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  1. Specific and Non-specific Factors of Animal-Assisted Interventions Considered in Research: A Systematic Review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Wagner, C., Grob, C., Hediger, K.

    Research on animal-assisted interventions (AAIs) has increased massively in the last few years. But it is still not clear how AAIs work and how important the animal is in such interventions. The aim of this systematic review was to compile the existing state of knowledge about the working...

  2. The Impact of Service Dogs on Military Veterans and (Ex) First Aid Responders With Post-traumatic Stress Disorder

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: van Houtert, E. A. E., Rodenburg, T. B., Vermetten, E., Endenburg, N.

    Due to its novelty and lack of empirical study it remains unclear if a service dog truly mitigates the burden of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. To cross sectionally investigate the effect of service dogs on veterans and first aid responders with PTSD, we studied subjective and...

  3. An Ethics Toolkit to Support Animal-Centered Research and Design

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ruge, L., Mancini, C.

    Designers and researchers who work with animals need to employ an array of ethical competencies to guarantee the welfare of animals taking part in animal-centered research. The emerging field of Animal-Computer Interaction (ACI), which deals with the design of animal-centered interactive...

  4. Animal-Assisted Interventions With Dogs in Special Education-A Systematic Review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Meixner, J., Kotrschal, K.

    Dogs are becoming increasingly popular in pedagogical settings. Particularly children with special educational needs are believed to benefit from dog-assisted interventions. However, reliable evidence for supporting such claims is still scarce and reports on the effectiveness of this approach...

  5. Canine-Assisted Interventions and the Relevance of Welfare Assessments for Human Health, and Transmission of Zoonosis: A Literature Review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Meers, L. L., Contalbrigo, L., Samuels, W. E., Duarte-Gan, C., Berckmans, D., Laufer, S. J., Stevens, V. A., Walsh, E. A., Normando, S.

    CAIs (canine-assisted interventions) include "canine-assisted therapy" in which a therapist sets client-oriented goals, 'canine-assisted activities' with recreational goals for clients, and 'canine-assisted education/learning' in which teachers or coaches create learning...

  6. Why Do People Want Dogs? A Mixed-Methods Study of Motivations for Dog Acquisition in the United Kingdom

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Holland, K. E., Mead, R., Casey, R. A., Upjohn, M. M., Christley, R. M.

    With an estimated 12. 5 million dogs in the UK alone, many people acquire a dog at some point during their lives. However, there are gaps in understanding about why UK owners decide to get dogs. Using a mixed-methods convergent design, this study identified the reasoning behind dog acquisition...

  7. Emotion Facial Processing in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Pilot Study of the Impact of Service Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Dollion, N., Grandgeorge, M., Saint-Amour, D., Hosein Poitras Loewen, A., François, N., Fontaine, N. M. G., Champagne, N., Plusquellec, P.

    Processing and recognizing facial expressions are key factors in human social interaction. Past research suggests that individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) present difficulties to decode facial expressions. Those difficulties are notably attributed to altered strategies in the visual...

  8. The Importance of Evaluating Positive Welfare Characteristics and Temperament in Working Therapy Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Miller, S. L., Serpell, J. A., Dalton, K. R., Waite, K. B., Morris, D. O., Redding, L. E., Dreschel, N. A., Davis, M. F.

    To date, investigations of the welfare of therapy dogs have focused largely on examining physiological and behavioral measures that could indicate if the animal is experiencing stress or distress. However, this approach does not fully address the definition of welfare which is often described as...

  9. Leashes, Litterboxes, and Lifelines: Exploring Volunteer-Based Pet Care Assistance Programs for Older Adults

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: McLennan, K., Rock, M. J., Mattos, E., Toohey, A. M.

    At the convergence of population aging and pet-ownership, community stakeholders are well-positioned to support older adults’ relationships with companion animals through age-related transitions in health and living arrangements. In this study’s setting, a volunteer-based pet care...

  10. Community attitudes reflect reporting rates and prevalence of animal mistreatment

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Glanville, C., Ford, J., Cook, R., Coleman, G. J.

