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  1. Changes in human health parameters associated with an immersive exhibit experience at a zoological institution

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Audrey A. Coolman, Amy Niedbalski, David M. Powell, Corinne P. Kozlowski, Ashley D. Franklin, Sharon L. Deem

    Zoological institutions often use immersive, naturalistic exhibits to create an inclusive atmosphere that is inviting for visitors while providing for the welfare of animals in their collections. In this study, we investigated physiological changes in salivary cortisol and blood pressure, as...

  2. Using sensors to detect individual responses of lambs during transport and pre-slaughter handling and their relationship with meat quality

    | Contributor(s):: Ogun, S., Viola, I., Obertino, M., Manenti, I., Ala, U., Brugiapaglia, A., Battaglini, L., Perona, G., Baratta, M.

  3. Extreme life histories are associated with altered social behavior and cortisol levels in shelter dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Buttner, Alicia Phillips, Strasser, Rosemary

  4. Habit Formation and the Effect of Repeated Stress Exposures on Cognitive Flexibility Learning in Horses

    | Contributor(s):: Henshall, Cathrynne, Randle, Hayley, Francis, Nidhish, Freire, Rafael

    Horse training exposes horses to an array of cognitive and ethological challenges. Horses are routinely required to perform behaviours that are not aligned to aspects of their ethology, which may delay learning. While horses readily form habits during training, not all of these responses are...

  5. Limitations of Spatial Judgment Bias Test Application in Horses (Equus ferus caballus)

    | Contributor(s):: Marliani, Giovanna, Vannucchi, Irene, Kiumurgis, Irini, Accorsi, Pier Attilio

    Affective states are of increasing interest in the assessment of animal welfare. This research aimed to evaluate the possible limitations in the application of a spatial judgment bias test (JBT) in horses, considering the influence of stress level, personality traits, and the possible bias due to...

  6. Cortisol in Manure from Cattle Enclosed with Nofence Virtual Fencing

    | Contributor(s):: Sonne, Christian, Alstrup, Aage Kristian Olsen, Pertoldi, Cino, Frikke, John, Linder, Anne Cathrine, Styrishave, Bjarne

    To increase the efficiency and geographic expansion of nature conservation, large grazers have recently been used, either in the form of wild hoof-bearing animals or as domesticated ruminants including cattle. Using physical fencing limits migrating wildlife, while virtual fences encourage the...

  7. Presence of a dog reduces subjective but not physiological stress responses to an analog trauma

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lass-Hennemann, J., Peyk, P., Streb, M., Holz, E., Michael, T.

    Dogs are known to have stress and anxiety reducing effects. Several studies have shown that dogs are able to calm people during cognitive and performance stressors. Recently, therapy dogs have been proposed as a treatment adjunct for post-traumatic stress disorder patients. In this study we...

  8. Acute changes in oxytocin predict behavioral responses to foundation training in horses

    | Contributor(s):: Niittynen, Taru, Riihonen, Veera, Moscovice, Liza R., Koski, Sonja E.

  9. Welfare Improvement by Enrichment Programs in Common Marmoset Females Under Social Isolation

    | Contributor(s):: de França Santos, Mariana, de Menezes Galvão, Ana Cecília, Santos Silva, Flávia, dos Santos Silva, Erick, de Sousa, Geovan, Lobão-Soares, Bruno, Gonçalves Ferreira, Renata, de Sousa, Maria Bernardete, Leite Galvão-Coelho, Nicole

  10. The Importance of Evaluating Positive Welfare Characteristics and Temperament in Working Therapy Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Miller, S. L., Serpell, J. A., Dalton, K. R., Waite, K. B., Morris, D. O., Redding, L. E., Dreschel, N. A., Davis, M. F.

    To date, investigations of the welfare of therapy dogs have focused largely on examining physiological and behavioral measures that could indicate if the animal is experiencing stress or distress. However, this approach does not fully address the definition of welfare which is often described as...

