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  1. Ethics and code of conduct in zoo management

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rita Bahne

    There are around 1 million wild animals living in the 10,000-12,000 zoos worldwide. They include zoological parks, biological parks, safari parks, public aquariums, bird parks, reptile parks and insectariums. Zoo tourism is both domestic and international. The purpose of this research thesis...

  2. How Does the Presence of a Live Animal Affect the Millennial Generation's Attitudes towards Zoos and Species Conservation?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lauren E. Sommers

    Zoos and aquariums have unique opportunities to educate the public utilizing human-animal interactions. Many zoos claim success in educating their audiences and inspiring pro-conservation outcomes, but little research exists to confirm this. Existing research focuses on family members and...

  3. Conservation and Hunting: Till Death Do They Part? A Legal Ethnography of Deer Management

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Irus Braverman

    Claims that hunters are exemplar conservationists would likely come as a surprise to many. Hunters, after all, kill animals. Isn’t there a better way to appreciate wildlife than to kill and consume it? Yet there is no mistake: wildlife managers frequently make the claim that hunters, in...

  4. Welfare impacts of the illegal wildlife trade in a cohort of confiscated greater slow lorises, Nycticebus coucang

    | Contributor(s):: Fuller, Grace, Eggen, Wilhelmina Frederica, Wirdateti, Wirdateti, Nekaris, K. A. I.

    Illegal harvesting and trade are major forces behind population declines of wild slow lorises (genus Nycticebus). The impacts of the wildlife trade on individual slow lorises have not been as well described. In this article, we describe quantitatively the consequences of the wildlife trade for 77...

  5. Potential Welfare Impacts of Chase and Capture of Small Cetaceans during Drive Hunts in Japan

    | Contributor(s):: Vail, Courtney S., Reiss, Diana, Brakes, Philippa, Butterworth, Andrew

    Drive hunts are a method to herd, capture and kill small cetaceans (whales and dolphins) in coastal waters of some countries including Japan and the Faroe Islands. In Japan, these methods are often associated with the acquisition of live dolphins for international marine parks and aquaria. During...

  6. Perceptions and Attitudes of Urucum Settlement Residents about Local Wildlife

    | Contributor(s):: Souza, Pricila Fátima de, Porfirio, Grasiela, Herrera, Heitor Miraglia

    This study aimed to evaluate perceptions and attitudes of local people about wild fauna and was carried out in the Urucum settlement, in the Brazilian Pantanal. We sought to: (1) identify which species of wild animals were most frequently chosen by residents of the Urucum settlement based on...

  7. Visitor Perceptions of Nature Conservation at Helsinki Zoo

    | Contributor(s):: Ojalammi, Sanna, Nygren, Nina V.

    These days zoos often claim that their main objective is the promotion of nature conservation and that they strive to educate their visitors about animals and nature conservation. But how do zoo visitors themselves perceive this emphasis on conservation education? In order to determine how...

  8. Student Perceptions of, and Attitudes toward, Bats in Barak Valley, Assam, India

    | Contributor(s):: Bhattacharjee, Jayashree, Dutta, Biman Kumar, Bhattacharjee, Parimal Chandra, Singha, Hilloljyoti, Deb, Panna, Dutta, Himangshu, Hussain, Mohommad Miraj

    Bats are commonly found all over the world and provide significant ecosystem services. These animals are facing serious threats due to various anthropogenic activities, including hunting. Additionally, bats are often not particularly well liked due to their non-aesthetic characteristics. A...

  9. Adolescents’ Experience and Knowledge of, and Attitudes toward, Bees: Implications and Recommendations for Conservation

    | Contributor(s):: Silva, Alexandra, Minor, Emily S.

    Invertebrates are generally regarded with apathy, distaste, and fear in Western society. These negative sentiments likely contribute to the disparity in wildlife conservation efforts, which largely favor vertebrate organisms. Bees represent one of the most ecologically and economically important...

  10. Do Birdwatchers Care about Bird Disturbance?

    | Contributor(s):: Weston, Michael A., Guay, Patrick-Jean, McLeod, Emily M., Miller, Kelly K.

    Little is known about how non-consumptive recreationists perceive their impacts on animals and how this relates to recreationist behavior. We surveyed attitudes and behaviors relating to bird disturbance of 179 birdwatchers who visited a world-renowned, restricted-access birdwatching destination...

