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  1. A dose-response trial with ziram-treated maize and free-ranging European badgers Meles meles

    Contributor(s):: Baker, S. E., Ellwood, S. A., Watkins, R. W., Macdonald, D. W.

    There are increasing demands for non-lethal methods of resolving foraging conflict between people and a wide range of wildlife species. Badgers make good models for studying human-wildlife conflict resolution, and they epitomise the circumstances driving research in this field; they cause...

  2. A framework for the ethical analysis of novel foods: the ethical matrix

    Contributor(s):: Mepham, B.

    The paper addresses the issue of how in democratic societies a procedure might be formulated to facilitate ethical judgements on modern biotechnologies used in food production. A framework for rational ethical analysis, the Ethical Matrix, is proposed. The Matrix adapts the principles described...

  3. Abstracts of the proccedings on "animal welfare and epidemiology - across species, across disciplines, and across borders", Ames, Iowa, USA, 14-16 July 2008

    Contributor(s):: Millman, S. T., Johnson, A. K., O'Connor, A. M., Zanella, A. J.

    Abstracts of the proccedings on "Animal Welfare and Epidemiology - across species, across disciplines, and across borders", Ames, Iowa, USA, 14-16 July 2008

  4. Acceptance of fat and lecithin containing diets by horses

    Contributor(s):: Holland, J. L., Kronfeld, D. S., Rich, G. A., Kline, K. A., Fontenot, J. P., Meacham, T. N., Harris, P. A.

    The acceptability of various fat sources was compared in horses using maize oil as a standard. In 3 trials, 10 fat-containing concentrates were fed to horses in cafeteria-style preference trials and ranked from highest to lowest as follows: maize oil, blend no. 3, hydrolysed tallow, peanut oil,...

  5. Acid-base responses of fat-adapted horses: relevance to hard work in the heat

    Contributor(s):: Kronfeld, D. S., Custalow, S. E., Ferrante, P. L., Taylor, L. E., Wilson, J. A., Tiegs, W.

    Feeding and training may affect acid-base responses to strenuous exercise. Acidosis usually correlates with higher blood lactate concentrations during intense exercise, but alkalosis has been found in horses, and higher lactate responses during sprints have been found in fat adapted horses. A...

  6. Animal Welfare and Epidemiology - Across species, Across disciplines, and Across Borders

    | Contributor(s):: Adroaldo J. Zanella, Anna K. Johnson

  7. Are farmers of the middle distinctively "good stewards"? Evidence from the Missouri Farm Poll, 2006

    | Contributor(s):: James, H. S., Hendrickson, M. K.

    In this paper we consider the question of whether middle-scale farmers, which we define as producers generating between $100,000 and $250,000 in sales annually, are better agricultural stewards than small and large-scale producers. Our study is motivated by the argument of some commentators that...

  8. Artificial illumination reduces bait-take by small rainforest mammals

    | Contributor(s):: Bengsen, A. J., Leung, L. K. P., Lapidge, S. J., Gordon, I. J.

    Small mammals often moderate their foraging behaviour in response to cues indicating a high local predation risk. We assessed the ability of cues associated with a high predation risk to reduce the consumption of bait by non-target small mammal species in a tropical rainforest, without inhibiting...

  9. Behaviour and welfare of veal calves fed different amounts of solid feed supplemented to a milk replacer ration adjusted for similar growth

    | Contributor(s):: Webb, L. E., Bokkers, E. A. M., Engel, B., Gerrits, W. J. J., Berends, H., Reenen, C. G. van

  10. Characterizing nontarget species use at bait sites for white-tailed deer

    | Contributor(s):: Bowman, Brent, Belant, Jerrold L., Beyer, Dean E., Jr., Martel, Deborah

  11. Class: an essential aspect of watershed planning

    | Contributor(s):: Adams, J.

    A study of a watershed planning process in the Cache River Watershed in southern Illinois (USA) revealed that class divisions, based on property ownership, underlay key conflicts over land use and decision-making relevant to resource use. A class analysis of the region indicates that the planning...

  12. Coexistence of plants and coexistence of farmers: is an individual choice possible?

    | Contributor(s):: Binimelis, R.

    The introduction of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in Europe has been characterized by controversy. In 2002, the European Union introduced the concept of "coexistence" as a compromise solution that, through the establishment of science-based technical measures, should allow the market to...

  13. Comparison of the behaviour of captive white-faced capuchin monkeys ( Cebus capucinus ) in the presence of four kinds of deep litter

    | Contributor(s):: Ludes, E., Anderson, J. R.

    Captive white-faced capuchin monkeys (Cebus capucinus) were placed in a large indoor room without or with deep litter made of wood chips, dried ground maize cob, wood wool or garden peat. Feed was scattered on the bare floor or on the litter and the behaviour of the monkeys was observed. When...

  14. Conditioned aversion in sheep induced by Baccharis coridifolia

    | Contributor(s):: Almeida, M. B. de, Schild, A. L., Brasil, N. D. A., Quevedo, P. de S., Fiss, L., Pfister, J. A., Riet-Correa, F.

    In Southern Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina, and Paraguay, the invasive weed Baccharis coridifolia often poisons naive animals. Farmers prevent B. coridifolia poisoning using several unconventional methods to reduce ingestion: (1) burning plant material under an animals' nose, and having the animal...

  15. Conference on "Animal welfare and epidemiology - across species, across disciplines, and across borders", Ames, Iowa, USA, 14-16 July 2008

    | Contributor(s):: Millman, S. T., Johnson, A. K., O'Connor, A. M., Zanella, A. J.

    Papers and abstracts from the Conference on Animal Welfare and Epidemiology: Across Species, Across Disciplines, and Across Borders, Ames, Iowa, 14-16 July 2008.

  16. Consumption of whole cottonseed by white-tailed deer and nontarget species

    | Contributor(s):: Taylor, Benjamin D., Lyons, Eddie K., Rollins, Dale, Scott, Cody B., Huston, James E., Taylor, Charles A.

  17. Economics and energetics of organic and conventional farming

    | Contributor(s):: Pimentel, D.

    Using data from published information on the production of US maize and potatoes employing different technologies and energy inputs, it is shown that the organic production of grains, such as maize, requires less fossil energy than conventional crop production. For some crops, the organic...

  18. Effects of economic downturns on mortality of wild African elephants

    | Contributor(s):: Wittemyer, G.

    Declines in economic activity and associated changes in human livelihood strategies can increase threats of species overexploitation. This is exemplified by the effects of economic crises, which often drive intensification of subsistence poaching and greater reliance on natural resources. Whereas...

  19. Effects of feed- and water-based enrichment on activity and cannibalism in Muscovy ducklings

    | Contributor(s):: Riber, A. B., Mench, J. A.

    Cannibalism is a major problem for commercial production of Muscovy ducks (Cairina moschata). Surprisingly little is known about the ontogeny of cannibalism in ducks or how to reduce/prevent the problem in a welfare-friendly way. The preventative method typically used by the industry is...

  20. Effects of three food enrichment items on the behavior of black lemurs ( Eulemur macaco macaco ) and ringtail lemurs ( Lemur catta ) at the Henson Robinson Zoo, Springfield, Illinois

    | Contributor(s):: Maloney, M. A., Meiers, S. T., White, J., Romano, M. A.

    This study tested 3 food enrichment items mentioned in a laboratory primate newsletter with 6 adult Eulemur macaco and 3 adult Lemur catta to examine whether the items would affect the behavior of the lemurs. The results suggest that Food Enrichment Item 3 (a wire box filled with whole grapes,...