The effect of behavioral reactivity on maternal behavior and offspring growth performance in Norduz ewes
Contributor(s):: Aydoğdu, Neclan, Karaca, Serhat
Emotion Work of Coping with the Death of a Companion Animal
Contributor(s):: Karyn McKinney
Coping Styles in the Domestic Cat (Felis silvestris catus) and Implications for Cat Welfare
| Contributor(s):: Judith Stella, Candace Croney
Identifying coping styles in cats may lead to improved health and welfare. The aims of this study were to (1) identify individual differences in response to acute confinement, and (2) to assess the predictability of guardian-rated personality traits on behavior. Adult cats (n = 55) were...
Understanding the Experiences of Elderly Bereaved Men and the Bond With Their Pets
| Contributor(s):: Thompson Psy, D. Mc, Kim Ph, D. Ab
Characterization of swine behavior and production using measurements collected via indoor positioning system
| Contributor(s):: Perisho, Shaun, Hajnal, Alen
Temperament in Domestic Cats: A Review of Proximate Mechanisms, Methods of Assessment, Its Effects on Human-Cat Relationships, and One Welfare
| Contributor(s):: Travnik, I. C., Machado, D. S., Gonçalves, L. D. S., Ceballos, M. C., Sant'Anna, A. C.
Stress coping styles: Is the basal level of stress physiological indicators linked to behaviour of sea bream?
| Contributor(s):: Alfonso, Sebastien, Zupa, Walter, Manfrin, Amedeo, Fiocchi, Eleonora, Spedicato, Maria Teresa, Lembo, Giuseppe, Carbonara, Pierluigi
Stress coping style (SCS) is defined as a coherent set of individual physiological and behavioural differences in stress responses that are consistent across context and over time. SCS in fish has been studied, including because it has direct implications for aquaculture productivity and welfare....
Using acoustic telemetry to assess behavioral responses to acute hypoxia and ammonia exposure in farmed rainbow trout of different competitive ability
| Contributor(s):: Gesto, Manuel, Zupa, Walter, Alfonso, Sébastien, Spedicato, Maria Teresa, Lembo, Giuseppe, Carbonara, Pierluigi
As other vertebrates, fish differ on an individual basis in their responses to disturbance (i.e. stress) and in their capacity for adaptation to environmental change. This individual stress-coping style (SCS) might have an impact on the individual welfare in aquaculture facilities. However, most...
Linking coping styles and enzymatic activity of energy metabolism in the wedge sole (Dicologlossa cuneata)
| Contributor(s):: De la Roca, Elena, Sánchez, Beatríz, López, Juan Manuel, Herves, María Antonia, Canalejo, Antonio, Herrera, Marcelino
Knowledge of individual behavioural variations (coping styles) can be a very useful tool for aquaculture, since it could allow to adapt the culture conditions to the different behavioural traits and, thus, to reduce the stress in the fish getting in this way a better production. The objective of...
Pain expression is linked to personality in horses
| Contributor(s):: Ijichi, Carrie, Collins, Lisa M., Elwood, Robert W.
Tissue damage may result in pain, inducing protective behaviour such as lameness. Because we cannot directly measure an animal's subjective experience, pain research and veterinary assessment rely on these behavioural indicators when quantifying pain. This assumes that pain expression is...
Linking risk taking and the behavioral and metabolic responses to confinement stress in gilthead seabream Sparus aurata
| Contributor(s):: Herrera, Marcelino, Castanheira, Maria Filipa, Conceição, Luis E. C., Martins, Catarina I.
Risk taking and avoidance responses during confinement have been identified in a variety of species, including fish. In addition, differences in metabolic rate have also been attributed to divergent personalities, coping styles or behavioral types. In this study we disclose for the first time a...
Behavioural and physiological responses of domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) to agonistic growls from conspecifics
| Contributor(s):: Wood, Penney A., de Bie, Josine, Clarke, Jennifer A.
