riemer, Stefanie, Müller, Corsin, Virányi, Zsófia, Huber, Ludwig, Range, Friederike

    Measures that are likely to increase sociability in dog puppies, such as appropriate socialisation, are considered important in preventing future fear or aggression related problems. However, the interplay between sociability and conflict behaviour has rarely been investigated. Moreover, while...

  6. Social strategies associated with identity profiles in dairy goats

    | Contributor(s):: Miranda-de la Lama, Genaro C., Sepúlveda, Wilmer S., Montaldo, Hugo H., María, Gustavo A., Galindo, Francisco

    The aim of this study was to identify and analyse the social strategies associated with dominance, conflict resolution, individual behaviour and morphological traits in goats. Social interactions of 30 high-yielding dairy goats were recorded over a period of 16 days for 96h. The variables...

  7. Sex ratio, conflict dynamics, and wounding in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta)

    | Contributor(s):: Beisner, B. A., Jackson, M. E., Cameron, A., McCowan, B.

    Rhesus macaques, like many other primates, live in stable, multi-male multi-female groups in which adult females typically outnumber adult males. The number of males in multi-male/multi-female groups is most commonly discussed in terms of mate competition, where the sex ratio is a function of an...

  8. High rates of aggression do not predict rates of trauma in captive groups of macaques

    | Contributor(s):: Beisner, Brianne A., Wooddell, Lauren J., Hannibal, Darcy L., Nathman, Amy, McCowan, Brenda

    Socially inflicted traumas are a major concern for the management of captive groups of rhesus macaques. Rhesus macaques are the most commonly used nonhuman primate in biomedical research, and social housing is optimal for promoting psychological well-being. However, trauma is frequent due to a...

  9. The application of learning theory in horse training

    | Contributor(s):: McLean, Andrew N., Christensen, Janne Winther

    The millennia-old practices of horse training markedly predate and thus were isolated from the mid-twentieth century revelation of animal learning processes. From this standpoint, the progress made in the application and understanding of learning theory in horse training is reviewed including a...

  10. An analysis of human-coyote relationship in metropolitan Atlanta, Ga

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jeremy W. Hooper

    Human-coyote interactions are an increasing challenge for North American wildlife managers. My objectives were to: 1) provide data on the types and general spatial distribution of human-coyote interactions in metropolitan Atlanta; 2) identify landscapes associated with human-coyote...

  11. More-than-toad: Conflicts and Ruminations in Cane Toad Management

    | Contributor(s):: Nyquist, Jon Rasmus

  12. Prisoners in War: Zoos and Zoo Animals During Human Conflict 1870-1947

    | Contributor(s):: Clelly Johnson

        Animals are sentient beings capable of many of the same feelings experienced by humans. They mourn a loss, they feel love and loyalty, and they experience fear. During wars and conflicts, fear is a prevailing emotion among humans, who worry for their wellbeing. Animals,...

  13. Taking it out on the dog: psychological and behavioral correlates of animal abuse proclivity

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Parfitt, C., Alleyne, E.

    There is a lack of research examining the criminogenic factors related to animal abuse perpetrated by adults, despite the high prevalence of this type of offending. A correlational study examining the factors related to two types of animal abuse proclivity was used. We found that childhood...

  14. Conflicting perspectives on nonhuman animal rescues in natural disasters

    | Contributor(s):: Every, D., Due, C., Thompson, K., Ryan, J.

    Nonhuman animal guardians are more at risk during natural disasters because they are likely to delay or refuse evacuation and return to evacuated disaster sites to rescue animals. Research on the human-animal bond (HAB) views animal guardians' actions as a reflection of a strong attachment....

  15. Pets in the context of disaster: challenges of (de)protectionAnimais de estimacao em contexto de desastres: desafios de (des)protecao

    | Contributor(s):: Antonio, L. S., Valencio, N. F. L. da S.

    Immeasurable social-environmental damage and losses occur in catastrophic disasters related to hydro meteorological events. Some of them have prominence to the authorities who work in the emergency context and others do not. In Brazil, in general, animals seriously affected in these disasters...

  16. Influences on the avoidance and approach behaviour of dairy goats towards an unfamiliar human - an on-farm study

    | Contributor(s):: Mersmann, D., Schmied-Wagner, C., Nordmann, E., Graml, C., Waiblinger, S.

    The human-animal relationship (HAR) is an important factor for successful animal husbandry and animal welfare. Thus, the HAR is included in on-farm assessments to evaluate overall welfare. For dairy goats, validated tests to assess the HAR are lacking. The aim of the present study was to evaluate...

  17. Interaction with shelter dogs reduces negative affect of adolescents in substance use disorder treatment

    | Contributor(s):: Ellsworth, L. M., Tragesser, S., Newberry, R. C.

    We investigated the effectiveness of a human-animal interaction program, involving dogs from an animal shelter, in improving affect of adolescent males in inpatient treatment for substance use disorder (SUD). We hypothesized that adolescents would experience improvements in affect and attitudes...

  18. Gender role conflict theory, research, and practice: Implications for understanding the human-animal bond

    | Contributor(s):: O'Neil, James M., Denke, Robyn, Blazina, Chris, Blazina, Christopher, Kogan, Lori R.

  19. A new understanding of man's best friend: A proposed contextual model for the exploration of human-animal interaction among insecurely attached males

    | Contributor(s):: Blazina, Chris, O'Neil, James M., Denke, Robyn, Blazina, Christopher, Kogan, Lori R.

  20. Exploring how the human-animal bond affects men in a relational way: Attachment, loss, and gender role conflict in middle-aged and young-men

    | Contributor(s):: Bartone, Anne, Blazina, Chris, Blazina, Christopher, Kogan, Lori R.