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  1. It's Not Paradise for the Dogs and Shelter Workers: Dog Welfare and Occupational Stress in Animal Shelters in Hawaii

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lynn Morrison

    Dog welfare and occupational stress of animal shelter workers at two sites on Hawaii Island were examined. The east side had higher euthanasia rates than the west side. The two sites are in locales that differ culturally and economically. The goal of this study is to (1) elucidate how dog...

  2. Effects of Tourist and Researcher Presence on Fecal Glucocorticoid Metabolite Levels in Wild, Habituated Sulawesi Crested Macaques (Macaca nigra)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bertrand, Dominique A., Berman, Carol M., Heistermann, Michael, Agil, Muhammad, Sutiah, Uni, Engelhardt, Antje

    Ecotourism managers and researchers often assume that apparently habituated primate groups no longer experience adverse consequences of prolonged exposure to tourists or researchers. We examined the effects of tourists and researchers on fecal glucocorticoid metabolite output (FGCM) in three...

  3. Physiological Assessment of the Health and Welfare of Domestic Cats—An Exploration of Factors Affecting Urinary Cortisol and Oxytocin

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Nagasawa, Takumi, Kimura, Yuichi, Masuda, Koji, Uchiyama, Hidehiko

    Physiological samples are beneficial in assessing the health and welfare of cats. However, most studies have been conducted in specialized environments, such as shelters or laboratories, and have not focused on cats living in domestic settings. In addition, most studies have assessed...

  4. Sociality of Cats toward Humans Can Be Influenced by Hormonal and Socio-Environmental Factors: Pilot Study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Koyasu, Hikari, Takahashi, Hironobu, Sasao, Ikuto, Takagi, Saho, Nagasawa, Miho, Kikusui, Takefumi

    Individual differences in the sociality of cats are influenced by inherited and environmental factors. We recently revealed that hormones can make a difference in intraspecies social behavior. It remains unclear whether cat behavior toward humans is modulated by hormones. Therefore, we analyzed...

  5. Investigating Dog Welfare When Interacting with Autistic Children within Canine-Assisted Occupational Therapy Sessions: A Single Case Study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hill, J., Driscoll, C., Cawdell-Smith, J., Anderson, S., Ziviani, J.

    Human-animal bond is defined as the mutually beneficial relationship between humans and animals. Recent years have seen increasing research regarding the benefits of interaction with animals for autistic children. However, there continue to be limited studies exploring the impact of this...

  6. Group Changes in Cortisol and Heart Rate Variability of Children with Down Syndrome and Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder during Dog-Assisted Therapy

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Griffioen, R. E., van Boxtel, G. J. M., Verheggen, T., Enders-Slegers, M. J., Van Der Steen, S.

    Dog-assisted therapy is hypothesized to lower stress in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and children with Down syndrome (DS), which may be visible on a physiological level. In this study, we measured heart rate variability (HRV) and salivary cortisol of 20 children with DS or ASD...

  7. Salivary Cortisol in Guide Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: De la Fuente-Moreno, E., Paredes-Ramos, P., Carrasco-García, A., Hernandez-Cruz, B., Alvarado, M., Edwards, C.

    Guide dogs work for extended periods and are exposed to multiple environmental stimuli that could lead to higher stress compared with companion dogs. Cortisol is the main hormone associated with stress in most mammals. This study included seven guide dogs and seven same-breed dogs that were...

  8. Conflict Behavior in Show Jumping Horses: A Field Study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ewa Jastrzębska, Anna Wolska, Michela Minero, Magdalena Ogłuszka, Bernadette Earley, Janusz Wejer, Aleksandra Górecka-Bruzda

    The study objective was to determine if there was a relationship between behavioral and physiological stress measures in sport horses and their performance. Nineteen horses competed in show jumping events (6 housed at the center and 13 transported), while 5 horses at home training served as...

  9. Serum Oxytocin, Cortisol and Social Behavior in Calves: A Study in the Impossible Task Paradigm

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Pinelli, C., Scandurra, A., Mastellone, V., Iommelli, P., Musco, N., Pero, M. E., Di Lucrezia, A., Lotito, D., Tudisco, R., D'Aniello, B., Infascelli, F., Lombardi, P.

    In this study, we explored the correlations between circulating levels of oxytocin, cortisol, and different social behaviors toward humans in 26 Italian Red Pied calves (all females, with an average age of 174 ± 24 days) using the impossible task paradigm. This paradigm has proved fruitful...

