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A review of the impacts and benefits of human-animal relationships
Contributor(s):: Mariah Howell
Animals, both domestic and non-domestic, have played a crucial role in our social history for thousands of years. They appear in myths and literature dating from the prehistoric times to the present, and are vital to human culture, economy, and psychology. A review of the existing literature has...
A Survey of Queen Elizabeth National Park (QENP) Communities' Attitudes Toward Human-Lion Conflict and Lion Conservation
Contributor(s):: Nick M. Moghari
Local human communities within Queen Elizabeth National Park (QENP) were surveyed to determine prevalent attitudes toward lion conservation efforts and Uganda Wildlife Authority’s (UWA’s) Revenue Sharing Program. Other objectives of the surveys were to obtain information about the...
Applying social science to inform conservation solutions regarding owned outdoor cats in urbanizing landscapes
Contributor(s):: Ashley Gramza
Free-ranging domestic cats (Felis catus) incur and impose risks on ecosystems and represent a complex issue of critical importance to wildlife conservation and domestic cat and human health. There is an inherent social dimension to the issue of owned free-ranging cats, as humans are their...
Assessing Contingent Valuation as a Decision Making Tool for the Endangered Species Act
Contributor(s):: Kelly Redden
The purpose of this project is to examine how utilizing the contingent valuation method could help or hinder the decision making process for the Endangered Species Act (ESA). Contingent valuation is a technique which uses surveys to measure people’s willingness to pay for a specific good or...
Avian Use of Suburban Greenways as Stopover Habitat
Contributor(s):: Salina M. Kohut
The decline of Neotropical migrant songbirds has called attention to the need for habitat conservation along the entire migratory route, and scientists now recognize the need to conserve stopover habitat in addition to habitat on the breeding and wintering grounds. Greenways are a popular means...
Behaviour of brown bears (Ursus arctos) when repeatedly approached by humans on foot
Contributor(s):: Nina Emilie Stenset
Knowledge about encounters between humans and wildlife is important for conservation, management and policymaking, as well as for reducing conflict and negative interactions. There is general concern that an increased number of encounters might reduce wildlife flight responses. I investigated the...
Bringing the Endangered Barn Owl Back to McLean County, Illinois: Implementing a Local Nest Box Program
Contributor(s):: Anna Groves
Barn owls are an endangered species in Illinois, but populations have been known to increase where nest box programs have been implemented. In conjunction with the John Wesley Powell Audubon Society, a barn owl nest box program was established in McLean County and the surrounding area. Seventeen...
Children's Environmental and Moral Conceptions of Protecting an Endangered Animal
Contributor(s):: Ruckert, Jolina H.
Conservation Difficulties for Hylobates lar: Effects the Illegal Pet Trade has on White Handed Gibbons' Behavioral Health and Successful Rehabilitation
Contributor(s):: Shalana Jo Gray
White-handed gibbons (Hylobates lar) are currently listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List and wild populations are rapidly declining. In Thailand, the primary threat to this species is hunting for the purpose of capturing infants for the illegal pet trade. During their time in the pet trade,...
Conservation education in free-choice learning environments: the effects of animals and interpretation
Contributor(s):: Eleanor Hodak
With 150 million people visiting accredited zoos and aquariums annually, these institutions have the unique opportunity to present conservation-oriented messages to a large and receptive audience. The purpose of this study was to explore the role of interpretation and/or the viewing of live...
Conservation education in shark ecotourism
Contributor(s):: Craig Allan Golby
Sharks, as top predators, are vital a healthy marine ecosystem. Sharks regulate species abundance, distribution, and diversity, which in turn can impact the health of marine habitats. The biggest issue relating to the endangered status of many shark species is the unsustainable international...
Conservation or Exploitation? Assessing the Education Impact of Accredited Zoological Institutions
Contributor(s):: Martina Kusiak
Zoological institutions, and the animals that inhabit them, have fascinated people since their inception. Over time, the mandates of zoos and aquariums have evolved and diversified beyond their sole anthropocentric focus on human entertainment. Today, zoological institutions have mandates to...
Conservation, Captivity, and Whaling: A Survey of Belize Whalewatching Tourists' Attitudes to Cetacean Conservation Issues
Contributor(s):: Katheryn W. Patterson
With whalewatching activities and associated expenditures increasing annually, governments in coastal countries possess a large vested interest in the continued growth and protection of whale populations and the associated tourism. In 2007 and 2008, a survey investigating...
Engaging professional mariners in marine mammal conservation
Contributor(s):: Leah Irene Thorpe
Due to British Columbia‟s expansive coastline and limited funding for marine mammal conservation, research projects rely heavily on citizen scientists, or volunteers who contribute data. Professional mariners are an important target audience for such projects. In an attempt to increase...
Ethics and Wolf Management: Attitudes Toward and Tolerance of Wolves in Washington State
Contributor(s):: Julie Callahan
Approximately seventy-five years after extirpation from Washington State, gray wolves (Canis lupus) returned. As of December 2012, eight packs had arrived from adjacent states and provinces. Delisted from the Federal Endangered Species List in the eastern one-third of Washington, state wildlife...
Evaluating the role of citizen science in the context of human-wildlife conflict management
Contributor(s):: Morgan Adams
This thesis presents two manuscripts that explored the potential of citizen science programs to be utilized in urban centers that are experiencing heightened rates of human-wildlife conflict (HWC). In particular, we focused on human-coyote conflicts, which are an emerging...
Examining Human-Elephant Conflict in Southern Africa: Causes and Options for Coexistence
Contributor(s):: M. Zoe Warner
Though African elephants (Loxodonta africana) are listed as endangered by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN), efforts to protect and conserve the species have been complicated by human-elephant conflict (HEC). Land conflicts may be the greatest...
From The Brain To The Barrio: Energy And Stress Interact To Facilitate The Urbanization Of Sonoran Desert Birds.
Contributor(s):: H.B. Fokidis, P. Deviche (adviser)
The impact of urbanization on wildlife is becoming an important topic in conservation. However little is known concerning the proximate mechanisms involved which enable some species to persist in cities, while others perish. Adapting to novel city environments requires individuals to maintain a...
From the Bronx into the Wild! My Adventurous Experience at the Bronx Zoo
Contributor(s):: Lauren Noll
Many people defend zoos, claiming that they provide great opportunities in education, scientific research, and the overall preservation of wildlife worldwide. However, many people will take the opposing side, arguing that it is wrong to deprive animals of their natural habitats and lifestyles....
Good hunter| A study of the beliefs and motivations of appropriate hunting behavior by Montana hunters
Contributor(s):: Chad M. Huddleston