    Community attitudes toward the treatment of animals are important to understand for the development of intervention programs to prevent mistreatment. We aimed to investigate whether previously identified differences between local government areas (LGAs) in the rates of animal mistreatment...

  11. New insights into ridden horse behaviour, horse welfare and horse-related safety

    | Contributor(s):: Luke, Karen L., McAdie, Tina, Smith, Bradley P., Warren-Smith, Amanda K.

  12. Why does lifelong conventional housing reduce the sociability of female mice?

    | Contributor(s):: Kitchenham, Lindsey, Nazal, Basma, Adcock, Aimee, Nip, Emma, MacLellan, Aileen, Mason, Georgia

  13. Bad dog: feral and free-roaming dogs as agents of conflict

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Julie K. Young, D. L. Bergman, M. Ono

    Domestic dogs are ubiquitous where humans reside. While typically considered a companion animal, their ability to thrive as feral and free-roaming animals often results in conflict with wildlife and is an impediment to conservation goals (Gompper, 2013). Home, Bhatnagar & Vanak (2018)...

  14. Animal Welfare and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Linda Keeling, Håkan Tunón, Gabriela Olmos Antillón, Charlotte Berg, Mike Jones, Leopoldo Stuardo, Janice Swanson, Anna Wallenbeck, Christoph Winckler, Harry Blokhuis

    This paper systematically evaluates the extent to which achieving the UN sustainable development goals (SDGs) is compatible with improving animal welfare. The analyses were based on discussion and independent scoring in a group of 12 participants with academic backgrounds within agricultural or...

  15. Strepsirrhine Primate Training Programs in North American Institutions: Status and Implications for Future Welfare Assessment

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Fernández-Lázaro, G., Dye, M. H., Eddie, C., Ferrie, G. M.

    Many articles have shown the benefits of operant conditioning training techniques in the care and welfare of several species of nonhuman primates; however, the information regarding their use in strepsirrhine species is scarce. We assessed the development and current status of training programs...

  16. Penal sanctioning of zoophilia in light of the legal status of animals - a comparative analysis of fifteen European countries

    | Contributor(s):: Vetter, S., Boros, A., Ozsvari, L.

  17. Coyote (Canis latrans) diet in an urban environment: variation relative to pet conflicts, housing density, and season

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: S. A. Poessel, E. C. Mock, S. W. Breck

    Coyotes (Canis latrans Say, 1823) are highly successful in urbanized environments, but as they populate cities, conflict can occur and often manifests in the form of incidents with pets. To better understand whether coyotes view pets as prey or, alternatively, as competitors or a threat,...

  18. Choice of conflict resolution strategy is linked to sociability in dog puppies

    | Contributor(s):: Riemer, Stefanie, Müller, Corsin, Virányi, Zsófia, Huber, Ludwig, Range, Friederike

    Measures that are likely to increase sociability in dog puppies, such as appropriate socialisation, are considered important in preventing future fear or aggression related problems. However, the interplay between sociability and conflict behaviour has rarely been investigated. Moreover, while...

  19. Social strategies associated with identity profiles in dairy goats

    | Contributor(s):: Miranda-de la Lama, Genaro C., Sepúlveda, Wilmer S., Montaldo, Hugo H., María, Gustavo A., Galindo, Francisco

    The aim of this study was to identify and analyse the social strategies associated with dominance, conflict resolution, individual behaviour and morphological traits in goats. Social interactions of 30 high-yielding dairy goats were recorded over a period of 16 days for 96h. The variables...

  20. Sex ratio, conflict dynamics, and wounding in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta)

    | Contributor(s):: Beisner, B. A., Jackson, M. E., Cameron, A., McCowan, B.

    Rhesus macaques, like many other primates, live in stable, multi-male multi-female groups in which adult females typically outnumber adult males. The number of males in multi-male/multi-female groups is most commonly discussed in terms of mate competition, where the sex ratio is a function of an...