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  1. Physiological and behavioral effects of animal-assisted interventions for therapy dogs in pediatric oncology settings

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Amy McCullough, Molly A. Jenkins, Ashleigh Ruehrdanz, Mary Jo Gilmer, Janice Olson, Anjali Pawar, Leslie Holley, Shirley Sierra-Rivera, Deborah E. Linder, Danielle Pinchette, Neil J. Grossman, Cynthia Hellman, Noémie Guérin, Marguerite E. O'Haire

    Over the past two decades, animal-assisted interventions (AAIs), defined as the purposeful incorporation of specially trained animals in services to improve human health, have become increasingly popular in clinical settings. However, to date, there have been few rigorously-designed studies aimed...

  2. Why care about the mental health of therapy dogs | Everett Lowenstein | TEDxChallengeEarlyCollegeHS

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Everett Lowenstein

    Everett loves dogs - particularly his own dog who also works as a therapy dog.  In their therapy work together, Everett became concerned about the emotional well-being of his dog due to the stress of it.  In this talk, Everett not only shares findings about the stress levels of dogs -...

  3. Exploratory Investigation of Infrared Thermography for Measuring Gorilla Emotional Responses to Interactions with Familiar Humans

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Heintz, M. R., Fuller, G., Allard, S.

  4. Canine-Assisted Therapy Improves Well-Being in Nurses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Machova, K., Souckova, M., Prochazkova, R., Vanickova, Z., Mezian, K.

    As nursing is one of the most stressful occupations worldwide, its management warrants more attention to identify possible ways to cope with its pressures. This study aims to evaluate whether animal-assisted therapy (AAT) with the presence of a dog affects the stress level of nurses. As a...

  5. Use of behavioural and physiological responses for scoring sound sensitivity in dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carla Caroline Franzini de Souza, Daniel Penteado Martins Dias, Raquel Nascimento de Souza, Magda Alves de Medeiros

    Sound sensitive dogs have exaggerated responses to sound stimuli that can negatively impact the welfare of the dog. Behavioural reactions combined with the response to sound involve a marked autonomic imbalance towards sympathetic predominance and release of cortisol. The purpose of the present...

  6. Relation of PTSD symptom severity to the efficacy of an animal-assisted intervention for stress reduction after military aeromedical evacuation

    | Contributor(s):: Krause-Parello, C. A., Friedmann, E., Wilson, C., Hatzfeld, J. J., Kolassa, J., Hackney, A., Morales, K. A.

  7. The effectiveness of Dutch Cell Dogs in correctional facilities in the Netherlands: a study protocol of a quasi-experimental trial

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Gerdien Schenk, Hanne M. Duindam, Hanneke E. Creemers, Machteld Hoeve, Geert Jan J. M. Stams, Jessica J. Asscher

    Background Many former inmates recidivate, resulting in high costs for societies worldwide. Evidence based treatment practices may not work in prisons, due to detainees’ lacking motivation, impaired well-being, and an unsafe group environment. One attempt to improve social group climate...

  8. Identification of QTLs for behavioral reactivity to social separation and humans in sheep using the OvineSNP50 BeadChip

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Dominique Hazard, Carole Moreno, Didier Foulquié, Eric Delval, Dominique François, Jacques Bouix, Guillaume Sallé, Alain Boissy

    Background Current trends in sheep farming practices rely on animals with a greater level of behavioral autonomy than before, a phenotype that actively contributes to the sustainability of animal production. Social reactivity and reactivity to humans are relevant behavioral traits in sheep,...

  9. Oxytocin and Cortisol Levels in Dog Owners and Their Dogs Are Associated with Behavioral Patterns: An Exploratory Study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Maria Petersson, Kerstin Uvnäs-Moberg, Anne Nilsson, Lise-Lotte Gustafson, Eva Hydbring-Sandberg, Linda Handlin

    We have previously shown that dog–owner interaction results in increasing oxytocin levels in owners and dogs, decreasing cortisol levels in owners but increasing cortisol levels in dogs. The present study aimed to further investigate whether oxytocin and cortisol levels in the previously...

