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  1. 'subordination style' in pigs? The response of pregnant sows to mixing stress affects their offspring's behaviour and stress reactivity

    Contributor(s):: Ison, S. H., D'Eath, R. B., Robson, S. K., Baxter, E. M., Ormandy, E., Douglas, A. J., Russell, J. A., Lawrence, A. B., Jarvis, S.

    In various mammals stress during gestation can result in long term effects on the behaviour and physiology of the offspring. The aims of this study were (i) to characterise individual variation among primiparous sows (gilts) in their behavioural and physiological response to a commercially...

  2. A bio-behavioral study of chronic idiopathic colitis in the rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta)

    Contributor(s):: Howell, Sue, White, Daniel, Ingram, Sonya, Jackson, Raven, Larin, Jorge, Morales, Pablo, Garcia, Ana Patricia, Hicks, Chassey, Hopper, Kelly, Wagner, Joseph

    This study focused on the bio-social factors that influence chronic idiopathic colitis (CIC) disease in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). A retrospective study of CIC included all colony animals between 2007 and 2009. A prospective study included 36 rhesus macaques treated for CIC in 2008 and...

  3. A brief report on effects of transfer from outdoor grazing to indoor tethering and back on urinary cortisol and behaviour in dairy cattle

    Contributor(s):: Higashiyama, Y., Nashiki, M., Narita, H., Kawasaki, M.

    The present study was performed to investigate the effects of transferring cattle (n=7) from pasture to indoor confinement and their return to pasture on their physiological and behavioural responses. On the day after the cows were moved to indoor tethering, urinary cortisol increased...

  4. A case study: fecal corticosteroid and behavior as indicators of welfare during relocation of an Asian elephant

    Contributor(s):: Laws, N., Ganswindt, A., Heistermann, M., Harris, M., Harris, S., Sherwin, C.

    This study was a preliminary investigation of an enzyme immunoassay for measuring fecal glucocorticoid metabolites in a male Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) by investigating changes in behavior and cortisol metabolite excretion associated with a putative stressful event. The study collected...

  5. A combination of behavioral and physiological indicators for assessing pig welfare on the farm

    Contributor(s):: Candiani, D., Salamano, G., Mellia, E., Doglione, L., Bruno, R., Toussaint, M., Gruys, E.

    The purpose of this research was to identify pig welfare indicators that could help in recognizing stressful practices on farm. The study evaluated behavioral and physiological indicators (cortisol and negative acute phase proteins) in 2 groups of 20 female pigs 4 months old after a 48-hr...

  6. A comparison of welfare outcomes for weaner and mature Bos indicus bulls surgically or tension band castrated with or without analgesia: 2. Responses related to stress, health and productivity

    Contributor(s):: Petherick, J. Carol, Small, Alison H., Mayer, David G., Colditz, Ian G., Ferguson, Drewe M., Stafford, Kevin J.

    Tension banding castration of cattle is gaining favour because it is relatively simple to perform and is promoted by retailers of the banders as a humane castration method. Two experiments were conducted, under tropical conditions using Bos indicus bulls comparing tension banding (Band) and...

  7. A critical review o f animal-based welfare indicators for polar bears (Ursus maritimus) in zoos: Identification and evidence of validity

    Contributor(s):: Skovlund, C. R., Kirchner, M. K., Moos, L. W., Alsted, N., Manteca, X., Tallo-Parra, O., Stelvig, M., Forkman, B.

  8. A field assessment of the effect of pre-slaughter conditions and genetic-stress susceptibility on blood welfare indicators in pigs

    Contributor(s):: Guardia, M. D., Estany, J., Alvarez-Rodriguez, J., Manteca, X., Tor, M., Oliver, M. A., Gispert, M., Diestre, A.

  9. A first description of the physiological and behavioural responses to disbudding in goat kids

    Contributor(s):: Alvarez, L., Gutierrez, J.

    In order to determine the stress response to disbudding, physiological and behavioural response was investigated in disbudded kids and compared with a control group. Disbudded kids (n=14), were disbudded by thermal cauterisation, and control kids (n=15) received the same management without being...

