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  1. Spatial Concentrations of Wildlife Attacks on Humans in Chitwan National Park, Nepal

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Aleš Ruda, Jaromír Kolejka, Thakur Silwal

    The study was conducted within and adjacent to Chitwan National Park in Nepal (CNP), where several wildlife species are involved in conflicts with humans. We assessed the spatial relationships between the number of victims/km2 (=victim density or VD) of attack by wildlife (elephant, rhino,...

  2. Understanding Social Dimensions in Wildlife Conservation: Multiple Stakeholder Views

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Pimid, Marcela, Mohd Nasir, Mohammad Rusdi, Krishnan, Kumara Thevan, Chambers, Geoffrey K., Ahmad, A. Ghafar, Perijin, Jimli

    Numerous studies show the importance of social understanding in addressing multifaceted conservation issues. Building on a conservation planning framework, this study examines the social dimensions of wildlife conservation in Kinabatangan, Sabah, Malaysia. It employs a qualitative approach by...

  3. Assessing the Visitor and Animal Outcomes of a Zoo Encounter and Guided Tour Program with Ambassador Cheetahs

    | Contributor(s):: Whitehouse-Tedd, Katherine M., Lozano-Martinez, Jairo, Reeves, Jessica, Page, Mollie, Martin, Jaime H., Prozesky, Heidi

    Research into the effectiveness of zoo Ambassador Animal Programs (AAPs) has typically investigated human or animal factors separately. This study took a multi-dimensional approach and aimed primarily to (1) determine whether change in visitor knowledge was influenced by the type of experience...

  4. Using the Implicit Association Test to Evaluate Subconscious Attitudes Toward Snakes

    | Contributor(s):: Vaughn, Audrey K., Nils Peterson, M., Casola, William R., Stevenson, Kathryn T., Pacifici, Lara B.

    Human fear and antipathy toward snakes make conservation and management of these species difficult, as negative attitudes are not generally linked to public support. However, our understanding of whether such attitudes are innate or learned is limited. In this study, respondents aged 7–76 years...

  5. Applying the Stereotype Content Model (SCM) and BIAS Map to Understand Attitudinal and Behavioral Tendencies Toward the Conservation of Sharks

    | Contributor(s):: Neves, João, Pestana, José, Giger, Jean-Christophe

    Sharks are at increasing risk of extinction. Being a key factor in maintaining the balance of marine life in the ocean, as well as regulating the variety and abundance of the species below them in the food chain, their depletion is threatening the whole marine ecological system. Aside from the...

  6. Toward Sustainable Conservation and Management of Human-wildlife Interactions in the Mmadinare Region of Botswana: Villagers' Perceptions on Challenges and Prospects

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Oitshepile M. Modise, Rebecca Nthogo Lekoko, Olekae Tsompi Thakadu, Masego Ayo Mpotokwane

    Human–wildlife conflicts are increasing globally. The increase in conflicts has been attributed to growing human and wildlife populations and a per capita increase in the consumption of natural resources. In Botswana, conflicts between humans and elephants (Loxodonta africana) are...

  7. Public Perceptions: Risks in Dog and Coastal Wildlife Interactions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ian Banatoski, Bryanna Dellaripa, Samantha Hires, Larissa Naidoo, Elizabeth Rooney

    The New Zealand Department of Conservation is seeking to better manage coastal wildlife interactions as dogs become more prevalent on beaches with vulnerable wildlife. We used site assessments, surveys, and interviews to assess the public’s perceptions of dog-wildlife encounters. Since...

  8. Barriers to Sustainable Hunting-Based Conservation of Elephants in Zimbabwe

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jessica Cusworth

    The international demand for ivory has devastated African elephant populations. In 2015, more elephants were poached for ivory than were born. Many countries have sought to decrease poaching pressures through ivory trade bans. However, Zimbabwe, home to the second largest African elephant...

  9. Individuals Matter: Dilemmas and Solutions in Conservation and Animal Welfare Practices in Zoos

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Clay, Anne Safiya, Visseren-Hamakers, Ingrid J.

    Compassionate conservation advocates for minimizing individual suffering in conservation practice and adheres to the principle “individuals matter”—intrinsically, in and of themselves. Our objective is to determine the extent to which, and how, zoos recognize the intrinsic value...

  10. Consequences of nescient mating: Artificial insemination increases cub rejection in the giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca)

    | Contributor(s):: Li, Ming Fei, Swaisgood, Ronald R., Owen, Megan A., Zhang, Hemin, Zhang, Guiquan, Qiu, Jian, Martin, Meghan S.

    2022Applied Animal Behaviour Science2471055650168-159110.1016/j.applanim.2022.105565text

  11. Cooperative Conservation to Enhance Human–wildlife Interactions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Terry A. Messmer

  12. Sloth Bear Attacks on Humans in Central India: Implications for Species Conservation

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Nisha Singh, Swapnil Sonone, Nishith Dharaiya

    Conflicts with wild animals are increasing as human populations grow and related anthropogenic activities encroach into wildlife habitats. A good example of this situation is the increase in conflicts between humans and sloth bears (Melursus ursinus) in India. Sloth bears are known for their...

  13. Center for Human-Animal Interactions Research and Education

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kelly George

    Human-animal interactions (HAI) are an integral part of society and have become the topic of many discussions across a variety of contexts, including: media, scientific research, food production, one health, conservation, and welfare and behavior. Many argue that the resilience and...

  14. Coping with human-cat interactions beyond the limits of domesticity: moral pluralism in the management of cats and wildlife

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Wandesforde-Smith, G., Levy, J. K., Lynn, W., Rand, J., Riley, S., Schaffner, J. E., Wolf, P. J.

    Although human interactions with cats are often even typically analyzed in the context of domesticity, with a focus on what sorts of interactions might make both people and cats "happy at home," a large number of cats in the world live, for one reason or another, beyond the bounds of...

  15. Like Music to our Ears: The Complexity of Bird Vocalizations as a Key Factor of Attractiveness

    | Contributor(s):: da Silva, Olga Camila, Melo Santos, André M., Schiel, Nicola, Souto, Antonio

  16. Foraging behavior in a generalist snake (brown treesnake, Boiga irregularis) with implications for avian reintroduction and recovery

    | Contributor(s):: Nafus, Melia G., Xiong, Peter X., Paxton, Eben H., Yackel Adams, Amy A., Goetz, Scott M.

  17. Social distancing: High population density increases cub rejection and decreases maternal care in the giant panda

    | Contributor(s):: Ciminelli, Giulia, Martin, Meghan S., Swaisgood, Ronald R., Zhang, Guiquan, Guo, Li, Owen, Megan A.

  18. Studying Antillean manatees’ (Trichechus manatus manatus) temperament in zoological parks: exploration of boldness, sociality and reactivity to humans

    | Contributor(s):: Charles, Aviva, Henaut, Yann, Saint Jalme, Michel, Mulot, Baptiste, Lecu, Alexis, Delfour, Fabienne

    2022Applied Animal Behaviour Science2461055120168-159110.1016/j.applanim.2021.105512text

  19. Marine Mammals Before Extirpation: Using Archaeology to Understand Native American Use of Sea Otters and Whales in Oregon Prior to European Contact

    | Contributor(s):: Wellman, Hannah P.

  20. Impacts of Tourism on the Ecophysiology of the Endangered Northern Bahamian Rock Iguana (Cyclura Cychlura)

    | Contributor(s):: Webb, Alison C.