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  1. Conflict over risks in food production: a challenge for democracy

    Contributor(s):: Jensen, K. K.

    When it comes to conflict over risk management priorities in food production, a number of observers, including myself, have called for some sort of public deliberation as a means of resolving the moral disagreements underlying such conflicts. This paper asks how, precisely, such deliberation...

  2. Constrained choice and ethical dilemmas in land management: environmental quality and food safety in California agriculture

    Contributor(s):: Stuart, D.

    As environmental and conservation efforts increasingly turn towards agricultural landscapes, it is important to understand how land management decisions are made by agricultural producers. While previous studies have explored producer decision-making, many fail to recognize the importance of...

  3. Food insecurity in Pakistan: causes and policy response

    Contributor(s):: Khan, M. A., Shah, S. A. A.

    There is evidence of continued food insecurity and malnutrition in Pakistan despite significant progress made in terms of food production in recent years. According to "Vision 2030" of the Planning Commission of Pakistan, about half of the population in the country suffers from absolute to...

  4. Genetically modified (GM) crops: precautionary science and conflicts of interests

    Contributor(s):: Myhr, A. I., Traavik, T.

    Risk governance of GM plants and GM food products is presently subject to heated scientific and public controversies. Scientists and representatives of the biotechnology industry have dominated debates concerning safety issues. The public is suspicious with regard to the motives of scientists,...

  5. Integrity and cynicism: possibilities and constraints of moral communication. (Special Issue: Ethical tools.)

    Contributor(s):: Bakker, E. de

    Paying thorough attention to cynical action and integrity could result in a less naive approach to ethics and moral communication. This article discusses the issues of integrity and cynicism on a theoretical and on a more practical level. The first part confronts Habermas' approach of...

  6. Noble goals and challenging terrain: organic and fair trade coffee movements in the global marketplace

    Contributor(s):: Rice, R. A.

    An examination of the philosophies of fair-trade and organic coffee movements reveal that the philosophical underpinnings of both certified organic (CO) and fair-trade (FT) coffee run counter to the historical concerns of coffee production and trade. Data from surveys completed by 15...

  7. On finding solutions to ethical problems in agriculture

    Contributor(s):: James, H. S., Jr.

    This paper aims to build on the typology of ethical problems introduced by Nash by presenting a more extensive characterization of the differences between Type I and Type II ethical problems and by examining the types of solutions necessary to resolve them. A distinction is made between these two...

  8. Risk of public disclosure in environmental farm plan programs: characteristics and mitigating legal and policy strategies

    Contributor(s):: Yiridoe, E. K.

    Although various studies have shown that farmers believe there is the need for a producer-led initiative to address the environmental problems from agriculture, farmers in several Canadian provinces have been reluctant to widely participate in Environmental Farm Plan (EFP) programmes. Few studies...

  9. Science and the consequences of mistruct: lessons from recent GM controversies. (Special issue: Ethics as a dimension of agrifood policy: selected papers from the 4th Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)

    Contributor(s):: Scott, D.

    In 2001, it was announced that transgenic DNA had introgressed into traditional strains of maize in Mexico. A controversy 'erupted and raged' throughout 2001 and 2002. This episode represents an acute breakdown in scientific discourse. The following inquiry looks into the causes of this...

  10. Systems in organic dairy production

    Contributor(s):: Oudshoorn, F. W., Renes, R. J., Boer, I. J. M. de

    The aim of this study was to explore stakeholder perceptions of the contribution of an Automatic Milking System (AMS) to sustainable development of organic dairy production in Denmark and the Netherlands. In addition, reasons for the current difference in AMS use on organic dairy farms between...

  11. The design and implementation of sustainable plant diversity conservation program for alpine meadows and pastures

    Contributor(s):: Baumgartner, J., Hartmann, J.

    The paper describes the design and implementation of a plant biodiversity conservation programme that was developed under funding and time constraints for diverse ecological, social, and institutional environments. The biodiversity programme for alpine meadows and pastures in the Canton of the...

  12. Strategies to overcome barriers to the development of sustainable agriculture in Canada: the role of agribusiness

    Contributor(s):: Macrae, R. J., Henning, J., Hill, S. B.

    Strategies to involve agribusiness in the development of sustainable agricultural systems in Canada have been limited by the lack of a comprehensive conceptual framework for identifying the most critical supportive policies, programmes and regulations. This paper proposes an efficiency/...