Motivation–structural rule theory predicts that a sender producing harsh, low frequency sounds directed at a conspecific modifies the receiver's behaviour, in part, by communicating its willingness to escalate to an attack. Motivation–structural (MS) rules generally assume that receivers respond...
Relationship between backtest and coping styles in pigs
| Contributor(s):: Spake, Jessica R., Gray, Kent A., Cassady, Joseph P.
The objective of this study was to examine relationships between behaviors in three different standard tests of temperament in pigs, Sus scrofa. For the backtest, pigs (n=575) were placed in the supine position for 60s. Each pig was tested twice. Amount of time struggling and number of struggle...
Exploring aggression regulation in managed groups of horses Equus caballus
| Contributor(s):: Fureix, Carole, Bourjade, Marie, Henry, Séverine, Sankey, Carol, Hausberger, Martine
Horses are highly social animals that have evolved to live in social groups. However, in modern husbandry systems, single housing prevails where horses experience social isolation, a challenge-to-welfare factor. One major reason for this single housing is the owners’ concerns that horses may...
Early life behavioural differences in wild caught and domesticated sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax)
| Contributor(s):: Benhaïm, David, Péan, Samuel, Lucas, Gaël, Blanc, Nancy, Chatain, Béatrice, Bégout, Marie-Laure
Behavioural studies comparing hatchery and wild-caught fish are useful to improve selection for aquaculture and restocking programmes. We examined swimming behaviour characteristics in wild captured and domesticated sea bass juveniles before and after eliciting a startle response at 8 different...
An assessment of behavioural syndromes in rangeland-raised beef cattle
| Contributor(s):: Wesley, Robert L., Cibils, Andrés F., Mulliniks, J. Travis, Pollak, Emily R., Petersen, Mark K., Fredrickson, Ed L.
Individuals in most animal groups exhibit consistent behavioural differences across situations or over time known as behavioural syndromes. We conducted a study with a herd of young rangeland-raised cows to determine whether animals exhibited consistent differences in foraging behaviours across...
Behavioural syndromes in stereotypic striped mice
| Contributor(s):: Silber, Sarah, Joshi, Sneha, Pillay, Neville
Stereotypical behaviours (SBs) are abnormal, repetitive behaviours often observed in captivity. SBs are linked to impoverished captive conditions, and stereotypic individuals show a particular set of behaviours (e.g. bolder personality, greater activity) indicating proactive coping. Yet, we do...
The backtest in pigs revisited—Inter-situational behaviour and animal classification
| Contributor(s):: Zebunke, Manuela, Nürnberg, Gerd, Melzer, Nina, Puppe, Birger
Since the introduction of the backtest for the early detection of coping strategies in piglets by Hessing in the 1990s, this behavioural test has been intensively investigated with ambiguous results. One possible explanation for this lack of consistency might be the different classification...
The association between infrared thermal imagery of core eye temperature, personality, age and housing in cats
| Contributor(s):: Foster, Shannon, Ijichi, Carrie
Understanding individual responses to stress is a key aspect of maintaining optimal animal welfare. This is especially important where animals are being kept in sub-optimal environments or where the species may not clearly demonstrate stress. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate...
Mother-offspring relationship in Morada Nova sheep bred in a tropical semiarid environment: A perspective on maternal investment and parental conflict
| Contributor(s):: Fonsêca, Vinícius F. C., Saraiva, Edilson P., Arruda, Maria F., Pereira, Walter E., Pimenta Filho, Edgard C., Santos, Severino G. C. G., Amorim, Mikael L. C. M., Silva, Josinaldo A.
In 2011 and 2012, we investigated the mother-offspring relationship in 60 Morada Nova ewe-lamb pairs from lambing (August) until 40 d after lambing. In years 1 and 2, there were 28 and 32 multiparous ewes, 13 and 20 single male lambs, and 15 and 12 twin male lambs, respectively. The behavior of...