  10. A multidisciplinary approach to assess the welfare of weaned pigs during transport at three space allowances

    Contributor(s):: Sutherland, M. A., Bryer, P. J., Davis, B. L., McGlone, J. J.

    Transport can be a stressful experience for pigs, especially in pigs simultaneously experiencing weaning stress. The objective of this study was to use a multidisciplinary approach to assess the welfare of weaned pigs during transport at 3 space allowances. A commercial semitrailer, fitted with...

  11. A novel environment inhibits milk ejection in the pig but not through HPA activity

    Contributor(s):: Rushen, J., Ladewig, J., Passille, A. M. B. de

    Six sows (3-14 days postpartum) were placed with their piglets in a different farrowing pen (novel environment) for 2 h or were driven into the new pen then immediately returned to their own pen (control). All sows were subject to both treatments over 2 consecutive days. Nursings were recorded as...

  12. A novel scale of behavioural indicators of stress for use with domestic horses

    Contributor(s):: Young, Tamsin, Creighton, Emma, Smith, Tessa, Hosie, Charlotte

    Behaviour scores (BS) offer non-invasive, objective and easy to use ways of assessing welfare in animals. Their development has, however, largely focused on behavioural reactions to stressful events (often induced), and little use of physiological measures has been made to underpin and validate...

  13. A preliminary approach on the stress assessment through harmless procedures in farmed seabream (Sparus aurata)

    Contributor(s):: Herrera, M., Lopez, J., Herves, A.

  14. A review of current indicators of welfare in captive elephants (Loxodonta africana and Elephas maximus)

    Contributor(s):: Williams, E., Chadwick, C. L., Yon, L., Asher, L.

  15. A study of cortisol and beta-endorphin levels in stereotypic and normal Thoroughbreds

    Contributor(s):: Pell, S. M., McGreevy, P. D.

    Plasma and salivary cortisol levels were measured in stereotypic (n=46) and normal horses (n=46). No significant differences were found between the 2 groups of horses. The correlation between plasma and salivary cortisol concentrations of individual horses (n=66) was also examined. A significant...

  16. Acute effects of cow-calf separation on heart rate, plasma cortisol and behaviour in multiparous dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Hopster, H., O'Connell, J. M., Blokhuis, H. J.

    Removing the calf after bonding may induce acute stress in the dairy cow. The responses of 8 Holstein-Friesian cows were examined immediately after the removal of their calves on the third day after parturition. Blood samples were taken before and after the separation for cortisol analysis. After...

  17. Adolescents' Affective and Physiological Regulation Shape Negative Behavior During Challenging Equine Assisted Learning Activities

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Patricia Pendry, Alexa M. Carr, Jaymie L. Vandagriff

    This study examined associations between adolescents’ (N = 59; M age = 11.63) diurnal and momentary activity of the Hypothalamic Pituitary Adrenal (HPA) axis as marked by salivary cortisol, and affective and behavioral responses to their first, mounted equine assisted learning (EAL)...

  18. Affiliative and disciplinary behavior of human handlers during play with their dog affects cortisol concentrations in opposite directions

    | Contributor(s):: Horváth, Zsuzsánna, Dóka, Antal, Miklósi, Ádám

  19. An anti-barking muzzle for dogs and its short-term effects on behaviour and saliva cortisol concentrations

    | Contributor(s):: Cronin, G. M., Hemsworth, P. H., Barnett, J. L., Jongman, E. C., Newman, E. A., McCauley, I.

    A commercial anti-barking muzzle for dogs was tested during winter on Australian Kelpies at a commercial breeding kennel, to examine the effects of the device on dog behaviour and welfare. The trial involved 16 dogs (paired on sex and age); one dog per pair was allocated at random to the Muzzle...

  20. An evaluation of the contribution of isolation, up-ending and wool removal to the stress response to shearing

    | Contributor(s):: Hargreaves, A. L., Hutson, G. D.

    A 2x2x2 factorial experiment examined the effects of 3 components of shearing (isolation, up-ending and wool removal) on the development of a stress response to handling. 10 Merino wethers were allocated to each treatment. Haematocrit, plasma cortisol and plasma glucose were measured in a series...