  10. Effect of good handling on stress indicators and behaviour in beef cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Jardim, Carla Comerlato, Barbosa Silveira, Isabella Dias, Restle, Joao, Mendonca, Fabio Souza, Bethancourt-Garcia, Javier Alexander, de Oliveira, Roberson Macedo, de Moraes, Renata Espindola, Reis, Nathalia Pasi, Vaz, Ricardo Zambarda

  11. Heart rate, heart rate variability and salivary cortisol as indicators of arousal and synchrony in clients with intellectual disability, horses and therapist during equine-assisted interventions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anna Naber, Lena Kreuzer, Roswitha Zink, Eva Millesi, Rupert Palme, Karin Hediger, Lisa Maria Glenk

    The aim of the study was to analyse interaction processes in equine-assisted therapy (EAT) sessions with ten female clients in the period of emerging adulthood with intellectual disability (ID). Heart rate (HR), heart rate variability and salivary cortisol levels have been analysed in humans...

  12. Changes in human health parameters associated with an immersive exhibit experience at a zoological institution

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Audrey A. Coolman, Amy Niedbalski, David M. Powell, Corinne P. Kozlowski, Ashley D. Franklin, Sharon L. Deem

    Zoological institutions often use immersive, naturalistic exhibits to create an inclusive atmosphere that is inviting for visitors while providing for the welfare of animals in their collections. In this study, we investigated physiological changes in salivary cortisol and blood pressure, as...

  13. Using sensors to detect individual responses of lambs during transport and pre-slaughter handling and their relationship with meat quality

    | Contributor(s):: Ogun, S., Viola, I., Obertino, M., Manenti, I., Ala, U., Brugiapaglia, A., Battaglini, L., Perona, G., Baratta, M.

  14. Extreme life histories are associated with altered social behavior and cortisol levels in shelter dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Buttner, Alicia Phillips, Strasser, Rosemary

  15. Habit Formation and the Effect of Repeated Stress Exposures on Cognitive Flexibility Learning in Horses

    | Contributor(s):: Henshall, Cathrynne, Randle, Hayley, Francis, Nidhish, Freire, Rafael

    Horse training exposes horses to an array of cognitive and ethological challenges. Horses are routinely required to perform behaviours that are not aligned to aspects of their ethology, which may delay learning. While horses readily form habits during training, not all of these responses are...

  16. Limitations of Spatial Judgment Bias Test Application in Horses (Equus ferus caballus)

    | Contributor(s):: Marliani, Giovanna, Vannucchi, Irene, Kiumurgis, Irini, Accorsi, Pier Attilio

    Affective states are of increasing interest in the assessment of animal welfare. This research aimed to evaluate the possible limitations in the application of a spatial judgment bias test (JBT) in horses, considering the influence of stress level, personality traits, and the possible bias due to...

  17. Cortisol in Manure from Cattle Enclosed with Nofence Virtual Fencing

    | Contributor(s):: Sonne, Christian, Alstrup, Aage Kristian Olsen, Pertoldi, Cino, Frikke, John, Linder, Anne Cathrine, Styrishave, Bjarne

    To increase the efficiency and geographic expansion of nature conservation, large grazers have recently been used, either in the form of wild hoof-bearing animals or as domesticated ruminants including cattle. Using physical fencing limits migrating wildlife, while virtual fences encourage the...

  18. Presence of a dog reduces subjective but not physiological stress responses to an analog trauma

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lass-Hennemann, J., Peyk, P., Streb, M., Holz, E., Michael, T.

    Dogs are known to have stress and anxiety reducing effects. Several studies have shown that dogs are able to calm people during cognitive and performance stressors. Recently, therapy dogs have been proposed as a treatment adjunct for post-traumatic stress disorder patients. In this study we...

  19. Acute changes in oxytocin predict behavioral responses to foundation training in horses

    | Contributor(s):: Niittynen, Taru, Riihonen, Veera, Moscovice, Liza R., Koski, Sonja E.

  20. Dogs’ Stay in a Pet Hotel – Salivary Cortisol Level and Adaptation to New Conditions

    | Contributor(s):: Wojtaś, Justyna, Garbiec, Aleksandra, Karpiński, Mirosław, Czyżowski, Piotr