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  1. Natural Horse Boarding Vs Traditional Stable: A Comparison of Hormonal, Hematological and Immunological Parameters

    Contributor(s):: Placci, M., Marliani, G., Sabioni, S., Gabai, G., Mondo, E., Borghetti, P., Angelis, E. De, Accorsi, Pier Attilio

    In the equestrian world, two different types of management can be distinguished: traditional management and natural boarding. The aim of this research was to compare hormonal, hematological and immunological parameters of 47 horses kept in these two different managements. Blood and horsehair of...

  2. Evaluation of stress status using the stress map for guide dog candidates in the training stage using variations in the serum cortisol with nerve growth factor and magnesium ions

    Contributor(s):: Ando, I., Karasawa, K., Shioya, T., Matsuda, H., Tanaka, A.

  3. Investigation of Physiological and Behavioral Responses in Dogs Participating in Animal-Assisted Therapy with Children Diagnosed with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

    Contributor(s):: Melco, A. L., Goldman, L., Fine, A. H., Peralta, J. M.

  4. Tailored Enrichment Strategies and Stereotypic Behavior in Captive Individually Housed Macaques (Macaca spp.)

    Contributor(s):: Cannon, Tessa H., Heistermann, Michael, Hankison, Shala J., Hockings, Kimberley J., McLennan, Matthew R.

    The welfare of nonhuman animals in captivity is widely dependent on the natural psychological, physical, and behavioral needs of the animals and how adequately these needs are met. Inability to engage in natural behaviors can lead to chronic stress and expression of stereotypic behavior. The...

  5. Relocation and Hair Cortisol Concentrations in New Zealand White Rabbits

    Contributor(s):: Peric, Tanja, Comin, Antonella, Corazzin, Mirco, Montillo, Marta, Canavese, Federico, Stebel, Marco, Prandi, Alberto

    To investigate how long relocation modified hair cortisol concentrations in New Zealand white rabbits, 19 rabbits were subjected to a change in their breeding facility at the beginning of the trial and then were kept under stable environmental conditions. Hair samples were collected at the time...

  6. Effects of Overcheck Use on Stress Parameters and Welfare Implications in Driving Horses

    Contributor(s):: Bennett-Wimbush, K., J, Suagee-Bedore, Amstutz, M., Duthie, M.

    Three sequential studies were performed to evaluate the effects of tying horses while wearing overchecks (strap from the bridle to backpad). In an observational study, horses (n = 305) wore high (HC), low (LC), or no overchecks (NC) with frequencies of 29.2%, 51.8% and 19.0% respectively. Study 1...

  7. Using hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal measures for assessing and reducing the stress of dogs in shelters: A review

    Contributor(s):: Hennessy, Michael B.

    Dogs admitted to animal shelters exhibit behavioral and physiological signs of stress. Among these is activation of the body's primary stress-responsive system, the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis. HPA activity provides a metric for assessing both the dog's physiological response to the...

  8. Use of conditioned place preference/avoidance tests to assess affective states in fish

    Contributor(s):: Millot, Sandie, Cerqueira, Marco, Castanheira, Maria Filipa, Øverli, Øyvind, Martins, Catarina I. M., Oliveira, Rui F.

    Animal welfare has been defined as the balance between positive and negative experiences or affective states. Despite the growing evidence of complex cognitive abilities and the expression of affective states such as pain and fear, very little is known about ability to experience memory based...

  9. Stress, the HPA axis, and nonhuman primate well-being: A review

    Contributor(s):: Novak, Melinda A., Hamel, Amanda F., Kelly, Brian J., Dettmer, Amanda M., Meyer, Jerrold S.

    Numerous stressors are routinely encountered by wild-living primates (e.g., food scarcity, predation, aggressive interactions, and parasitism). Although many of these stressors are eliminated in laboratory environments, other stressors may be present in that access to space and social partners is...

  10. Social interactions, cortisol and reproductive success of domestic goats (Capra hircus) subjected to different animal densities during pregnancy

    Contributor(s):: Vas, Judit, Chojnacki, Rachel, Kjøren, Marte Flor, Lyngwa, Charlotte, Andersen, Inger Lise

    Although goats in many countries are kept indoors in the winter season, during gestation and kidding, recommendations and regulations regarding available space per goat are highly variable. The effects of different housing conditions on the welfare and behaviour are understudied in this species....

