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  1. Unnatural Pumas and Domestic Foxes: Relations with Protected Predators and Conspiratorial Rumours in Southern Chile

    Contributor(s):: Benavides, P., Caviedes, J.

  2. Pet ownership is associated with greater cognitive and brain health in a cross-sectional sample across the adult lifespan

    Contributor(s):: McDonough, I. M., Erwin, H. B., Sin, N. L., Allen, R. S.

    Human-animal interactions that stem from pet ownership have a wide range of benefits for social, emotional, and physical health. These factors also tend to improve cognition. Following this logic, owning a pet could indirectly enhance cognitive and brain health through mechanisms like...

  3. Interdisciplinary approach of Yalom's group therapy factors: A theoretical model for including animal presence in social work education and practice

    Contributor(s):: Rusu, A. S., Davis, R.

    An increasing number of studies in the field of Social Work (SW) address the incorporation of animal presence in practice and improved understanding of social support and therapeutic components. Education programs on the ethical and practical principles of animal-assisted interventions, including...

  4. Burden of illness in people with medically refractory epilepsy who suffer from daily to weekly seizures: 12-month follow-up of participants in the EPISODE study

    Contributor(s):: van Hezik-Wester, V., de Groot, S., Kanters, T., Versteegh, M., Wagner, L., Ardesch, J., Brouwer, W., van Exel, J.

    BACKGROUND: A small group of people with epilepsy suffers from frequent seizures despite the available pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions. The impact of epilepsy on these people extends beyond health-related quality of life (HRQoL), impacting a person's broader well-being and...

  5. Using Community Conversations to explore animal welfare perceptions and practices of rural households in Ethiopia

    Contributor(s):: Lemma, M., Doyle, R., Alemayehu, G., Mekonnen, M., Kumbe, A., Wieland, B.

    There is a scarcity of data on animal welfare and its impact on livelihoods to inform animal welfare initiatives in Ethiopia. Perceptions and practices of rural households toward animal welfare are influenced by socio-cultural, demographic, and agroecological factors. We conducted Community...

  6. Impact of wildlife on food crops and approaches to reducing human wildlife conflict in the protected landscapes of Eastern Nepal

    Contributor(s):: Dahal, N. K., Harada, K., Adhikari, S., Sapkota, R. P., Kandel, S.

  7. Dogs and the Good Life: A Cross-Sectional Study of the Association Between the Dog-Owner Relationship and Owner Mental Wellbeing

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Merkouri, A., Graham, T. M., O'Haire, M. E., Purewal, R., Westgarth, C.

    Dog ownership is believed to benefit owner wellbeing but, contrary to popular belief, there is limited evidence to suggest that simply owning a dog is associated with improved mental health. This mixed-methods study investigates whether dog owners with stronger relationships with their dogs...

  8. Integrative Model of Human-Animal Interactions: A One Health-One Welfare Systemic Approach to Studying HAI

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Leconstant, C., Spitz, E.

    The Integrative Model of Human-Animal Interactions (IMHAI) described herewith provides a conceptual framework for the study of interspecies interactions and aims to model the primary emotional processes involved in human-animal interactions. This model was developed from theoretical inputs from...

  9. Can dog-assisted and relaxation interventions boost spatial ability in children with and without special educational needs? A longitudinal, randomized controlled trial

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Brelsford, V. L., Dimolareva, M., Rowan, E., Gee, N. R., Meints, K.

    Children's spatial cognition abilities are a vital part of their learning and cognitive development, and important for their problem-solving capabilities, the development of mathematical skills and progress in Science, Technology, Engineering and Maths (STEM) topics. As many children have...

  10. Assessing the Effects of a Cognition-Based Education Program on Attitudes of Villagers Toward Asian Elephants (Elephas maximus) in Conflict-Prone Areas

    | Contributor(s):: Makecha, Radhika N., Phalke, Sagarika, Nakai, Yoshie

  11. Specific and Non-specific Factors of Animal-Assisted Interventions Considered in Research: A Systematic Review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Wagner, C., Grob, C., Hediger, K.

