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  1. Emergency and disaster planning at Ohio animal shelters

    Contributor(s):: Decker, S. M., Lord, L. K., Walker, W. L., Wittum, T. E.

    Results of a cross-sectional study to determine the level of emergency and disaster response planning at Ohio nonhuman animal shelters and the role Ohio agencies have in emergency and disaster response planning in their communities indicated a lack of preparedness coupled with underutilization of...

  2. Environmental risks of pesticides versus genetic engineering for agricultural pest control

    Contributor(s):: Paoletti, M. G., Pimentel, D.

    This paper discusses the environmental risks of pesticides as compared to the risks associated with the application of genetic engineering and biotechnology in agricultural pest, plant pathogen and weed control. It is suggested that in terms of environmental and public health impacts, pesticides...

  3. Ethanol fuels: energy security, economics and the environment

    Contributor(s):: Pimentel, D.

    Problems of fuel ethanol production have been the subject of numerous reports, including this analysis. The conclusions are that ethanol: does not improve US energy security; is uneconomical; is not a renewable energy source; and increases environmental degradation. Ethanol production is wasteful...

  4. Ethical frameworks and farmer participation in controversial farming practices

    Contributor(s):: Cardoso, S. P., James, H. S., Jr.

  5. Evaluation of different observational sampling regimes for use in zoological parks

    | Contributor(s):: Margulis, S. W., Westhus, E. J.

    Observational sampling methods provide clearly-defined guidelines for collection and analysis of behavioral data. In some situations, use of formal sampling regimes may be impractical or impossible. A case in point is data collection conducted by animal care staff at zoological parks and aquaria....

  6. Expression of the regulation of energy balance on the ingestive behavior of grazing beef cattle supplemented by grain

    | Contributor(s):: Dougherty, C. T., Bradley, N. W., Cornelius, P. L., Lauriault, L. M.

    In a 4 x 4 cross-over designed experiment, the effects of supplementation with maize grain 0, 2.5 and 5.0 kg daily to 12 tethered Angus heifers given basal grain 2.5 kg daily and grazing summer regrowth Dactylis glomerata pastures were estimated. Maize grain had no direct effect on ingestive...

  7. Feed depredation by European starlings in a Kansas feedlot

    | Contributor(s):: Depenbusch, B. E., Drouillard, J. S., Lee, C. D.

  8. Feed preference by Baladi goats

    | Contributor(s):: Abdel-Moneim, A. Y., Abd-Alla, M. S.

    Eight adult (24-48 months) and 8 juvenile (6-12 months) Baladi does were maintained on a diet of Egyptian clover (Trifolium alexandrinum) or darawa (Zea mays) supplemented with concentrates. After an overnight starve, goats were given the choice of 2 green forages (clover, darawa and sorghum...

  9. Human and animal diet at Conchopata, Peru :stable isotope evidence for maize agriculture and animal management practices during the Middle Horizon

    | Contributor(s):: Finucane, Brian

  10. Influence of egg oiling on colony presence of ring-billed gulls

    | Contributor(s):: DeVault, Travis L., Schmidt, Paige M., Pogmore, Fred E., Gobeille, John, Belant, Jerrold L., Seamans, Thomas W.

  11. Maize: the Native North American's legacy of cultural diversity and biodiversity

    | Contributor(s):: Wertz, S. K.

    Recent research has focused on establishing the values of preserving biodiversity both in agriculture and in less managed ecosystems, and in showing the importance of the role of cultural diversity in preserving biodiversity in food production systems. A study of the philosophy embedded in...

  12. Naturalistic exhibits may be more effective than traditional exhibits at improving zoo-visitor attitudes toward African apes

    | Contributor(s):: Lukas, K. E., Ross, S. R.

    Zoos play a unique role in wildlife conservation, particularly in the area of conservation education. Because of their popularity and flagship status for broader conservation issues, great apes may prove to be one of the most important educational conduits in zoos. In 2002, we surveyed knowledge...

  13. Overcoming food neophobia in domestic ruminants through addition of a familiar flavor and repeated exposure to novel foods

    | Contributor(s):: Launchbaugh, K. L., Provenza, F. D., Werkmeister, M. J.

    Food neophobia, observed as a decreased intake of novel foods, can cause significant livestock production losses. In the transition from rangeland to feedlot, livestock are usually offered novel diets that they sample cautiously, gradually increasing intake. This familiarization period can slow...

  14. Practices and Perceptions of Animal Contact and Associated Health Outcomes in Pregnant Women and New Mothers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hsin-Yi Weng, Kimberly Ankrom

    Companion animals play an important role in our society. However, pregnant women and new mothers might have specific concerns about animal-associated health outcomes because of their altered immune function and posture as well as their newborn babies. The study was conducted to collect baseline...

  15. Preference of white-tailed deer for corn hybrids and agricultural husbandry practices during the growing season

    | Contributor(s):: Delger, J. A., Monteith, K. L., Schmitz, L. E., Jenks, J. A.

  16. Pregnancy in goats does not influence intake of novel or familiar foods with or without toxins

    | Contributor(s):: Knubel, B. F. R., Panter, K. E., Provenza, F. D.

    Some hypothesize that mammals decrease intake of foods that contain toxins during pregnancy to protect the fetus. We conducted a longitudinal study of feeding behavior to determine if pregnancy-related changes in food selection and intake occurred in goats. Goats eat modest amounts of toxic...

  17. Science and the consequences of mistruct: lessons from recent GM controversies. (Special issue: Ethics as a dimension of agrifood policy: selected papers from the 4th Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)

    | Contributor(s):: Scott, D.

    In 2001, it was announced that transgenic DNA had introgressed into traditional strains of maize in Mexico. A controversy 'erupted and raged' throughout 2001 and 2002. This episode represents an acute breakdown in scientific discourse. The following inquiry looks into the causes of this...

  18. Seeking His Own A Story of my German Russian Family in Early Dakota

    | Contributor(s):: Schenk, Donald C.

  19. Student perceptions of animal use in society

    | Contributor(s):: Bennett-Wimbush, K., Amstutz, M. D., Willoughby, D.

    The purpose of this study was to determine the demographic characteristics that affect students' attitudes regarding animal use. Incoming freshman (n=136) completed a 20-question survey (Likert scale 1-5; range 20-100, summed and reported as a composite score) regarding perceptions of animal use,...

  20. The effect of type of rooting material and space allowance on exploration and abnormal behaviour in growing pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Jensen, M. B., Studnitz, M., Pedersen, L. J.

    The experiment aimed to investigate the effect of type of rooting material and space allowance on explorative and abnormal behaviour in growing pigs. Thirty-six pens with partly slatted concrete floor were allocated to one of four treatments: (1) low space allowance and maize silage as rooting...