Friend or foe: context dependent sensitivity to human behaviour in dogs
Contributor(s):: Gyori, B., Gacsi, M., Miklosi, A.
During the course of domestication dogs (Canis familiaris) have inhabited a social field characterized by inter-specific interactions with humans. The mutually advantageous social contact between dogs and humans is facilitated by effective mechanisms that negotiate ongoing interactions and avoid...
Conflict and cooperation: sociobiological principles and the behaviour of pigs
Contributor(s):: Fraser, D., Kramer, D. L., Pajor, E. A., Weary, D. M.
Avian consciousness in Don DeLillo's The Body Artist
Contributor(s):: Karnicky, J.
The Body Artist, DeLillo's 2001 novel, focuses on a character who, through the mediating forces of language and sensory perception, enters into a space little explored in DeLillo's fiction - the consciousness of a bird. The novel continually pays close attention to the groups of birds that...
Cruelty to animals in normative, sexually abused, and outpatient psychiatric samples of 6- to 12-year-old children: relations to maltreatment and exposure to domestic violence
Contributor(s):: Ascione, F. R., Friedrich, W. N., Heath, J., Hayashi, K.
The associations between the reported cruelty to animals and touching of animal's sex parts by children and the reported presence of physical abuse, sexual abuse and domestic violence were examined in 3 groups of children. The maternal caregivers of 1433 children (6-12 years old) completed the...
Don't be cruel: assessing beliefs about punishments for crimes against animals
Contributor(s):: Sims, V. K., Chin, M. G., Yordon, R. E.
Hypothetical scenarios depicting an act of animal abuse were given to 438 participants who rated the appropriateness of eight types of punishments. The predictive value of sex of participant, animal type, crime type (acute abuse or neglect), crime outcome (victim lives or dies), and sex of...
Investigating animal abuse: some theoretical and methodological issues
Contributor(s):: Pagani, C., Robustelli, F., Ascione, F. R.
This paper focuses on some basic issues that have been an object of debate in the last few years in the field of human-animal studies, namely the meaning and definition of animal abuse, the methods used to investigate it, and the relation between animal abuse and interpersonal violence. The...
Politics, press and the performing animals controversy in early twentieth-century Britain
Contributor(s):: Wilson, D. A. H.
During 1921 and 1922, before the passage of the Performing Animals (Regulation) Act in 1925, a British parliamentary Select Committee undertook a detailed investigation into the degree to which animal performances in the circus and on the music-hall stage depended on cruelty. The investigation...
The association between pet care and deviant household behaviors in an Afro-Caribbean, college student community in New Providence, The Bahamas
Contributor(s):: Fielding, W. J., Plumridge, S.
The link between domestic violence, both at the household and personal levels, other deviant behaviors, and pet care was observed through survey responses from 641 college students in New Providence, The Bahamas. The "link" with domestic violence at the household level was found both when pets...
The emergence of "pets as family" and the socio-historical development of pet funerals in Japan
Contributor(s):: Veldkamp, E.
Discussions on the popularity of pet animals in present day Japan tend to stress the position of pets in a family as resembling that of human family members. In this paper, I investigate this claim by analyzing the meanings that have been attributed to animal burial and pet graves in modern...
The relation between socio-economic status concerns and angry peer conflict resolution is moderated by pet provisions of support
Contributor(s):: Bryant, B. K., Donnellan, M. B.
Conflict resolution is a critical skill required in peer relations, and anger retaliation is a problematic strategy for resolving conflict. Conflict resolution with peers in relation to socio-economic status (SES) concerns among boys was investigated. Of particular interest in this study was a...
Genomic dairy cattle breeding: risks and opportunities for cow welfare
Contributor(s):: Mark, T., Sandoe, P.
The aim of this paper is to discuss the potential consequences of modern dairy cattle breeding for the welfare of dairy cows. The paper focuses on so-called genomic selection, which deploys thousands of genetic markers to estimate breeding values. The discussion should help to structure the...
Trade-offs between welfare, conservation, utility and economics in wildlife management - a review of conflicts, compromises and regulation
Contributor(s):: Reynolds, J. C.
In choosing among alternative wildlife management techniques, trade-offs between animal welfare and conservation, utility or economics are often apparent. This paper reviews the roles of science, scientists, regulators and educators in attempts to overcome this inter-dependence and to make...