    Research on animal-assisted interventions (AAIs) has increased massively in the last few years. But it is still not clear how AAIs work and how important the animal is in such interventions. The aim of this systematic review was to compile the existing state of knowledge about the working...

  12. The Impact of Service Dogs on Military Veterans and (Ex) First Aid Responders With Post-traumatic Stress Disorder

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: van Houtert, E. A. E., Rodenburg, T. B., Vermetten, E., Endenburg, N.

    Due to its novelty and lack of empirical study it remains unclear if a service dog truly mitigates the burden of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. To cross sectionally investigate the effect of service dogs on veterans and first aid responders with PTSD, we studied subjective and...

  13. An Ethics Toolkit to Support Animal-Centered Research and Design

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ruge, L., Mancini, C.

    Designers and researchers who work with animals need to employ an array of ethical competencies to guarantee the welfare of animals taking part in animal-centered research. The emerging field of Animal-Computer Interaction (ACI), which deals with the design of animal-centered interactive...

  14. Animal-Assisted Interventions With Dogs in Special Education-A Systematic Review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Meixner, J., Kotrschal, K.

    Dogs are becoming increasingly popular in pedagogical settings. Particularly children with special educational needs are believed to benefit from dog-assisted interventions. However, reliable evidence for supporting such claims is still scarce and reports on the effectiveness of this approach...

  15. Canine-Assisted Interventions and the Relevance of Welfare Assessments for Human Health, and Transmission of Zoonosis: A Literature Review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Meers, L. L., Contalbrigo, L., Samuels, W. E., Duarte-Gan, C., Berckmans, D., Laufer, S. J., Stevens, V. A., Walsh, E. A., Normando, S.

    CAIs (canine-assisted interventions) include "canine-assisted therapy" in which a therapist sets client-oriented goals, 'canine-assisted activities' with recreational goals for clients, and 'canine-assisted education/learning' in which teachers or coaches create learning...

  16. Why Do People Want Dogs? A Mixed-Methods Study of Motivations for Dog Acquisition in the United Kingdom

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Holland, K. E., Mead, R., Casey, R. A., Upjohn, M. M., Christley, R. M.

    With an estimated 12. 5 million dogs in the UK alone, many people acquire a dog at some point during their lives. However, there are gaps in understanding about why UK owners decide to get dogs. Using a mixed-methods convergent design, this study identified the reasoning behind dog acquisition...

  17. Emotion Facial Processing in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Pilot Study of the Impact of Service Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Dollion, N., Grandgeorge, M., Saint-Amour, D., Hosein Poitras Loewen, A., François, N., Fontaine, N. M. G., Champagne, N., Plusquellec, P.

    Processing and recognizing facial expressions are key factors in human social interaction. Past research suggests that individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) present difficulties to decode facial expressions. Those difficulties are notably attributed to altered strategies in the visual...

  18. The Importance of Evaluating Positive Welfare Characteristics and Temperament in Working Therapy Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Miller, S. L., Serpell, J. A., Dalton, K. R., Waite, K. B., Morris, D. O., Redding, L. E., Dreschel, N. A., Davis, M. F.

    To date, investigations of the welfare of therapy dogs have focused largely on examining physiological and behavioral measures that could indicate if the animal is experiencing stress or distress. However, this approach does not fully address the definition of welfare which is often described as...

  19. Leashes, Litterboxes, and Lifelines: Exploring Volunteer-Based Pet Care Assistance Programs for Older Adults

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: McLennan, K., Rock, M. J., Mattos, E., Toohey, A. M.

    At the convergence of population aging and pet-ownership, community stakeholders are well-positioned to support older adults’ relationships with companion animals through age-related transitions in health and living arrangements. In this study’s setting, a volunteer-based pet care...

  20. Community attitudes reflect reporting rates and prevalence of animal mistreatment

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Glanville, C., Ford, J., Cook, R., Coleman, G. J.

    Community attitudes toward the treatment of animals are important to understand for the development of intervention programs to prevent mistreatment. We aimed to investigate whether previously identified differences between local government areas (LGAs) in the rates of animal mistreatment...