  10. Cortisol and Secretory Immunoglobulin A Response to Stress in German Shepherd Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ivona Svobodová, Helena Chaloupková, Roman Koncel, LudÄ›k Bartoš, Lenka Hradecká, Lukáš Jebavý

    The aim of the study was to determine whether cortisol and secretory Immunoglobulin A (sIgA) could be used as an indicator of acute stress in both young and adult dogs. Seventeen German shepherd puppies were exposed to the Puppy test (challenge test) at the age of seven weeks. This test has...

  11. Training Reduces Stress in Human-Socialised Wolves to the Same Degree as in Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Angélica da Silva Vasconcellos, Zsófia Virányi, Friederike Range, César Ades, Jördis Kristin Scheidegger, Erich Möstl, Kurt Kotrschal

    The welfare of animals in captivity is of considerable societal concern. A major source of stress, especially for wild animals, is the lack of control over their environment, which includes not being able to avoid contact with human beings. Paradoxically, some studies have shown that...

  12. Evaluation of effects of olfactory and auditory stimulation on separation anxiety by salivary cortisol measurement in dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Yoon-Joo Shin, Nam-Shik Shin

    Separation anxiety (SA) is a serious behavioral problem in dogs. In this study, salivary cortisol was studied to determine if the owner's odor or voice could reduce SA in dogs. Twenty-eight dogs with SA were divided into three groups: group 1 (control), group 2 (with owner's clothes...

  13. The effect of a service dog on salivary cortisol awakening response in a military population with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

    | Contributor(s):: Rodriguez, K. E., Bryce, C. I., Granger, D. A., O'Haire, M. E.

  14. The Effectiveness Of Enrichment Programs For Dogs In An Animal Shelter

    | Contributor(s):: Pamela Perry

    Dogs (N = 108) in an animal shelter received one of four enrichment programs: twice daily walking alone (walking) or in combination with a daily fooddispensing toy (toy), a daily session of standardized human contact (petting), or daily obedience training (obedience). We evaluated the effects of...

  15. Human interaction and cortisol: Can human contact reduce stress for shelter dogs?

    | Contributor(s):: Crista L. Coppola, Temple Grandin, R. Mark Enns

    Animal shelters are an extremely stressful environment for a dog, most specifically due to social isolation and novel surroundings. The stress response of dogs housed in this environment may be alleviated through human interaction shortly after arrival. During their second day in a public...

  16. Behavioural, endocrine and cardiac autonomic responses to a model of startle in horses

    | Contributor(s):: Villas-Boas, Julia Dias, Dias, Daniel Penteado Martins, Trigo, Pablo Ignacio, Almeida, Norma Aparecida dos Santos, Almeida, Fernando Queiroz de, Medeiros, Magda Alves de

    Startle is a fast response elicited by sudden acoustic, tactile or visual stimuli in a variety of animal species and in humans. The magnitude of startle response can be modulated by external and internal variables and can be a useful tool to study the sensory-motor integration in animals....

  17. Evidence for a synchronization of hormonal states between humans and dogs during competition

    | Contributor(s):: Buttner, Alicia Phillips, Thompson, Breanna, Strasser, Rosemary, Santo, Jonathan

  18. The presence of a dog attenuates cortisol and heart rate in the Trier Social Stress Test compared to human friends

    | Contributor(s):: Polheber, John, Matchock, Robert

  19. Effects of social support by a dog on stress modulation in male children with insecure attachment

    | Contributor(s):: Beetz, A., Julius, H., Turner, D., Kotrschal, K.

  20. A case study: fecal corticosteroid and behavior as indicators of welfare during relocation of an Asian elephant

    | Contributor(s):: Laws, N., Ganswindt, A., Heistermann, M., Harris, M., Harris, S., Sherwin, C.

    This study was a preliminary investigation of an enzyme immunoassay for measuring fecal glucocorticoid metabolites in a male Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) by investigating changes in behavior and cortisol metabolite excretion associated with a putative stressful event. The study collected...