Evaluating the Endangered Species Act: Trends in Mega-Petitions, Judicial Review, and Budget Constraints Reveal a Costly Dilemma for Species Conservation
Contributor(s):: Candee Wilde
The year 2013 called for a celebration in recognition of the fortieth anniversary of the Endangered Species Act (ESA or Act). In 1973, President Nixon signed the ESA into effect, acknowledging the growing concern that natural resources in the United States were...
'Animals Just Love You as You Are': Experiencing Kinship across the Species Barrier
Contributor(s):: Charles, Nickie
Ethics of dissent: a plea for restraint in the scientific debate about the safety of GM crops
Contributor(s):: Mampuys, R., Brom, F. W. A.
Results of studies that cast doubt on the safety of genetically modified (GM) crops have been published since the first GM crop approval for commercial release. These 'alarming studies' challenge the dominant view about the adequacy of current risk assessment practice for genetically modified...
Adaptive ideals and aspirational goals: the utopian ideals and realist constraints of climate change adaptation
Contributor(s):: Baard, P.
There is a growing need to implement anticipatory climate change adaptation measures, particularly in vulnerable sectors, such as in agriculture. However, setting goals to adapt is wrought with several challenges. This paper discusses two sets of challenges to goals of anticipatory adaptation, of...
Agriculture and food 2050: visions to promote transformation driven by science and society
Contributor(s):: Gebhard, E., Hagemann, N., Hensler, L., Schweizer, S., Wember, C.
Today's food production and consumption go hand in hand with immense damages to humans and nature. Change is needed, but where to start and which direction to go? This article tries to give an interdisciplinary answer by taking recourse to a vision, that is, an ideal image of the future which is...
Analysis of the alternative agriculture's seeds market sector: history and development
Contributor(s):: Barbieri, P., Bocchi, S.
Alternative agricultural systems, like organic and local agriculture, are becoming increasingly important in Europe to the detriment of conventional methods. As a matter of fact, sustainable agriculture, which started as a niche sector, has been able to conquer a significant share of the European...
Challenging food governance models: analyzing the food citizen and the emerging food constitutionalism from an EU perspective
Contributor(s):: San-Epifanio, L. E.
Critical analyses of current food systems underline the need to respond to important challenges in questions of nutritional health, environmental sustainability, socio-economic development and protection of the cultural wealth. A wide range of perspectives and methodologies were used to carry out...
Ethical issues concerning the public viewing of media broadcasts of animal cruelty
Contributor(s):: Tiplady, C. M., Walsh, D. B., Phillips, C. J. C.
Undercover filming is a method commonly used by animal activist groups to expose animal cruelty and it is important to consider the effects of publically releasing video footage of cruel practices on the viewers' mental health. Previously, we reported that members of the Australian public were...
Fish consumption: choices in the intersection of public concern, fish welfare, food security, human health and climate change
Contributor(s):: Rocklinsberg, H.
Future global food insecurity due to growing population as well as changing consumption demands and population growth is sometimes suggested to be met by increase in aquaculture production. This raises a range of ethical issues, seldom discussed together: fish welfare, food security, human...
Maintaining trust and credibility in a continuously evolving organic food system
Contributor(s):: Thorsoe, M. H.
Credibility is particularly important in organic food systems because there are only marginal visual and sensorial differences between organic and conventionally produced products, requiring consumers to trust in producers' quality claims. In this article I explore what challenges the credibility...
Providing for the leisured dog and dog as leisure object
Contributor(s):: Carr, N.
This chapter examines the ways in which the leisure experiences of dogs are provided for. It begins by discussing the physical and psychological benefits to humans and dogs of sharing time and lives, with a specific emphasis on leisure time. As part of this discussion, the problems that have been...
Do you see what i see? Can non-experts with minimal training reproduce expert ratings in behavioral assessments of working dogs?
Contributor(s):: Fratkin, J. L., Sinn, D. L., Thomas, S., Hilliard, S., Olson, Z., Gosling, S. D.
Working-dog organizations often use behavioral ratings by experts to evaluate a dog's likelihood of success. However, these experts are frequently under severe time constraints. One way to alleviate the pressure on limited organizational resources would be to use non-experts to assess dog...
Food security: one of a number of 'securities' we need for a full life: an Australian perspective
Contributor(s):: Farmar-Bowers, Q.
Although agriculture in Australia is very productive, the current food supply systems in Australia fail to deliver healthy diets to all Australians and fail to protect the natural resources on which they depend. The operation of the food systems creates 'collateral damage' to the natural...
Local food and international ethics
Contributor(s):: Navin, M. C.
Many advocate practices of 'local food' or 'locavorism' as a partial solution to the injustices and unsustainability of contemporary food systems. I think that there is much to be said in favor of local food movements, but these virtues are insufficient to immunize locavorism from criticism. In...
The five freedoms of animal welfare are rights
Contributor(s):: McCausland, C.
In this paper I defend a theory of welfare rights for nonhuman animals. I do this by demonstrating that a well-established framework for protecting the interests of farm animals, the 'Five Freedoms of Animal Welfare', is already functioning just as a set of rights. To support this claim I adopt a...
A conceptual approach for a quantitative economic analysis of farmers' decision-making regarding animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Gocsik, E., Saatkamp, H. W., Lauwere, C. C. de, Lansink, A. G. J. M. O.
Decisions related to animal welfare (AW) standards depend on farmer's multiple goals and values and are constrained by a wide range of external and internal forces. The aim of this paper is twofold, i.e., (1) to develop a theoretical framework for farmers' AW decisions that incorporates farmers'...
A gender sensitive analysis towards organic agriculture: a structural equation modeling approach
Contributor(s):: Najafabadi, M. O.
This study integrates the motivating and challenging elements impacting on the implementation of organic farming practice in Iran. Analysis was based on the results of two surveys; one from organic farmers to determine motivating factors and the other from experts in organic farming to identify...
Are there ideological aspects to the modernization of agriculture?
Contributor(s):: Hardeman, E., Jochemsen, H.
Concepts of animal health and welfare in organic livestock systems
Contributor(s):: Vaarst, M., Alroe, H. F.
When wildlife tourism goes wrong: a case study of stakeholder and management issues regarding Dingoes on Fraser Island, Australia
Contributor(s):: Burns, G. L., Howard, P.
Images on brochures, web pages and postcards lead to an expectation by tourists and visitors that interaction with Dingoes (Canis lupus Dingo) will be part of their Fraser Island experience in Australia. However, as the number of tourists to the island increase, so do the reports of Dingo...