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  1. Local food and international ethics

    Contributor(s):: Navin, M. C.

    Many advocate practices of 'local food' or 'locavorism' as a partial solution to the injustices and unsustainability of contemporary food systems. I think that there is much to be said in favor of local food movements, but these virtues are insufficient to immunize locavorism from criticism. In...

  2. Maintaining trust and credibility in a continuously evolving organic food system

    Contributor(s):: Thorsoe, M. H.

    Credibility is particularly important in organic food systems because there are only marginal visual and sensorial differences between organic and conventionally produced products, requiring consumers to trust in producers' quality claims. In this article I explore what challenges the credibility...

  3. Noble goals and challenging terrain: organic and fair trade coffee movements in the global marketplace

    Contributor(s):: Rice, R. A.

    An examination of the philosophies of fair-trade and organic coffee movements reveal that the philosophical underpinnings of both certified organic (CO) and fair-trade (FT) coffee run counter to the historical concerns of coffee production and trade. Data from surveys completed by 15...

  4. On finding solutions to ethical problems in agriculture

    Contributor(s):: James, H. S., Jr.

    This paper aims to build on the typology of ethical problems introduced by Nash by presenting a more extensive characterization of the differences between Type I and Type II ethical problems and by examining the types of solutions necessary to resolve them. A distinction is made between these two...

  5. Providing for the leisured dog and dog as leisure object

    Contributor(s):: Carr, N.

    This chapter examines the ways in which the leisure experiences of dogs are provided for. It begins by discussing the physical and psychological benefits to humans and dogs of sharing time and lives, with a specific emphasis on leisure time. As part of this discussion, the problems that have been...

  6. Risk of public disclosure in environmental farm plan programs: characteristics and mitigating legal and policy strategies

    Contributor(s):: Yiridoe, E. K.

    Although various studies have shown that farmers believe there is the need for a producer-led initiative to address the environmental problems from agriculture, farmers in several Canadian provinces have been reluctant to widely participate in Environmental Farm Plan (EFP) programmes. Few studies...

  7. Science and the consequences of mistruct: lessons from recent GM controversies. (Special issue: Ethics as a dimension of agrifood policy: selected papers from the 4th Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)

    Contributor(s):: Scott, D.

    In 2001, it was announced that transgenic DNA had introgressed into traditional strains of maize in Mexico. A controversy 'erupted and raged' throughout 2001 and 2002. This episode represents an acute breakdown in scientific discourse. The following inquiry looks into the causes of this...

  8. Strategies to overcome barriers to the development of sustainable agriculture in Canada: the role of agribusiness

    Contributor(s):: Macrae, R. J., Henning, J., Hill, S. B.

    Strategies to involve agribusiness in the development of sustainable agricultural systems in Canada have been limited by the lack of a comprehensive conceptual framework for identifying the most critical supportive policies, programmes and regulations. This paper proposes an efficiency/...

  9. Systems in organic dairy production

    Contributor(s):: Oudshoorn, F. W., Renes, R. J., Boer, I. J. M. de

    The aim of this study was to explore stakeholder perceptions of the contribution of an Automatic Milking System (AMS) to sustainable development of organic dairy production in Denmark and the Netherlands. In addition, reasons for the current difference in AMS use on organic dairy farms between...

  10. The design and implementation of sustainable plant diversity conservation program for alpine meadows and pastures

    Contributor(s):: Baumgartner, J., Hartmann, J.

    The paper describes the design and implementation of a plant biodiversity conservation programme that was developed under funding and time constraints for diverse ecological, social, and institutional environments. The biodiversity programme for alpine meadows and pastures in the Canton of the...

  11. The five freedoms of animal welfare are rights

    Contributor(s):: McCausland, C.

    In this paper I defend a theory of welfare rights for nonhuman animals. I do this by demonstrating that a well-established framework for protecting the interests of farm animals, the 'Five Freedoms of Animal Welfare', is already functioning just as a set of rights. To support this claim I adopt a...

  12. When wildlife tourism goes wrong: a case study of stakeholder and management issues regarding Dingoes on Fraser Island, Australia

    Contributor(s):: Burns, G. L., Howard, P.

    Images on brochures, web pages and postcards lead to an expectation by tourists and visitors that interaction with Dingoes (Canis lupus Dingo) will be part of their Fraser Island experience in Australia. However, as the number of tourists to the island increase, so do the reports of Dingo...