  11. Serum Cortisol and Its Correlation with Leucocyte Profile and Circulating Lipids in Donkeys (Equus asinus)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Alberghina, Daniela, Statelli, Alessandra, Monteverde, Vincenzo, Vazzana, Irene, Cascone, Giuseppe, Panzera, Michele

        

  12. Serum Oxytocin in Cows Is Positively Correlated with Caregiver Interactions in the Impossible Task Paradigm

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: D'Aniello, B., Mastellone, V., Pinelli, C., Scandurra, A., Musco, N., Tudisco, R., Pero, M. E., Infascelli, F., Di Lucrezia, A., Lombardi, P.

    This study explored a possible relationship between the circulating oxytocin, cortisol, and the willingness of dairy cows to engage in social behaviors with humans in an experimental context. The behaviors of twenty-nine cows were recorded during the impossible task paradigm, a procedure aimed...

  13. Brief Report: Above and Beyond Safety: Psychosocial and Biobehavioral Impact of Autism-Assistance Dogs on Autistic Children and their Families

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Tseng, A.

    Autism-Assistance Dogs (AADs) are highly-skilled service animals trained primarily to ensure the safety of an autistic child by preventing elopement and mitigating 'meltdowns'. Although anecdotal accounts and case-studies have indicated that AADs confer benefits above and beyond...

  14. Hucul horses’ learning abilities in different learning tests and ue the association with behaviour, food motivation and fearfulness

    | Contributor(s):: Olczak, Katarzyna, Klocek, Czesław, Christensen, Janne Winther

  15. Involvement of the hypothalamic-pituitary-interrenal axis in the antistress activities of Tenebrio molitor Larvae in zebrafish

    | Contributor(s):: Lee, Jeongwon, Kim, Dong Hyun, Park, Se Jin, Jong, Hoon Ryu, Jung, Ji Wook, Jeon, You-Jin, Park, Sang-Rul, Kim, Gi-Young, Lee, Seungheon

    In this study, the antistress effects of the water extract of Tenebrio molitor larvae (WTML) were investigated. To determine the effects of WTML on fish stress, changes in whole-body cortisol levels and behaviour were monitored in zebrafish (Danio rerio). To induce physical stress, we used net...

  16. How to evaluate and manage stress in dogs – A guide for veterinary specialist

    | Contributor(s):: Kartashova, I. A., Ganina, K. K., Karelina, E. A., Tarasov, S. A.

    Stress has a significant impact on the health and well-being of dogs and can seriously affect the quality of daily life, veterinary clinics procedures and shelters routine. That means veterinary specialists need to be armed with valid and convenient tools to assess their patients’ stress...

  17. Mismothering and remedying the mother-young relationship in stabled dromedary camels

    | Contributor(s):: Hammadi, Imen, Chniter, Mohamed, Brahmi, Marwa, Atigui, Moufida, Bouzaida, Mohamed Dhia, Seddik, Mouldi-Mabrouk, Nowak, Raymond, María, Gustavo Adolfo, Hammadi, Mohamed

  18. Serum Cortisol Concentrations and Behavior Assessment as Tools for Evaluating Stress in Horses Used in Therapeutic or University Riding Programs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Shikun Chen

    Stress is known to have a negative impact on the health and well-being of animals. Physiological and behavioral changes offer objective and easy to use methods of evaluating stress in horses. However, there are limited studies showing a relationship between changes in stress-related behavior...

  19. Understanding Therapy Dogs: The Underlying Components of Their Relationship with Owners, Their Physiology, and How They Compare to Pet and Service Dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Cunningham, Kristen M.

  20. Impact of Human-Animal Interactions on Psychological and Physiological Factors Associated With Veterinary School Students and Donkeys

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Artemiou, E., Hutchison, P., Machado, M., Ellis, D., Bradtke, J., Pereira, M. M., Carter, J., Bergfelt, D.

    There has been an increased interest in evaluating human-animal interactions and assessing the mutual health and wellbeing. In this study, first-year female and male veterinary school students not paired (n = 58) or paired (n = 25) with immature (≤9 mo) donkeys (n = 13) were engaged in three...