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  1. Immunosensor for Assessing the Welfare of Trainee Guide Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Perkins, H., Higgins, M., Marcato, M., Galvin, P., Teixeira, S. R.

    Cortisol is a well established biomarker hormone that regulates many processes in the body and is widely referred to as the stress hormone. Cortisol can be used as a stress marker to allow for detection of stress levels in dogs during the training process. This test will indicate if they will...

  2. The effect of behavioral reactivity on maternal behavior and offspring growth performance in Norduz ewes

    | Contributor(s):: AydoÄźdu, Neclan, Karaca, Serhat

  3. Development of an evidence-based welfare approach for cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus) under human care

    | Contributor(s):: Fischer, B., Flint, M., Cole, K., George, K. A.

  4. A critical review o f animal-based welfare indicators for polar bears (Ursus maritimus) in zoos: Identification and evidence of validity

    | Contributor(s):: Skovlund, C. R., Kirchner, M. K., Moos, L. W., Alsted, N., Manteca, X., Tallo-Parra, O., Stelvig, M., Forkman, B.

  5. Reducing the effect of pre-slaughter fasting on the stress response of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

    | Contributor(s):: Bermejo-Poza, R., De la Fuente, J., Perez, C., Lauzurica, S., de Chavarri, E. G., Diaz, M. T., Villarroel, M.

  6. A preliminary approach on the stress assessment through harmless procedures in farmed seabream (Sparus aurata)

    | Contributor(s):: Herrera, M., Lopez, J., Herves, A.

  7. Experimentally evaluating the function of self-directed behaviour in two adult mandrills (Mandrillus sphinx)

    | Contributor(s):: Leeds, A., Lukas, K. E.

  8. Hair cortisol concentrations in New Zealand white rabbits subjected to surgery

    | Contributor(s):: Peric, T., Comin, A., Corazzin, M., Montillo, M., Canavese, F., Stebel, M., Prandi, A.

  9. A review of current indicators of welfare in captive elephants (Loxodonta africana and Elephas maximus)

    | Contributor(s):: Williams, E., Chadwick, C. L., Yon, L., Asher, L.

  10. Comparison of contingent and noncontingent access to therapy dogs during academic tasks in children with autism spectrum disorder

    | Contributor(s):: Protopopova, A., Matter, A. L., Harris, B. N., Wiskow, K. M., Donaldson, J. M.

  11. Investigating the Role of Prolactin as a Potential Biomarker of Stress in Castrated Male Domestic Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jara Gutiérrez, Angelo Gazzano, Federica Pirrone, Claudio Sighieri, Chiara Mariti

    Prolactin has been recently regarded as a potential biomarker of both acute and chronic stress in several species. Since only few studies until now have focussed on domestic dogs, this study was aimed at evaluating whether prolactin, cortisol and stress behaviour correlated with each other in...

  12. Marking frequency during intraspecific socialization sessions is related to urinary cortisol levels in shelter dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Daniela Alberghina, Gina Pumilia, Pierluigi Raffo, Giuseppe Distefano, Giuseppe Piccione, Michele Panzera

    The aim of this study was to determine whether behavioural indicators such as marking frequency and whether cortisol/creatinine ratio (C/Cr) are influenced by three socialization sessions.  Six adult shelter dogs were selected: Group 1 (n.3) with adequate social experience and Group 2 with...

  13. Behavioural and physiological responses of male and female beef cattle to weaning at 30, 75 or 180 days of age

    | Contributor(s):: de Souza Teixeira, Odilene, Kuczynski da Rocha, Marcela, Mendes Paizano Alforma, Antónia, Silva Fernandes, Vanessa, de Oliveira Feijó, Josiane, Nunes Corrêa, Marcio, Andrighetto Canozzi, Maria Eugênia, McManus, Concepta, Jardim Barcellos, Júlio Otávio

  14. Early evaluation of fearfulness in future guide dogs for blind people

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Menuge, F., Marcet-Rius, M., Jochem, M., Francois, O., Assali, C., Chabaud, C., Teruel, E., Guillemot, J., Pageat, P.

    Fear is the leading cause of guide dog failure. Detecting the nature and causes of these fears as early as possible is the first step in preventing their occurrence. The process of habituation is a fundamental part of fear prevention. In this study, 11 puppies, all five months of age, underwent...

  15. Cortisol levels of shelter dogs in animal assisted interventions in a prison: an exploratory study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: D'Angelo, D., D'Ingeo, S., Ciani, F., Visone, M., Sacchettino, L., Avallone, L., Quaranta, A.

    Previous studies regarding the Animal Assisted Interventions (AAI) have mainly focused on the beneficial effects of human-animal interactions on human health; whereas the impact of such activities on the welfare of the animals involved has received limited attention. So far, few studies have...

  16. Investigating the Impact of Brief Outings on the Welfare of Dogs Living in US Shelters

    | Contributor(s):: Gunter, L. M., Gilchrist, R. J., Blade, E. M., Barber, R. T., Feuerbacher, E. N., Platzer, J. M., Wynne, C. D. L.

  17. Full Spectrum Lighting Induces Behavioral Changes and Increases Cortisol Immunoreactivity in Captive Arachnids

    | Contributor(s):: Somerville, Sally, Baker, Stuart, Baines, Frances, Trim, Steven A., Trim, Carol

  18. Hair Cortisol in Sheltered Cows and Its Association with Other Welfare Indicators

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Arvind Sharma, Govindhaswamy Umapathy, Vinod Kumar, Clive J. C. Phillips

    India, the country with the largest population of dairy cows in the world, has a policy of retiring abandoned and non-lactating cows in shelters, but the level of provision for their welfare in these shelters is unclear. Cows in 54 shelters across India were assessed for historic evidence of...

  19. Assessment of living conditions in wild boars by analysis of oxidative stress markers

    | Contributor(s):: Esposito, Luigi, Tafuri, Simona, Cocchia, Natascia, Fasanelli, Roberto, Piscopo, Nadia, Lamagna, Barbara, Eguren, Vincente, Amici, Andrea, Iorio, Eugenio Luigi, Ciani, Francesca

  20. The long-term impact of infant rearing background on the behavioural and physiological stress response of adult common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus)

    | Contributor(s):: Ash, Hayley, Smith, Tessa E., Buchanan-Smith, Hannah M.