'Animals Just Love You as You Are': Experiencing Kinship across the Species Barrier
Contributor(s):: Charles, Nickie
A conceptual approach for a quantitative economic analysis of farmers' decision-making regarding animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Gocsik, E., Saatkamp, H. W., Lauwere, C. C. de, Lansink, A. G. J. M. O.
Decisions related to animal welfare (AW) standards depend on farmer's multiple goals and values and are constrained by a wide range of external and internal forces. The aim of this paper is twofold, i.e., (1) to develop a theoretical framework for farmers' AW decisions that incorporates farmers'...
A gender sensitive analysis towards organic agriculture: a structural equation modeling approach
Contributor(s):: Najafabadi, M. O.
This study integrates the motivating and challenging elements impacting on the implementation of organic farming practice in Iran. Analysis was based on the results of two surveys; one from organic farmers to determine motivating factors and the other from experts in organic farming to identify...
Adaptive ideals and aspirational goals: the utopian ideals and realist constraints of climate change adaptation
Contributor(s):: Baard, P.
There is a growing need to implement anticipatory climate change adaptation measures, particularly in vulnerable sectors, such as in agriculture. However, setting goals to adapt is wrought with several challenges. This paper discusses two sets of challenges to goals of anticipatory adaptation, of...
Agriculture and food 2050: visions to promote transformation driven by science and society
Contributor(s):: Gebhard, E., Hagemann, N., Hensler, L., Schweizer, S., Wember, C.
Today's food production and consumption go hand in hand with immense damages to humans and nature. Change is needed, but where to start and which direction to go? This article tries to give an interdisciplinary answer by taking recourse to a vision, that is, an ideal image of the future which is...
Analysis of the alternative agriculture's seeds market sector: history and development
Contributor(s):: Barbieri, P., Bocchi, S.
Alternative agricultural systems, like organic and local agriculture, are becoming increasingly important in Europe to the detriment of conventional methods. As a matter of fact, sustainable agriculture, which started as a niche sector, has been able to conquer a significant share of the European...
Are there ideological aspects to the modernization of agriculture?
Contributor(s):: Hardeman, E., Jochemsen, H.
Challenging food governance models: analyzing the food citizen and the emerging food constitutionalism from an EU perspective
Contributor(s):: San-Epifanio, L. E.
Critical analyses of current food systems underline the need to respond to important challenges in questions of nutritional health, environmental sustainability, socio-economic development and protection of the cultural wealth. A wide range of perspectives and methodologies were used to carry out...
Concepts of animal health and welfare in organic livestock systems
Contributor(s):: Vaarst, M., Alroe, H. F.
Conflict over risks in food production: a challenge for democracy
Contributor(s):: Jensen, K. K.
When it comes to conflict over risk management priorities in food production, a number of observers, including myself, have called for some sort of public deliberation as a means of resolving the moral disagreements underlying such conflicts. This paper asks how, precisely, such deliberation...
Constrained choice and ethical dilemmas in land management: environmental quality and food safety in California agriculture
Contributor(s):: Stuart, D.
As environmental and conservation efforts increasingly turn towards agricultural landscapes, it is important to understand how land management decisions are made by agricultural producers. While previous studies have explored producer decision-making, many fail to recognize the importance of...
Do you see what i see? Can non-experts with minimal training reproduce expert ratings in behavioral assessments of working dogs?
Contributor(s):: Fratkin, J. L., Sinn, D. L., Thomas, S., Hilliard, S., Olson, Z., Gosling, S. D.
Working-dog organizations often use behavioral ratings by experts to evaluate a dog's likelihood of success. However, these experts are frequently under severe time constraints. One way to alleviate the pressure on limited organizational resources would be to use non-experts to assess dog...
Ethical issues concerning the public viewing of media broadcasts of animal cruelty
Contributor(s):: Tiplady, C. M., Walsh, D. B., Phillips, C. J. C.
Undercover filming is a method commonly used by animal activist groups to expose animal cruelty and it is important to consider the effects of publically releasing video footage of cruel practices on the viewers' mental health. Previously, we reported that members of the Australian public were...
Ethics of dissent: a plea for restraint in the scientific debate about the safety of GM crops
Contributor(s):: Mampuys, R., Brom, F. W. A.
Results of studies that cast doubt on the safety of genetically modified (GM) crops have been published since the first GM crop approval for commercial release. These 'alarming studies' challenge the dominant view about the adequacy of current risk assessment practice for genetically modified...
Evaluating the Endangered Species Act: Trends in Mega-Petitions, Judicial Review, and Budget Constraints Reveal a Costly Dilemma for Species Conservation
Contributor(s):: Candee Wilde
The year 2013 called for a celebration in recognition of the fortieth anniversary of the Endangered Species Act (ESA or Act). In 1973, President Nixon signed the ESA into effect, acknowledging the growing concern that natural resources in the United States were...
Fish consumption: choices in the intersection of public concern, fish welfare, food security, human health and climate change
Contributor(s):: Rocklinsberg, H.
Future global food insecurity due to growing population as well as changing consumption demands and population growth is sometimes suggested to be met by increase in aquaculture production. This raises a range of ethical issues, seldom discussed together: fish welfare, food security, human...
Food insecurity in Pakistan: causes and policy response
Contributor(s):: Khan, M. A., Shah, S. A. A.
There is evidence of continued food insecurity and malnutrition in Pakistan despite significant progress made in terms of food production in recent years. According to "Vision 2030" of the Planning Commission of Pakistan, about half of the population in the country suffers from absolute to...
Food security: one of a number of 'securities' we need for a full life: an Australian perspective
Contributor(s):: Farmar-Bowers, Q.
Although agriculture in Australia is very productive, the current food supply systems in Australia fail to deliver healthy diets to all Australians and fail to protect the natural resources on which they depend. The operation of the food systems creates 'collateral damage' to the natural...
Genetically modified (GM) crops: precautionary science and conflicts of interests
Contributor(s):: Myhr, A. I., Traavik, T.
Risk governance of GM plants and GM food products is presently subject to heated scientific and public controversies. Scientists and representatives of the biotechnology industry have dominated debates concerning safety issues. The public is suspicious with regard to the motives of scientists,...
Integrity and cynicism: possibilities and constraints of moral communication. (Special Issue: Ethical tools.)
Contributor(s):: Bakker, E. de
Paying thorough attention to cynical action and integrity could result in a less naive approach to ethics and moral communication. This article discusses the issues of integrity and cynicism on a theoretical and on a more practical level. The first part confronts Habermas' approach of...