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  1. The effects of equine-assisted activities on execution function in children aged 7-8 years: A randomized controlled trial

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cheng, X., Zhen, K., Fan, Y., Tang, Q., Wu, H.

    BACKGROUND: This study examines the effects of equine-assisted activity (EAA) training on executive functioning (EF) (inhibitory control, working memory, and cognitive flexibility) in children aged 7-8 years. METHODS: Twenty-Four healthy children aged 7-8 years with a 1:1 ratio of boys to girls...

  2. Cats Did Not Change Their Problem-Solving Behaviours after Human Demonstrations

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Arahori, Minori, Kimura, Ayano, Takagi, Saho, Chijiiwa, Hitomi, Fujita, Kazuo, Kuroshima, Hika

    Humans learn by observing the behaviour of others, which can lead to more efficient problem-solving than by trial-and-error learning. Numerous studies have shown that animals, other than humans, are also capable of social learning. Dogs, as humans’ closest companion animals, can learn to...

  3. SARS-CoV-2 in animals: susceptibility of animal species, risk for animal and public health, monitoring, prevention and control

    | Contributor(s):: Nielsen, Soren Saxmose, Alvarez, Julio, Bicout, Dominique Joseph, Calistri, Paolo, Canali, Elisabetta, Drewe, Julian Ashley, Garin-Bastuji, Bruno, Gonzales Rojas, Jose Luis, Gortazar, Christian, Herskin, Mette, Michel, Virginie, Miranda Chueca, Miguel Angel, Padalino, Barbara, Pasquali, Paolo, Roberts, Helen Clare, Spoolder, Hans, Velarde, Antonio, Viltrop, Arvo, Winckler, Christoph, Adlhoch, Cornelia, Aznar, Inmaculada, Baldinelli, Francesca, Boklund, Anette, Broglia, Alessandro, Gerhards, Nora, Mur, Lina, Nannapaneni, Priyanka, Stahl, Karl

  4. A science-based policy for managing free-roaming cats

    | Contributor(s):: Lepczyk, C. A., Duffy, D. C., Bird, D. M., Calver, M., Cherkassky, D., Cherkassky, L., Dickman, C. R., Hunter, D., Jessup, D., Longcore, T., Loss, S. R., Loyd, K. A. T., Marra, P. P., Marzluff, J. M., Noss, R. F., Simberloff, D., Sizemore, G. C., Temple, S. A., Heezik, Y. van

  5. An investigation of two ostensibly inhibitory control tasks used in canine cognition

    | Contributor(s):: Olsen, Mariana R.

  6. Can ownership of an animal contribute to prevention of cardiovascular disorders?

    | Contributor(s):: Machova, K., Dadova, K.

    2019Eur J Prev Cardiol26141562-15632047-487310.1177/2047487319844365eng1 Department of Animal Science and Ethology, CULS Prague, Czech Republic.2 Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Charles University, Czech Republic.text

  7. Analysis of Non-conformities in Road Transport of Animals in Poland

    | Contributor(s):: Wasilewski, Jacek, Szczepanik, Małgorzata, Burski, Zbigniew, Juściński, Sławomir

    The paper presents the results of analysis of inspections of animal transport vehicles in Poland in 2007–2016. Due to animal welfare and the increased epidemiological risk the animal control system included the points of carriage provided for in the animal carriage law, i.e., during transport, at...

  8. Immunocastration with Improvac™ reduces aggressive and sexual behaviours in male pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Brewster, Veronica, Nevel, Amanda

    Surgical castration of male pigs is a common practice to reduce the risk of boar taint, an accumulation of pheromones in the muscles of pigs giving an undesirable odour to the pork of entire boars. Castration is not widely practiced in the UK for welfare reasons and indeed, assurance schemes...

  9. Use of video system and its effects on abnormal behaviour in captive Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata)

    | Contributor(s):: Ogura, Tadatoshi

    Although nonhuman primates have highly developed visual cognitive abilities, they have few opportunities to exert such abilities in captivity. Video presentation can reproduce multiple features of the complex, real, visual world. Therefore, video presentation can be expected to act as...

