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  1. Marking frequency during intraspecific socialization sessions is related to urinary cortisol levels in shelter dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Daniela Alberghina, Gina Pumilia, Pierluigi Raffo, Giuseppe Distefano, Giuseppe Piccione, Michele Panzera

    The aim of this study was to determine whether behavioural indicators such as marking frequency and whether cortisol/creatinine ratio (C/Cr) are influenced by three socialization sessions.  Six adult shelter dogs were selected: Group 1 (n.3) with adequate social experience and Group 2 with...

  2. Behavioural and physiological responses of male and female beef cattle to weaning at 30, 75 or 180 days of age

    | Contributor(s):: de Souza Teixeira, Odilene, Kuczynski da Rocha, Marcela, Mendes Paizano Alforma, Antónia, Silva Fernandes, Vanessa, de Oliveira Feijó, Josiane, Nunes Corrêa, Marcio, Andrighetto Canozzi, Maria Eugênia, McManus, Concepta, Jardim Barcellos, Júlio Otávio

  3. Early evaluation of fearfulness in future guide dogs for blind people

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Menuge, F., Marcet-Rius, M., Jochem, M., Francois, O., Assali, C., Chabaud, C., Teruel, E., Guillemot, J., Pageat, P.

    Fear is the leading cause of guide dog failure. Detecting the nature and causes of these fears as early as possible is the first step in preventing their occurrence. The process of habituation is a fundamental part of fear prevention. In this study, 11 puppies, all five months of age, underwent...

  4. Cortisol levels of shelter dogs in animal assisted interventions in a prison: an exploratory study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: D'Angelo, D., D'Ingeo, S., Ciani, F., Visone, M., Sacchettino, L., Avallone, L., Quaranta, A.

    Previous studies regarding the Animal Assisted Interventions (AAI) have mainly focused on the beneficial effects of human-animal interactions on human health; whereas the impact of such activities on the welfare of the animals involved has received limited attention. So far, few studies have...

  5. Investigating the Impact of Brief Outings on the Welfare of Dogs Living in US Shelters

    | Contributor(s):: Gunter, L. M., Gilchrist, R. J., Blade, E. M., Barber, R. T., Feuerbacher, E. N., Platzer, J. M., Wynne, C. D. L.

  6. Full Spectrum Lighting Induces Behavioral Changes and Increases Cortisol Immunoreactivity in Captive Arachnids

    | Contributor(s):: Somerville, Sally, Baker, Stuart, Baines, Frances, Trim, Steven A., Trim, Carol

  7. Hair Cortisol in Sheltered Cows and Its Association with Other Welfare Indicators

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Arvind Sharma, Govindhaswamy Umapathy, Vinod Kumar, Clive J. C. Phillips

    India, the country with the largest population of dairy cows in the world, has a policy of retiring abandoned and non-lactating cows in shelters, but the level of provision for their welfare in these shelters is unclear. Cows in 54 shelters across India were assessed for historic evidence of...

  8. Assessment of living conditions in wild boars by analysis of oxidative stress markers

    | Contributor(s):: Esposito, Luigi, Tafuri, Simona, Cocchia, Natascia, Fasanelli, Roberto, Piscopo, Nadia, Lamagna, Barbara, Eguren, Vincente, Amici, Andrea, Iorio, Eugenio Luigi, Ciani, Francesca

  9. The long-term impact of infant rearing background on the behavioural and physiological stress response of adult common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus)

    | Contributor(s):: Ash, Hayley, Smith, Tessa E., Buchanan-Smith, Hannah M.

  10. Therapy Dogs' and Handlers' Behavior and Salivary Cortisol During Initial Visits in a Complex Medical Institution: A Pilot Study

    | Contributor(s):: Clark, S. D., Smidt, J. M., Bauer, B. A.

  11. Stereotypic behaviour in horses lowers stress but not spatial learning performance

    | Contributor(s):: Briefer Freymond, S., Beuret, S., Ruet, A., Zuberbühler, K., Bachmann, I., Briefer, E. F.

    Stereotypies are common in captive animals, but it remains unclear if they are pathological by-products of captive conditions or if they have an adaptive function. Here, we address this question using crib-biting, a common type of stereotypic behaviour in domestic horses, thought to result from...

  12. Fecal Cortisol Metabolites in Dairy Cows: A Cross-Sectional Exploration of Associations with Animal, Stockperson, and Farm Characteristics

    | Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, A., Knierim, U., Simantke, C., Palme, R., Ivemeyer, S.

  13. Integrated Stress and Community Perceptions: Toward an Understanding of Human-Cougar Tolerance

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lara Brenner

    Evidence suggests that cougars (Puma concolor) are beginning to recolonize their traditional range in the Midwestern and Eastern US, returning to a landscape and a social environment that have changed drastically in a century of absence. Any hope of the cougar’s persistence depends on...

  14. Natural Horse Boarding Vs Traditional Stable: A Comparison of Hormonal, Hematological and Immunological Parameters

    | Contributor(s):: Placci, M., Marliani, G., Sabioni, S., Gabai, G., Mondo, E., Borghetti, P., Angelis, E. De, Accorsi, Pier Attilio

    In the equestrian world, two different types of management can be distinguished: traditional management and natural boarding. The aim of this research was to compare hormonal, hematological and immunological parameters of 47 horses kept in these two different managements. Blood and horsehair of...

  15. The effects of a therapy dog vs mindfulness vs a student advisor on student anxiety and well-being

    | Contributor(s):: Spruin, E., Dempster, T., Islam, S., Raybould, I.

  16. Stress coping styles: Is the basal level of stress physiological indicators linked to behaviour of sea bream?

    | Contributor(s):: Alfonso, Sebastien, Zupa, Walter, Manfrin, Amedeo, Fiocchi, Eleonora, Spedicato, Maria Teresa, Lembo, Giuseppe, Carbonara, Pierluigi

    Stress coping style (SCS) is defined as a coherent set of individual physiological and behavioural differences in stress responses that are consistent across context and over time. SCS in fish has been studied, including because it has direct implications for aquaculture productivity and welfare....

  17. Linking coping styles and enzymatic activity of energy metabolism in the wedge sole (Dicologlossa cuneata)

    | Contributor(s):: De la Roca, Elena, Sánchez, Beatríz, López, Juan Manuel, Herves, María Antonia, Canalejo, Antonio, Herrera, Marcelino

    Knowledge of individual behavioural variations (coping styles) can be a very useful tool for aquaculture, since it could allow to adapt the culture conditions to the different behavioural traits and, thus, to reduce the stress in the fish getting in this way a better production. The objective of...

  18. Evaluation of stress status using the stress map for guide dog candidates in the training stage using variations in the serum cortisol with nerve growth factor and magnesium ions

    | Contributor(s):: Ando, I., Karasawa, K., Shioya, T., Matsuda, H., Tanaka, A.

  19. Investigation of Physiological and Behavioral Responses in Dogs Participating in Animal-Assisted Therapy with Children Diagnosed with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

    | Contributor(s):: Melco, A. L., Goldman, L., Fine, A. H., Peralta, J. M.

  20. Tailored Enrichment Strategies and Stereotypic Behavior in Captive Individually Housed Macaques (Macaca spp.)

    | Contributor(s):: Cannon, Tessa H., Heistermann, Michael, Hankison, Shala J., Hockings, Kimberley J., McLennan, Matthew R.

    The welfare of nonhuman animals in captivity is widely dependent on the natural psychological, physical, and behavioral needs of the animals and how adequately these needs are met. Inability to engage in natural behaviors can lead to chronic stress and expression of stereotypic behavior. The...