  11. Providing ‘get-away bunks’ and other enrichments to primiparous adult female mink improves their reproductive productivity

    Contributor(s):: Buob, Misha, Meagher, Rebecca, Dawson, Lauren, Palme, Rupert, Haley, Derek, Mason, Georgia

    This study investigated whether simple, cheap enrichments – ‘get-away bunks’ (a wire mesh semi-cylinder attached to the cage ceiling) and small manipulable objects (balls and suspended chewing items) – could improve welfare and productivity in nursing mink dams (Neovison vison) in commercial farm...

  12. Prenatal stress and ketamine affect the behavioral and physiological responsiveness of early adolescent pigs to a novel arena and social confrontation test

    Contributor(s):: Backus, Brittany L., Bryer, Pamela J., Sutherland, Mhairi A.

    Elevated maternal glucocorticoid concentrations during gestation can affect how the offspring respond, both behaviorally and physiologically, to a challenge later in life. The objectives of this study were to first, determine if elevated maternal glucocorticoid concentrations during late...

  13. An objective measure of reactive behaviour in horses

    Contributor(s):: Noble, Glenys K., Blackshaw, Kathryn L., Cowling, Ann, Harris, Patricia A., Sillence, Martin N.

    Several tests have been devised in an attempt to detect behaviour modification due to training, supplements or diet in horses. These tests rely on subjective observations in combination with physiological measures, such as heart rate (HR) and plasma cortisol concentrations, but these measures do...

  14. The importance of diet choice on stress-related responses by lambs

    Contributor(s):: Catanese, Francisco, Obelar, Marianela, Villalba, Juan J., Distel, Roberto A.

    Farm animals are commonly restricted to a reduced array of foods, like total mixed rations or pastures with low species diversity. Under these conditions, animals are less likely to satisfy their specific and changing nutrient requirements. In addition, foods and flavors eaten too frequently or...

  15. Exploring the dog park: Relationships between social behaviours, personality and cortisol in companion dogs

    Contributor(s):: Ottenheimer Carrier, Lydia, Cyr, Amanda, Anderson, Rita E., Walsh, Carolyn J.

    The relationships between behaviour, owner-rated personality, and cortisol were examined in companion dogs that visited a local off-leash dog park. In Study 1, salivary cortisol increased significantly from baseline levels following 20min in the dog park (P=0.013), but not in the same dogs...

  16. Effects of human contact and toys on the fear responses to humans of shelter-housed dogs

    Contributor(s):: Conley, Melanie J., Fisher, Andrew D., Hemsworth, Paul H.

    This study examined the effects of human contact and toys on fear responses to humans in small breed, shelter-housed dogs. Ninety dogs were assigned to one of three treatments: “control” (control), comprising routine husbandry performed by shelter staff; “human contact” (HC), where dogs...

  17. The effect of conspecific removal on the behaviour and physiology of pair-housed shelter dogs

    Contributor(s):: Walker, Jessica K., Waran, Natalie K., Phillips, Clive J. C.

    Dogs (Canis familiaris) are a highly social species and within a shelter environment pair-housing is recommended to prevent the stress associated with social isolation. Separation of individuals which may have formed bonds in this environment is a usual occurrence, as a result of rehoming or...

  18. Does housing nulliparous dairy cows with multiparous animals prior to calving influence welfare- and production-related parameters after calving?

    Contributor(s):: Boyle, Alastair R., Ferris, Conrad P., O’Connell, Niamh E.

    The aim of this experiment was to determine the effects of housing nulliparous cows with non-lactating multiparous cows during the pre-calving period, on welfare and production-related parameters during the post calving period. Twenty nulliparous Holstein Friesian dairy cattle were assigned to...

  19. Do rubber rings coated with lignocaine reduce the pain associated with ring castration of lambs?

    Contributor(s):: Stewart, Mairi, Beausoleil, Ngaio J., Johnson, Craig B., Webster, James R., Schütz, Karin E., Cox, Neil, Stafford, Kevin J.

    To facilitate the wider use of pain relief on-farm, practical ‘farmer friendly’ methods for administering pain relief are necessary. This proof of concept study evaluated the efficacy of rubber rings coated with local anaesthetic (LA, lignocaine) for providing pain relief in lambs castrated 4...

  20. Cross sectional study comparing behavioural, cognitive and physiological indicators of welfare between short and long term kennelled domestic dogs

    Contributor(s):: Titulaer, Mieke, Blackwell, Emily J., Mendl, Michael, Casey, Rachel A.

    Affective states are an integral part of animal welfare but are difficult to assess using traditional welfare measurements. It has previously been shown that kennelled dogs commonly show indications of poor welfare. The aim of this study was to compare welfare of short-term (ST) and long-term...