  10. The psychology of control: Effects of control over supplementary light on welfare of marmosets

    | Contributor(s):: Buchanan-Smith, Hannah M., Badihi, Inbal

    It is often argued that increasing the amount of control that animals have over various aspects of their environment has a positive effect on their welfare, despite limited empirical evidence. We gave 12 pairs of common marmosets (Master pairs) control over supplementary light in their cages...

  11. Mild environmental aversion is detected by a discrete-choice preference testing method but not by a free-access method

    | Contributor(s):: Browne, William J., Caplen, Gina, Statham, Poppy, Nicol, Christine J.

    Preference tests are a widely used method in animal welfare science but the influence of specific methodologies has not been widely investigated, and methods are often selected arbitrarily. In these experiments we assessed the environmental preferences of 72 individual laying hens, where...

  12. Inhibitory control – Important trait for explosive detection performance in police dogs?

    | Contributor(s):: Tiira, Katriina, Tikkanen, Antti, Vainio, Outi

    Working dogs are used for a range of important operational tasks. Identifying potentially successful working dogs as early as possible is important as rejection rates are high and training is costly. Earlier research has mainly concentrated on personality traits such as boldness, and there is...

  13. A Template Analysis of Intimate Partner Violence Survivors' Experiences of Animal Maltreatment: Implications for Safety Planning and Intervention

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Elizabeth A. Collins, Anna M. Cody, Shelby Elaine McDonald, Nicole Nicotera, Frank R. Ascione, James Herbert WIlliams

    This study explores the intersection of intimate partner violence (IPV) and animal cruelty in an ethnically diverse sample of 103 pet-owning IPV survivors recruited from community-based domestic violence programs. Template analysis revealed five themes: (a) Animal Maltreatment by Partner as a...

  14. Evaluation of pharmacokinetics and efficacy of ivermectin following oral administration in dogs against experimental infection of Ctenocephalides felis felis and Rhipicephalus sanguineus

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Magalhaes, V. S., Cid, Y. P., Ferreira, T. P., Medeiros, D. M. V., Batista, L. C. de S. O., Correia, T. R., Albert, A. L. M., Scott, F. B.

    With the increasing number of pets in home the human-animal relationship is increasingly close and care about control disease growing. Ivermectin (IVM) is frequently used because its proven safety. IVM is recommended for the treatment of demodectic scabies and prevention of heartworm in dogs, but...

  15. Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.

    The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...

  16. Interacao homem-animal de companhia no municipio de Paragominas, sudeste do Para

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Santos, R. C. B., Moura, K. B., Sousa e Sousa, E., Oliveira, R. A. de, Soares, B. C., Melo, W. de O.

    Objective of this study was to characterize the creation of companion animals raised in the southeastern region of Para. The study was conducted in the municipality of Paragominas-PA, from June to July 2015. The method used in data collection was the survey with questionnaires containing open...

  17. Trap-Neuter-Return Activities in Urban Stray Cat Colonies in Australia

    | Contributor(s):: Kuan Tan, Jacquie Rand, John Morton

    Trap, neuter and return (TNR) describes a non-lethal approach to the control of urban stray cat populations. Currently, in Australia, lethal control is common, with over 85% of cats entering some municipal pounds euthanized. No research has been published describing TNR activities in Australia....

  18. Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.

    The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...

  19. How does cat behaviour influence the development and implementation of monitoring techniques and lethal control methods for feral cats?

    | Contributor(s):: Fisher, P., Algar, D., Murphy, E., Johnston, M., Eason, C.

    The need for lethal control of feral cats will remain in some contexts and potentially increase in others, alongside an obligation to develop and apply methods that are as cost-effective, humane and target-specific as possible. Drawing on practices particularly used in Australia, New Zealand and...

  20. On the Respectful Use of Animals

    | Contributor(s):: Garthoff, J. O. N.