  11. The effect of zoo visitors on the behaviour and faecal cortisol of the Mexican wolf (Canis lupus baileyi)

    | Contributor(s):: Pifarré, María, Valdez, Ricardo, González-Rebeles, Carlos, Vázquez, Carlos, Romano, Marta, Galindo, Francisco

    The effect of zoo visitors on the behaviour and physiological responses of the Mexican wolf has not been documented but is worthy of investigation since it is a critically endangered native species and most of the population live in zoos. The effect of the number of visitors was assessed in 12...

  12. Attention, noise, and implications for wildlife conservation and management

    | Contributor(s):: Chan, Alvin Aaden Yim-Hol, Blumstein, Daniel T.

    Anthropogenic stimuli are often viewed as disturbances that directly interfere with signal processing or communication, or directly harm animals. However, such sounds may also distract individuals and thus potentially interfere with their ability to make biologically important decisions about...

  13. Animal Welfare in Conservation Breeding: Applications and Challenges

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Alison L. Greggor, Greg A. Vicino, Ronald R. Swaisgood, Andrea Fidgett, Deena Brenner, Matthew E. Kinney, Susan Farabaugh, Bryce Masuda, Nadine Lamberski

    Animal welfare and conservation breeding have overlapping and compatible goals that are occasionally divergent. Efforts to improve enclosures, provide enriching experiences, and address behavioral and physical needs further the causes of animal welfare in all zoo settings. However, by...

  14. "Feelings and Fitness" Not "Feelings or Fitness"–The Raison d'être of Conservation Welfare, Which Aligns Conservation and Animal Welfare Objectives

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ngaio J. Beausoleil, David J. Mellor, Liv Baker, Sandra E. Baker, Mariagrazia Bellio, Alison S. Clarke, Arnja Dale, Steve Garlick, Bidda Jones, Andrea Harvey, Benjamin J. Pitcher, Sally Sherwen, Karen A. Stockin, Sarah Zito

    Increasingly, human activities, including those aimed at conserving species and ecosystems (conservation activities) influence not only the survival and fitness but also the welfare of wild animals. Animal welfare relates to how an animal is experiencing its life and encompasses both its...

  15. Diversity of Anaplasma and Ehrlichia/Neoehrlichia Agents in Terrestrial Wild Carnivores Worldwide: Implications for Human and Domestic Animal Health and Wildlife Conservation

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Marcos Rogério André

    Recently, the incidence and awareness of tick-borne diseases in humans and animals have increased due to several factors, which in association favor the chances of contact among wild animals and their ectoparasites, domestic animals and humans. Wild and domestic carnivores are considered the...

  16. Variability and Change in Maasai Views of Wildlife and the Implications for Conservation

    | Contributor(s):: Western, David, Manzolillo Nightingale, D. L., Mose, Victor Nyaliki, Johnson, Ole Sipitiek, Kimiti, Kennedy S.

  17. Plains zebra (Equus quagga) behaviour in a restored population reveals seasonal resource limitations

    | Contributor(s):: de Vos, Charli, Leslie, Alison J., Ransom, Jason I.

    A once abundant species, plains zebra (Equus quagga), is declining across much of sub-Saharan Africa. Reintroduction efforts at Majete Wildlife Reserve, Malawi, have resulted in rapid population increases, but little is known about how such populations resemble natural populations socially or...

  18. Risky business: Causes and conservation implications of human-moor macaque (macaca maura) interactions in south Sulawesi, Indonesia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kristen Morrow

    Human and nonhuman primates (primates, hereafter) interact with one another in diverse ways. Although the nature of these interactions has been well documented, we still have limited insight as to why humans and primates interact in the patterns we observe. Drawing from life history theory,...

  19. How a handful of fishing villages sparked a marine conservation revolution | Alasdair Harris

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Alasdair Harris

    We need a radically new approach to ocean conservation, says marine biologist and TED Fellow Alasdair Harris. In a visionary talk, he lays out a surprising solution to the problem of overfishing that could both revive marine life and rebuild local fisheries -- all by taking less from the ocean....

  20. Taste overshadows less salient cues to elicit food aversion in endangered marsupial

    | Contributor(s):: Kelly, Ella, Phillips, Ben L., Webb, Jonathan K.

    Conditioned taste aversion is an emerging conservation tool that can be used to limit inter-species conflict, for example decreasing predation on endangered species, or limiting the consumption of invasive toxic prey. Typically, managers wish to elicit an aversion that will be associated with...